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of grafting may be performed upon the branches is wanted to furnish the head or any part of the of bearing trees, when intended either to renew tree; there slope off the bark and a little of the the wood, or change the sort of fruit. Towards wood, and cut the lower end of the grafts to fit the end of May, or the beginning of June, the the part as nearly as possible; then join them to junction of the graft and stock in either method the branch, and tie them with bass, and clay will be effectually formed, and the graft begin to them orer. shoot, when the clay may be taken off, and, in a 6. Whip-grafting is always performed upon fortnight or three weeks after, the bandages like- small stocks, from about the size of a goose-quill wise.
to half an inch, or a little more or less, in diame3. Crown-grafting is commonly practised upon ter; but the nearer the stock and graft approach such stocks as are too large to cleave, and is often in size the better. It is called whip-grafting, performed upon the large branches of apple and because the grafts and stocks, being nearly of a pear trees, &c., that already bear fruit, when it size, are sloped on one side, to fit each other, is intended to change the sorts, or renew the and tied together in the manner of whips. The tree with fresh-bearing wood. It is termed crown- method is as follows: Cut off the head of the grafting, because the stock or branch being stock at some clear smooth part; then cut one headed down, several grafts are inserted at top side sloping upward, about an inch and a half all around betwixt the wood and bark, so as to or nearly two inches in length, and make a notch give it a crown-like appearance. This kind of or small slit near the upper part of the slope grafting should not be performed until March, or downwards, about half an inch long, to receive early in April ; for then the sap being in motion, the tongue of the cion; then prepare the cicn, renders the bark and wood of the stock much cutting it to five or six inches in length, forming easier to be separated for the admission of the the lower end also in a sloping manner, so as graft. The manner of performing it is this: First, exactly to fit the sloped part of the stock, as if cut off the head of the stock or branch, with a cut from the same place, that the rinds of both saw, horizontally, and pare the top smooth; then may join evenly in every part; and make a slit so having the grafts, cut one side of each flat, and as to form a sort of tongue to fit the slit made in somewhat sloping, an inch and a half, forming a the slope of the stock; then place the graft, insort of shoulder at top of the slope to rest upon serting the tongue of it into the slit of the stock, the crown of the stock; and then raising the rind applying the parts as evenly and closely as possiof the stock with a wedge, so as to admit the ble; and immediately tie the parts together and cion between that and the wood two inches cover them with clay, as above directed. This down, place the graft with the flat side next the sort of grafting may also be performed, if neceswood, thrusting it down far enough for the sary, upon the young shoots of any bearing tree, shoulder to rest upon the top of the stock; and if intended to alter the sorts ot fruits, or have in this manner may be put three, four, five, or more than one sort on the same tree. By the more grafts, into one large stock or branch. middle or end of May the grafts will be well When the grafts are thus inserted, let the whole united with the stock, as will be evident by the be tied tight and well clayed : but leave two or shooting of the graft; then the clay should be three eyes of each graft uncovered, and raise the wholly taken away; but suffer the bass bandage clay an inch above the top of the stock, so as to to remain some time longer, until the united throw the wet quickly off, without lodging about parts seem to swell and be too much confined by the grafted parts, which would ruin the whole. the ligature; then take it wholly off. Crown-grafting may also be performed, by mak 7. Grafting by approach, or inarcoing, is, ing several clefts in the crown of the stock, and when the stocks designed to be grafted, and the inserting the grafts round the top of the clefts. tree from which you intend to take the graft, The grafts will be pretty well united with the either grow so near, or can be placed so near stock, and exhibit a state of growth, by the end together, that the branch or graft may be made of May or beginning of June, and the clay may to approach the stock, without separating it from then be taken away. The trees grafted by this the tree, till after its union or junction with the method succeed extremely well; but, for the first stock; so that the graft being bent to the stock, two or three years, have this inconvenience at- they approach and form a sort of arch ; whence tending them, that they are liable to be blown the names. Being a sure method, it is commonly ont of the stock by violent winds; which must be practised upon such trees as are with difficulty remedied by tying long sticks to the body of the made to succeed by any of the other methods. stock or branch, and tying each graft up to one When intended to propagate any other kind of of the sticks.
tree or shrub by this method of grafting, if the 4. Root-grafting is performed by whip-grafting tree, &c., is of the hardy kind, and growing in cions upon pieces of the root of any tree of the the full ground, a proper quantity of young same genus, and planting the root where it is to plants for stocks must be set round it; and, when remain. It will take root, draw nourishment, grown of a proper height, the work of inarching and feed the graft.
must be performed; or if the branch of the tree 5. Side-grafting is by inserting grafts into the designed to be grafted from are too high for the sides of the branches without heading them stocks, in that case stocks must be planted in down;
trees to fill up pots, and a slight stage must be erected around any vacancy, or for the purpose of variety, to the tree, of the due height to reach the branches, have several sorts of apples, pears, plums, &c., and the pots containing the stocks must be placed upon the same tree. It is performed thus: upon the stage. This method of grafting is someFix upon such parts of the branches where wood times performed with the head of the stock cu
off, and sometimes with the head left on till the trunks and produced large trees; which suggested graft is united with the stock; though, hy pre- to the husbandman the art of engrafting. The viously heading the stock, the work is much use of grafting is to propagate any curious sorts easier performed; and, having no top, its whole of fruits; which cannot be done with certainty effort will be directed to the nourishment of the by any other method : for as all the good fruits graft. Having the stocks properly placed, either have been accidentally obtained from seeds, so planted in the ground or in pots around the tree the seeds of these, when sown, will many of them to be propagated, then make the most convenient degenerate, and produce such fruit as is not branches approach the stock, and mark on the worth the cultivating; but, when shoots are taken body of the branches the parts where they will from such trees as produce good fruit, these will most easily join to the stock, and in those parts never alter from their kind, whatever be their stock. of each branch pare away the bark and part of The reason or philosophy of engrafting is somethe wood two or three inches in length, and in what obscure; but
the effect is ordinarily attributed the same manner pare the stock in the proper to the diversity of the pores or ducts of the graft place for the junction of the graft; then make a from those of the stock, which change the figure slit upwards in the branch, so as to form a sort of the particles of the juices in passing through of tongue, and make a slit downwards in the them to the rest of the tree. Mr. Bradley, from stock to admit it; let the parts be then joined, some observations of Agricola, suggests, that the slipping the tongue of the graft into the slit of stock grafted on is only to be considered as a the stock, making the whole join in an exact fund of vegetable matter, which is to be filtered manner, and tie them closely together with bass, through the cion, and digested, and brought to and afterwards cover the whole with a due quan- maturity, as the time of growth in the vessels of tity of clay, as in the other methods. After this, the cion directs. A cion, therefore, of one kind, let a stout stake be fixed for the support of each grafted on a tree of another, may be rather said graft; to which let that part of the stock and to take root in the tree it is grafted in, than to graft be fastened which is necessary to prevent unite itself with it; for it is visible that the cion their being disjoined by the wind. The opera- preserves its natural purity, though it be fed and tion being performed in spring, let them remain nourished by a mere crab; which is, without in that position about four months, when they doubt, occasioned by the difference of the vessels will be united, and the graft may then be sepa- in the cion from those of the stock : so that graftrated from the mother tree. In doing this, being may be justly compared to planting. But careful to perform it with a steady hand, so as the natural juices of the earth, by their secretion not to loosen or break out the graft, sloping it off and communication in passing through the roots, downwards close to the stock; and if the head &c., before they arrive at the cion, must doubtof the stock was not cut down at the time of less arrive there half elaborated and concocted ; grafting, it must now be done close to the graft, and so disposed for a more easy, plentiful, and and the old clay and bandage must also be perfect assimilation and nutrition; whence the cleared away, and replaced with new, to remain cion must necessarily grow and thrive better and a few weeks longer. If the grafts are not firmly faster than if it were put immediately in the united with the stock, in the period above-men- ground. tioned, they must remain another year till autumn, Many have talked of changing of species, or before the grafts are separated from the parent producing mixed fruits, by engrafting one tree tree. By this kind of grafting may be raised al- on another of the same class; but, as the graft most any kind of tree or shrub, which is often carries the juices from the stock to the pulp of done by way of curiosity, to ingraft a fruit-bear- the fruit, there is little hope of succeeding in ing branch of a fruit-tree upon any common such an expectation by ever so many repeated stock of the same genus, whereby a new tree grafts; but if, after changing the graft and stock bearing fruit is raised in a few months. This is several times, you set the seed of the fruit prosometimes practised upon orange and lemon duced on the graft in a good mold, it is possitrees, &c., by grafting bearing branches of a fruit- ble that a change may happen, and a new mixed tree upon any common stocks raised from the plant may be produced. Thus the almond and kernels of any of the same kind of fruit, or into peach may, by many changes in the graftings, branches of each other, so as to have oranges, and by interrations of the stones of the peaches, lemons, and citrons, all on the same tree. and of the shells of the almonds, and by teribra
Grafting has been practised from the most re- tions of the stem and the root here and there, mote antiquity; but its origin and invention have alter their nature so much, that the coat or pulp been differently related by naturalists. Theo- of the almond may approach to the nature of the phrastus tells us, that a bird, having swallowed peach, and the peach may have its kernel ena fruit whole, cast it forth into a cleft or cavity of larged into a kind of almond ; and, on the same a rotten tree; where mixing with some of the principle, the curious gardener may produce putrified parts of the wood, and being washed many such mixed kinds. M. Du Hamel has with the rains, it budded, and produced within observed that, in grafting trees, there is always this tree another tree of a different kind. Pliny found, at the insertion of the graft, a change in says that a countryman, wishing to make a pali- the direction of the fibres, and a sort of twisting sade in his grounds that it might endure the longer, or turning about of the vessels, which greatly filled up and strengthened the bottom of the pali- imitates that in the formation of certain glands sade by running or wattling it with the trunks of in animal bodies; and hence he infers that a ivy. The effect of this was, that the stakes of the new sort of viscus being thus formed, the fruit palisades, taking root, became engrafted with the may be so far influenced by it, as to be meliorated on the new branch; but that no such sudden and yet more striking, and indeed more essential, in essential changes can be effected by those means, regard to the growth of grafts than all these, is as many writers on agriculture pretend. He the different season of the year at which trees observes, however, that this anatomical observa- shoot out their leaves, or ripen their flowers. tion would not have been sufficient to convince The almond tree is in flower before other trees him of the falsity of these relations, had not ex- in general have opened their earliest buds; and, periment joined to confirm him in this opinion. when other trees are in flower, this is full of He tried many grafts on different trees; and, for leaves, and has its fruit set before the mulberry fear of error, repeated every experiment of conse- begins to push out its earliest buttons. The quence several times; but all served only to con- grafts of the almond on the plum, and of the vince him of the truth of what he at first sus- plum on the almond, always grow very vigorously pected. He grafted in the common way the for the first year, and give every appearance of peach upon the almond, the plum upon the apri- succeeding entirely; yet they always perish in cot, and the pear upon the apple, the quince, the second or third year. The almond, grafted and the white thorn; one species of plum on upon the plum stock, always pushes out very other very different species, and upon the peach vigorously at first; but the part of the stock the apricot, and the almond. All these succeeded immediately under the graft grows smaller and alike : the species of the fruit was never altered; perishes, the graft absorbing too much of the and in those which would not come to fruit, the juices, and the graft necessarily perishes with it. leaves, the wood, and the flowers, were all the The decay of the whole generally happens early same with those of the tree whence the graft in the spring, plainly from the different season was taken. Writers on agriculture have also of the natural shooting of the two trees; the mentioned a very different sort of grafting, almond pushing very vigorously, and consenamely, the setting of grafts of one tree upon quently draining the stock of its juices, at a time stocks of a different genus; such as the grafting when, according to its nature, the juices are but the pear upon the oak, the elm, the maple, or the in small quantity in it, and the sap does not begin plum, &c. M. Du Hamel tried a great number to ascend. The grafts of the plum on the almond of those experiments carefully, and found every are, from the same cause, furnished with an abunone of them unsuccessful; and the natural con- dance of sap which they have, at that time, no clusion from this was, that there must be some occasion for; and consequently they as certainly natural alliance between the stocks and their perish of repletion, as the other of inanition. The grafts, otherwise the latter will either never grow peach, grafted on the plum, succeeds excellently, at all, or very soon perish.
and lives longer than it would have done in a Notwithstanding the facility with which grafts natural state; the reason seems to be, that the generally take on good stocks, there are many peach is a tender tree, shoots with great vivacity, accidents and uncertainties attending them in their and produces more branches than the root is able different periods. Some perish immediately; to maintain. Thus peach trees are usually some after appearing healthy for many months, full of dead wood; and often their large branches and some even for years. Of these last some die perish, and sometimes their whole trunk. On without the stock suffering any thing; others this occasion the plum, being a slow-shooting perish together with the stocks. It is certain tree, communicates its virtue to the graft; and that the greater part of grafted trees do not live the peach consequently sends out shoots which so long as they would have done in their natural are more robust and strong, and are no more stale; yet this is not an invariable rule: for there in number than the root is able to supply with are some which evidently live the longer for this nourishment, and consequently the tree is the practice; nay, there are instances of grafts which, more lasting. being placed on stocks naturally of short dura- GRAFTON (Richard), an English historian, tion, live longer than when placed on those which born at London in the reign of Henry VIII. are more robust and lasting. In order to the He published, 1. An Abridgement of the Chrosucceeding of a graft, it is plain that there must nicles of England; and, 2. A Chronicle and be a conformity in its vessels and juices with large History of the Affayres of England and those of the stock. The more nearly they agree Kings of the same, deduced from the Creauion of in this, probably the better they succeed; and the World. He died in the reign of queen Elizathe farther they differ, the worse. If there be beth. some difference in the solid parts of trees, there GRAFTON, an extensive county of New Hampare evidently many more in the juices. The sap shire, bounded on the east by Maine District, in some trees is white as milk, in others it is red- south by Strafford, Hillsborough, and Cheshire dish, and in some as clear and limpid as water. counties, west by Vermont, and north by Canada. In some it is thin and very fluid ; in others thick It is divided into fifty townships, and seventeen and viscous. In the taste and smell of these locations. juices there are also no fewer differences : some GRAFTON, or GRAFTON ISLAND, one of the are sweet, some insipid, some bitter, some acrid, smallest of the Bashee islands in the East Indian and some fetid ; the quality of the sap thus makes Sea. Long. 139° OʻW., lat. 21° 4' N. a very great difference in the nature of trees; GRAHAM (George), clock and watch maker, but its quantity, and derivation to the parts, is the most ingenious and accurate artist in his time, scarcely less observable. Of this we have familiar was born in 1675 at Kirklington, Cumberland. instances in the willow and the box; one of Besides his universally acknowledged skill in his which will produce longer shoots in one year profession, he was a complete mechanic and than the other in twenty. Another difference astronomer; the great mural arch in the observa
tory at Greenwich was made for Dr. Halley stituent particles of the human body; a dyed under his immediate inspection, and divided by substance: figuratively, temper and disposition. his own hand; and, from this incomparable origi- Grains of allowance, something indulged or nal, the best foreign instruments of the kind are remitted. Grains, husks of malt. Grains of ropies. The sector, by which Dr. Bradley first Paradise, an Indian spice. A storehouse for discovered two new motions in the fixed stars, Granate, or granite, a kind of marble, so Nas of his invention and fabric; and, when the called because it is marked with small varieFrench academicians were sent to the north to gations like grains. ascertain the figure of the earth, Mr. Graham
For the whole world before thee is as a little grain was thought the fittest person in Europe to sup- of the balance.
Wis. xi. 22. ply them with instruments: those who went to Wherefore I sing; and sing I mote certain, the south were not so well furnished. He was In honour of that blissful maiden free, for many years a member of the Royal Society, Til fro my tongue of taken is the grain, to which he communicated several ingenious and And, after that thus saide she to me: important discoveries. He died in 1751.
My litel childe than : wol I fetchen thee, Graham (James), marquis of Montrose. See Whan that the grain is fro the tongue ytake: MONTROSE.
Be not agaste I wol thee not forsake.
Chaucer. The Prioresses Tale. Graham (Sir John), of Abercorn, or Dundaff
The was eke wexing many a spice one of the patriots who fought along with Wal
As clowe, gilofre, and licorise, lace, against the English invaders under Edward
Gingiber, and grein de Paris. 1. He was killed at the battle of Falkirk, in
Id. Romaunt of the Rose. 1298, where the following inscription repeatedly And in his barne hath, soth to sains, renewed is to be seen on his monument :
An hundred mavis of whete graine. Mente manuque potens, et Vallæ fidus Achates,
Ye, jelousie is love;
And would a bushel of venim excusen,
Id. Troilies and Crese ide. GRAHAM (Sir Richard), lord viscount Pres
How the red roses Qush up in her cheeks, ton, eldest son of Sir George Graham of Nether
And the pure snow with goodly vermil stain, by, in Cumberland, Bart. was born in 1648.
Like crimson dyed in grain.
Spenser. He was sent ambassador by Charles II to Louis
Your minds, preoccupied with what XIV., and was master of the wardrobe and se- You rather must do than with what you should do, cretary of state under James II. But, when the Made you against the grain to voice him consul. Revolution took place, he was tried and con.
Shakspeare. demned, on an accusation of attempting the Though now this gruined face of mine be hid restoration of that prince; though he obtained In sap consuming Winter's drizzled snow,
I. a pardon by the queen's intercession. He spent Yet hath my night of life some memory.
Knots, by the conflux of meeting sap, 'he remainder of his days in retirement, and
Infect the sound pine, and divert his grain published an elegant translation of Boethius
Tortive and errant from his course of growth. Id. on the consolations of philosophy. · He died in
Look into the seeds of time, 1695.
Aud say which grain will grow, and which will not. GRAHAME (James), a modern Scottish poet,
Id. was bred to the bar, but afterwards took orders Let them pronounce the steep Tarpeian death, in a curacy in the neighbourhood of Durham, Vagabond exile, flaying pent to linger where he died, in 1811, in the prime of life. But with a gruin a day, I would not buy His chief pieces are, The Sabbath; The Bards of Their mercy at the price of one fair word. Id. Scotland ; and British Georgics.
As it ebbs, the seedsman GRAIÆ Montes, in ancient geography, the Upon the slime and oaze scatters his grain,
Id. name given by Pliny to that part of the Alps, And shortly comes to harvest. which lies between France and Italy, and by
Thou exist’st on many thousand grains
Id. Measure for Measure. which they pass out of Italy into the ci-devant That issue out of dust.
By intelligence province of Provence.
And proofs as clear as founts in July, when GRAIGEMANACH, a town of Ireland, in
We see each grain of gravel. Id. Henry VIIT. Kilkenny, on the Barrow, over which it has a
His reasons are as two grains of wheat hid in two bridge, twenty miles from the sea. The tide bushels of chaff.
Id. Merchant of Venice. flows up to it.
It is a sincerely pliable ductile temper, that neglects GRAIL, n. s. From Fr. grele. Small parti- not to make use of any grain of grace. Hummond. cies of any kind.
The trial being made betwixt lead and lead, weighHereof this gentle knight unweeting was, ing severally seven drachms, in the air; the baAnd, lying down upon the sandy grails,
lance in the water weighing only four drachms and Drank of the stream as clear as crystal glass. forty-one grains, and abateth of the weight in the air
Spenser. two drachms and nineteen grains : the balance kept GRAIN, n.s. Fr. grain ; Belg. graen ;
Bacon. the same depth in the water.
The one being tractable and mild, the other stiff GRAIN'Ed, adj. Ital., Span., and Port. gra- and impatient of a superior, they lived but in cuoning GRAINS, n. s. no;
concord, as brothers glued together, but not united in Grain'y, adj. seed; corn ; a small weight, grain.
Hayward. GRAN'ARY, 7.s.
so called because it is sup- Give them grains their fill GBAN'ATE, or posed of equal weight with Husks, draff, to drink and swill. Ben Jonson.
Gran'ITE, N. S. a grain of corn: the direc- Unity is a precious diamond, whose grains as they tion of the fibres of wood; the direction of con- double, twice double in their value. Holyday. VOL. X.
Over his lucid arms
A Grain Weight of gold bullion is worth A military vest of purple fowed,
two-pence, and of silver only half a farthing. Livelier than Melibæan, or the grain
GRAIN Coast. See MALAGUETTA. Of Sarra, worn by kings and heroes old. Milton.
Grain (John, Baptistle), counsellor and Come, pensive nun, devout and pure,
master of requests to Mary de Medicis queen of All in a robe of darkest grain,
France, was born in 1565, and was much esFiewing with majestic train.
teemed by Henry IV. He wrote a work enShadowed from either heel with feathered mail,
titled, Decades, containing The History of Henry Sky-tinctured grain!
Id. Paradise Lost.
the Great, and of Louis XIII., from the beginQuoth Hudibras, it is in vain,
ning of his reign to the death of the Marshal sce, to argue 'gainst the grain. Hudibras. d'Ancre in 1617. He vigorously defends the His brain
edict that had been granted to the reformed. He Outweighed his rage but half a grain.
Id. died at Paris in 1643. The tooth of a sea-horse, in the midst of the solider GRAINGER (James), M. D., a distinguished parts, contains a curdled grain not to be found in poet in the last century, was born at Dunse, in ivory.
Browne. They began at a known body, a barley-corn, the been reduced by adverse circumstances, still
Berwickshire, in 1724. His father, who had weight thereof is therefore called a grain; which bestowed on him a classical education, and ariseth, being multiplied, to scruples, drachms, ounces, and pounds.
placed him with a surgeon at Edinburgh, where The beech, the swimming alder, and the plane,
he attended the medical lectures of the university. Hard box, and linden of a softer grain. Dryden.
Entering the arrny, as a regimental surgeon, he Though much against the grain, forced to retire,
served in Germany under the earl of Stair, till Buy roots for supper, and provide a fire. Id.
peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, after which he took Pales no longer swelled the teeming grain,
his degree of M.D. and settled in London. He Nor Phæbus fed his oxen on the plain.
Id. is said principally to have supported himself by Many of the ears, being six inches long, had sixty lished in Dodsley's collection, first procured him
writing for the press. An Ode to Solitude, pubgrains in them, and none less than forty. Mortimer. The ungrateful person lives to himself, and subsists of Shenstone and Dr. Percy. In 1759 he pub
reputation; and, among others, the acquaintance by the good nature of others, of which he himself has not the least grain.
lished his Elegies of Tibullus, which involved him
South. Alabaster, marble of divers colors, both simple and in a paper war with Dr. Smollet. He then went mixed, the opulites, porphyry, and the granite.
to the West Indies as tutor to a young gentle
Woodward. man, and, during the voyage, formed an attachStones of a constitution so compact, and a grain so ment to a lady, whom he married on his arrival fine, that they bear a fine polish.
là. at the island of St. Christopher's, of which her Ants, by their labour and industry, contrive chat father was governor. Here he again, and very corn will keep as dry in their nests as in our granaries, successfully, engaged in medical practice; and
Addison. produced a West Indian Georgic, or didactic He, whose very best actions must be seen with treatise in blank verse, entitled The Sugar Cane, grains of allowance, canne: be too mild, mouerate, and Bryan and Pereene, a ballad. The former and forgiving.
he published in England, in 1764. Ile then reThere are still great pillars of granite and other turned to Basseterre, St. Christopher's, where he fragments of this aacient temple. Addison on Itely. died of a fever, in 1767.
'Tis a rich soil, I grant you ; but oftener covered GRAITNEY. See GRETNA. with weeds than grain.
Collier on Fame.
GRALLÆ, in ornithology, an order of birds The smaller the particles of cutting substances are, analogous to the bruta in the class of mammalia, the smaller will be the scratches by which they con
in the Linnæan system. See Zoology and Ortinually fret and wear away the glass until it be polished; but be they never so small, they can wear away the glass no otherwise than by grating and
GRAMAYE (John Baptist), a historian and scratching it
, and breaking the protuberances; and poet, born at Antwerp, and provost of Arnheim. therefore polish it no otherwise than by breaking its
He travelled over Germany and Italy, but, in roughness to a very fine grain, su that the scratches going to Spain, was carried off by African coraad frettings of the surface become too small to be vi- sairs to Algiers. He returned to the Nethersible.
Newton's Opticks. lands, and died at Lubeck. He published, 1. I would always give some grains of allowance to Africæ Illustratæ, libri X. in 1622; 4to. 2. the sacred science of theology. Watts on the Mind. Diarium Algiriense : 3. Peregrinatio Belgica; a The naked nations cloathe,
curious work: 4. Antiquitates Flandriæ, folio ; Avd be the' exhaustless granary of a world.
and, 5, Historia Namurcensis. Thomson's Spring.
GRAME'RCY, interj. Contracted from grant And freshness breathing from each silver spring, Whose scattered streams from granite basins burst,
ne mercy. An obsolete expression of surprise. Leap into life, and sparkling woo your thirst. Byron.
0, which a pitous thing it was to see There grain, and flower, and fruit,
Hire swouning, and hire humble vois to here !
Grand mercy! Lord! God thank it you, quod sbe
The Clerkes Tak, See BARLEY, Corn, Wheat, &c.
Truly? Gramercie frende of your gode will. GRAIN, Oily. See SESAMUM.
Id. The Court of Loce. GRAIN, SCARLET. See Cactus, Coccus, and Gramercy, sir, said he ; but mote I weet QUERCUS.
What strange adventure do ye now pursue ? Spenser