« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
Scolopax Laponica .
Scolopax Candida .
White Red Shank,
Gramercy, lovely Lucius, what's the news ? and external appearance are allied to the grasses.
Shakspeare. This class would have been natural if the author GRAMINA, grasses, one of the seven tribes, had not improperly introchuced sweet rush, or natural families, into which all vegetables are juncus, and arrow-headed grass, into the third distributed by Linnæus in his Philosophia Bota- section. Monti enumerates about 306 species nica. They are defined to be plants which have of the grasses, which he reduces under Tournevery simple leaves, a jointed stem, a husky calyx fort's genera; to these he added three new termed gluma, and a single seed. This descrip- genera. Scheuchzer, in his Aristographia, pubtion includes the several sorts of corn as well as
lished likewise in 1719, divides the grasses, as grasses. In Tournefort they constitute a part of Monti, from the disposition of their flowers, into the fifteenth class, termed apetali; and, in Lin- the four following sections: 1. Grasses with næus's sexual method, they are mostly contained flowers in a spike, as phalaris, anthoxanthum, in the second order of the third class, triandria and frumentum. 2. Irregular grasses, as schedigynia. This numerous and natural family of nanthus and cornucopiæ. 3. Grasses with the grasses has engaged the attention and re- flowers growing in a simple panicle or loose searches of several eminent botanists; parti- spike, as reed and millet. 4. Grasses with cularly Ray, Monti, Micheli, and Linnæus. M. flowers growing in a compound panicle, or difMonti
, in his Catalogus stirpium agri Bono- . fused spike, as oats and poa. See Botany. niensis, gramina ac hujus modi affinia com- GRAMI'NEOUS, adj. Lat. gramineus. Grassy. plectens, printed at Bononia in 1719, divides Gramineous plants are such as have a long leaf the grasses from the disposition of their flowers, without a footstalk. as Theophrastus and Ray had done before him, GRAMINI'VOROUS, adj. Lat. gramen and into three sections or orders. These are, 1.
Grass-eating; living upon grass. Grasses having flowers collected in a spike. 2.
The ancients were versed chiefly in the dissection Grasses having their flowers collected in a pa- of brutes, among which the graminivorous kind have a nicle or loose spike. 3. Plants that in their habit party-coloured choroides. Sharp's Surgery.
GRAMMAR, n. s. Fr. grammaire, We make a countryman dumb, whom we will not GRAM'M AR-SCHOOL, n. s. I grammairien ; Lat. allow to speak but by the rules of grammar. Id. GRAMMA'RIAN, n. s.
(grammaticus ; Gr. The ordinary way of learning Latin in a grammar. GRAMMATICAL, adj. Opappa, a letter. The school I cannot encourage.
Locke. GRAMMAT'ICALLY, ado. science of writing or Men speaking language, according to the grammar
GramMAT'ICASTER, n. s. ) speaking correctly; rules of that language, do yet speak improperly of the art or person who teaches the relation of things.
id. words to each other; the book used for teaching I have not vexed language with the doubts, the this science; the place in which the learned lan- remarks, and eternal triflings of the French grammaa guages are taught; whatever belongs to the rules ticasters.
Rymer. of grammar: grammaticaster is å low verbal
When a sentence is distinguished into the nouns, pedant: this word is obsolete.
the verbs, pronouns, adverbs, and other particles of I can no more expound in this matere ;
speech which compose it, then it is said to be analysed I lerne song; I can but smal grammere.
Watts. Chaucer. The Prioresses Tale.
As grammar teacheth us to speak properly, so it is Thou hast most traitorously corrupted the youth the part of rhetorick to instruct how to do it elegantly, of the realm in erecting a grammar-school.
by adding beauty to that language that before was Shakspeare. naked and grammatically true.
Baker. To be accurate in the grammar and idioms of the
We are naturally led to begin with the consideration tongues, and then as a rhetorician to make all their of substantive nouns, which are the foundation of all graces serve his eloquence.
grammur, and may be considered as the most ancient
Blair's Lectures. and that taught them with far more diligent care than grammatical rules.
The first degree of proficiency is, in painting, what Many disputes the ambiguous nature of letters hath grammar is in literature, a general preparation for created among the grammarians.
whatever species of the art the student may afterwards I shall take the number of consonants, not from the choose for his more particular application. grammatical alphabets of any language, but from the
Sir J. Reynolds. diversity of sounds framed by single articulations GRAMMAR. It is probable that this word with appulse.
had a very narrow import at first, equivalent Varium et mutabile semper femina, is the sharpest perhaps to orthography; but it was gradually satire that ever was made on woman; for the adjec. extended so as to comprehend many ideas not tives are neuter, and animal must be understood to make them grammar.
originally contemplated; and, as authors have
Dryden. They who have called him the torture of gramma
never been agreed respecting the number and
the nature of those ideas, there is no uniform rians, maght also have called him the plague of translators.
Id. theory to be found in their writings, nor even They seldom know more than the grammatical con
a clear and certain definition of the term. In fruction, undess born with a poetical genius.
one view Grammar may be considered as a Id. Dufresnoy. science; in another view it may be considered as