Εικόνες σελίδας

GATESHEAD, a town of Durham, separated from Newcastle, by the Tyne; over which there is a fine stone bridge, which formerly had an iron gate in the middle, with the arms of Durham on one side, and those of Newcastle on the other; being the boundary between the bishopric and Northumberland. It is a borough by prescription, but not privileged to send members to parliament. Here are considerable manufactories of cast and wrought iron, whiting, &c. The church is a fine building, with a very high tower; and in the church-yard are several ancient monuments. There are few traces left of its ancient monastery, except a stone gateway, of rather a modern erection. The house covered two acres and a half of land. Here is a free school for grammar, arithmetic, and navigation. Gateshead Fell, a bleak and clevated ridge, extending southward from the town, is famous for its grindstone quarries, whence the Newcastle stones are exported to all parts of the world. The view of Newcastle and the Tyne from the hill on the north of the Hexham road is uncommonly grand. Gateshead is thirteen miles north-east of Durham. GATEVEIN, n.s. Gate and vein. The vein otherwise called vena porta. Being a king that loved wealth, he could not endure to have trade sick, nor any obstruction to continue in the gatevein which disperseth that blood. Bacon's Henry VII. GATH, or GETH, in ancient geography, a city of the Philistines, and one of their five satrapies. It is famous for having given birth to Goliath. David made a conquest of it, and it continued subject to his successors, till the declension of the kingdom of Judah. Rehoboam rebuilt and fortified it; king Uzziah retook it, and Hezekiah once more reduced it under his subjection. Some authors, among whom is F. Calmet, have committed an egregious mistake in making Gath the most southern, and Ekron the most northern, of the Philistine cities; as if these had been the two boundaries of their dominions, whereas they are not above five miles asunder; and Gaza is the last of the five satrapies south. Josephus expresses himself plainly enough, when he says, that Hezekiah took all the Philistine cities from Gaza to Gath; there being many more cities of that name, which signifies in the Hebrew a winepress. Several more of the name of Geth or Gath are mentioned in Eusebius and St. Jerome, whose situation, according to them, plainly shows them to have been different places from this, and from each other; besides those which had an adjunct to distinguish them. This city recovered its liberty and lustre in the time of the prophets Amos and Micah, but was afterwards demolished by Hazael, king of Syria; since which it became of but little consideration till the time of the crusades, when Fulk king of Jerusalem built a castle on its ruins. It was thirty-two miles west of Jerusalem. GATH'ER, v.a., v. n., & n.s. Saxon, GATHERER, n.s. } gabenan. GATHERING, n.s According to some authors contracted from get here; but the Belgic hasgaderen, gader; Teut. gadern; and the Scotch, gadeer, of the same signification; and more probably compounded as the Goth.gadra, of gawidra, go and with. To collect, and form

into a whole, as an act of necessity or convenience; and, according to this definition, applicable to objects and subjects, as thus separately illustrated: persons who are thus occupied.

Gather stones—and they took stones and made an

heap. Genesis. The seventh year we shall not sow, nor gather in our increase. Lev. xxv. 20.

Let every one lay by him in store, that there be no gathering when I come. 1 Cor. xvi. 2. The luckless lucky maid A long time with that savage people staid, To gather breath in many miseries. Spenser. Eftsoones he 'gan to gather up around His weapons, which lay scattered all abrode, And as it fell his steed he ready found, On whom remounting, fiercely forth he rode Like sparkes of fire that from the andvile glode. Spenser's Faerie Queene. That which, out of the law of reason or of God, men probably gathering to be expedient, they make it law. Hooke, His opinions Have satisfied the king for his divorce, Gathered from all the famous colleges. Shakspeare The reason that I gather he is mad, Is a mad tale he told to day at dinner, Of his own door being shut against his entrance.

Md. All the way we went there were gathered some people on both sides, standing in a row. Bacon.

Their snow-ball did not gather as it went ; for the people came in to them. Id. Henry VII. I will spend this preface about those from whom 1 have gathered my knowledge; for I am but a gatherer and disposer of other men's stuff. Wotton. Nor in that land Do poisonous herbs deceive the gatherer's hand. May's Virgil. And if the night Have gathered aught of evil, or concealed, Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark. Milton. Returned By night, and listening where the hapless pair. Sat in their sad discourse, and various plaint, Thence gathered his own doom. Milton's Paradise Lost. Mademoiselle de Scudery, who is as old as Sibyl, is translating Chaucer into French : from which I gather that he has formerly been translated into the old Provencal. Dryden. When the rival winds their quarrel try, South, East, and West, on airy coursers born, The whirlwind gathers, and the woods are torn. Id. He gathers ground upon her in the chace; Now breathes upon her hair with nearer pace. Id. What have I done * To see my youth, my beauty, and my love No sooner gained, but slighted and betrayed; And like a rose just gathered from the stalk, But only smelt, and cheaply thrown aside, To wither on the ground ! Id. Spanish Fryar. To pay the creditor, that lent him his rent, he must gather up money by degrees. Locke. Think on the storm that gathers o'er your head, And threatens every hour to burst upon it. Addison. Immortal Tully shone, The Roman rostra decked the consul's throne; Gathering his flowing robe he seemed to stand, In act to speak, and graceful stretched his hand. - Pope. And gathering loiterers on the land discern, Her boat descending from the latticed stern. Byron. Corsair. GATINOIS, or Gastinois, a ci-devant province of France, forty-five miles long and thirty

broad. In the eleventh century it had counts of A gold-finch there I saw, with gaudy pride
its own, but was afterwards joined to Anjou. It Of painted plumes, that hopped from side to side.
was next divided into Gatinois, Orleanois, and


A plain suit, since we can make but one, François ; and now forms part of the departments

Is better than to be by tarnished gau'dry known. of the Seine and Marne, Seine and Oise, and

Na. Loiret. This district has been long celebrated for

Some bound for Guiney, golden sand to find, its saffron.

Bore all the gaudes the simple natives wear; GA'TTEN-TREE, n. s. A species of Corne- Some for the pride of Turkish courts designed, lian cherry.

For folded turbants finest Holland bear.

Id. GATTON, a small borough of Surrey, nineteen Age, which is but one remove from death, and miles from London, on the side of a hill on the should have nothing about us but what looks like a road to Ryegate. It is supposed to have been decent preparation for it, scarce ever appears, of late, known to the Romans, from their coins and other but in the high mode, the flaunting garb, and utmost antiquities found here. It is a borough by pre- gaudery of youth, with clothes as ridiculously, and as scription; and has sent members to parliament

ore to marliament much in the fashion, as the person that wears them o is usually grown out of it.

South. ever since the 29th of Henry VI. It was for

He may surely be content with a fast to-day, that merly a large town. The members are returned

is sure of a gaudy to-morrow.

Cheyne. by its constable, who is annually chosen at the

A man who walks directly to his journey's end will lord of the manor's court.

arrive thither much sooner than he who wanders GAUBIL (Anthony), a French author, born at aside to gaze at every thing, or to gather every gaudy Caillac in 1708. He was sent a missionary to flower.

Watts. China, and acted as interpreter at the court of In costly sheen and gaudy cloak arrayed, Pekin. He published a history of Jengis Khan, But all afoot, the light-limbed Matadore and a translation of the Chou King. He died in

Stands in the centre, eager to invade 1759.

The lord of lowing herds. Byron. Childe Harold. GAUBIUS (Hieronymus David), a celebrated GAUDEN (Dr. Joseph), son of the Rev. John physician of Holland. He studied under the il- Gauden, vicar of Mayfield, in Essex, was born lustrious Boerhaave; and became so much his at Mayfield in 1605. At the commencement of favorite, that he resigned the chemical chair in the civil war, he was chaplain to Robert, earl of his favor. He taught at Leyden with great ap- Warwick ; whom he followed, on his taking part plause for forty years. His reputation was ex- with the parliament against the king. Upon the tended all over Europe by several valuable pub- establishment of the Presbyterian church governlications, particularly by his Institutiones Patha- ment he complied with the ruling powers, and logiæ Medicinalis, and his Adversaria, which was nominated one of the assembly of divines contributed not a little to the improvement of who met at Westminster in 1643, and took the medicine. He died at Leyden, Nov. 20th, aged covenant; yet, having offered some objections to seventy-six.

it, his name was afterwards struck out of the list. GAUDE, n. s. & v. a. Lat. gaudere, to be Nor did he espouse the cause of the parliament GAU'DERY, n. s. glad. - Minsheu. Ex- longer than they adhered to their first avowed Gat'dily, adv. pressive of what gives principles of reforming only, instead of destroyGav'dy, adj., & n.s. (pleasure; whether to ing, monarchy and episcopacy. In this spirit he

Gau'DINESS, n. s. the eye, as splendid signed the protestation to the army against the colors; to the taste, as a luxurious feast; or to violent proceedings that affected the life of the the heart, as good news, &c.; of the pleasure it- king : and a few days after his execution pubself, or the agents and mode of its communica- lished the famous Evwv Baoilikn), A Portraiture

of his Sacred Majesty in his Solitude and SufBy this gaude, have I wonnen, yere by yere

ferings : which ran through fifty editions in the An hundred mark, sin I was Pardonere.

course of a year. Upon the return of Charles II. Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale. he was promoted to the see of Exeter; and in Of smale corall, aboute hire arm, she bare

1662 removed to Worcester, where he died the A pair of bedes gauded all with grene.

same year. He wrote many controversial pieces, Id. Prologue to Canterbury Tales. and has generally been considered as the author He stole the impression of her fantasy,

of the Eikon Basilike. After the bishop's death, With bracelets of thy hair, rings, gaudes, conceits, his widow, in a letter to one of her sons, calls it Knacks, trifes, nosegays, sweetmeats. Shukspeare. The Jewel; and said her husband had hoped to

The sun is in the heaven, and the proud day, make a fortune by it. This assertion, as the earl Attended with the pleasures of the world,

of Clarendon had predicted, was eagerly espoused Is all too wanton, and too full of gaudes,

by the anti-royalists, in the view of disparaging To give me au

Id. King Lear. Charles I. But it has been said, that Gauden My love to Hermia

had too luxuriant an imagination to be able to Is melted as the snow; seems to me now

compose in so chaste but elevated a style; and As the remembrance of an idle gaude, Which in my childhood I did doat upon. Shakspeare.

thence, as bishop Burnet and others argue, that Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,

not he, but the king himself, was the true author. But not exprest in fancy; rich, not gaudy,

The whole of the arguments on each side of this For the apparel oft proclaims the man.

disputed question may be found in Mr. Nichols's Go to a gossip's feast, and gaude with me,

Literary Anecdotes. After so long grief such nativity.


GAUDENS (St.), a town of France, in the de. Fancies fond with gaudy shapes possess,

partment of Upper Garonne, and late province of As thick and numberless

Languedoc, seated on the Garonne; eight miles As the gay motes that people the sun-bcams. Milim. north-east of Bertrand.


[ocr errors]

GAVE. The preterite of give.

cess those struggles were attended. And as it is Thou can'st not every day give me thy heart;

principally here that we meet with the custom of If thou can'st give it, then thou never gav'st it:

gavelkind (though it was and is to be found in Love's riddles are, that though thy heart depart, some other parts of the kingdom), we may conIt stays at home, and thou with losing sav'st it. clude, that this was a part of those liberties;

Donna. agreeably to Selden's opinion, that gavelkind, GAVEL, n. s. A provincial word for ground, before the Norman conquest, was the general

Let it lie apoa the ground or gavel eight or ten custom of the realm. The distinguishing protimes.

Mortimer. perties of this tenure are principally these :GAVELET, in law, an ancient and special 1. The tenant is of age sufficient to alienate his cessavit used in Kent, where the custom of gavel- estate by feoffment, at the age of fifteen. 2. The kind continues, by which the tenant, if he with- estate does not escheat in case of an attainder draws his rent and services due to the lord. for- and execution for felony; their maxim being. feits his land and tenements. The process is the father to the bough, the son to the plough.' thus : -The lord is first to seek by the steward of 3. In most places he had a power of devising his court, from three weeks to three weeks, to

lands by will, before the statute for that purpose find some distress upon the tenement, till the

was made. 4. The lands descend, not to the fourth court; and if at this time he find none, at

eldest, youngest, or any one son only, but to all this fourth court it is awarded, that he take the

the sons together; which was indeed anciently tenement in his hand in name of a distress, and

the most usual course of descent all over Engkeep it a year and a day without manuring; land, though in particular places particular cus. within which time, if the tenant pays his arrears,

Ps. toms prevailed ; and it must be allowed, that it

soms prevailed ; and makes reasonable amends for the with-hold

-hold- is founded on strict justice, however contrary to ing, he shall have and enjoy his tenement as be

the present general practice. fore: if he comes not before the year and day be

GAUGAMELA, in ancient geography, a vilpast, the lord is to go to the next county court lage of Aturia, lying between the rivers Lycus with witnesses of what bad passed at his own and Tigris; famous for Alexander's victory over court, and pronounce there his process, to have

Darius. It is said to have been allowed to further witnesses; and then, by the award of his

Darius Hystaspis for the maintenance of a caown court, he shall enter and manure the tene

tona mel; and hence the name. It was near a more ment as his own : so that if the tenant desired considerable place called Arbela; whence the afterwards to have and hold it as before, he must latter gave the name to the victory. See ARagree with the lord; according to this old say

BELA. ing: Has he not since any thing given, or any

GAUGE, v. a. & n. s. ) French, gauge. See thing paid, then let him pay five pound for his

GAUGER, n. s. SGAGE. A measure, or were, ere he become healder again. Other standard. He who gauges; an exciseman. copies have the first part with some variation: Those earls and dukes have been privileged with 'Let him dine times pay, and nine times repay. royal jurisdiction; and appointed their special oltiGAVELET is also a writ used in the hustings,

sicers, as sheriff, admiral, gauger, and escheator. given to lords of rents in London. Here the

Carew on Cornwall. parties, tenant and demandant, appear by scire from the owner himself, it might then be had at the

If money were to be hired, as land is, or to be had facias, to show cause why the one should not market rate, which would be a constant gauge of your have his tenement again on payment of his rent, trade and wealth.

Locke. or the other recover the lands on default thereof. There is nothing more perfectly admirable in itself

GAVELKIND. A term in law. A custom than that artful manner in Homer, of taking measure whereby the lands of the father are equally di- or gauging his heroes by each other, and thereby elevided, at his death, amongst all his sons: or the vating the character of one person by the opposition land of the brother equally among the brothers, of it to some other he is made to excel. Pope. if he have no issue of his own. This custom Gauge. See GaGE. prevails in divers places in England, but espe- A GAUGER is a king's officer, who is apcially in Kent.

pointed to examine all tuns, pipes, hogsheads, Among other Welsh customs he abolished that of and barrels, of wine, beer, ale, oil, honey, &c., garelkind, whereby the heirs female were utterly ex. and give them a mark of allowance, before they cluded, and the bastards did inherit as well as the are sold in any place within the extent of his legitimate, which is the very Irish gcoelkind.


Davies on Ireland. GAUGING. See GEOMETRY. GAVELKIND is a tenure belonging to lands in Gauging Rod, an instrument used in gaug. the county of Kent, and formerly universal in ing or measuring the contents of any vessel. Ireland. The word is said by Lambard to be GAUL. See GALLIA. compounded of three Saxon words, gyf, eal, kyn, GAULTHERIA, in botany, a genus of the omnibus cognatione proximis data. Verstegan monogynia order, and decandria class of plants; calls it gavelkind, quasi "give all kind,' that is, natural order eighteenth, bicornes : Cal. exterior to each child his part: and Taylor, in his his- diphyllous, interior quinquefid : COR. ovate; the tory of gavelkind, derives it from the British nectarium consists of ten subulated points : CAPS. gavel, i.e. a hold or tenure, and cenned, gene- quinquelocular, covered with the interior calyx ratio aut familia ;' and so gavel cenned might formed in the shape of a berry. Species one signify tepura generationis. It is well known only, a beautiful Canadian shrub. what struggles the Kentish men made to preserve GAULTIER (Louis), abbé, was a native of their ancient liberties, and with how much suc- Italy but of French parentage, and taken

early to France. Here, devoted to the education of youth, he conceived the project of smoothing the rugged path by the instructive games, known to children by the name of the ‘Abbé Gaultier's Games.’ The revolution forced him to quit France, however, for the Hague, where he accepted the situation of tutor to the children of the British ambassador, whom he accompanied to England. We now find him giving instruction gratuitously to the children of French emigrants; until the peace of Amiens allowed him to return to Paris, where he resumed his teaching, which he continued until his death, in 1818, in his seventy-fifth year. Some of his works have gone through twenty editions. The following are the principal—Leçons de Grammaire suivant la méthode des Tableaux analytiques, 1787; Jeu raisonnable et moral pour les Enfans, 1791; Méthode pour analyser la pensée et la réduire à ses Principes Elémentaires; Méthode }. apprendre grammaticalement la Langue atine sans connaitre les regles de la Composition; Traits caracteristiques d'une mauvaise Education, ou Actions et Discours contraires a la Politesse, et regardés comme tels par les Moralistes tant Anciens que Modernes; Notions de géometrie pratique, nécessaires a l'exercice de la plupart des Arts et Metiers, 1807, &c. &c. GAUNT, adj. Saxon, gewaned, gewant, GAUNTLY, adv. $ from zepanian, to lessen. Thin; slender; meagre. Oh, how that name befits my composition! Old Gaunt, indeed, and gaunt in being old : Within me grief hath kept a tedious fast; And who abstains from meat that is not gaunt.” For sleeping England long time have I watched; Watching breeds leanness, leanness is all gaunt: The pleasure that some fathers feed upon Is my strict fast; I mean my children's looks; And therein fasting, thou hast made me gaunt: Gaunt am I for the grave, gaunt as a grave, Whose hollow womb inherits nought but bones. Shakspeare. Richard II. Two mastiffs, gaunt and grim, her flight pursued, And oft their fastened fangs in blood embrued. Dryden. While the gaunt mastiff growling at the gate Affrights the beggar whom he longs to eat. Pope. Then Judah raged by ruffian discord led, Drunk with the steamy carnage of the dead: He saw his sons by dubious slaughter fall, And war without, and death within the wall. Wide wasting plague, gaunt famine, mad despair, And dire debate, and clamorous strife was there. Bp. Heber. GAUNTLET, n.s. French, gantelet; Italian, gaunto; Goth. vanta; Belg. want; corrupted, probably, of Latin, manica, manus, the hand. An iron glove, used for defence, and thrown down in challenges; sometimes, in poetry, used for the cestus or boxing glove. A scaly gauntlet now, with joints of steel, Must glove his hand. Shakspeare. Henry IV. Feel but the difference, soft and rough ; This a gauntlet, that a muff. Cleaveland. Then put on all thy gorgeous arms, thy helmet And brigandine of brass, thy broad habergeon, Want-brass, and greves, and gauntlet, add thy spear, A weaver's beam, and seven times folded shield, I only with an oaken staff will meet thee. Milton's Samson Agonistes.

