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ecliptic, tropics, polar circles, horizon, and ninetieth decree of the quadrant on the proper
brazen meridian, are exactly alike on both globes, pole, turn the quadrant about, until its graduated
the former problems concerning the sun are edge cuts the star; then the number of degrees
solved in the same way. The method also of in the quadrant between the ecliptic and the
rectifying the globe is the same. Observe also star, is its latitude; and the degree of the eclip
that the sun's place for any day of the year tic cut by the quadrant, is the star's longitude,
stands directly over that day on the horizon of reckoned according to the sign in which the qua
the celestial globe, as on the terrestrial. drant then is.
The latitude and longitude of the stars, and of Prob. III. To represent lite face of the starry
all other celestial phenomena, are reckoned dif- firmament, as, seen from any given place of the
ferently from that of places on the earth: for all earth, at any hour of the night.—Rectify the
terrestrial latitudes are reckoned from the equa- celestial globe for the given latitude, the zenith,
tor; and longitudes from the meridian of some and sun's place in every respect, as taught by
remarkable place; but all astronomers reckon the sixteenth problem for the terrestrial; and
the latitudes of the heavenly bodies from the turn it about, until the index points to the given
ecliptic; and their longitudes from the equinoc- hour; then the upper hemisphere of the globe
tial colure, in that semicircle of it which cuts the will represent the visible half of the heaven for
ecliptic at the beginning of Aries; and thence that time; all the stars upon the globe being
eastward, quite round; so that stars between the then in such situations as exactly correspond to
equinoctial and the northern half of the ecliptic, those in the heaven. And, if the globe be placed
have north declination and south latitude : those duly north and south, every star in the globe will
between the equinoctial and the southern half of point toward the like star in the heaven: by
the ecliptic have south declination and north which means the constellations and remarkable
latitude; and all between the tropics and poles, stars may be easily known; all those stars under
have declinations and latitudes of the same de- the upper part of the brazen meridian, between
nomination. the south point of the horizon and the north pole,
There are six great circles on the celestial are at their greatest altitude, if the latitude of
globe, which cut the ecliptic perpendicularly, the place be north; but if the latitude be south
and meet in two opposite points in the polar those stars which lie under the upper part ot
circles; which points are each ninety degrees the meridian, between the north point of the
from the ecliptic, and are called its poles. These horizon and the south pole, are at their greatest
polar points divide those circles into twelve altitude.
semicircles, which cut the ecliptic at the begin- Prob. IV. The latitude of tlie place, and day
ning of the twelve signs. They resemble so of the month, being given; to find the time when
many meridians on the terrestrial globe; and, as any known star will rise, or be upon the meridian,
all places which lie under any particular me- or set.—Having rectified the globe, turn it about
ridian semicircle on that globe have the same until the given star comes to the eastern side of
longitude, so all those points of the heaven the horizon, and the index will show the time of
through which any of the above semicircles are the star's rising; then turn the globe westward,
drawn have the same longitude. And, as the and, when the star comes to the brazen meridian,
greatest latitudes on the earth are at the north the index will show the time of the star's coming
and south poles of the earth, so the greatest lati- to the meridian of your place; lastly, turn on,
tudes in the heavenj are at the north and south until the star comes to the western side of the
poles of the ecliptic. horizon, and the index will show the time of the
For the division of the stars into constella- star's setting. N. B. In northern latitudes, those
tions, &c, see Astronomy. stars which are less distant from the north pole
Prob. I. To find the right ascension and decli- than the quantity of its elevation above the north nation of the sun or any faced star.—Bring the point of the horizon never set; and those which sun's place in the ecliptic to the brazen meridian: are less distant from the south pole than the then thnt degree in the equinoctial which is cut number of degrees by which it is depressed beby the meridian is the sun's right ascension; and low the horizon never rise; and vice versa in that degree of the meridian which is over the southern latitudes.
sun's place is his declination. Bring any fixed Prob. V. To find at what time of the year a
star to the meridian, and its right ascension will given star will be upon the meridian at a given
be cut by the meridian in the equinoctial; and hour of the night Bring the given star to the
the degree of the meridian that stands over it is upper semicircle of the brass meridian, and set
its declination. the index to the given hour ; then turn the globe,
So that right ascension and declination, on the until the index points to twelve at noon, and the
celestial globe, are found in the same manner as upper semicircle of the meridian will then cut
longitude and latitude on the terrestrial. the sun's place, answering to the day of the year
Prob. II. To find the latitude and longitude of sought; which day may be easily found against
any star.—If the given star be on the north side the like place of the sun among the signs on the
of the ecliptic, place the ninetieth degree of the wooden horizon.
quadrant of altitude on the north pole of the Prob. VI. The latitude, [day of the month,
ecliptic, where the twelve semicircles meet, and azimuth of any known star being given; to
which divide the ecliptic into the twelve signs; find the hour of the night.—Having rectified the
but if the star be on the south side of the ecliptic, globe for the latitude, zenith, and sun's place, lay
place the ninetieth degree of the quadrant on the quadrant of altitude to the given degree ot
the south pole of the ecliptic. Keeping the azimuth in the horizon: then turn the globe oa
its axis, until the star comes to the graduated edge of the quadrant; and when it does, the index will point out the hour of the night.
Prob. VII. The latitude of the place, the day of the month, and altitude of any known ttar, being given; to find t/ie hour of the night.—Rectify the globe as in the former problem, guess at the hour of the night, and turn the globe until the index points at the supposed hour; then lay the graduated edge of the quadrant of altitude over the known star; and, if the degree of the star's height in the quadrant upon the globe answers exactly to the degree of the star's observed altitude in the heaven, you have guessed exactly: but if the star on the globe is higher or lower than it was observed to be in the heaven, turn the globe backwards or forwards, keeping the edge of the quadrant upon the star, until its centre comes to the observed altitude in the quadrant; and then the index will show the true time of night.
Prob. VIII. An easy method for finding the hour of the night by any two known stars, without knowing either their altitude or azimuth; and then of finding both tlieir altitude and azimuth, and thereby the true meridian.—Tie one end of a thread to a common musket bullet; and, having rectified the globe as above, hold the other end of the thread in your hand, and carry it slowly round betwixt your eye and the starry heaven, until you find it cuts any two known stars at once. Then, guessing at the hour of the night, turn the globe until the index points to that time in the hour circle; which done, lay the graduated edge of the quadrant over any one of these two stars on the globe which the thread cut in the heaven. If the said edge of the quadrant cuts the other star also, you have guessed the time exactly; but if it does not, turn the globe slowly backwards or forwards, until the quadrant (kept upon either star) cuts them both through their centres: and then the index will point out the exact time of the night; the degree of the horizon cut by the quadrant will be the true azimuth of both these stars from the south; and the stars themselves will cut their true altitudes in the quadrant: at which moment, if a common azimuth compass be so set upon a floor or level pavement, that these stars in heaven may have the same bearing upon it (allowing for the variation of the needle) as the quadrant of altitude has in the wooden horizon of the globe, a thread extended over the north and south points of that compass will be directly in the plane of the meridian; and if a line be drawn upon the floor or pavement, along the course of the thread, and an upright wire be placed in the southmost end of the line, the shadow of the wire will fall upon that line when the sun is on the meridian, and shines upon the pavement.
Prob. IX. To find the place of the moon, or of any planet; and thereby to show the time of Us rising, southing, and setting.—Seek in an almanack or Ephemeris the geocentric place of the moon or planet in the ecliptic, for the given day of the month; and according to its longitude and latitude, as shown by the ephemeris, mark the same with chalk upon the globe. Then, having rectified the globe, tum it round its axis
westward; and as the said mark comes to the eastern side of the horizon, to the brazen meridian, and to the western side of the horizon, the index will show at what time the planet rises, comes to the meridian, and sets, in the same manner as it would do for a fixed star.
For an explanation of the harvest moons by a globe, and the equation of time. See AstroNomy, Index.
Globe Amaranth. See Gomphrena.
Globe Animalcule. See Animalcule.
Globe Daisy. See Sphjeranthus.
Globe Fish. See Ostracion.
Globe Flower. See Sphsranthcs.
Globe Ranunculus. See Trolllus.
Globe Thistle. See Echinops.
GLOBULARIA, globular blue daisy, a genua of the monogynia order, and tetrandria class of plants: natural order forty-eighth, aggregate : Cal. common imbricated; proper tubulated inferior; the upper lip of the florets bipartite, the under one tripartite; the receptacle paleaceous. There are several species; but only one is commonly to be met with in our gardens, viz. the
G. vulgaris, or common blue daisy. It has broad thick radical leaves three-parted at the ends, upright stalks from about six to ten or twelve inches high, garnished with spear-shaped leaves, and the top crowned by a globular head of fine blue flowers composed of many florets in one cup. It flowers in June, and makes a good appearance: but thrives best in a moist shady situation. It is propagated by parting the roots in September.
GLOCKNER, one of the highest mountains in Europe, on the confines of Salzburg, the Tyrol, and Carinthia, is computed to be 12,760 feet above the level of the sea. It stands in long. 12° 51' 40" E., lat. 47° 4' 33" N.
GLOGAU, a large district or principality of Silesia, contiguous to Prussian Poland, and Lusatia. Its territorial extent is 1826 square miles, and the Oder traverses its whole extent; which is also watered by the Bober. The soil is clayey; producing corn and flax, and a small quantity of wine. This principality is now included iu the Prussian government of Liegnitz.
Glogau, or Gnoss Glogau, in Silesia, the chief place of the foregoing principality, is well built and strongly fortified. It is situated about a mile from the Oder, and contains an elegant garrison church, erected in 1790, a Lutheran church and school, a synagogue, a Catholic academy, and two hospitals. The cathedral stands on an island formed by the Oder: it was built in 1260. Glogau has cotton and tobacco manufactures, and some considerable breweries. It was taken by the Prussians and its works greatly strengthened in 1741. In 1807 it surrendered to the forces of Bavaria and Wirtemberg, and was for a considerable time garrisoned by the French troops: the inhabitants amount to 9000, of whom 2000 are said to be Jews. Thirty-four miles east of Sagan, and sixty north-west of Breslau.
Glogau, Little or Upper, is a town of Silesia, in the government of Oppeln, inhabitants 2200. Twenty-one miles south of Oppeln, and sixtv-seven south-east of Breslau.
GLOM'ERATE, v. a. ^ Lat. glomero, gloGlomera'tiox, n.s. >meratio, glomerosus. GLOM'EROUSjrtflf/. j To gather into a ball or sphere; a filamentous substance gathered into a ball is said to be glomerated, but discontinuous particles are conglobated. Thus in the human body on this principle the glands are divided into conglobate and conglomerate.
The rainbow consisteth of a glomeration of small drops, which cannot fall but from the air that is vary low. Bacon.
GLOMME, the largest river of Norway, rises in the lake of Stor Scargen, passing by Tonset, and Kongswinger, and falls into the Cattegat at Frederickstadt. It contains several cataracts, the largest of which is at Halsland; and, when swelled by the snows and heavy rain, flows with great vigor and rapidity. In 1702 it burst its banks and devastated a large extent of country. GLOOM, n. s. & v. a.~\ Sax. glomang, twiGloom'ily, adv. ^ light. Defect of Gloominess, n.s. i light; heaviness or Gloom'y, adj. J obscurity : applied to
the mind it is a disposition the reverse of ease and happiness; a mind tinctured with melancholy feelings and forebodings of evil; prospects which present but little of light or hope; a state opposed equally to light or cheerfulness.
Like to the morne, when first her shyning face
Hisglist'ring armour made
Scarcely had Phoebus in the glooming East Yet harnessed his fiery-footed team. Id. I shall be your faithful guide Through this gloomy covert wide. And not many furlongs thence Is your father's residence. ifiltan. This the seat. That we must change for heaven? This mournful gloom,
For that celestial lightf Id. Paradise Lost.
These were from without The growing miseries, which Adam saw Already in part, though hid in gloomiest shade, To sorrow abandoned. Id.
Deep in a cavern dwells the drowsy god, Whose gloomy mansion nor the rising sun. Nor setting visits, nor the lightsome noon.
Dry den's Fables.
See, he comes: how gloomily he looks! Dryden. The gloominess in which sometimes the minds of the best men are involved, very often stands in need of such little incitements to mirth and laughter as are apt to disperse melancholy. Addison. Thou mak'st the gloomy face of nature gay, Giv'tt beauty to the sun, and pleasure to the day.
Neglect spreads gloominess upon their humour, and makes them grow sullen and inconversable.
Collier of the Spleen. Now warm in love, now withering in thy bloom. Lost in a convent's solitary gloom. Pope.
The surface of the earth is clearer or gloomier, Just as the sun is bright or more overcast. Id. Gloomily retired the spider lives.
abroad, as radii from a centre; applied figuratively to language, to acts, to states, especially the heavenly; as praise, illustrious achievements, exaltation, splendor, &c.; also boastful, ostentatious. The original idea is splendid, dazzling light. This word in a religious sense signifies adoration and praise, given to God.
If I ylerifye my silf, my giorie is naught: my fadir is that glorifieth me, whom ye seyen that he is youre God. Wiclif. Jon. ix. 1.
Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterwards receive me into thy glory.
Psalm Ixxiii. 24. Glory to God in the highest. Luke ii. 14.
If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straitway glorify him.
John xiii. 32. Whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Rom. viii. 30.
Chaucer. The Prioresses Tale.
In her the richesse of all heavenly grace.
Spenser. Faerie Queene. Whomsoever they find to be most licentious of life, desperate in all parts of disobedience and rebellious disposition, him they set up and glorify. Spenser.
This form and manner of glorifying God was not at that time first begun; but received long before, and alledged at that time as an argument for the truth.
They were wont, in the pride of their own proceedings, to glory, that whereas Luther did but blow away the roof, and Zuinglius batter but the walls of popish superstition, the last and hardest work of all remained, which was to raze up the very ground and foundation of popery. Id.
God is glorified when such his excellency, above all things, is with due admiration acknowledged. Id.
Let them look they glory not in mischief,
Israel's bright sceptre far less glory brings.
At opening your eyes, enter upon the day w>th thanksgiving for the preservation of you the hist night, with the glorification of God for the works of the creation. Taylor, Then enter into gioryf and resume His scat at God's right hand, exalted high Above all names in heaven. •
Milton's Paradise Lost.
As T suppose, toward ynur ouce gloried friend,
Such did the manna's sacred dew distil
Oh! she is the pride and glory of the world:
The success of those wars was too notable to be unknown to your ears, to which all worthy fame hath glory to come unto. Sidney.
With like judgment glorying when he had happened to do a thing well, as when he had performed some notable mischief. Id.
Think it no glory to swell in tyranny* Id.
The members of the church remaining, being perfectly sanctified, shall be eternally glorified; then shall the whole church be truly and perfectly ,holy.
Treated so ill, chased from your throne.
Returning, you adorn the town;
And with a brave revenge do show
Their glory went and came with you. Waller.
This is the perfection of every thing, to attain its true and proper end ; and the end of all these gifts and endowments, which God hath given us, is to glorify the giver. Tillotson.
They inspire with those celestial flames, which shine so gloriously in their works. Dryden.
He is glorious \n respect of the brightness and splendor of his celestial body, still made more glorious and raajestick by the authority which his Father hath committed to him of universal judge Nelson.
Can we imagine that neither the ambition of princes, or interest, or gain in private persons, or curiosity and the desire of knowledge, or the glory of discoveries, could ever move them in that endless time to try their fortunes upon the sea. Burnet.
It is not a converting but a crowning grace ; such an one as irradiates, and puts a circle of glory about the head of him upon whom it descends. South.
Aristotle says, that should a man under ground converse with works of art, and be afterwards brought up in the open day, and see the several glories of the heaven and earth, he would pronounce them the works of God. Addison's Spectator,
Thou hast seen mount Atlas,
Let us remember we are Cato's friends.
This title of Frf*ehold*r is what I most glory irt. and what most effectually calls to my mind the liappin -.s of that government under which I live.
A ddison's Freeholder.
If over thee thy glor'u/us foe prevails;
Take but the humblest lily of the field. And, if our pride will to our reason yield. It must by sure comparison be shown That in the regal seat great David's son. Arrayed in all his robes and types of power. Shines with less glory than that simple flower. Id. A smile plays with a surprising agreeableness in the eye, breaks out with the brightest distinction, and sit* like a glory upon the countenance.
Collier of the A sped. If others may glory in their birth, why may not we, whose parents were called by God to attend on him at his altar? Atterbury. Now sleeping flocks on their soft fleeces lie , The moon, serene in glory, mounts the sky. Pope. From opening skies may streaming glories shine. And saints embrace thee with a love like mine. Id. Glorious ambition! Peter, swell thy store. And be what Rome's great Didius was before. Id.
Great wits sometimes may gloriously offend, And rise to faults truecriticks dare not mend. Id. It is hardly possible for you to beseech and intrcat God to make any one happy in the highest enjoyments of his glory to alt eternity, and yet be troubled to see him enjoy the much smaller gifts of God, in this short and low state of human life. Law.
If there he nothing so glorious as doing good, if there is nothing that makes us so like to God, then nothing can be so glorious in the use of our money, as to use it all in works of love and goodness. Id.
No one is out of the reach of misfortune; no one therefore should glory in his prosperity. Clarissa. On death-beds some in conscious glory lie, Since of the doctor in the mode they die. Young.
Your sexes glory 'tis to shine unknown.
Oh Love ! O Glory! what are ye? who fly
GLORIOS&, superb lily, a genus of the monogynia order, and hexandria class of plants; natural order eleventh, sarmentacea?: Cor. hexapetalous, undulated, and reflected; the style oblique. There is but one species; a native of Malabar. It has a thick, fleshy, tuberous root, sending forth from its centre declinated round stalks, growing eight'or ten feet long, and garnished with very long narrow leaves running out into a point, terminated by a long tendril. From the upper part of the stalks proceed large flamecolored drooping flowers, consisting of six widely spreading reflected petals. It flowers in June and July; and is of admirable beauty, whence its name. This plant requires the protection ot a hot-house in this country. The flower-stalks shoot forth in March or April; which, being long and trailing, must have tall sticks for their support. The plants are propagated by offsets, which are produced in tolerable plenty, and may be separated any time after the stalks decay, or in spring before new ones arise.
GLOSE, v. a. To flatter; to collogue.—Ilanmer. See Gloze. GLOSS,n. s.,v.a. &.v.n.~) Fr. glosscr; Lat. Gloss'ary, a. s. glossarius; Gr. yXwo-
Gloss'ater, n. s. ea and ypcufrnt. These
Gloss'er, n. s. I^words are connected
Gloss'iness, n.f. f with glaze, and sig
'nify to render the outward surface shining by friction. In a figurative sense, to give the best appearance by way of comment; used sometimes in a bad sense, and then they imply false, or specious coloring. A commentary; embellishment; a dictionary which explains antique words: a commentator, or one who furnishes expositions, whether specious or otherwise: a smooth polished surface.
Tbc common glost Of theologians. Id. All this, withoiu a gloM or comment, He could unriddle in a moment. Hudibriu.
Besides, he was a shrewd philosopher, And had read every text and yloa over.
I hare this day ben at your cliirche at
Chaucer, The Sornpnoures Tale.
Is this the paradise, in description whereof so much glossing and deceiving eloquence hath been spent?
They never hear sentence, which meutioneth the word or scripture, but forthwith their glosses upon it are the word preached, the scripture explained, or delivered unto us in sermons. Hooker.
It is no part of my secret meaning to draw you hereby into hatred, or to set upon the face of this cause any fairer gloss than the naked truth doth afford.
You are a sectary.
He seems with forged quaint conceit To set a gloss upon his bad intent. Id. The doubt will be whether it will polish 10 well; tor steel glasses are more resplendent than plates of brass.
There came towards us a person of place , he had on him a gown with wide sleeves, of a kind of watcrcarabtct, of an excellent azure color, far more glossy than ours. Id.
If then all souls, both good and bad, do teach. With general voice, that souls can never die;
*Tis not mans flattering gloss, but nature's speech. Which, like God's oracles, can never lie. Dovies.
K -.archment then, large as the fields, he draws Assnra^ ".es, big as gloved civil laws. Donne.
Weeds that the vind did toss The virgins wore : the youths, woven coats, that ca*t a
faint dim gloss. Like that of oil. Chapman's Iliads.
Some mutter at certain passages therein, by putting ill glesses upon the text, and taking with the left hand what I offer with the right. ffowel. The rest entire Shone with a glossy scurf. Milton.
Poor painters oft with silly poets join.
One brings the stuff, the other stamps the coin.
Their surfaces haa a smoothness and glossiness much surpassing whatever I had observed in marine or common salt. Boyle.
According to Varro, when delubrum was applied to a place, it signified such a one, in quo dei simulachrum dedicatum est; and also in the old glossaries.
They give the scandal, and the wise discern; Their glosses teach an age too apt to learn. Dryden.
His surcoat wag a bearskin on his back; His hair hung long behind, and glossy raven black.
Thou dctainest Briscis in thy bands,
Do 1 not reason wholly on your conduct?
It was the colour of devotion, giving a lustre to reverence, and a gloss to humility. South.
The reason why the assertion of a single judge does not prove the existence of judicial acts, is because his office is to pronounce judgment, and not to become an evidence: but why may not the same be said of two judges? Therefore, in this respect, the glossator's opinion must be false. Ayliffe.
Groves, fields, and meadows, are at any season pleasant to look upon ; but never so much as in the opening of the Spring, when they are all new and fresh, with their first gloss upon them. Addison's Spectator.
Her equals first observed her growing zeal. And laughing glossed, that Abra served so well.
Explaining the text in short glosses, was Accursius's method. Baker on Learning.
I could add another word to the glossary. Baker. Indentures, covenants, articles, they draw.
Large as the fields themselves, and larger far
Than civil codes with all their glosses are. Pope.
Ah 1 what avails his glossy varying dyes. His purple crest, and scarlet-circled eyes. The vivid green his shining plumes unfold. His painted wings, and breast that flames with gold?
To me more dear, congenial to my heart One native charm, than ali the gloss of art.
Thy boastful mirth let jealous rivals spill,
GLOSSOPETRA, or Glottopetra, from yXioaaa, a tongue, and Trtrpa, a stone, in natural history, a kind of extraneous fossil, somewhat in form of a serpent's tongue; frequently found in the island of Malta and various other parts. The vulgar notion is, that they are the tongues of serpents petrified. Hence their extraordinary virtue in curing the bites of serpents. The general opinion of naturalists is, that they are ihe t>eth of fishes, left at land by the waters of the deluge, and since petrified. The several sizes