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Ghaut, about seventy miles to the north-east of GO'DDESS-LIKE, adj. Goddess and like Bombay. It traverses nearly the whole of the Resembling a goddess. breadth of the peninsula in a circuitous south Then female voices from the shore I heard ; east direction, and is computed to be 800 miles

A maid amidst them goddess-like appeared. Pope.' in length. During the rainy season it is often GOʻD-FATHER, n. s. God and father. The more than a mile and a half in breadth. On sponsor at the font. reaching Rajamundry, in the Northern Circars,

He had a son by her, and the king did him the it divides into two main branches, one of which honour as to stand god-father to his child. Bacon. falls into the bay of Bengal, a few miles south

Confirmation, a profitable usage of the church, of the town of Coringa, and the other a little trauscribed from the apostles, consists in the child's below Narsipore, forming between them the fer- undertaking in his own name the baptismal vow; and, tile island of Nagur. There are several forests that he may more solomnly enter this obligation, of saul and teak timber near the banks of this bringing some god-father with him, not now, as in river, only a small portion of which passes baptism, as his procurator.

Hummond. through the British territories. This river, from Jack Thomson and Bill Thomson ;-all the rest its source, is held sacred by the Hindoo inha- Had been called • Jemmy' after the great bard bitants of the peninsula. Its Delta contains I don't know whether they had arms or crest, three small harbours, viz. Yanam, Bunder Ma- But such a god-father's as good a card. Byron. lanca, and Narsipore. The harbours of Inge GODFREY of Bouillon, or Boulogne, prince ram and Coringa are also connected with this of Lorrain, was chosen general of the expedition river; but none of its branches are navigable for which the Christians undertook for the recovery ships of burden.

of the Holy Land, and soid his dukedom to GoDavery Point, a head-land on the south prepare for the war. He took Jerusalem from side of the entrance of the northern branch of the Turks in 1099; and was made king of it; the above river; it is also called Point Gorde- but he never would submit to be crowned, ware. Long. 82° 32' E., lat. 16° 43' N. alleging that it would be impiety to wear a crown

GO'D-CHILD, n. s. God and child. A term of gold in the city where his Saviour had been of spiritual relation; one whose sponsor at bap- crowned with thorns. The sultan of Egypt tism promised to see him or her educated as a afterwards sent a terrible army against him; Christian.

which he defeated, with the slaughter of about GODDARD (Jonathan), M. D., an eminent 100,000 of the enemy. He died in 1160. physician and chemist, and one of the first pro GOʻD-MOTHER, n. s. God and mother. A moters of the Royal Society. He was born woman who has undertaken sponsion in bapabout 1617; educated and graduated at Oxford; tism. A term of spiritual relation. was elected a fellow of the College of Physi GODOLPHIN (John), an eminent English cians in 1646, and appointed reader of the ana- civilian, born in the island of Sicily in 1617, tomical lecture in 1647. Oliver Cromwell ap- and educated at Oxford. In 1642-3, he was pointed him first physician to the army, a member created LL. D.; in 1653 he was appointed one of the council of state, and warden of Merton of the judges of the admiralty; and at the RestoCollege ; but he lost this office on the Restora- ration he was made one of the king's advocates. tion. He was elected professor of physic in He was esteemed as great a master of divinity Gresham College, in 1655. He prepared all his as of law; and published, 1. The Holy Limbeck. own medicines; and, in 1668, published a trea- 2. The Holy Arbor. 3. A View of the Admiral's tise, recommending that practice to all physicians. Jurisdiction. 4. The Orphan's Legacy. 5. ReHe was the inventor of the Guttæ Anglicanæ. pertorium Canonicum, &c. He died in 1678. He died of an apoplectic fit in 1674. Bishop GOVOLPHIN (Sidney), earl of Godolphin, was Seth Ward says, he was the first Englishman of the above family, and educated at the same who constructed a telescope.

University. He was one of those who voted GO'D-DAUGHTER, n. S. God and daughter. under Charles II. for the exclusion of the duke A girl who has had a sponsor in baptism. A of York from the throne, notwithstanding which term of spiritual relation.

he was employed by James II., and on the flight GOʻDDESS, n. s. From god. A female di- of that monarch Godolphin voted for a regency. vinity.

Under William and Mary he was made a conHear, nature, hear! dear goddess, hear a father! missioner of the treasury. During the reign of

Shakspeare. queen Anne he was at the head of this department; A woman I forswore? but I will prove, and in 1704 became a knight companion of the Thou being a goddess, I forswore not thee :

garter. In 1706 he was created earl of GodolMy vow was earthy, thou a heav'nly love. Id.

phin: but four years afterwards was obliged to I long have waited in the temple nigh, retire from office. His death took place in 1712. Built to the gracious goddess Clemency; But rev'rence thou the power.

GOʻD-SHIP, n. s. From god. The rank or Dryden's Fables.

character of a god; deity; divinity. From his reat the goddess born arose,

Discoursing largely on this theme, And thus undaunted spoke. Id. O'er hills and dales their god-ships came.

Prior. When the daughter of Jupiter presented herself among the crowd of goddesses, she was distinguished

GOʻD-SON, n. S. God and sou. One who by her graceful stature and superior beauty.

has had a sponsor at the font.

Addison, What, did my father's godson seck your life! Modesty withheld the goddess' train.

He whom my father named ? your Edgar?
Pope's Odyssey.


GODWIN (Mary), also known by her maiden The foot. Obsolete. name of Woolstonecraft, was born near London in

A double mantle, cast 1759. After keeping a boarding school, and being A'thwart his shoulder, his faire goers graced a companion to a lady on a journey to Lisbon, With fitted shoes.

Chapinan. she had recourse to her pen, and produced some GOES or Ter Goes, an old town of the Netranslations from the French; and an Essay on therland, in South Beveland, at the east mouth Female Education. Her principal perforinance of the Scheldt. It has an ancient and curious was + Vindication of the Rights of Women, a monastry; and manufactures of salt, and a good book whose principal tendency is to unsex the trade in corn and hops. When it was besieged sex. She now fell in love with Mr. Fuseli, the by the insurgents, in the reign of Philip II. of painter, a married man; and, not meeting with a Spain, the Spaniards marched a body of troops return to her passion, went to France, and formed seven miles through the water from Bergen-opa connexion with one Imlay, an American, who Zoom, across a ford which was never before soon abandoned her. She next became attached deemed practicable, and has never since, it is to Mr. Godwin, whom she afterwards married, said, been attempted. It is ten miles east of and who wrote her life. She died in 1797. Flushing. Population 3700.

GO'D-WIT, n. s. Sax. god, good, and fita, GOG AND MAGOG, two names generally joined an animal. A bird of peculiar delicacy. together in Scripture (Ezek. xxxviii. 2, 3, &c ; Nor ortelans nor god-wits crown his board. Cowley. xxxix. 1, 2, &c.; Rev. xx. 8). Moses speaks

GODWYN (Thomas), a learned English au- of Magog the son of Japhet, but says nothing of thor, born in 1517, master of the free-school at Gog (Gen. x. 2.; Chron. i 5). Gog was prince Abington in Berkshire; where he educated many of Magog, according to Ezekiel ; Magog being. youths, who became eminent in church and the name of the country or people. The genestate. He was a man of great learning: he wrote rality of the ancients made Magog the father of Historiæ Romanæ anthologia, Synopsis antiqui- the Scythians and Tartars; and several intertatum Hebraicarum, Moses et Aaron, Florile- preters discovered many traces of their name in gium Phrasicon, &c. He died in 1642.

the provinces of Great Tartary. Others supGOELWARAH, a district of the province of posed that the Persians were the descendants of Gujerat, Hindostan, situated between 21° and Magog. Some have imagined that the Goths 220 of N. lat. It is bounded on the east by the were descended from Gog and Magog; and that gulf of Cambay, and is famous for a breed of the wars described by Ezekiel, and undertaken large cattle. It was ceded by the Mahrattas to by Gog against the saints, are those which the the British in 1805, in part payment of a subsi- Goths carried on against the Roman empire, in diary force, and is subject to the jurisdiction of the fifth century. Bochart has placed Gog in Kaira. The chief town is Gogo.

the neighbourhood of Caucasus. He derives GOD'YELD, adv. ) Corrupted from god shield the name of this celebrated mountain from the

GOʻDYIELD, adv. or proiect. A term of Hebrew Gogchasan, the fortress of Gog.' He thanks. Now not used.

maintains that Prometheus, said to be chained Herein I teach you,

to Caucasus by Jupiter, is Gog, and no other. How you should bid godyield us for your pains,

GOGGLE, v. n. 2 Saxon scegl egen; And thank us for your trouble. Shakspeare's Macbeth.

GOGGLE-EYED, adj. S squint-eyed; not looking GOEL, adj. Sax. golen; yellow. An old straight. word.

They are deformed, unnatural, or lame; and very In March at the furthest, dry season or wet, unseemly to look upon, except to men that be goggleHop roots so well chosen let skilful go set ;

eyed themselves.

Ascham. The goeler and younger, the better I love;

Inflamed all over with disgrace,
Well gutted and pared, the better they prove.

To be seen by her in such a place,

Which made him hang his head, and scoul, GOEN, a large town of Asiatic Turkey, on

And wink and goggle like an owl. Hudibras,

Nor sighs, nor groans, nor goggling eyes did want, the right bank of the Tigris, and 150 miles S.S.E.

Dryden. of Mosul.

GOGGLES, in surgery, instruments used for GO'ER, n. s. From go.

curing squinting, or that distortion of the eyes One that goes ; a runner.

which occasions this disorder. They are short I would they were in Africk both together, conical tubes, composed of ivory stained black Myself by with a needle, that I might prick

with a thin plate of the same ivory fixed in the The goer back. Shakspeare. Cymbeline.

tubes near their anterior extremities. Through Such a man

the centre of each of these plates is a small cirMight be a copy to these younger times ;

cular hole, about the size of the pupil of the eye, Which, followed well, would now demonstrate them

These But gners backward.

for the transmission of the rays of light.

Id. All's well. Nothing could hurt either of us so much as the in. goggles must be continually worn in the daytervening officious impertinence of those goers between time, till the muscles of the eye are brought to us, who in England pretend to intimacies with you, act regularly and uniformly, so as to direct the and in Ireland to intimacies with me.

pupil straight forwards; and by these means the

Pope to Swift. cure will probably be sooner or later effected. A walker : one that has a gait or manner of

GOGGRAH, a river, called also the Sarfew walking good or bad.

and Deva in different parts of its course, supThe earl was so far from being a good dancer, that posed by Major Rennell to be the Agoramis of he was po graceful goer.

Wotton. Arrian. It has its source in the mountains of


From go..

Thibet, and flows through the provinces of Ke- some parts, but they are not in general of a pure maon, Oude, and part of Bahar, till at Maniee water, though of good size. Cattle, which are bred it joins the Ganges. It is navigable for boats to on the frontiers, and some cotton, are the other the foot of the hills, and is held sacred by the objects of trade. The mules, on their return from Hindoos. On its banks are several large towns. Rio de Janeiro, are loaded with iron, salt, prints,

GOGO, a sea-port of Hindostan, in the pro- baizes, fire-arms, powder and shot, hats, and á vince of Gujerat, and the capital of the district 'variety of artificers' tools. The inhabitants perof Goelwarah. Here is a safe roadstead and sonally take away valuable articles to Rio de good refreshing place during the south-west Janeiro, and lay out the proceeds in negroes

Vessels from fifty to 300 tons burden (the first object of commerce), iron, salt, &c. are built; and a considerable trade is carried on The population of this district is small in comwith Bombay. The sailors are very able and parison to its extent. According to Mr. Mawe adroit. It is an ancient town, which came into it is a productive country, having numerous possession of the British, with the district, in rivers well stored with fish, and woods abound1805, and is gradually increasing. Lat. 21° ing with fine birds. The principal town, Villa 41' N., long. 72° 21' E.

Boa, is situated in lat. 16° S., about eighty leagues GOHUD, an extensive and mountainous dis- to the west of Paracatu. trict of the province of Agra, Hindostan, on the GOʻING, n.s. south side of the river Chumbul, and between The act of walking. the twenty-sixth and twenty-seventh degrees of When nobles are their taylors' lators, north latitude. It is comparatively fertile ; and

No hereticks burnt, but wenches suitors, abounds with strong positions; we may instance

Then comes the time, who lives to see't, the celebrated fortress of Gualior. It is governed

That going shall be used with feet. by a Hindoo prince, but has suffered much from

Shakspeare, the inroads of the Mahrattas.


The time of death bas a far greater latitude than GoHud, the capital, a fortified town, was formerly a village dependent upon Gualior. The their reckoning, within the compass of a fortnight;

that of our birth ; most women coming, according to present rannah's ancestors were zemindars of that is, the twentieth part of their going. this village, and by caste Jauts, of the Bamrowly

Grew's Cosmologia Sacra. tribe. Prior to the battle of Paniput, in 1762, Departure. they had acquired Gualior, but were compelled

Thy going is not lonely; with thee goes to yield it to the Mahrattas. The rannah of Thy husband; him to follow thou art bound. Gohud now attempted to shake off the Mahratta

Milton, yoke, but was subdued by Ragoonauth Row in GOʻLA, n. s. The same with cymatium. 1766. On a subsequent rupture Gohud was In a cornice the gola, or cymatium of the corona, taken by Madhajee Sindia in 1784.

the coping, the modillions or dentelli, make a noble In 1804 a treaty was entered into by the British show.

Spectator. government with the rannah of Gohud, Kirrut GOLCONDA, a province of Hindostan, now Singh Luckindra, by which he was to be esta- called Hyderbad. It was once the capital of blished in the sovereignty of this and a consi an extensive kingdom under native Hindoo derable number of adjacent districts; in consi- princes, and afterwards a principal division deration of which he was to maintain a subsi- of the Bhamenee sovereignty, upon the fall of diary force of three battalions, and make over which it became the seat of a monarchy under the city and fortress of Gualior to the British. the Cuttub Shahee dynasty. In 1690 it was Afterwards he agreed to relinquish the country surrendered, after a siege of seven months, to the and fort of Gohud, and the other districts gua- Mogul army of Aurengzebe. The deposed soveranteed to him by the former treaty, in conse- reign, Abou Houssun, died in confinement quence of which the British government granted here in 1704. him the districts of Dhelepoor, Baree, and GOLD, n. s.

Sax. gold; Wel. Rajekerah, in perpetual sovereignty.

Gold-BEATER, n. s. golud, riches. Either GOJAM, a populous province of south GOLD-BOUND, adj. of geel, as Scaliger eastern Abyssinia, about eighty miles in length, Gold'en, adj.

says, which is in Dut. and forty in breadth. It is flat and full of rich GOLD'ENLY, ado. to shine; 'or of ano pastures, enclosed by a range of very high moun

GOLD'-FINDER. N. S. ther Dutch word, tains stretching in a semicircle along the course

Gold'-SIZE, n. s.

which is gelten, and of the Abyssinian Nile. The cattle are very nu

Gold'-HAMMER, n. S.

signifies in Latin merous and rather large.

GOLD'ING, n. S. valere, in English to GOIANA, a city of Brasil, in the province of Gold'ney, n. s. be of price or value: Itamarca, on the shore of the river of the same GOLD'-PLEASURE, n. s.

hence cometh their name, three leagues from its mouth. Long. 35o GOLD'Y-LOCKS, n. s. ordinary word gel, 16' W., lat. 7° 39'S.

GOLD'SMITH, n. S. for money.'--PeaGorana, a river of Brasil, running east, in the GOLD-FINCH, n. s.

cham. Used figuraprovince of Rio Grande, and falling into the tively to express value; applied to different Atlantic Ocean.

things from their color resembling gold; thus GOIAZ, a province of Brasil, bounded chiefly gold of pleasure, golden saxifrage, gold-hammer, by Minas Geraes on the east, Matto Grosso on gold-finch, goldney, goldy-locks, are names of the west, and Para on the north. Its greatest herbs, birds, and fishes ; gold-size is a yellow length is from lat. 6° to 21° S. It possesses size ; gold-smith, one who manufactures gold, several gold mines, and diamonds are found in &c.; gold-beater, one who beats or foliates

gold to gild other matter; a golden age is a Nine royal knights in equal rank succeed, happy and prosperous age.

Each warrior mounted on a fiery steed
And forth we went,

In golden armour glorious to behold;

The rivets of their arms were nailed with gold.
Devoutly, soft, and esie pace to se,
Venus the goddes' image all of golde.

Chaucer. The Court of Love. That verse which they commonly call golden, has
And, as I me advise

two substantives and two adjectives, with a verb beThe golden-love, and leden-love they bight, twixt them to keep the peace.

Id. The tone was sad, the toder glad and light.

A goldfinch there I saw, with gaudy pride

Id. Of painted plumes that hopped from side to side. Ther maist thou see devising of hameis

Id. So uncouth and so riche, and wrought so wele We readily say this is gold, and that a silver goblet, Of goldsmithry, of bronding and of stele. only by the different figures and colours represented Id. The Knightes Tale. to the eye by the pencil.

Locke. And as I stode and cast aside mine eye,

Golden russeting hath a gold coloured coat under Twas ware of the fairest medlar tree,

a russet hair, and its Besh of a yellow colour. That ever yet, in all my life I se

Mortimer. As full of blossortes as it might be ; Therein a gold-finch leping pretily,

And see the guardian angels of the good, From bough to bough, and as him list, he ete

Reclining soft on many a golden cloud. Rowe. Here and there of buddes and floures swete. O cursed lust of gold, when for thy sake Id. The Floure and the Leafe. The fool throws up his interest in both worlds,

First starved in this, then damned in that to come. Upon her head she wore a crown of gold;

Blair's Grave. To shew that she had powre in things divine.

Spenser's Faerie Queene. His empty paunch that he might fill, My brother Jacques he keeps at school, and report

Hc sucked his vittels through a quill; speaks goldenly of his profit.

Untouched it passed between his grinders, Shakspeare. As You Like It. Or't had been happy for goldfinders. Swift. Thou that so stoutly had resisted me,

The goldsmith or scrivener, who takes all your forGive me thy gold, if thou hast any gold;

tune to dispose of, when he has beforehand resolved For I have bought it with an hundred blows.

to break the following day, does surely deserve the Shakspeare. gallows.

Id. Neither chain nor gold-smith came to me.


Thence arises that golden rule of dealing with others, So sweet a kiss the golden sun gives not

as we would have others deal with us. Watts. To those fresh morning drops upon the rose ;

The lust of gold succeeds the lust of conquest :
Nor shines the silver moon one half so bright

The lust of gold unfeeling and remorseless !
Through the transparent bosom of the deep. Id. The last corruption of degenerate man.
Many young gentlemen Anck to him every day,

Dr. Johnson's Irene. and feet the time carelessly, as they did in the golden world.

And forth an host of little warriors march

Grasping the diamond lance, and targe of gold. The king's a baw-cock, and a heart of gold,

Beattie. Minstrel. A lad of life, an imp of fame. Id. Henry V.

Who is this?
Thy air,

Who truly looketh like a demigod,
Thou other gold-bound brow is like the first.

Blooming and bright, with golden hair, and stature,

Gold hath these natures; greatness of weight, in all that nameless bearing of his limbs,

If not more high than mortal, yet immortal
closeness of parts, fixation, pliantness or softness, which he wears as the sun his rays.
immunity from rust, and the colour or tincture of
Bacon's Natural History.

Byron. Deformed Transformed. Of singing birds they have linnets, goldfinches, rud

Gold, in chemistry and metallurgy, is a yellow docks, Canary-birds, blackbirds, thrushes, and divers metal of specific gravity 19.3. It is found in naotbers.

Carew. ture only in a metallic state, and most commonly The gum of ivy is good to put into your goldsise and in grains, ramifications, leaves or crystals, rhomother colours.

Peachum on Drawing. boidal octahedral, or pyramidal. Its matrix is geHeaven's golden winged herald late he saw nerally quartz, sandstone, siliceous schistus, &c. To a poor Galilean virgin sent.


It is found also in the sands of many rivers, The good yeoman wears russct clothes, but makes particularly in Africa, Hungary, and France, in golden payment, having time in his buttons, but silver minute irregular grains, called gold dust.

Nain his pocket.


tive gold is never completely pure; it is alloyed Gold begets in brethren hate, Gold in families debate;

with silver or copper, and sometimes with iron Gold does friendship separate ;

and tellurium. The largest piece of native gold, Gold does civil wars create.

that has been hitherto discovered in Europe, was These the smallest harms of it!

found in the county of Wicklow, in Ireland. Its Gold alas ! does love beget.

Corley. weight was said to be twenty-two ounces, and Corrupt with gold thy wives and daughters bring

the quantity of alloy it contained was very small. To the black idol for an offering.


Several other pieces, exceeding one ounce, have Oor goldbeaters, though, for their own profit sake, also been discovered at the same place, in sand, ey are wont to use the finest gold they can get, yet covered with turf, and adjacent to a rivulet. The Duey scruple unt to employ coined gold; and that the following is Kirwan's arrangement of the ores of mint-masters are wont to alloy with copper or silver, gold. to make the coin more stiff, and less subject to be Species 1.-Native gold. Its color yellow, Fasted by attrition.

Boyle. more or less dilute, or brownish-red, like Spanish

snuff, malleable and flexible. Found either in rated, after the expulsion of the sulphur, by compact masses; or in spangles, inlaying, or dis- nitrous acid, as the gold falls to the bottom in seminated; or capillary, arborescent, ramified, in- the form of black powder. terwoven, or dentiform; or crystallised in cubic, The most remarkable ores in Europe affording pyramidal, prismatic, or tabular forms; or in gold, are those of Nagaya, in Transylvania; grains visibly or invisibly mixed with various they, properly speaking, are compounds of other substances. . External lustre, 3. Internal several sulphurated ores, among which native 2. Metallic. Fracture, hackly. Hardness 5. gold occurs either in the state of a metallic Specific gravity exceeds 12, more or less in pro- alloy, or more or less plentifully disseminated, portion to the quantity of silver or copper with though invisible by the help of microscopes. which it is commonly alloyed, and the cavities Of these ores there are five sorts, the antimo it may contain.

nial, the arsenical, the blendose, the manganeThe substances in or on which it is found sian, and the sylvanitic. The first and principal are either stony, sandy, earthy, or inflammable, is the antimonial. Blatter erze of some, or gold or ores of other metallic substances. Of the ore of Nagaya. Its color is bluish-gray, or infirst, the most common is quartz, siliceous schis- termediate between that and the iron gray. It tus, hornstone, sandstone, spar, gypsum, &c., in is found in plates of various thickness, adhering Hungary, Transylvania, Bohemia, &c.; or trap, to, but separable from each other, or intersecting or jasper, felspar, or in clays, as in Bohemia ; or each other in various directions, and somewhat in the sand of various rivers, in different coun- flexible. These, some say, are crystallised in tries, as Hungary, France, Africa, &c. : particu- hexangular forms, but Ruprecht denies it; belarly in the yellowish-red, and violet sands. It is tween them the white ore presently to be menso generally interspersed through earths of va- tioned is often found. Lustre 3. Metallic. rious kinds, that Bergman thinks it more exten- Transparency 0. Their fracture foliaceous, insively diffused, though in exceedingly small quan- clining sometimes to the granular. tities, than any other metal, except iron.

The hardness of the plates is 6. Their speIf 100 lbs. of sand contain 24 grs. of gold, it cific gravity 8.919. They scrape into flakes is said the separation is worth attention. In like plumbago, and like it stain the fingers. Africa 5 lbs. of sand often contain 62 grs. of gold. Soluble in acids with effervescence. When pulThe heaviest, which is often black or red, yields verised three per cent. of these plates are attracmost. Gold interspersed through sand, is often tible by the magnet, and twenty-one per cent. soluseparated by mere mechanical means, amply ble in nitrous acid. The solution is greenish, the described in the Paris Memoirs for 1718 and residuum purplish : 100 parts of this ore contain 1786; in Born's Letters from Hungary, and in about twelve of silver and gold, the remainder Diedric's Description des Gites des Minerals. consists of iron, lead, and antimony, all sulphuNative gold is sometimes invisibly dispersed and rated, and silex; the proportions are not accudisguised, sometimes visibly contained in the rately stated in the incomplete and unsatisfacform of a brownish-red powder in martial pyrites, tory analyses that have as yet appeared. as in that in Adelfors in Sweden, and also in The color of the arsenical ore is, according to Norway, Bohemia, and Siberia. It seems now Ruprecht, tin white, according to Muller, yelagreed that it is not really mineralised in these lowish white, according to Born, yellowish gray.

For it is often extracted from them by the Its fracture granular or foliated, often striated mere mechanical means of pounding and wash- or fibrous. Its specific gravity, 10-678. It is ing, or at least from the residuum left after so so fusible as not to bear roasting. When pullution in the nitrous acid; its quantity is gene- verised the magnet attracts nearly five per cent. rally very small, scarcely above 8 grs. in 10,000 of it, and nitrous acid dissolves 72, 5 per of the ore, or 1 oz., or 1} oz. in 1 cwt. of the ore. cent. of it. The color of the solution is light That of Facebay, in Transylvania, however, con- green, and of the residuum blackish-brown. Mild tains 12.5 per cent. of gold.

fixed alkalies afford, both with the solutions of Gold is also extracted from a particular sort this, and of the former ore, a light yellow preof-argentiferous copper pyrites, called, in Hun- cipitate. By Muller's account, it contains about gary, gelf. This is found either massive, or crys- twenty-five per cent. of auriferous silver. tallised in rhomboids, or other irregular quad

Hence Werner calls it the silver ore of Nagaya. rangular or polygon masses. Its contents in Born tells us it contains antimony, iron, and gold and silver are rich, but very unequal : much gold. The matrix of both these ores is a grayof the gold may be separated by pounding and ish quartz, or hornstone and silex mixed with washing Muller concludes that gold exists in white calx of manganese. it in a state of dispersion, and not combined Of the blendose ores, Muller mentions two nor consequently mineralised.

varieties, the black and the red, or the reddishIt often also exists in a greenish-yellow cop- brown (this last phosphoresces, when scraped per pyrites, somewhat duller than the common, in the dark; the black does not), whose exterand containing besides iron, also manganese. nal appearances do not probably differ from

It is found mixed with arsenical pyrites in those of the common blendose ores, besides zinc, the valley of Zillar, near Saltzburgh. The quin- iron and sulphur; most of them contain antital affords only twenty-five grains. It is sepa- mony also, and some manganese. rated by washing, and affords a profit of about The specific gravity of the black, according to £400 or £500 per annum.

Muller, is 5.398; which exceeds the specific graIt is sometimes found in the sulphurated sil- vity of mere blend. The nitrous acid dissolves ver ores of Hungary and Saxony, and is sepa- ninety-seven per cent. of it with an hepatic


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