Εικόνες σελίδας

taphyllous: coa. pentapetalous; one pistil and legumen. There are two species, viz. 1. G. inermis, so named because the stem is unarmed, or without thorns. It is a native of South America, and in this country requires to be kept in a stove. 2. G. triacanthos, a native of Virginia and Pennsylvania. It is of an upright growth, and its trunk is guarded by thorns three or four inches long, in a remarkable manner. These thorns have also others coming out of their sides at nearly right angles: their color is red. The branches are smooth, and of a white color; but are likewise armed with red thorns, that are proportionally smaller; they are of several directions, and at the ends of the branches often stand single. The young shoots of the preceding summer are perfectly smooth, of a reddish green, and retain their leaves often until the middle of November. The flowers are produced from the sides of the young branches in July. They are a greenish catkin, and make little show; though many are succeeded by pods, that have a wonderful effect; for these are exceedingly large, more than a foot, sometimes a foot and a half in length, two inches in breadth, and of a nut-brown color when ripe. There is a variety of this species, with fewer thorns, smaller leaves, and oval pods. It has nearly the resemblance of the other; though the thorns are not so frequent, and the pods smaller, each containing only one seed. These trees are easily propagated by seeds received from America in spring, which keep well in the pods, and are for the most part good. They generally arrive in February; and, as soon as possible after, they should be sown in a well-sheltered warm border of light sandy earth. The seeds should be sown about half an inch deep; and they will for the most part come up the first spring. If the summer should prove dry, they must be constantly watered; and, if shade could be afforded them in the heat of the day, they would make stronger plants by autumn. Attention to this is peculiarly requisite; for, as the ends of the branches are often killed, if the young plant has not made some progress, it will be liable to be wholly destroyed by the winter's frost, without protection: and this renders the sowing the seeds in a warm border, under a hedge, in a well sheltered place, necessary; for these shrubs will endure our winters, even when seedlings, and will require no farther trouble; nay, though the tops should be nipped, they will shoot out again lower, and will soon overcome it. They should remain two years in the seed-bed before they are planted out in the nursery. The spring is the best time for the work. Their distances should be one foot by two; the rows should be dug between every winter; and, being weeded in summer, they may continue with no other particular care, until they are set out to remain. These trees are late in spring before they exhibit their leaves, but keep shooting hong in autumn. GLEE, n.s. : Sax. xlizze. Joy; merriGLEE FUL, adj. $ ment; gaiety. It anciently signified music played at feasts. It is not now used, except in ludicrous writing, or with some mixture of irony and contempt. Cheerful; gay.

Were his nailes poincted never so sharpe, It shuldé makeu every wight to dull To here his gle and of his strokes full. haucer. Troilus and Crewelde. She marcheth home, and by her takes the night, Whom all the people follow with great glee. Faerie Queene. My lovely Aaron, wherefore look'st thou sad, When every thing doth make a gleeful boast? Shakspeare. Many wayfarers make themselves glee by vexing the inhabitants; who again foreslow not to baigne them with perfume. Carew. Is Blouzelinda dead? Farewell my glee No happiness is now reserved for me. Gay. The poor man then was rich, and lived with glee; Each barley-head untaxt, and day-light free. Harte. Full well they laughed with counterfeited glee At all his jokes; for many a joke had he. Goldsmith. GLEED, n. s. From Sax. glopan, to glow. A hot glowing coal. A provincial and obsolete word. He sent hire pinnes, methe and spiced ale, And wafres piping hot out of the glede. Chaucer. The Milleres Tile. And in his hande, methought I saw him hold Two firie dartes as the gledes rede; And angelike his winges sawe I sprede. Id. Prologue to Legende of Good Women. Four gledes han we, which I shall devise, Avaunting, lying, anger, and covetise, These four sparkes longen unto elde. Chaucer. The Reves' Prologue. GLEEK, n. s. Sax. sligae. Musick, or musician. What will you give us? gleek : I will give you the minstrel. Shakspeare. To GLEEK, v. a. Sax. sligman, is a mimick or a droll. This word is yet used in Scotland to signify spending time idly; with something of mimicry or drollery. I can gleek upon occasion. Shakspeare. I have seen you gleeking or galling at this gentleman twice or thrice. Id. GLEEN, v. a. To shine with heat or polish. I know not the original notion of this word, says Dr. Johnson : it may be of the same race with glow or with gleam. I have not remarked it in any other place. Those who labour The sweaty forge, who edge the crooked scythe, Bend stubborn steel, and harden gleening armour, Acknowledge Vulcan's aid. Prior. GLEFT, n.s. & v.a. Written by Skinner Gleet'Y, adj. } glitt, and derived from Sax. xliban, to run softly. A sanious ooze; a thin ichor running from a sore. Generally used as a medical term. His thumb being inflamed and swelled, I made an incision into it to the bone: this uot only bled, but gleeted a few drops. Wiseman. If the flesh lose its ruddiness, and the matter change to be thin and gleety, you may suspect it cor