Some shall h swiftness for the goal contend, And others try the twanging bow to bend ; The strong with iron gauntlets armed shall stand, Opposed in combat on the yellow sand. Dryden. Who naked wrestled best, besmeared with oil ; Or who with gauntlets gave or took the foil. sd. The funeral of some valiant knight May give this thing its proper light; View his two gauntlets, these declare That both his hands were used to war. Prior. So to repel the Wandals of the stage, Our vet’ran bard resumes his tragic rage; He throws the gauntlet Otway used to wield, And calls for Englishmen to judge the field. Southern

GAVOT, n.s. Fr. gavotte. A kind of dance.

The disposition in a fiddle to play tunes in préludes, sarabands, jigs, and gavots, are real qualities in the instrument. Arbuthnot. GAvot, Gavotta, or Gavotte, is a kind of dance, the air of which has two brisk and lively strains in common time, each of which is twice played over. The first has usually four or eight bars; and the second contains eight, twelve, or more. The first begins with a minim, or two crotchets, or notes of equal value, and the hand rising; and ends with the fall of the hand upon the dominant or mediant of the mode, but never upon the final, unless it be a rondeau: and the last begins with the rise of the hand, and ends with the fall upon the final of the mode. GAvoTTA, }. D1, is when only the time or movement of a gavotte is imitated, without any regard to the measure or number of bars or strains. GAURA, in botany, Virginian loose-strife, a genus of the monogynia order, and octandria class of plants; natural order seventeenth, calycanthemae: cal. quadrifid and tubular: coh. entapetalous, with the petals rising upwards. he nut is inferior, monospermous, and quadrangular. Species three; natives of North and South America. GAURITZ, one of the most considerable, as well as a very rapid and dangerous river of the colony of the Cape of Good Hope. . It rises in the Nieuweldt mountains, crosses the Karroo and Zevarte Berg, and falls into the Indian Ocean, in long. 21° 40' E., lat. 34° 35' S. GAUSCHERKIE, a town of Upper Egypt, on the right bank of the Nile, opposite Tahta, suposed by Norden to be the ancient Diospolis. t contains a temple sixty paces in length and forty in breadth; the roof being well preserved; but it is employed by the Arabs as a cattleshed GAUZE, n.s. Fr. gaze; barbarous Lat. gazatum; as some have thought from Gaza; whence this silk first came into Europe. A kind of thin transparent silk. Silken clothes were used by the ladies; and it seems they were thin, like gause. Arbuthnot. Brocadoes and damasks, and tabbies and gauzes, Are lately brought over. Swift. Gauze, GAUse, or GAwse, in commerce, is woven sometimes of silk, and sometimes only of thread. To warp the silk for making gauze, they use a peculiar kind of mill, upon which

the silk is wound: this mill is a wooden machine about six feet high, having an axis perpendicularly placed in the middle thereof, with six large wings, on which the silk is wound from off the bobbins by the axis turning round. When all the silk is on the mill, they use another instrument to wind it off again on two beams: this done, the silk is passed through as many little beads as there are threads of silk; and thus rolled on another beam to supply the loom. There are figured gauzes; some with flowers of gold and silver, on a silk ground: these last are chiefly brought from China. GAWK, n. s. Saxon, geac. A cuckow; a foolish fellow. GAWN, n.s. Scotch. A corruption Gawn TREE, n. s. ło: gallon: a wooden frame in which beer-casks are set when tunned. GAY, adj. & n.s. Fr. gai; Italian, gato; GAY'Ety, n.s. Arm. gae. Cheerful; GAY'LY, adv. light; playful; or frolicGAv'NEss, n.s. some: also applied to cheerful colors. A virgin that loves to go gay. Bar. vi. 9. There I was wont to be right fresh and gay, Of clothing, and of other good array. Chaucer. The Chanones Y:mannes Tale. Our gayety and our guilt are all besmirched, With rainy marching in the painful field. Shakspeare. And from those gayeties our youth requires To exercise their minds, our age retires. Denham. Morose and untractable spirits look upon precepts in emblem, as they do upon gays and pictures, the fooleries of so many old wives’ tales. L’Estrange. The ladies, gayly dressed, the Mall adorn with curious dies, and paint the sunny morn.

Gay. Gay France shall make the Fan her artists’ care, And with the costly trinket arm the fair. Id.

Like some fair flower, that early Spring supplies, That gayly biooms, but even in blooming dies.

Pope. 3mooth flow the waves, the zephyrs gently play, Belinda smiled, and all the world was gay. Id

Even rival wits did Voiture's fate deplore, And the gay mourned, who never mourned befor . Id

Gay (John), a celebrated English poet, descended from an ancient family in Devonshire, was born at Exeter, and educated at the free school of Barnstaple, under Mr. Rayner. He was afterwards designed for a mercer, but having a small fortune, and considering the attendance on a shop as a degradation of his talents, he resolved to indulge his inclination for the Muses In 1712 he became secretary to the duchess of Monmouth, and in 1714 accompanied the earl of Clarendon to Hanover. On queen Anne's death, he returned to England, where he was taken particular notice of by queen Caroline, then princess of Wales, to whom he read in MS. his tragedy of the Captives; and in 1726 dedicated his Fables, by permission, to the duke of Cumberland. From this it was supposed, that he would have been provided for in some office suitable to his inclination and abilities: but being in 1727 offered the place of gentleman usher to one of the youngest princesses, he thought proper to refuse it; and some warm re

monstrances were made on the occasion by his friend and patron the duke of Queensberry, who withdrew from the court in consequence. The issue of such dependence on the delusive promises of the great, Gay has figuratively and humorously described in his fable of the Hare with many friends . The profits of his poems he lost in 1720, in the South Sea scheme. But the encouragement he met with from the public soon made ample amends for these private disappointments. In 1727-8, appeared his Beg. gar's Opera; the success of which was not only unprecedented, but almost incredible. It had an uninterrupted run in London for sixty-three nights in the first season, and was renewed in the ensuing one with equal approbation. It spread into all the great towns of England; was acted in many places thirty and forty times, and last of all it was performed at Minorca. Non was its fame confined to the reading and representation alone; the card table and drawing-room shared it with the theatre and closet; the ladies carried about its favorite songs engraven upon their fans, and screens and other pieces of furniture were decorated with them. The profits were so great, both to the author and Mr. Rich the manager, that it gave rise to a popular pun, viz. That it had made Rich gay, and Gay rich. In consequence of this success, Mr. Gay was induced to write a second part to it, which he entitled Polly. But the disgust subsisting between him and the court, together with the report of his having written seditious pamphlets, occasioned a prohibition to be sent from the lord chamberlain, at the time when every thing was in readiness for the rehearsal. A very considerable sum, however, accrued to him from the publication of it afterwards in 4to. He wrote several other dramatic pieces, and many valuable ones in verse. Among the latter, his Trivia, or the Art of walking in the Streets of London, though his first poetical attempt, recommended him to the esteem and friendship of Mr. Pope: but as, among his dramatic works, his Beggar's Opera will perhaps ever stand as an unrivalled masterpiece, so among his poetical works, his Fables hold the highest estimation. Mr. Gay's disposition was affable, his temper generous, and his conversation agreeable. But he had the foible, too often incident to men of great literary abilities, viz. an excess of indolence, without any economy. So that though his emoluments were, at some periode of his life, very considerable, he was at others greatly straitened in his circumstances; nor could he prevail on himself to follow the advice of his friend Dean Swift, who endeavoured to persuade him to purchase an annuity, as a resource for the exigencies of old age. Mr. Gay therefore, after having undergone many vicissitudes of fortune, and being for some time chiefly supported by the duke and duchess of Queensberry, died at their house in Burlington gardens, in December, 1732. He was interred in Westminster Abbey, where a monument was erected to his memory, at their expense; with an epitaph by Pope. GAYAH, or Boodh GAYAH, a town of the province of Bahar, Hindostan, one of the most celebrated places of Hindoo pilgrimage. It is

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »