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particularly the Highlands of Scotland, 2 vols. If those, who have but sense, can shun 8vo.; Sermons to a Country Congregation, The engines that have them annoyed; 2 vols. 8vo.; and Exposition of the New Tes

Little for me had reason done,

If I could not thy gins avoid. tament, &c., 4to. 1790, reprinted in 2 vols. 8vo. GI’LTHEAD, n. s. Gilt and head. A sea

Ben Jonson's Forest. fish; a bird.

I know thy trains, He blended together the livers of giltheads, the

Though dearly to my cost, thy gins and toils; brains of pheasants and peacocks, tongues of pheni

No more on me bave power, their force is nulled. copters, and the melts of lampres. Hakewill.


He made a planetary gin, Gilt-head, in ichthyology. See SPARUS.

Which rats would run their own heads in, GI'MCRACK n. s. Supposed by Skinner

And come on purpose to be taken, to be ludicrously formed from gin, derived from

Without the expence of cheese and bacon. engine. A slight or trivial mechanism.

For though these gimcracks were away,

Keep from fiaying, scourge thy skin,
However, more reduced and plain,

And ankle free from iron gin.

Id. The watch would still a watch remain; But if the boral orbit ceases,

The delfs would be so flown with waters, it being The whole stands still, or breaks to pieces.

impossible to make any adits or soughs to drain them, Prior.

that no gins or machines would suffice to lay and keep What's the meaning of all these tngrams and

them dry.

Ray. gimcrachs? Jumping over my master's hedges, and A bituminous plate, alternately yellow and black, runding your lines cross his grounds ? Arbuthnot. formed by water Jriveling on the outside of the gin

Wood on Fossils. GIMÖLET, n. s.

Fr. gibelet, guimbelet. A pump of Mostya coalpits. borer with a screw at its point

Gin, in mechanics, a machine for driving

piles, fitted with a windlass and winches at each The gimlet hatb`a worm at the end of its bit.


end, where eight or nine men heave, and round GIMMAL, n. s. 2. According to Skinner and

which a rope is reeved that goes over the wheel GIMMER, 1. s. Š Ainsworth from Lat. gemel iron-monkey, that hooks to a beetle of different

at the top; one end of this rope is fixed to an lus. It seems however, says Johnson, to be ra

weights, according to the piles they are to drive, ther gradually corrupted from geometry or geometrical. Some little quaint pieces of machi- being from eight to thirteen hundred weight; and

when hove up to a cross-piece, near the wheel, nery.

it unhooks the monkey, and lets the beetle fall I think by some odd gimmals or device

on the upper end of the pile, and forces the Their arms are set like clocks, still to strike on,

same into the ground; then the monkey's own Else they could not hold out so as they do.


weight overhauls the windlass, in order for its The holding together of the parts of matter has so

being hooked again to the beetle. confounded me, that I have been prone to conclude

Gin. See GENEVĄ. with myself, that the gimmets of the world hold toge- Gin, in geography, a town of China, of the ther not so much by geometry as some natural magick. third rank, in Petcheli, ten miles south-east of

More's Divine Dialogues. Chun-te. GIMP, n. s. See Gim. Gimp, in old Eng

GINBALA, a district of Central Africa, formlish, is neat, spruce. A kind of silk twist or ed into an island by two branches of the Niger, lace.

issuing from the lake Dibbie, and re-uniting GIN, n. s. Corrupted from engine. A trap; west of Tombuctoo. It is only known to be ina snare; any thing moved with screws, as an en- habited by industrious and commercial negroes. gine of torture; a pump worked with rotatory

GINGÉE, a district and fortress of India, in sails. Contracted from Geneva; a spirit drawn the Carnatic, situated between the twelfth and from juniper berries.

thirteenth degrees of northern latitude, and

bounded on the east by the sea. The English This same stede shal bere you evermore, Withouten harme, till ye be then you lest

had factories here in the middle of the seven(Though that ye slepen on his back or reste,) teenth century, and it is now comprehended in. And turne again with writhing of a pin.

the south division of the Arcot collectorship He that it wrought, he coude many a gin; The fort stands on a stupendous rock, and is He waited many a constellation,

impregnable by any ordinary mode of attack. Or he had don this operation.

It is said to have been built by the kings of the Chaucer. The Squires Tale. Chola dynasty, and was, so early as the this false gin


1442, completely repaired and strengthened by Was not made ther; but it was made before.

the Naik of Tanjore. It was strengthened by The Chanones Yemannes Tale. Typhæus' joints were stretched on a gin. Spenser.

the Mahommedan kings of Bejapore, the Mah

rattas, and the Moguls successively, but was Which two, through treason and deceitful gin,

taken by surprise from the latter, by the French, Hath slain sir Mordant.

So strives the woodcock with the gin;

in the year 1750, and capitulated to the English So doth the coney struggle in the net.

in April, 1761. Like other hill forts of India, Shakspeare.

it is very unhealthy: the French are said to Be it by gins, by snares, by subtilty. Id,

have lost 1200 Europeans by disease, during the As the day begins,

ten years they held it, and during peace it is With twenty gins we will the small birds take, only parrisoned by small number of native And pastime make.

Sidney. troops.
Vol. X.



GINGER, 11. s. ? Ital. gingero; Latin The foot grows black that was with dirt embrowned,

GINGER-BREAD, n. s. Szinzeber. A pungent And in thy pocket gingling halfpence found. Gay. sromatic root; and a kind of farinaceous sweet- Once, we confess, beneath the patriot's cloak, meat niade of dough sweetened with treacle and from the cracked bag the dropping guinea spoke flavored with ginger.

And gingling down the backstairs, told the crew,
Gingiber, and grein de Paris,

Old Cato is as great a rogue as you. Pope's Epistles.
Canell, and setewale of pris,

Her infant grandame's whistle next it grew;
And cany a spice delitable

The bells she gingled, and the whistle blew. Pope.
To men whan mex rise fro table.
Charcer. Romaunt of the Rose.

GINGLYMUS, n. s. Greek γιγγλιμος, και
They fet him, first, the swete win,

GINGLYMOID, adj. hinge, and EldOS, the
And mede eke in a maselin,

form of. An anatomical word, descriptive of
And real spicerie,

the union of two bones after the manner of a Of gingerbred that was full fin,

hinge, as the elbow.
And licoris and eke comin,

The malleus lies along, fixed to the tympanum,
With suger that is trie.
Id. Rime of Sire Thopas.
and on the other end is joined to the incus by a dou-

An' I had but one penny in the world, thou

ble or ginglymoid joint. shouldst have it to buy gingerbread.

The ginglymus, or hiuge-joint does not, it is mani

The root of ginger is of the tuberous kind, knotty, of the ball and socket-joint, but it is always fortified

fest, admit of a ligament of the same kind with chat crooked, and irregular ; of a hot, acrid, and pungent by the species of ligament of which it does admit. taste, though aromatick, and of a very agreeable

Paley's Theology. smell. The Indians eat both the young shoots of the leaves and the roots themselves.

Hill. GI'NNET, n. s. Lat. hinnus ; Gr. yivvos:: A Or wafting ginger round the streets to go, nag; a mule; a degenerated breed. Hence, acAnd visit alehouse where ye first did grow. Pope. cording to some, but we believe, erroneously, a

"Tis a loss you are not here, to partake of three Spanish gennet, improperly written for ginnet. weeks frost, and eat gingerbread in a booth by a fire GINORA, in botany, a genus of the monoupon the Thames.


gynia order, and dodecandria class of plants : Her currants there and gooseberries were spread, With the enticing gold of gingerbread. King's Cook.

CAL. cleft into six parts; the petals six : CAPS. The flower consists of five leaves, shaped some

unilocular, quadrivalved, colored, and polysperwhat like those of the iris : these are produced in the

mous. Species one only; a myrtle formed shrub head or club, each coming out of a separate leafy

of Cuba. scale. The ovary becomes a triangular fruil, having

GINSENG, in botany. See Pánax. three cells which contain seeds.

Miller. GIOJA, a small town of Naples, in the pro-
To master John, the English maid

vince of Bari, with 1800 inhabitants. Its houses A horn-book gives of gingerbread;

were overturned by the earthquakes of 1783, And that the child may learn the better

and half the town is still in ruins. Fourteen As he can name, he eats the letter. Prior. miles S.S.W. of Conversano. GINGER. See AMOMUM.

GIORGIEV, a town of Walachia, in EuroGINGERAH, a celebrated fortified island on

pean Turkey, partly on the north side of the the western coast of India, in the mouth of a Danube, and partly on an island in that river. river, on the bank of which is situated the town It covers a large extent of ground, and carries of Dunda Rajepore. It was one of the stations

on a brisk trade. It was taken in 1771, in the of the fleet commanded by the Siddees or Abys- war between the Russians and Turks; and, on sinians, who deserted from the service of the the 2nd June of that year, the Turks received a kings of Bijapoore, to tnat of Aurungzebe, in the complete defeat here. In 1810 it was again year 1661, and stood a siege by the Mahratta taken by the Russians. It is forty miles southchief Sevagee (after he had got possession of the west of Bucharest, and 235 north-west of Contown by stratagem), which lasted with little in

stantinople. termission for twenty-five years.

GIORGI (Augustine Anthony), a learned GINGERLY, adv. I know not whence de- modern ecclesiastic, was born in 1711 at St. rived, says Dr. Johnson; Mr. Thomson, from Maur, in the diocese of Rimini, and entered, in Swed. gængare, a smooth pace; an amble. Cau- 1727, the Augustine order, devoting himself partiously; nicely.

ticularly to the study of the oriental languages.
What is't that you

In 1746 he was invited by pope Benedict XIV.
Took up so gingerly ? Shakspeare.
GIN'GIVAL, adj. Lat. gingiva. Belonging Rome; he also made him librarian del Angelica.

to fill the theological chair of La Sapienza at Whilst the Italians strive to cut a thread in their

The emperor Francis I. repeatedly invited him

to settle at Vienna. In 1761 he published pronunciation between D and T, so to sweeten it, they make the occluse appulse, cspeciallythe gingival, Alphabetum Thibetanum, a work containing softer than we do, giving a little of perviousness.

many valuable dissertations, and the geography, Holder's Elements of Speech.

mythology, history, and antiquities of Thibet. GIN'GLE, v. n., v. 2., & n. s. From Saxon

His next publication was Fragmentum Evangelii tinchlan; Belg. tintelen. To utter or make a

S. Iohannis Græco-Copto Thebaicum sæculi shrill or ringing noise ; a resounding noise; af- quarti, &c. &c. His other works consist of fectation in the sound of periods.

Letters, Dissertations on subjects of Oriental Full many a deinte bors hadde he in stable ;

Criticism, and Antiquities and Polemical TreaAnd when he rode, men mighte his bridel hera

tises. He died in 1797. Gingling, in a whistling wind, as clere,

GIORGIO (St.), or ST. GEORGE, a strong And eke as loude as doth the chapell belle.

fort and suburb of Mantua, in the department of Chaucer. Prologue to Cant. Tales. Mincio. It was taken by the French under

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to the gums.

Buonaparte, on the 15th September, 1796, after incensed, that he threatened to put Giotto to the an obstinate resistance from the Austriaus, who most cruel death, unless he drew another equal lost 2500 men, and twenty pieces of cannon. to the former; if so he would not only give him On the 15th January, 1797, general Provera his life, but also an ample reward in money. penetrated thus far with 6000 men to relieve Giotto, as he had reason, desired this under the Mantua, but was forced to surrender next day, pope's signet, that he might not be in danger of with his whole troops, provisions, anımunition, a second repeal. This was granted to him; and &c.

taking a wet sponge, he now wiped off all the GIORGIONE, an illustrious Venetian painter, varnish he had daubed on the picture, so that born in 1478. He received his first instructions the crucifix appeared the same in all respects as from John Bellino; but, studying afterwards the it did before. Upon this, the pope remitted his works of Leonardo da Vinci, he soon surpassed punishment; and this crucifix is said long to them both, being the first among the Lombards have formed the original, from which the most who found out the effects of contrasting strong famous crucifixes in Europe were drawn. He light and shadows. The most valuable piece of died in 1336, and the city of Florence honored Giorgione in oil is that of Christ carrying his his memory with a statue of marble over his tomb. cross, now in the church of San Rovo in Venice. GIOVENAZZO, a town in the province of Ile died of the plague, in 1511.

Bari, on the east coast coast of Naples. It has GIOTTO, an ingenious painter, sculptor, and a castle, four churches, four convents, and 5000 architect of Florence, born in 1276. He was inhabitants; and is a bishop's see, united to that the disciple of Cimabue; but far superior to of Terlizzi. This town is surrounded by high his master in the air of his heads, the attitude of walls of rustic architecture, behind which rise, his figures, and in the tone of his coloring; in a narrow space, houses and lofty towers with though he could not express liveliness in his flat tops. Ten miles W.N. W. of Bari. eyes, tenderness in the flesh, or strength in the GI’PSY, n. s. Corrupted from Egyptian ; muscles of his naked figures. He was princi- see below. A vagabond who pretends to forepally admired for his works in mosaic; the best tell futurity, by palmistry or physiognomy. of which is over the grand entrance of St. Peter's Johnson. church at Rome. Alberti says, that, in that Laura, to her lady, was but a kitchen wench; Dido piece, the expression of fright and amazement a dowdy ; Cleopatra a gypsy; Helen and Hero hild. of the disciples, at seeing St. Peter walk upon ings and harlots. Shakspeare. Romeo and Juliet. the water, is so excellent, that each of them The widow played the gypsy, and so did her confi. exhibits some characteristic sign of his terror. dant too, in pretending to believe her. L'Estrange. Giotto is said to have been the inventor of cru

In this still labyrinth around her lie cifix painting, and the story generally told, but

Spells, philters, globes, and spheres of palmestry;

A sigil in his hand the gipsey bears, which we should hope too horrible to be true, is the following:

And in the other a prophetic sieve and shears.

Garth. Giotto, intending one day to draw a crucifix,

A frantick gipsey now, the house he haunts, persuaded a poor man to suffer himself to be And in wild phrases speaks dissembled wants. Prior. bound to a cross for an hour, at the end of

The butler, though he is sure to lose a knife, a fork, which he was to be released, and receive a con

or a spoon every time his fortune is told him, shuts siderable reward for it; but, instead of this, as himself up in the pantry with an old gipsey for above soon as he had fastened him, he stabbed him half an hour.

Addison. dead, and then fell to drawing. When he had

I, near yon stile, three sallow gypsies met ; finished his picture, he carried it to the pope, Upon my hand they cast a poring look, who admired it so much, that he was resolved to Bid me beware, and thrice their heads they shook. place it over the altar of his own chapel. Giotto

Gay. told bim, as he liked the copy so well, he would GIRAFFE. See CERVUS. show him the original. What do you mean?' GIRALDI (Lilio Gregorio), an ingenious said the pope, ' That I will show your holiness critic, was born at Ferrara in 1479. He was at the original, from whence I drew this, if you Rome when it was plundered by the emperor will absolve me from all punishment. The Charles V.; and having thus lost all he had, and pope promised this, which Giotto believing, being tormented by the gout, he struggled attended him to the place where it was: as soon through life with ill fortune and ill health. He as they were entered, he drew hack a curtain, wrote, nevertheless, seventeen works, which were which hung before the dead man on the cross, collected and published at Basil, in 2 vols. folio, and told him what he had done. The pope, in 1580, and at Leyden in 1696. Casaubon, troubled at so barbarous an action, retracted his Thuanus, and other authors of the first rank, promise, and told Giotto that he should be put have bestowed the highest eulogies on him. to an exemplary death. Giotto, with seeming GIRALDI (John Baptist Cutio), an Italian poet resignation, only begged leave to finish the piece of the same family with the preceding, was born before he died, which was granted him, and a in 1504. He was secretary to the duke of Ferguard set upon him to prevent his escape. As rara, and professor of rhetoric at Pavia. He soon as the picture was delivered into his hands, died in 1573. His works, which consist chiefly he took a brush, and, dipping it into a sort of of tragedies, were collected and published at varnish ready for that purpose, daubed the pic- Venice hy his son Celso Giraldi, in 1583. Some ture all over with it, so that nothing of the cru- rank him among the best tragic writers Italy has cifix could be seen. His holiness was so produced.

GIRARD (Gabriel), an ingenious French A cap of flowers, and a girdle, ecclesiastic, was a native of Clermont, and born Embroidered all with leaves of myrtle. in 1678. The duties of a canonry, which he

Shakspeare. possessed, interfering with his studies, he re- Being moved, he will not spare to gird the god.

Id. signed it, in order to be able to pursue them;

Sweet king! the bishop hath a kindly gird: when the duchess de Berri made him her

For shame, my lord of Winchester, relent. Id. almoner. He was employed by the French

Stoop then, and set your knee against my foot, government as Russian and Sclavonian inter- And in reguerdon of that duty done, preter to the king, and became a member of the i gird thee with the valiant sword of York. Id. academy in 1744. Girard published a treatise

Lay the gentle babes, girdling one another on the principles of the French tongue, in two Within their innocent alabaster arms.

Id. duodecimo volumes; and another on French

Great breezes in great circles, such as are under Synonymes, which has gone through several

the girdle of the world, do refrigerate. Bacon. editions. He died in 1748.

This wondred error growth GIRARDON (Francis), a celebrated French

At which our criticks gird. Drayton. architect and sculptor, born at Troyes in 1627. Or the saddle turned round, or the girths brake; Louis XIV., being informed of his talents, sent For low on the ground, woe for his sake, him to Rome with a pension of 1000 crowns. The law is found.

Ben Jonson's Underwoods, At his return into France, he labored for the He has the glory of his conscience, when he doth royal palaces, and the gardens of Versailles and well, to set against the checks and girds of it when he Trianon; where there are many of his works in doth amiss.

Goodman. bronze and in marble, from the designs of Many conceive there is somewhat amiss until they Charles le-Brun. The mausoleum of cardinal put on their girdle. Browne's Vulgar Errouri. de Richelieu, in the Sorbonne, and the

On bim his mantle, girdle, sword and bow,

On him his heart and soul he did bestow. equestrian statue of Louis XIV. at the Place de Vendome, where the statue and horse are cast in

Cowley. one piece, are reckoned his best performances. And here, alas ! hath laid him in the dirt.

Here lies old Hobson, death hath broke his girl;

Milton. He was professor, rector, and chancellor, of the

That Nyseian isle, Academy of Painting and Sculpture; and in

Girt with the river Triton, where old Cham spector-general of all the works done in sculp- Hid Amaltha, and her florid son ture. He died in 1715.

Young Bacchus, from his stepdame Rhea's eye. GIRASOLE, n. s. Fr. girasol. The herb

Id. turnsol; the opal stone.

These, with what skill they had, together sewed, GIRD, v.a., v n. & n. s. Saxon göndan; To gird their waist : vain covering, if it hide Gird'er, n. s.

Goth gyrda; Belg. Their guilt, and dreaded shame. Id. Paradise Lost. Gir'dle, n. s. & v. a. gardan ; Teut.

The son appeared,

gurGIR'DLEBELT, n. 8.

Id. ten, gurtel. To

Girt with omnipoteuce. GIR'DLER, n. s.


Conscience by this means is freed from many fasten; invest; dress; cover; encircle ; reproach :

fearful girds and twinges which the atheist feels.

Tillotson. an architectural term for the largest piece of tim

Nor did his eyes less longingly behold ber in a floor; that which is used to bind or en

The girdlebelt, with nails of burnished gold. circle: a maker of girdles : to smite.

Dryden. GIRT, v. Q., purt. pass. & n. s.


Tysiphone there keeps the ward,
GIRTH, n. s. & v. a.

Girt in her sanguine gown, by night and day,
He throweth on his helme of huge weight;

Observant of the souls that pass the downward way. And girt him with his swerde; and in his honde

Id. His mighty spere, as he wos wont to feight,

The girders are also to be of the same scantling He shaketh.

the summers and ground-plates are of, though the Chaucer. Complaint of Mars and Venus. back girder need not be so strong as the front girder. His here, his berde was like safroun,

Moxon's Mech. Erer. That to his girdle raught adoun.

No, let us rise at once, gird on our swords,
Id. Rime of Sire Thopas.

And, at the head of our remaining troops,
And so befell that in the tos they found,

Attack the foe.

Addison's Cato. Thurgh girt with many a grevous blodly wound,

He's a lusty jelly fellow that lives well, at least Two yonge knightes ligging by and by

three yards in the girth.

Id. Freeholder. Bothe in on armes wrought ful richely:

The combatant too late the field declines, Id. The Knightes Tale. When now the sword is girded at his loins. Prior. Men of all sorts take a pride to gird at me : the

These mighty girders which the fabrick bind, brain of this foolish compounded clay, man, is not

These ribs robust and vast in order joined.

Blackmore. able to invent any thing that tends to laughter more than I invent, or is invented ou me: I am not only the girt, which girt hath`a bolster in the middle,

The most common way of bandage is by that of witty in myself, but the cause that wit is in other men.

and the ends are tacked firmly together. Wiseman. Shakspeare. Henry IV. Those sleeping stones,

Cords of the bigness of packthread were fastened That as a waist do girdle you about.

to bandages, which the workmen had girt round my

neck. Shakspeare.


In the dread ocean, undulating wide Let me look back upon thee, O thou wall,

Beneath the radiant line that girts the globe. That girdlest in those wolves ! Id, Timon,

Thomsun. There will I make thee beds of roses,

Oft the long caravan, which in the chill With a thousand fragrant posies;

Of dewy dawn would slowly round each height,


That stretches to the stony belt which girdo

GIRGE, a large town, once the capital, of UpAsia, where Kaff looks down upon the Kurds. per Egypt. It is situated about a quarter of a


mile from the Nile, and is nearly two miles in A poniard decked her girdle as the sign

compass. The architecture is quite modern and She was a sultan's bride (thank heaven not mine).

mean. Under the gorernment of the Mamelukes Id.

a bey appointed by the divan at Cairo resided here, The GIRDLE, cingulus or zona, in antiquity, in the capacity of sangiac or governor; but since was a belt or band of leather or wool tied about the last revolution Siont has succeeded Girge as the reins. It was anciently the custom for bank- the capital of Upper Egypt. 215 miles south of mpts and other insolvent debtors to put off and Cairo. surrender their girdle in open court. The reason GIRGENTI, a town of Sicily, which occuwas, that our ancestors used to carry all their ne- pies part of the site of the ancient AGRIGENcessary utensils, as purse, keys, &c., tied to the Tum, which see. It stands on the top or hill, the girdle; whence the girdle became a symbol of site of the old fort, and has about 12,000 inhabithe estate. History relates, that the widow of tants. This see was some time since the richest Philip I., duke of Burgundy, renounced her in Sicily, but is miserably neglected, as to all its right of succession by putting off her girdle upon interests. Among the curiosities belonging to the duke's tomb. The Romans always wore a the cathedral is an Etruscan vase of rare size and girdle to fasten up the tunica when they had oc- preservation. There are also some golden pateras casion to do any thing; and this custom was so of extreme rarity. Girgenti has a harbour, formed general that such as went without girdles, and let by a pier carried out in three sides of an octagon, their gowns hang loose, were reputed idle disso- with a battery at the head : the light-house is lute persons;

erected on the cliffs on shore. The work is strong GIRDLE, MAIDEN's or VIRGIN's. It was the and neat, but the Sirocco commands it entirely, custom: among the Greeks and Romans for the and drives in great quantities of sand. Ships of husband to untie his bride's girdle. Homer, lib, burden find it difficult therefore to get in, but the xi. of his Odyssey, calls the girdle napdeviny magazines of corn, which it exports, in the rocks Covny, maid's girdle. Festus relates, that it was along the shore are spacious. Girgenti is seated made of sheep's wool, and adds, that it was tied on the St. Baise, four miles from the sea, and sixty in the Herculean knot; and that the husband south of Palermo. Long. 13° 24' E., lat. 37° unloosed it as a happy presage of his having as 28' N. many children as Hercules, who at his death left GIRL, n. s. Casaubon derives this word seventy behind him.

Girlish, adj. from cópn of the same sigGIRDLE, in mining, is the name used in Cum- GIRLISHLY, adv.) nification; Minsheu from berland, and some other counties, to denote the Lat. garrula, a prattler, or Ital. girella, a weauncertain strata, or chance beds of stone and dif- thercock. Junius thinks that it comes from ferent substances that are met with in some dis- Welsh herlodes, from which, says he, harlot is tricts; which, instead of occupying the whole very easily deduced. Skinner imagines that the space, of the same or nearly an equal thickness Saxons, who used ceopl for a man, might also throughout, are only local, preserving, however, have ceorla for a woman, though no such word constantly the same relative situation to the is now found. Dr. Hickes derives it from the other strata, wherever they appear. Particular Icelandic karlinna, a woman. To these collecstrata in the British series are found to be subject tions of Dr. Johnson may be added Mr. Thomto these chance beds, or strata, within their son's suggestion, that it comes from Goth. kirla, mass; some of which large nodular masses as- diminutive of karla, a woman, feminine of karl, sume a confusedly crystallised structure, and a man or boor. A young woman, or female seem to occasion large hills, and even mountainous child. tracts.

In danger hadde he at his owen gise, GIRE, n.s. Lat. gyrus. A circle described The yonge girles of his diociso by any thing in motion. See GYRE.

And knew hir conseil and was of hir dede. GIÁGASHITES, or GERGESENES, an ancient

Chaucer. Prologue to the Canterbury Tales. people of Canaan, whose habitation was beyond

I will love thee ne'er the less, my girl.

Shakspeare. the sea of Tiberias, where we find some relics of their name in the city of Gergesa, upon the lake

A weather-beaten lover, but once known,

Is sport for every girl to practise on. of Tiberias. The Jewish rabbis inform us that,

The soole Amphimachus, to field brought gold to when Joshua first came into the land of Canaan, be his wracke, the Girgashites resolved rather to forsake their Proude girle like, that doth over beare her dowre country than submit to the Hebrews, and ac

upon her backe.

Chapmun. cordingly retired into Africa. Nevertheless it is True Trojan! whilst this town can girls afford certain that a great number of them staid behind, And long as cyder lasts in Hereford, since Joshua, xxiv. 11, informs us that he sub

The girls shall always kiss thee though grown old, dued the Girgashites, and they whom he over

And in eternal healths thy name be trouled.

Marvell. came were certainly on this side Jordan. This name is written Girgashi, Gen. x. 16, xv. 21;

A boy, like thee, would make a kingly line ; in the Greek of Judith, chap. v. 16, repyegalos ;

But oh! a girl, like her, must be divine !

Dryden. and in Matt. viii. 28, Tepyenevos. The Gada

It is pleasant to see the boys and girls playing in renes of the New Testament are thought to have the streets; but it is ill-favored to see men and heen a remnant of the ancient Girgashites. See women playing there, that should fill up their time GADARENES.

with work and business. Henry. Zech. viii. 5.


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