No money, but the

[blocks in formation]

carried up and down the atmosphere, ’till they hit

against the mountainous places of the globe, and by

this concussion are condensed, and so gleet down the

eaverns of these mountains, whose inner parts, being hollow, afford them a bason. Cheyne's Philosophical Principles. GLEICHEN (Frederick Von), in biography, was born in the year 1714. He was intended and educated for the profession of arms, and spent the early part of his life as an officer in the service of Bayreuth, and was distinguished by his attention to military discipline. He rose to the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and obtained the favor of the margrave. In 1756 he obtained a dismission from the service with a handsome pension, to which was afterwards added the rank of privy counsellor. He now had leisure to distinguish himself as a philosopher, a naturalist, and a writer. His attention was accidentally excited to microscopical observations; and, not satisfied with the instruments already in existence, he constructed a universal microscope, with which he combined the solar microscope. He died in June 1783, leaving behind him numerous works in natural history, as Observations on the Parts of Fructification in Plants when in bloom, and on the Insects found in them; History of the Common House Fly ; Treatise on seminal Animalcula and infusion Animals; Essay towards the History of the Tree-louse of the Elm. Gleich EN, a district of Saxony, adjoining Gotha and Erfurt. It is divided into two parts, the larger of which is the property of various branches of the house of Hohenlohe, and has about 7000 inhabitants; the other part, containing about 1500 inhabitants, belongs chiefly to Schwartzburg-Sondershausen. GLEN, n.s. Erse. glean. A valley; a dale; a depression between two hills. From me his madding mind is start, And wooes the widow's daughter of the glen. Spenser. For wheresoever the shrieking victim hath Poured forth his blood beneath the assassin's knife, Some hand erects a cross of mouldering lath; And grove and glen with thousand such are rife, Throughout this purple land, where law secures not life. Byron's Childe Harold.

GLENDOWER (Owen), a celebrated Welsh chieftain, was born, as some writers state, May 28th, 1349; or, according to others, on the same day in 1354, at Trefgarn, in Pembrokeshire, of Ellen, a lineal descendant from Catherine, daughter and heiress to Llewellyn, last Prince of Wales. His father Gryffyd Vychan sent him to London for education, where he for a time studied for the English bar, but relinquished the legal profession on being appointed scutiger to Richard II. A contemporary bard, Jolo Goch, describes his family mansion in high terms, and his contest with Reginald lord Grey de Ruthyn respecting an estate called Croesau. On the deposition of his royal patron, by Henry IV., his antagonist prevailed; and, being charged with the delivery of a summons from the new king to Owen to attend him on an expedition, he purposely neglected to deliver it, Glendower was in consequence outlawed; when his enemy Grey seized all his lands, and the parliament utterly neglected his remonstrances. Glendower now forcibly dispossessel Grey of his lands, and,

