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GATESHEAD, a town of Durham, separated into a whole, as an act of necessity or convefrom Newcastle, by the Tyne; over which there nience; and, according to this definition, appliis a fine stone bridge, which formerly had an cable to objects and subjects, as thus separately iron gate in the middle, with the arms of Dur- illustrated : persons who are thus occupied. ham on one side, and those of Newcastle on the
Gather stones—and they took stones and made an other; being the boundary between the bishop- heap.
Genesis. ric and Northumberland. It is a borough by The seventh year we shall not sow, nor gather in prescription, but not privileged to send members our increase.
Lev. xxv. 20. to parliament. Here are considerable manufac Let every one lay by him in store, that there be no
1 Cor. xvi. 2. tories of cast and wrought iron, whiting, &c. The gathering when I come. church is a fine building, with a very high tower;
The luckless lucky maid and in the church-yard are several ancient mo
A long time with that savage people staid,
Spenser. numents. There are few traces left of its ancient To gather breath in many miseries.
Eftsoones he 'gan to gather up around monastery, except a stone gateway, of rather a
His weapons, which lay scattered all abrode, modern erection. The house covered two acres
And as it fell his steed he ready found, and a half of land. Here is a free school for On whom remounting, fiercely forth he rode grammar, arithmetic, and navigation. Gates- Like sparkes of fire that from the andvile glode. head Fell, a bleak and clevated ridge, extending
Spenser's Faerie Queene. southward from the town, is famous for its That which, out of the law of reason or of God, grindstone quarries, whence the Newcastle stones men probably gathering to be expedient, they make it are exported to all parts of the world. The view law.
Hooke. of Newcastle and the Tyne from the hill on the
His opinions north of the Hexham road is uncommonly grand.
Have satisfied the king for his divorce, Gateshead is thirteen miles north-east of Durham.
Gathered from all the famous colleges. Shakspeare GATEVEIN, n. s. Gate and vein. The vein
The reason that I gather he is mad,
Is a mad tale he told to day at dinner, otherwise called vena porta.
Of his own door being shut against his entrance. Being a king that loved wealth, he could not en
Id. dure to have trade sick, nor any obstruction to con All the way we went there were gathered some tinde in the gatevein which disperseth that blood.
people on both sides, standing in a row. Bacon.
Bacon's Henry VII. Their snow-ball did not gather as it went; for the GATH, or Geti, in ancient geography, a city people came in to them. Id. Henry VII. of the Philistines, and one of their five satrapies. I will spend this preface about those from whom 1 It is famous for having given birth to Goliath. bave gathered my knowledge ; for I am but a gatherer David made a conquest of it, and it continued and disposer of other men's stuff.
Nor in that land subject to his successors, till the declension of the kingdom of Judah. Rehoboam rebuilt and Do poisonous herbs deceive the gatherer's hand.
May's Virgil. fortified it; king Uzziah retook it, and Hezekiah once more reduced it under his subjection. Have gathered aught of evil, or concealed,
And if the night Some authors, among whom is F. Calmet, have Disperse it, as nuw light dispels the dark. Milton. committed an egregious mistake in making Gath
Returned the most southern, and Ekron the most northern, By night, and listening where the hapless pair of the Philistine cities; as if these had been the Sat in their sad discourse, and various plaint, two boundaries of their dominions, whereas they Thence gathered his own doom, Milton's Paradise Lost. are not above five miles asunder; and Gaza is Mademoiselle de Scudery, who is as old as Sibyl, the last of the five satrapies south. Josephus is translating Chaucer into French : from which i expresses himself plainly enough, when he says, gather that he has formerly been translated into the that Hezekiah took all the Philistine cities from old
Dryden. Gaza to Gath; there being many more cities of South, East, and West, on airy coursers born,
When the rival winds their quarrel try, that name, which signifies in the Hebrew a wine- The whirlwind gathers, and the woods are torn. id. press. Several more of the name of Geth or Gath are mentioned in Eusebius and St. Jerome, Now breathes upon her hair with nearer pace.
He gathers ground upon her in the chace;
id. whose situation, according to them, plainly shows
What have I done? them to have been different places from this, and to see my youth, my beauty, and my love from each other; besides those which had an No sooner gained, but slighted and betrayed ; adjunct to distinguish them. This city recovered. And like a rose just gathered from the stalk, its liberty and lustre in the time of the prophets But only smelt, and cheaply thrown aside, Amos and Micah, but was afterwards demolished To wither on the ground! Id. Spanish Fryar. by Hazael, king of Syria; since which it became To pay the creditor, that lent him his rent, he must
Locke. of but little consideration till the time of the gather up money by degrees. crusades, when Fulk_king of Jerusalem built a
Think on the storm that gathers o'er your head,
And threatens every hour to burst upon it. Addison, castle on its ruins. It was thirty-two miles west
Immortal Tully shone, of Jerusalem.
The Roman postra decked the consul's throne; GATH'ER, v. a., D. Th., & n. s. Saxon,
Gathering his flowing robe he seemed to stand, GATHERER, N. S.
In act to speak, and graceful stretched his hand. GATHERING, N. S. According
Pope. to some authors contracted from get here; but And gathering loiterors on the land discern, the Belgic has gaderen, gader ; Teut. gadern; and Her boat descending from the latticed steru. the Scotch, godeer, of the same signification; and
Byron. Corsair. more probably compounded as the Goth. gadra, GATINOIS, or Gastinois, a ci-devant proof gawidra, go and with. To collect, and form vince of France, forty-five miles long and thirty
broad. In the eleventh century it had counts of A gold-finch there I saw, with gaudy pride
A plain suit, since we can make but one, François ; and now forms part of the departments
Is better than to be by tarnished gau'dry known. of the Seine and Marne, Seine and Oise, and
Na. Loiret. This district has been long celebrated for
Some bound for Guiney, golden sand to find, its saffron.
Bore all the gaudes the simple natives wear; GA'TTEN-TREE, n. s. A species of Corne- Some for the pride of Turkish courts designed, lian cherry.
For folded turbants finest Holland bear.
Id. GATTON, a small borough of Surrey, nineteen Age, which is but one remove from death, and miles from London, on the side of a hill on the should have nothing about us but what looks like a road to Ryegate. It is supposed to have been decent preparation for it, scarce ever appears, of late, known to the Romans, from their coins and other but in the high mode, the flaunting garb, and utmost antiquities found here. It is a borough by pre- gaudery of youth, with clothes as ridiculously, and as scription; and has sent members to parliament
ore to marliament much in the fashion, as the person that wears them o is usually grown out of it.
South. ever since the 29th of Henry VI. It was for
He may surely be content with a fast to-day, that merly a large town. The members are returned
is sure of a gaudy to-morrow.
Cheyne. by its constable, who is annually chosen at the
A man who walks directly to his journey's end will lord of the manor's court.
arrive thither much sooner than he who wanders GAUBIL (Anthony), a French author, born at aside to gaze at every thing, or to gather every gaudy Caillac in 1708. He was sent a missionary to flower.
Watts. China, and acted as interpreter at the court of In costly sheen and gaudy cloak arrayed, Pekin. He published a history of Jengis Khan, But all afoot, the light-limbed Matadore and a translation of the Chou King. He died in
Stands in the centre, eager to invade 1759.
The lord of lowing herds. Byron. Childe Harold. GAUBIUS (Hieronymus David), a celebrated GAUDEN (Dr. Joseph), son of the Rev. John physician of Holland. He studied under the il- Gauden, vicar of Mayfield, in Essex, was born lustrious Boerhaave; and became so much his at Mayfield in 1605. At the commencement of favorite, that he resigned the chemical chair in the civil war, he was chaplain to Robert, earl of his favor. He taught at Leyden with great ap- Warwick ; whom he followed, on his taking part plause for forty years. His reputation was ex- with the parliament against the king. Upon the tended all over Europe by several valuable pub- establishment of the Presbyterian church governlications, particularly by his Institutiones Patha- ment he complied with the ruling powers, and logiæ Medicinalis, and his Adversaria, which was nominated one of the assembly of divines contributed not a little to the improvement of who met at Westminster in 1643, and took the medicine. He died at Leyden, Nov. 20th, aged covenant; yet, having offered some objections to seventy-six.
it, his name was afterwards struck out of the list. GAUDE, n. s. & v. a. Lat. gaudere, to be Nor did he espouse the cause of the parliament GAU'DERY, n. s. glad. - Minsheu. Ex- longer than they adhered to their first avowed Gat'dily, adv. pressive of what gives principles of reforming only, instead of destroyGav'dy, adj., & n.s. (pleasure; whether to ing, monarchy and episcopacy. In this spirit he
Gau'DINESS, n. s. the eye, as splendid signed the protestation to the army against the colors; to the taste, as a luxurious feast; or to violent proceedings that affected the life of the the heart, as good news, &c.; of the pleasure it- king : and a few days after his execution pubself, or the agents and mode of its communica- lished the famous Evwv Baoilikn), A Portraiture
of his Sacred Majesty in his Solitude and SufBy this gaude, have I wonnen, yere by yere
ferings : which ran through fifty editions in the An hundred mark, sin I was Pardonere.
course of a year. Upon the return of Charles II. Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale. he was promoted to the see of Exeter; and in Of smale corall, aboute hire arm, she bare
1662 removed to Worcester, where he died the A pair of bedes gauded all with grene.
same year. He wrote many controversial pieces, Id. Prologue to Canterbury Tales. and has generally been considered as the author He stole the impression of her fantasy,
of the Eikon Basilike. After the bishop's death, With bracelets of thy hair, rings, gaudes, conceits, his widow, in a letter to one of her sons, calls it Knacks, trifes, nosegays, sweetmeats. Shukspeare. The Jewel; and said her husband had hoped to
The sun is in the heaven, and the proud day, make a fortune by it. This assertion, as the earl Attended with the pleasures of the world,
of Clarendon had predicted, was eagerly espoused Is all too wanton, and too full of gaudes,
by the anti-royalists, in the view of disparaging To give me au
Id. King Lear. Charles I. But it has been said, that Gauden My love to Hermia
had too luxuriant an imagination to be able to Is melted as the snow; seems to me now
compose in so chaste but elevated a style; and As the remembrance of an idle gaude, Which in my childhood I did doat upon. Shakspeare.
thence, as bishop Burnet and others argue, that Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,
not he, but the king himself, was the true author. But not exprest in fancy; rich, not gaudy,
The whole of the arguments on each side of this For the apparel oft proclaims the man.
disputed question may be found in Mr. Nichols's Go to a gossip's feast, and gaude with me,
Literary Anecdotes. After so long grief such nativity.
GAUDENS (St.), a town of France, in the de. Fancies fond with gaudy shapes possess,
partment of Upper Garonne, and late province of As thick and numberless
Languedoc, seated on the Garonne; eight miles As the gay motes that people the sun-bcams. Milim. north-east of Bertrand.
GAVE. The preterite of give.
cess those struggles were attended. And as it is Thou can'st not every day give me thy heart;
principally here that we meet with the custom of If thou can'st give it, then thou never gav'st it:
gavelkind (though it was and is to be found in Love's riddles are, that though thy heart depart, some other parts of the kingdom), we may conIt stays at home, and thou with losing sav'st it. clude, that this was a part of those liberties;
Donna. agreeably to Selden's opinion, that gavelkind, GAVEL, n. s. A provincial word for ground, before the Norman conquest, was the general
Let it lie apoa the ground or gavel eight or ten custom of the realm. The distinguishing protimes.
Mortimer. perties of this tenure are principally these :GAVELET, in law, an ancient and special 1. The tenant is of age sufficient to alienate his cessavit used in Kent, where the custom of gavel- estate by feoffment, at the age of fifteen. 2. The kind continues, by which the tenant, if he with- estate does not escheat in case of an attainder draws his rent and services due to the lord. for- and execution for felony; their maxim being. feits his land and tenements. The process is the father to the bough, the son to the plough.' thus : -The lord is first to seek by the steward of 3. In most places he had a power of devising his court, from three weeks to three weeks, to
lands by will, before the statute for that purpose find some distress upon the tenement, till the
was made. 4. The lands descend, not to the fourth court; and if at this time he find none, at
eldest, youngest, or any one son only, but to all this fourth court it is awarded, that he take the
the sons together; which was indeed anciently tenement in his hand in name of a distress, and
the most usual course of descent all over Engkeep it a year and a day without manuring; land, though in particular places particular cus. within which time, if the tenant pays his arrears,
Ps. toms prevailed ; and it must be allowed, that it
soms prevailed ; and makes reasonable amends for the with-hold
-hold- is founded on strict justice, however contrary to ing, he shall have and enjoy his tenement as be
the present general practice. fore: if he comes not before the year and day be
GAUGAMELA, in ancient geography, a vilpast, the lord is to go to the next county court lage of Aturia, lying between the rivers Lycus with witnesses of what bad passed at his own and Tigris; famous for Alexander's victory over court, and pronounce there his process, to have
Darius. It is said to have been allowed to further witnesses; and then, by the award of his
Darius Hystaspis for the maintenance of a caown court, he shall enter and manure the tene
tona mel; and hence the name. It was near a more ment as his own : so that if the tenant desired considerable place called Arbela; whence the afterwards to have and hold it as before, he must latter gave the name to the victory. See ARagree with the lord; according to this old say
BELA. ing: Has he not since any thing given, or any
GAUGE, v. a. & n. s. ) French, gauge. See thing paid, then let him pay five pound for his
GAUGER, n. s. SGAGE. A measure, or were, ere he become healder again. Other standard. He who gauges; an exciseman. copies have the first part with some variation: Those earls and dukes have been privileged with 'Let him dine times pay, and nine times repay. royal jurisdiction; and appointed their special oltiGAVELET is also a writ used in the hustings,
sicers, as sheriff, admiral, gauger, and escheator. given to lords of rents in London. Here the
Carew on Cornwall. parties, tenant and demandant, appear by scire from the owner himself, it might then be had at the
If money were to be hired, as land is, or to be had facias, to show cause why the one should not market rate, which would be a constant gauge of your have his tenement again on payment of his rent, trade and wealth.
Locke. or the other recover the lands on default thereof. There is nothing more perfectly admirable in itself
GAVELKIND. A term in law. A custom than that artful manner in Homer, of taking measure whereby the lands of the father are equally di- or gauging his heroes by each other, and thereby elevided, at his death, amongst all his sons: or the vating the character of one person by the opposition land of the brother equally among the brothers, of it to some other he is made to excel. Pope. if he have no issue of his own. This custom Gauge. See GaGE. prevails in divers places in England, but espe- A GAUGER is a king's officer, who is apcially in Kent.
pointed to examine all tuns, pipes, hogsheads, Among other Welsh customs he abolished that of and barrels, of wine, beer, ale, oil, honey, &c., garelkind, whereby the heirs female were utterly ex. and give them a mark of allowance, before they cluded, and the bastards did inherit as well as the are sold in any place within the extent of his legitimate, which is the very Irish gcoelkind.
Davies on Ireland. GAUGING. See GEOMETRY. GAVELKIND is a tenure belonging to lands in Gauging Rod, an instrument used in gaug. the county of Kent, and formerly universal in ing or measuring the contents of any vessel. Ireland. The word is said by Lambard to be GAUL. See GALLIA. compounded of three Saxon words, gyf, eal, kyn, GAULTHERIA, in botany, a genus of the omnibus cognatione proximis data. Verstegan monogynia order, and decandria class of plants; calls it gavelkind, quasi "give all kind,' that is, natural order eighteenth, bicornes : Cal. exterior to each child his part: and Taylor, in his his- diphyllous, interior quinquefid : COR. ovate; the tory of gavelkind, derives it from the British nectarium consists of ten subulated points : CAPS. gavel, i.e. a hold or tenure, and cenned, gene- quinquelocular, covered with the interior calyx ratio aut familia ;' and so gavel cenned might formed in the shape of a berry. Species one signify tepura generationis. It is well known only, a beautiful Canadian shrub. what struggles the Kentish men made to preserve GAULTIER (Louis), abbé, was a native of their ancient liberties, and with how much suc- Italy but of French parentage, and taken early to France. Here, devoted to the education Somo shall in swiftness for the goal contend, of youth, he conceived the project of smoothing And others try the twanging bow to bend ; the rugged path by the instructive games, known
The strong with iron gauntlets armed shall stand, to children by the name of the 'Abbé Gaultier's Opposed in combat on the yellow sand. Dryden. Games.' The revolution forced him to quit
Who naked wrestled best, besmeared with oil ; France, however, for the Hague, where he ac
Or who with gauntlets gave or took the foil.
The funeral of some valiant knight cepted the situation of tutor to the children of
May give this thing its proper light; the British ambassador, whom he accompanied
View his two gauntlets, these declare to England. We now find him giving instruc
That both his hands were used to war. tion gratuitously to the children of French emi
Prior. grants; until the peace of Amiens allowed him
So to repel the Vandals of the stage, to return to Paris, where he resumed his teach Our vet’ran bard resumes his tragic rage ; ing, which he continued until his death, in 1818, He throws the gauntlet Otway used to wield, in his seventy-fifth year. Some of his works And calls for Englishmen to judge the field. have gone through twenty editions. The follow
Southern ing are the principal-Leçons de Grammaire GAVOT, n. s. Fr. gavotte. A kind of dance. suivant la méthode des Tableaux analytiques, The disposition in a fiddle to play tunes in préludes, 1787 : Jeu raisonnable et moral pour les Enfans, sarabands, jigs, and gavots, are real qualities in the 1791; Méthode pour analyser la pensée et la instrument.
Arbuthnot. réduire à ses Principes Elémentaires ; Méthode Gavot. GAVOTTA, or Gavotte, is a kind of pour apprendre grammaticalement la Langue dance, the air of which has two brisk and lively Latine sans connaitre les règles de la Compo- strains in common time, each of which is twice sition ; Traits caracteristiques d'une mauvaise
nauvaise played over. The first has usually four or eight Education, ou Actions et Discours contraires a la
bars; and the second contains eight, twelve, or Politesse, et regardés comme tels par les Mora
more. The first begins with a minim, or two listes tant Anciens que Modernes; Notions de
crotchets, or notes of equal value, and the hand géometrie pratique, nécessaires a l'exercice de la
rising; and ends with the fall of the hand upon
ri plupart des Arts et Metiers, 1807, &c. &c.
the dominant or mediant of the mode, but never GAUNT, adj. 1 Saxon, gewaned, gewant, upon the final, unless it be a rondeau: and the GAUNTLY, adv.) from zepanian, to lessen.
last begins with the risc of the hand, and ends Thin; slender; meagre.
with the fall upon the final of the mode. Oh, how that name befits my composition !
GAVOTTA, TEMPI DI, is when only the time Old Gaunt, indeed, and gaunt in being old :
or movement of a gavotte is imitated, without Within me grief bath kept a tedious fast;
any regard to the measure or number of bars or And who abstains from meat that is not gaunt ?
strains. For sleeping Eagland long time have I watched; Watching breeds leanness, leanness is all gaunt :
GAURA, in botany, Virginian loose-strife, a The pleasure that some fathers feed upon
genus of the monogynia order, and octandria Is my strict fast; I mean my children's looks ; class of plants; natural order seventeenth, calyAnd therein fasting, thou hast made me gaunt : canthemæ: CAL. quadrifid and tubular : COR. Gaunt am I for the grave, gaunt as a grave, pentapetalous, with the petals rising upwards. Whose hollow womb inherits nought but bones. The nut is inferior, monospermous, and quad
Shakspeare. Richard II. rangular. Species three; natives of North and Two mastiffs, gaunt and grim, her flight pursued, South America. And oft their fastened fangs in blood embrued.
GAURITZ, one of the most considerable, as Dryden.
well as a very rapid and dangerous river of the While the gaunt mastiff growling at the gate Affrights the beggar whom he longs to eat. Popc.
colony of the Cape of Good Hope. It rises in Then Judah raged by ruffian discord led,
the Nieuweldt mountains, crosses the Karroo Drunk with the steamy carnage of the dead :
and Zevarte Berg, and falls into the Indian He saw his sons by dubious slaughter fall,
Ocean, in long. 21° 40' E., lat. 34° 35' S. And war without, and death within the wall.
GAUSCHÈRKIE, a town of Upper Egypt, on Wide wasting plague, gaunt famine, mad despair, the right bank of the Nile, opposite Tahta, supAnd dire debate, and clamorous strife was there. posed by Norden to be the ancient Diospolis.
Bp. Heber. It contains a temple sixty paces in length and GAUNTLET, n. s. French, gantelet ; Italian, forty in breadth; the roof being well preserved ; gaunto; Goth. vanta; Belg. want; corrupted, pro- but it is employed by the Arabs as a cattle hably, of Latin, manica, munus, the hand. An shed iron glove, used for defence, and thrown down GAUZE, n. s. fr. guze; barbarous Lat. gazain challenges; sometimes, in poetry, used for the tum; as some have thought from Gaza; whence cestus or boxing glove.
this silk first came into Europe. A kind of thin A scaly gauntlet now, with joints of steel, transparent silk. Must glove his hand. Shakspeare. Henry IV. Silken clothes were used by the ladies; and it
Feel but the difference, soft and rough ; seems they were thin, like gause. Arbuthnot. This a gauntlet, that a muff. Cleaveland.
Brocadoes and damasks, and tabbies and gauses, Then put on all thy gorgeous arms, thy helmet
Are lately brought over. And brigandine of brass, thy broad habergeon,
Swift. Vant-brass, and greves, and gauntlet, add thy spear,
Gauze, GAUSE, or Gawse, in commerce, is A weaver's beam, and seven times folded shield,
woven sometimes of silk, and sometimes only I only with an oaken staff will meet thee.
of thread. To warp the silk for making gauze, Milton's Samson Agonistes. they use a peculiar kind of mill, upon which
the silk is wound: this mill is a wooden ma monstrances were made on the occasion by his chine about six feet high, having an axis perpen- friend and patron the duke of Queensberry, who dicularly placed in the middle thereof, with six withdrew from the court in consequence. The large wings, on which the silk is wound from off issue of such dependence on the delusive prothe bobbins by the axis turning round. When mises of the great, Gay has figuratively and huall the silk is on the mill, they use another in- morously described in his fable of the Hare strument to wind it off again on two beams : with many friends. The profits of his poems this done, the silk is passed through as many he lost in 1720, in the South Sea scheme. But little beads as there are threads of silk; and thus the encouragement he met with from the public rolled on another beam to supply the loom. Soon made ample amends for these private disThere are figured gauzes; some with flowers of appointments. In 1727-8, appeared his Beg. gold and silver, on a silk ground: these last are gar's ()pera; the success of which was not only chiefly brought from China.
unprecedented, but almost incredible. It had GAWK, n. s. Saxon, geac.
A cuckow; a an uninterrupted run in London for sixty-three foolish fellow.
nights in the first season, and was renewed in GAWN, n. s.
Scotch. A corruption the ensuing one with equal approbation It GAWNTREE, n. s. Šfor gallon : a wooden frame spread into all the great towns of England ; was in which beer-casks are set when tunned. acted in many places thiscy and forty times, and
GAY, adj. & n. s. Fr. gai; Italian, garc; last of all it was perforined at Minorca. Noi Gar'ety, n. s.
Cheerful; was its fame contined to the reading and repreGar’ly, adv. light; playful; or frolic- sentation alone; the card table and drawing-room Gar'ness, n. s.
also applied to shared it with the theatre and closet; the ladies cheerful colors.
carried about its favorite songs engraven upon A virgin that loves to go gay.
Bar, vi. 9. their fans, and screens and other pieces of furl'here I was wont to be right fresh and
niture were decorated with them. The profits
gay, Of clothing, and of other good array,
were so great, both to the author and Mr. Rich Chaucer. The Chanones Y :mannes Tale. the nuanager, that it gave rise to a popular pun, Our gayety and our guilt are all besmirched, viz. That it had made Rich gay, and Gay rich. With rainy marching in the painful field.
In consequence of this success, Mr. Gay was
Shakspeare. induced to write a second part to it, which he And from those gayeties our youth requires entitled Polly. But the disgust subsisting beTo exercise their minds, our age retires. Denham. tween him and the court, together with the report
Morose and untractable spirits look upon precepts of his having written seditious pamphlets, occain emblem, as they do upon gays and pictures, the sioned a prohibition to be sent from the lord tooleries of so many old wives’tales. L'Estrange. chamberlain, at the time when every thing was The ladies, Jayly dressed, the Mall adorn
in readiness for the rehearsal. A very considerWith curious dies, and paint the sunny morn.
able sum, however, accrued to him from the
Gay. Gay Pratice shall make the Fan her artisus' care,
publication of it afterwards in 4to. He wrote And with the costly trinket arm the fair. Id.
several other dramatic pieces, and many valuLike some fair flower, that early Spring supplies,
able ones in verse. Among the latter, his Trivia, That gayly biooms, but even in blooming dies.
or the Art of walking in the Streets of London,
Pope. though his first poetical attempt, recommended smooth how the waves, the zephyrs gently play, him to the esteem and friendship of Mr. Pope: Belinda smiled, and all the world was gay. Id but as, among his dramatic works, his Beggar's
Even rival wits did Voilure's fate deplore, Opera will perhaps ever stand as an unrivalled And ebe gay mourned, who never mourned befor · masterpiece, so among his poetical works, his
Fables hold the highest estimation. Mr. Gay's GAY (John), a celebrated English poet, de- disposition was affable, his temper generous, and scended from an ancient family in Devonshire, his conversation agreeable. But he had the was born at Exeter, and educated at the free foible, too often incident to men of great literary school ef Barnstaple, under Mr. Rayner. He abilities, viz. an excess of indolence, without was afterwards designed for a mercer, but having a any economy. So that though his emoluments small fortune, and considering the attendance on were, at some periods of his life, very considera shop as a degradation of his talents, he re- able, he was at others greatly straitened in his solved to indulge his inclination for the Muses circumstances; nor could he prevail on himself In 1712 he became secretary to the duchess of to follow the advice of his friend Dean Swift, Monmouth, and in 1714 accompanied the earl who endeavoured to persuade him to purchase of Clarendon to Hanover. On queen Anne's an annuity, as a resource for the exigencies of death, he returned to England, where he was old age. Mr. Gay therefore, after having undertaken particular notice of by queen Caroline, gone many vicissitudes of fortune, and being for then princess of Wales, to whom he read in MS. some time chiefly supported by the duke and his tragedy of the Captives; and in 1726 dedi- duchess of Queensberry, died at their house in cated his Fables, by permission, to the duke of Burlington gardens, in December, 1732. He Cumberland. From this it was supposed, that was interred in Westminster Abbey, where a he would have been provided for in some office monument was erected to his memory, at their suitable to his inclination and abilities : but expense; with an epitaph by Pope. being in 1727 offered the place of gentleman GAYAH, or Boodh Gayah, a town of the usher to one of the youngest princesses, he province of Bahar, Hindostan, one of the most thought proper to refuse it; and some warm re- celebrated places of Hindoo pilgrimage. It is