having raised a large force, caused himself, September 20th, 1400, to be proclaimed prince of Wales, a measure to which he is said to have been incited by some traditionary prophecies of Merlin. In 1402 he made prisoner his old persecutor the lord Grey, and fixed the price of his ransom at 10,000 marks, with a stipulation of neutrality, which was cemented into amity after. wards, by that nobleman marrying Jane, Owen's third daughter. Owen now defeated the king's forces under Sir Edward Mortimer, and was joined by the Percys, as well as occasionally assisted by Charles VI. of France, with whom a treaty of his is still extant, dated 1404, in which he is styled Owenus Dei gratia Princeps Wallia. He at last caused himself to be formally crowned, at Machynlaeth in Montgomeryshire, assovereign of Wales. When the rashness of Henry Percy brought on the fatal battle of Shrewsbury before all his Welsh auxiliaries had come up, this prince is said to have been so near as to have reconnoitred the action from the top of a tree, and seeing all was lost, retreated to a marauding warfare. In 1415 Henry condescended to treat with him; but Owen dying on the 20th of September, the negociation was continued and ratified by his son Meredyd ap Owen, February 24th, 1416. Descendants of his are said to be yet living in the family of Monington, at the place of that name in Herefordshire. GLEW, n.s. Lat. gluten. A viscous cement made by dissolving the skins of animals in boiling water, and drying the gelly. See GLUE. GLIB, n.s., adj. & v.a. R From Gr. Attoo. GLIB'LY, adv. Anything smooth GLIB’Ness, n.s. $ and slippery; when applied to conversation, it implies volubility: to Castrate. The Irish have from the Scythians mantles and long glibs; which is a thick curled bush of hair hanging down over their eyes, and monstrously dis guising them. Spenser on Ireland. I want that glib and oily art To speak and purpose not, since what I well in: tend, I’ll do't before I speak. Shaksp. King Lear. I'll geld them all : fourteen they shall not see, To bring false generations; they are coheirs, And I had rather glib myself, than they Should not produce fair issue. Shakspeare. A polished ice-like glibness doth enfold The rock. Chapman's Odyssey I undertook that office, and the tongues Of all his flattering prophets glibbed with lies To his destruction as I had in change. Milton's Paradise Regained. There was never so much glib nonsense put together in well sounding English. Locke. Liquid bodies have nothing to sustain their part” nor anything to cement them; the parts being ". and continually in motion, fall off from one another, which way soever gravity inclines them. Burnet's Theory. Many who would startle at an oath, whose stomach” as well as consciences recoil at an obscenity, do yo" slide glibly into a detraction. Government of the Tongue. The tongue is the most ready for motion of any member, needs not so much as the flexure of a joint, and by access of humours acquires a glibness too, the more to facilitate its moving. Id.

Habakkuk brought him a smooth strong rope compactly twisted together, with a noose that slipt as glib as a birdcatcher's gin. o Arbuthnot. Be sure he's a fine spoken man; Do but hear on the clergy how glib his tongue ran. Now Curl his shop from rubbish drains; Three genuine tomes of Swift's remains: And then, to make them pass the glibber,

[ocr errors]

smoothly, gently, and silently; to move regu-
larly and swiftly along, as in skating on the
His goode stede he al bestrode,
And forth upon his way he glode,
As sparcle out of bronde.
Chaucer. Rime of Sire Thopas.
The vapour, which fro the erthe glode,
Maketh the sunne to seme rody and brode.
Id. The Squieres Tale.
She glade forth as an adder doth.
Gower. Confessio Amanti's.
The glaunce into my heart did glide ;
Hey ho the glider;
There with my soul was sharply gride,
Such wounds soon waxen wider. Spenser.
About his neck
A green and gilded snake had wreathed itself,
Who, with her head nimble in threats, approached
The opening of his mouth; but suddenly,
Seeing Orlando, it unlinked itself,
And with indented glides did slip away
Into a bush. Shakspeare. As You Like It.
If one of mean affairs
May plod it in a week, why may not I
Glide thither in a day ? Id. Cymbeline.
Like a clear river thou dost glide,
And with thy living stream through the close channel
slide. Cowley.
Shoals of fish, with fins and shining scales,
Glide under the green wave. Milton.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

-—if that ye mighten see, Ye wold not say thise wordes unto me Ye have some glimsing and no parfit sight. Chaucer. The Merchantes Tale. The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day. Shakspeare. The truth appears so naked on my side, That any purblind eye may find it out. —And on my side it is so well apparelled So clear, so shining, and so evident, That it will glimmer through a blind man's eye. Id. No man hath a virtue that he has not a glimpse of. Id

On the way the baggage post-boy, who had been at court, got a glimmering who they were. Wotton. Some God punisheth exemplarily in this world, that we might have a taste or glimpse of his present justice. Hakewill. For there no twilight of the sun's dull ray Glimmers upon the pure and native day. Cowley. There no dear glimpse of the sun's lovely face Strikes through the solid darkness of the place. Id. Oft in glimmering bowers and glades He met her. Milton. O friends ! I hear the tread of nimble feet Hasting this way, and now by glimpse discern Ithuriel, and Zephon, through the shade. Such vast room in nature, Only to shine, yet scarce to contribute Each orb a glimpse of light, conveyed so far Down to this habitable, which returns Light back to them. Id. . See'st thou yon’ dreary plain, forlorn and wild, The seat of desolation, void of light, Save what the glimmering of these livid flames Casts pale and dreadful ? Id. Paradise Lost.

If I, celestial sire, in aught

Have served thy will, or gratified thy thought,

One glimpse of glory to my issue give;

Graced for the little time he has to live.


What should I do' while here I was enchained, No glimpse of godlike liberty remained. Id.

Thousands of things, which now either wholly escape our apprehensions, or which our short-sighted reason having got some faint glimpse of, we, in the dark, grope after. Locke.

Through these sad shades, this chaos in my soul, Some seeds of light at length began to roll ; The rising motion of an infant ray

[ocr errors]

Shot glimmering through the cloud, and promised day.

Prior. If, while this wearied flesh draws fleeting breath, Not satisfied with life, afraid of death, If haply be thy will that I should know Glimpse of delight, or pause from anxious woe: From now, from instant now, great sire, dispel The clouds that press my soul. Id. Stones which are composed of plates, that are generally plain and parallel, and that are flexible and elastick; talc, catsilver, or glimmer, of which there are three sorts, the yellow or golden, the white or silvery, and the black. Woodward. The lesser masses that are lodged in sparry and stony bodies, dispersedly, from their shining and gliminering, were an inducement to the , writers of fossils to give those bodies the name of mica and glimmer. Id. On Fossils. The pagan priesthood was always in the druids ; and there was a perceivable glimmering of the Jewish rites in it, though wauch corrupted. Swift.

Oft by the winds, extinct the signal lies; Or smothered in the glimm'ring socket dies. Gay's Trivia. When rosy morning glimmered o'er the dales, He drove to pasture all the lusty males. Pope. Long while the silent passion, wanting vent, Made flowing tears her words, and eyes her tongue; Till faith, experience, hope, assistance lent To shut both flood-gates up with patience strong; The streams well ebbed, new hopes some comforts borrow From firmest truth; then glimpsed the hopeful morrow; So spring some dawns of joy, so sets the night of sorrow. Fletcher. Purple Island. And the pale smiles of beauties in the grave, The charms of other days in star-light gleams, Glimmer on high. Byron. GLINUS, in botany, a genus of the pentagynia order, and decandria class of plants; natural class twenty-second, Caryophyllei: cal. pentaphyllous: cor. none; the nectarium is composed of bifid bristles: cap, quinqueangular, quinquelocular, quinquevalved, and polyspermous. Species twelve: of the most common is the G. vulgaris, the blue daisy, which is common to the south of Europe, and to the Levant. GLISSON (Francis), a learned English physician of the seventeenth century, who was educated at Cambridge, and made regius professor of the University. In 1634 he was admitted a fellow of the College of Physicians in London. During the civil wars he practised physic at Colchester, and afterwards settled in London. He greatly improved physic by his anatomical dissections. He wrote, 1. De Rachitide, &c. 2. De Lymphaeductis nuper Repertis; with the Anatomical Prolegomena, et Anatomia Hepatis. 3. De Naturae Substantia Energetica; seu de Via Vitae Naturae, ejusque Tribus Primis Facultatibus, &c. quarto. 4. Tractatus de Ventriculo et Intestinis, &c. He discovered the capsula communis, or vagina portae. GLISTEN, v. n. Glis'TER, v. n.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

words of similar meaning; glitterand, is an old
participle, used especially by Chaucer and the
old poets; still retained in Scotland: showy or
His crispe here like ringes was yronne,
And that was yelwe, and glitered as the sonne.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale.
His glitterand armour shined far away,
Like glauncing light of Phoebus' brightest ray;
From top to toe no place appeared bare,
That deadly dint of steele endanger may.
Spenser. Faerie Queene.
Is not from hence the way that leadeth right
To that most glorious house that glistereth bright
With burning starres. Id.
The wars flame most in Summer, and the helme
glister brightest in the fairest sunshine. Spenser.
'Tis better to be lowly born,
And range with humble livers in content,
Than to be perked up in a glistering grief,
And wear a golden sorrow. re.
All that glisters is not gold. Id.
Steel glosses are more resplendent than the like
plates of brass, and so is the glittering of a blade.
Bacon's Physical Remains.

You were more the eye and talk Of the court to-day, than all Else that glistered in Whitehall. Ben Jonson. Clad With what permissive glory since his fall Was left him, or false glitter. Milton. When the sword glitters o'er the judge's head, And fear has coward churchmen silenced, Then is the poet's time, ’tis then he draws,

And single fights forsaken virtue's cause. Marvell.

It consisted not of rubies, yet the small pieces of it were of a pleasant reddish colour, and glistered prettily. Boyle. Before the battle joins, from afar The field yet glitters with the pomp of war. Dryden's Virgil. A fresher green the smiling leaves display, And glittering, as they tremble, cheer the day. Parnell. Flourish not too much upon the glitter of fortune, for fear there should be too much alloy in it. Collier on Pride. Scarce had'st thou time to unsheath thy conquering blade ; It did but glitter, and the rebels fled. Granville.

On the one hand set the most glittering temptation” to discord, and on the other the dismal effects of it. Decay of Piety. Take away this measure from our dress and habits, and all is turned into such paint and glitter, and ridiculous ornaments, as are a real shame to do wearer. Law. The ladies’ eyes glistened with pleasure. Richardson's Pamela. In glittering scenes, o'er her own heart severe; In crowds collected; and in courts sincere. Young. Her sky-like arms glittered in golden beams, And brightly seemed to flame with burning hearts; The scorching ray with his reflected streams Fire to their flames, but heavenly fire imparts; Upon his shield a pair of turtles shone; A lovely pair still coupled, ne'er alone; Her word, 'though one when two, yet either two or Ilone. Fletcher’s Purple Island. What tho' we quit all glittering pomp and greatness, The busy, noisy, flattery of courts, We shall enjoy content; in that alone Is greatness, power, wealth, honour, all summed up. Powel's King of Naples. The Convents’ white walls glisten fair on high. Byron. Childe Harold. - it is a splendid sight to see (For one who hath no friend or brother there) Their rival scarfs of mixed embroidery, Their various arms that glitter in the air. Id. GLISTER, n.s. Properly written clyster, from r\ow. See Clyst ER. It is written wrong even by Browne. Now enters Bush with new state airs, His lordship's premier minister; And who, in all profound affairs, Is held as needful as his glister. Swift. Choler is the natural glister, or one excretion whereby nature excludeth another; which, descending daily unto the bowels, extimulates those parts, and excito" them unto expulsion. Browne. GLITNESS, one of the 'smaller. Shetland Isles, eleven miles north from Lerwick, on the east coast of Shetland. Long. 1° 16' W., lat. 60° 22' N. GLOAT, v. n. This word Dr. Johnson conceives to be ignorantly written from gloar (Bolg. głocrew). To cast side glances as a timorous lover. Teach every grace to smile in your behalf, And her deluding eyes to gloat for you. Rowe.

GLOBE, n.s. Lat. globus, globosus, GlobA'TED, adj. globulus; Fr. globe, gloGLobose", adj. bule; Gr. Ynkopoc. It is Globos'ITY, n.s. | properly an irregular Glo'Bous, adj. }-round body, and thus Glob'ulak, adj. differing from a ball which GloB'ULE, n.s. is entirely circular. A Glob'ulous, adj. term applied to our earth; Globula'Ria, n.s. J to the mechanical body which represents it: the various adjectives are applied to matter which assumes this form, as the red particles of blood; spheres of quicksilver; &c.; and to different kinds of plants and flowers, as globe amaranth; globe daisy; globe ranunculus; globe thistle: globularia, a flosculous flower: akso to a fish called globe fish. A body of soldiers drawn into a circle.

The astrologer who spells the stars, Mistakes his globe, and in her brighter eye Interprets heaven's physiognomy. Cleaveland. These are the stars, But raise thy thoughts from sense, nor think to find Such figures as are in globes designed. Creech.

On his right side stood a fair globe of beaten gold, on a pyramis, with a cross upon it; to which, before he spake, turning a little, he crossed himself. Milton. History of Mosco. Regions, to which All thy dominion, Adam, is no more Than what this garden is to all the earth, And all the sea; from one entire globose Stretched into longitude. Id. Paradise Lost. Then formed the moon Globose, and every magnitude of stars. Milton. Him round A globe of fiery seraphim inclosed, With bright imblazoning, and horrent arms. Id. Wide over the plain, and wider far Than all this globose earth in plain outspread; Such are the courts of God | Id.

See, the apish Earth hath lighted many a star, Sparkling in dewy globes. Fletcher’s Purple Island.

The whiteness of such globulous particles proceeds from the air included in the froth. Boyle.

Where God declares his intention to give dominion, he meant that he would make a species of creatures that should have dominion over the other species of this terrestrial globe. Locke. Why the same eclipse of the sun, which is seen to them that live more easterly, when the sun is elevated six degrees above the horizon, should be seen to them that live one degree more westerly, &c., no account can be given, but the globosity of the earth. Ray on the Creation.

The youth, whose fortune the vast globe obeyed, Finding his royal enemy betrayed, Wept at his fall. Stepney.

The brazen instruments of death discharge Horrible flames, and turpid streaming clouds: Large globous irons fly, or dreadful hiss, Singeing the air. Philips.

The figure of the atoms of all visible fluids seemeth to be globular, there being no other figure so well fitted to the making of fluidity. Grew.

The hailstones have opaque globules of snow in their centre, to intercept the light within the halo. Newton's Opticks. Blood consists of red globules, swimming in a thin liquor called serum; the red globules are elastick, and will break; the vessels which admit the smaller globule, cannot admit the greater without a disease. Arbuthnot on Aliments. Where is the world of eight years past? 'Twas there I look for it—'tis gone, a globe of glass. Byron.

Globe, in geometry. See SPHERE. Globe, in geography and astronomy, is particularly used for an artificial sphere of metal, plaster, paper, or other matter; on whose convex surface is drawn a map, or representation either of the earth or heavens, with the several circles conceived thereon. See Geography.

Globes are of two kinds, terrestrial and celestial; each of . considerable use, the one in astronomy, and the other in geography, for performing many of the operations in these sciences, in an easy obvious manner, so as to render them intelligible without any knowledge of the mathematical grounds of them. The fundamental parts, common to both globes, are an axis, representing that of the world; and a spherical shell, or cover, which makes the body of the globe, on the external surface of which the representation is drawn.

OF THE Construction of Globes.

The globes most commonly used are made of plaster and paper. A wooden axis is provided somewhat less than the intended diameter of the globe; into the extremes of which two iron wires are driven for poles: this axis is to be the beam, or basis of the whole structure. On the axis are applied two spherical or rather hemispherical caps, formed on a kind of wooden mould or block. These caps consist of pasteboard, or paper, laid in layers, on the mould, to the thickness of a crown-piece; after which, having stood to dry and embody, making an incision along the middle, the two caps thus parted are slipped off the mould. They are next applied on the poles of the axis, as before they were on those .# the mould ; and, to fix them, the two edges are sewed together with pack-thread, &c. The rudiments of the globe thus laid, it must be strengthened and made smooth and regular. In order to this, the two poles are hasped in a metalline semicircle of the size intended; and a kind of plaster, made of whitening, water, and glue, heated, melted, and incorporated together, is daubed all over the paper surface. In Fo portion as the plaster is applied, the ball is turned round in the semicircle, the edge whereof pares off whatever is superfluous and beyond the due dimension, leaving the rest adhering in places that are short of it. After such application of the plaster, the ball stands to dry; which done, it is put again in the semicircle, and fresh matter applied: thus they continue alternately to apply the composition, and dry it, till the ball every where accurately touches the semicircle, in which state it is perfectly smooth, regular and firm. The ball thus finished, it remains to paste the map or description thereon: in order to this, the map is projected in several gores, or gussets,

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »