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shut up, in great straits for provisions, and the 1sydriots had landed a body of men with some ship-guns at the Piraeus. , Hearing, however, of Omer's approach, the Hydriots sailed away, and the Athenians took refuge in the mountains. In Macedonia the Greeks had, in the first instance, been rather successful, and had advanced as far as Salonica; but they pursued no settled plan. Being routed in a few skirmishes, they were seized with a panic, and fled to the treble peninsula of Cassandra, Torone, and Athos. The Greek inhabitants, too, of Mount Pelion, were excited to take up arms, but they were soon overpowered by the Turks. At sea the Greeks were greatly superior, keeping the Turkish ports and islands of the AEgean in complete blockade. Two Turkish ships of the line, however, and some vessels of smaller size, left the Hellespont about the end of May, and proceeded to Lesbos. The Greek fleet met with one of them of seventy-four guns, which ran into the gulf of Adramiti; when the Greeks sent in two fire-ships, chained together, while the Mussulmans stood still on the deck, thinking they meant to board them, and mistaking some figures they had dressed up for men. In a few minutes the Turkish vessel was in flames; and though the captain cut his cables, and let her drive to the shore, the crew took to the sea to save themselves, but were opposed in their attempts to land; so that hardly one out of 800 escaped. The other part of the squadron now made for the Dardanelles with all possible haste. Early in June Demetrius Ipsilanti reached the island of Hydra. He bore a commission from his brother, appointing him commander-in-chief of all the Greek forces, and was accompanied by Cantacuzene and others. He was received with every demonstration of joy. Proceeding to the Morea, he assumed, at Tripolitza, the command of the army. As soon, however, as the disastrous termination of the campaign in the north was divulged, the ardor of his troops cooled, and the ephors, or primates, were deaf to all his propositions. Candiotti soon left the Morea, suspected of having appropriated part of the subscription money he had received. Affendouli also, another partizan of Russia, went to Crete, and obtained the command of the independent forces; but he was soon considered as an impostor, and very nearly lost his life. Ipsilanti's wish was to organise a general and central government for all Greece; and to put the army into a state of discipline. In these plans he met with much opposition; the captains and ephors uniting to oppose him. The events, too, that attended the surrender of the two strong fortresses of Malvasia and Navarin in the month of August gave him still greater disgust. The garrisons of both these places were reduced to a state of starvation, being obliged to eat their slippers; and, in the case of the former, to feed on human flesh, eating their prisoners, and even their own children. The one surrendered to Cantacuzene, and the other to Tipaldo, the Cephalonian, on the faith of being transported in Greek vessels to the coast of Natolia; while, however, these treaties were pending, the news arrived of the murder of the patriarch, and of the Greek clergy, at Adrianople,
and excited the troops to a pitch of fury; a cosiderable number of the garrisons were therefore sacrificed, and it was with great difficulty, to the generals interposed to save any of them. Ipsilanti, indignant at these disorders, published a proclamation, severely reprehending them; and resigning the command, retired to Leondari, until the alarmed primates and captains sent a deputation to his retreat, and prevailed on him to return. All eyes were fixed on Tripolitia, which was now in a state of close blockade, and its fill daily expected. The usual population was about 15,000 souls; it is also computed, that the garrison, with all the Albanians of the Kuyah, amounted to 8000 men; there could no, therefore, have been fewer than 20,000 pests within the walls; yet they allowed themselves to be blockaded by 5000 undisciplined and l. armed Greeks without artillery or cavalry. While the Turkish horse were in a state for service, the Greeks did not attempt anything in the plain; but their forage soon failed, and the only food they could get was vine leaves. Provisions were become very scarce; and the Greeks had cutte }. and thus intercepted the supply of wale. psilanti, however, was impatient and feltamia to begin a regular siege; but he had neither po per ordnance nor engineers. Some cannon ind mortars had inded been brought from Malvisa and Navarin, and were entrusted to the cated an Italian adventurer, but in the first essay be burst a mortar, and was dismissed. Thingswo in this state, when prince Mavracordato amol bringing with him some French and Italian officers. About the same time arrived Mr. Godon of Cairness, who, sympathising with to condition of the Greeks, loaded a vessel wo cannon, arms, and ammunition, and also few followers on whom he could rely, lo lanti now resumed his design of disciplining * troops; and Mr. Gordon, who had been anofo in the late wars, assisted in forming companie In the beginning of October the Turks bo to make propositions for a capitulation, and to treaty was proceeding, on the 5th, when . accidental circumstance rendered it of no ind and hastened the catastrophe. Some Go soldiers, having approached one of the go began to converse, and, as usual, to barter to with the sentinels. The Turks imprudo assisted them in mounting the wall, but no so had they gained the top than they threw 3. the infidels, opened the gate, and displayed to standard of the cross above it: immediale!” Christians rushed from all quarters to theaso" and the disorder became general. The Tuñs o mediately opened a brisk fire of cannot *. small-shot; but the gates were carried; the * scaled; and a desperate struggle was kept "P" the streets and houses. Before the end of * day the contest was over, and the citadel, ** held out till the next evening, surrendered discretion. About 6000 Turks, it is said, pens” some thousands were made prisoners, and to bers fled to the mountains. While these transactions were occursor * Tripolitza, four pachas proceeded in the moto of August frcm the frontiers of Thessalo
Macedonia to Zeitouni, with the design of forcing the straits of Thermopylae, and in conjunction with the Ottoman troops, at Thebes and Athens, relieving the besieged fortresses in the Morea. Odysseus was stationed on a height above the defiles at a place called Fontana. They sent a body of 300 horse to reconnoitry his position, but this detachment was cut to pieces. The next day they attacked him with their whole force; at first the Greeks gave way, but a brave chief, named Gouraz, made a stand, and rallied the fugitives. They returned to the charge, and the infidels were routed with the loss of 1200 men. One of the pachas was slain, and vast quantities of baggage and ammunition taken. This was on the 31st of August, and was a victory of immense importance to the cause. About the same time the bishop of Carystus raised an insurrection in Euboea, and endeavoured to intercept the communication between Athens and that island. The grand Ottoman fleet left the Dardanelles on the 14th of August; it consisted of thirty sail; four of them of the line, and one threedecked vessel. After an unsuccessful attempt on Samos, the commander, Kara Ali, the capitana boy, steered his course northward, the Greeks with 109 vessels pursuing him, but only attempting to separate his fleet, attacking it with fire ships. The Turks, however, took care to avoid these machines, and kept in a close body, always sailing. After this Kara Ali proceeded to Peloponnesus, exciting a general consternation. rom Modon the capitana proceeded to Patras, where 3000 Achaians and Ionians blockaded the place on the land side, and several light vessels cut off the supplies by sea. The latter, on the appearance of the fleet, fled, and either took shelter at Galaxidi, or ran aground in the shallows of Messolonghi, where they were burned by the Turkish boats. Having arrived in the roads, Kara Ali discharged his artillery upon the camp of the Greeks, and the garrison made a sally at the same time; one post resisted, but the remainder of the besiegers fled to the mountains, leaving the few guns they had in the power of the Turks. This event led Ipsilanti to abandon Tripolitza, for the purpose of renewing the blockade and obviating the consequences of this defeat. On the 30th of September, at day break, having learned that the forces of the sultan had landed at Vostizza, he marched to meet them, and, approaching the coast, took his station on an eminence. On the 1st of October, at noon, the fleet steered to the north-east, and in the evening arrived off Galixidi, a commercial town on the bay of Cyrrha, near the entrance, and immediately summoned it to surrender. The Galaxidiotes answered the summons by firing on the boat that brought it. Immediately the attack commenced, and the place was battered for two hours, till night came on, and at day-break for two hours more, when a cloud of flame and black smoke announced but too plainly the issue. The inhabitants had fled to Salona in the mountains, after destroying their batteries. and vessels. The wind changing to the east, the Turkish fleet now proceeded towards Patras.
Demetrius advanced, summoning the garrison of the acropolis at Corinth on his way, and warn ing them by the fate of Tripolitza; having stopped a day or two at Argos, and visited Napoli, he reached Tripolitza on the 15th. The appearance of the town was most wretched; the Mainiotes had carried every thing off, and the prince was assailed on all sides by comP. about the unequal distribution of the
An assembly was now called to meet at Argos for the purpose of organising a government, and the prince repaired thither to attend it; while deputies in the mean time arrived from different parts to demand succours from the administration of the peninsula, and to report what was doing in their districts. In Macedonia the monks of Mount Athos, provoked by the violent proceedings of the Turks, were driven into revolt. The pacha of Salonica had summoned them to receive a Turkish garrison, and, without waiting for a reply, seized a number of servants who cultivated their lands, and had them publicly executed. The monks, upon this, imprisoned the Turkish governor, and 'of a. communication with the forces at Potidea and Torone. The Turks sent expeditions twice against Cassandra, and were as often repulsed; in the latter attack the Christians sallied out and took nine pieces of heavy artillery. Being dis
tressed for provisions they applied to the Pelo
ponnesians for assistance; but, the new pacha of Salonica coming up with an overpowering force, Cassandra was taken by storm on the 12th of November, and its garrison put to the sword. Mount Athos capitulated soon after. About the middle of October a deputation from Mount Olympus arrived at Tripolitza, bringing information that 7000 Macedonians were ready to rise there, and requesting cannon, gun-powder, and officers. Two mortars were sent to them, but they were no sooner landed, than the Turks seized them; the insurrection, however, took place, and has ever since continued. In the Peloponnesus nothing vigorous was effected except at Patras and Napoli. After the capitana bey had supplied the fortress on the coast, and added to his own fleet the squadron that had acted against Ali Pacha, he prepared to return to the Dardanelles. On this the siege of Patras was renewed; towards the
end of the month it was carried by assault, and ,
the garrison again retired into the citadel; but, on the 15th of November, Yusuff Pacha, who had retired into the castle of the Morea, came up with 400 horse and foot, unperceived by the Greeks, entered the gates, and commenced an attack. The garrison of the citadel sallied out at the same time, and the Christians were routed. Mavrocordato and Caradja with difficulty reached a boat, which conveyed them to Messolonghi; their cannon, baggage, and 1500 muskets were taken Ipsilanti wished at this time to hasten the siege of Napoli, and colonel Voutier, a French officer, had been making preparations, but they were greatly deficient in means for attacking so strong a place. A report was spread, that it was on the point of capitulating, and not less than
12,000 peasants were attracted to share its spoils. Scaling ladders were provided, and on the 15th of December at night, arrangements having been made, the attack was commended, but the assailants were completely driven back. After this failure, prince Demetrius went to Argos, and held frequent meetings of deputies, until Mavrocordato arrived, when Ipsilanti's visitors immediately diminished, and a rivalship was evident between these leaders. Ipsilanti, therefore, despairing of carrying his plans into effect, directed his attention to the war, and soon after went to Corinth with Kiamel Bey, by whose influence it was hoped the surrender of that place would be hastened; while, in order to carry on the siege of Napoli without interruption, it was determined that the congress should be removed to Epidaurus. The assemblage of a congress has heen regarded as a new and important era in the Greek Revolution; the anxiety of the nation for the organising of a government was evident from the eagerness with which the people elected the deputies. By the middle of December not less than sixty had arrived, including ecclesiastics, land-owners, merchants, and civilians, most of whom had been liberally educated. They first named a commission to draw up a political code; the rest were occupied in examining the general state of the nation, and laying plans for the next campaign. On the 27th of January, 1822, the independence of the country was proclaimed, and its code published amidst the joyful acclamations of the deputies, the army, and the people. The government was for the present, styled ‘provisional,' while the promulgation of the constitution was accompanied with an address, exhibiting the reasons for shaking off the Turkish yoke. Five members of the congress were nominated as an executive, and prince Mavrocordato was appointed president. Ministers were appointed for the different departments of war, finance, public instruction, the interior,and police; and a commission named of three individuals to superintend the naval affairs. n the mean time the siege of Corinth was vigorously pushed ; but so impregnable was this fortress, that every effort was made to induce the garrison, consisting of not more than 600 men, to surrender. For this purpose Kimail Bey, who had fled from Corinth, leaving his family there, was brought from Tripolitza, in the hope that he might use his influence with the garrison. He, however, proved treacherous, and thwarted the design. A new turn was then given to the operations before Corinth by the arrival of Panowria, a popular chief of Salona, who persuaded the Albanian portion of the garrison to capitulate. On their leaving the place, the Turks declared themselves willing to surrender, and it was stipulated that they should lay down their arms, and be transported by the Greeks to the coast of Asia Minor; but, before the last of these conditions could be fulfilled, the peasants, who had suffered much from the oppressions of Kiamil Bey, burst into the place and wreaked their vengeance on manyofthem.The new governmentsignalised their liberality by a decree for the abolition of slavery, as well as the sale of any Turkish prisoners, who
might fall into their hands, prohibiting it unde the severest penalties; they also passed another edict for a compensation for military services, and a provision for the widows and orphans of those who should fall in battle; and a third regu. laung the internal administration of the provinces. The organisation of the army was also com: menced; a corps called the first regiment of the line was formed and officered from the volumteers of different nations, and, as there were most of them than were requisite for this service, a second was formed of the remainder, which to the name of Philhellenes. Patras was blockaded again by 3000 men, and a smaller body unde the French colonel Voutier was sent to Athers, to reduce the acropolis; the forces before Napoli were augmented, and Modon and Coron closely invested by the armed peasantry around. An event, the most terrific and atrocious this history has ever recorded, marked the comment. ment of the second campaign: the destruction of Scio, and its miserable inhabitants. The Sciots had taken no part in the movement of 1821. In the beginning of May, in that year,” small squadron of Ipsariotsappearing off theos furnished the agawithapretext for his oppressio and he began by seizing forty of the elders wo bishops; who were immured as hostages for * good conduct of the people. ‘On the 23d of April,' says Mr. Blaquiet,” fleet of fifty sail, including five of the line,anco: ed in the bay, and immediately began to bombo the town, while several thousand troops were landed under the guns of the citadel, which is opened a heavy fire on the Greeks. It was in win for the islanders to make any resistance: do serted by the Samians, most of whom embarko and sailed away when the Turkish fleet horro sight, they were easily overpowered, and oths to fly. From this moment, until the last dino act, Scio, lately so great an object of admino to strangers, presented one continued scene of horror and dismay. Having massacred to soul, whether men, women, or children, who they found in the town, the Turks first plunder ed and then set fire to it, and watched the fame until not a house was left, except those of to foreign consuls. Three days had, however,he suffered to pass, before the infidels ventured" penetrate into the interior of the island, and * then their excesses were confined to the or grounds. While some were occupied in pour dering the villas of rich merchants, and otho setting fire to the villages, the air was rent * the mingled groans of men, women, and children. who were falling under the swords and das." of the infidels. The only exception made duri; the massacre was in favor of young women wo boys, who were preserved to be afterwards of as slaves. Many of the former, whose husto had been butchered, were running to and to frantic, with torn garments and dishevelled him. pressing their trembling infants to their breo, and seeking death as a relief from the still gro calamities that awaited them. “Above 40,000 of both sexes had also either fallen victims to the sword, or been seo ed for sale in the bazaars, when it occurred " the pacha, that no time should be lost in persa.
ing those who had fled to the more inaccessible parts of the island to lay down their arms and submit. It being impossible to effect this by force, they had recourse to a favorite expedient with Mussulmans; that of proclaiming an amnesty. In order that no doubt should be entertained of their sincerity, the foreign consuls, luore particularly those of England, France, and Austria, were called upon to guarantee the promises of the Turks': they accordingly went forth,
and invited the unfortunate peasantry to give up
their arms and return. Notwithstanding their long experience of Turkish perfidy, the solemn pledge given by the consuls at length prevailed, and many thousands, who might have successfully resisted until succours arrived, were sacrificed: for no sooner did they descend from the heights, and give up their arms, than the infidels, totally unmindful of the proffered pardon, put them to death without mercy. The number of persons of every age and sex who became the victims of this perfidious act was estimated at 7000.
“After having devoted ten days to the work of slaughter, it was natural to suppose that the monsters who directed this frightful tragedy would have been in some degree satiated by the blood of so many innocent victims; but it was when the excesses had begun to diminish, on the part of the soldiery, that fresh scenes of horror were exhibited on board the fleet, and in the citadel. In addition to the women and children embarked for the purpose of being conveyed to the markets of Constantinople and Smyrna, se– veral hundreds of the natives were also seized, and, among these, all the gardeners of the island, who were supposed to know where the treasures of their employers had been concealed. There were no less than 500 of the persons thus collected hung on board the different ships; when these executions commenced, they served as a signal to the commandant of the citadel, who immediately followed the example, by suspending the whole of the hostages, to the number of seventy-six, on gibbets erected for the occasion. With respect to the numbers who were either killed or consigned to slavery, during the three weeks that followed the arrival of the capitan pacha, there is no exaggeration in placing the former at 25,000 souls. It has been ascertained that above 30,000 women and children were condemned to slavery, while the fate of those who escaped was scarcely less ficalamitous. Though many contrived to get off in open boats,
or such other vessels as they could procure, thousands, who were unable to do so, wandered about the mountains, or concealed themselves in caves, without food or clothing for many days after the massacre had begun to subside on the plains. Among those who had availed themselves of the pretended amnesty, many families took refuge in the houses of the consuls, who were indeed bound by every tie of honor, and humanity, to afford them protection. It has, however, been asserted, upon authority which cannot well
l, e doubted, that the wretched beings thus saved from Mussulman vengeance, were obliged to pay jarge ransoms before they could leave the island. Nay more, numbers of those who escaped the
massacre, affirm, that it was extremely difficult to obtail, even "... protection under the Christian flags, without first gratifying the avaricious demands of those who conceived this ap. palling event a legitimate object of mercantile speculation.’ At the commencement of the campaign Colocotroni with 300 inen was despatched to Patras, where a part of the Turkish fleet had landed a great body of men in the latter end of February. On his approach the Turks went to meet him with almost all their force. Colocotroni, not considering himself strong enough for them, retreated to the mountains; but suddenly stopped, addressed his men, and wheeling about advanced towards the enemy. Upon this the Turks, struck with a panic, thinking he had received notice of a reinforcement, turned their backs and were pursued by the Greeks up to the walls of the town; 500 of them were slain in less than two hours, and Colocotroni blockaded the place. The Ottoman fleet was pursued by the Greeks under Mianli and Tombasi, and the admiral's frigate nearly fell into the hands of the Greeks. Marco Bozzaris and Rango gained many advantages in Epirus, and took Arta, the key of Albania; but, owing to the treachery of Tairabos, it was abandoned. Odysseus and his companions endeavoured to check the enemy in Livadia and Negropont; but the disaster of the Greeks at Cassandra so much strengthened them, that they advanced again and threw some reinforcements into Athens. The fall of Ali Pacha had now so much increased the resources of Choursid, that he concerted measures, which would have been the destruction of the Greek cause, had they been skilfully executed. Mavrocordato, in order to frustrate them, laid a plan to undertake an expedition into Epirus, draw off the Turks from the Morea, relieve the Souliotes, and carry the war into the heart of Albania. He communicated his plan to the executive, and it was determined to place 5000 men at the disposal of the president, who was to lead the expedition in person. The only forces, however, which could be mustered, were the corps of the Philhellenes, and the first regiment of the line, neither of them complete, with 700 men commanded by general Norman and Kiriakouli, to relieve the Souliotes. He arrived at Patras on the 12th of June; but Colocotroni here opposed many difficulties to any of his troops being detached, and he was obliged to leave without the expected assistance. Accordingly he sailed to Messolonghi with only a few hundred men. A large force of the enemy was in the mean time collected at Larissa and Zetonni; Colocotroni suddenly left the blockade of Patras and proceeded with all his army to Tripolitza, leaving an opportunity for the Turkish garrison either to enter the Morea, or cross the Lepanto. Consternation prevailed in the Peloponnesus; Corinth was abandoned and re-occupied by the enemy, not without the suspicion of treachery. The situation of Ipsilanti was at this time very critical, he had no money or provisions, and hardly 1300 men to oppose to 30,000; he therefore, in order to stop the enemy's progress, threw
himself into the citadel of Argos, while Coloco- of November, when the blockading squadron troni took up the strong position of Lerno on the was chased away by six vessels bearing the Grah west of the gulf. The first body of the Turks, flag; and on the 14th Mavromichalis assived consisting of 7000 cavalry and 4000 foot, halted with the long expected succours; a sortiews near Argos, and part of it proceeded to Napoli; then made. But it was of little avail, and the soon after Marchmbut Pacha arrived with 10,000 garrison was so much weakened, that Oms more, The Pacha, however, entered Napoli, Vrioni determined to attack the place. Acco. and continued several days inactive; when, dingly, on the morning of Christmas-day, a threatened with the extremities of famine and five o'clock, 800 men approached the walls drought, he gave orders for the return to Corinth, with scaling ladders unperceived, and tal and his army set out in the greatest disorder. even fixed some, but they were instantly at Colocotroniattacked and destroyed 5000 of them down; the conflict that followed was despeak in a few hours; the advanced guard was attacked and sanguinary, and the Turks were obliged to in the defiles by the Mainiotes under Nikitas, retire with the loss of 1200 men and nine pieces and 1200 perished in the first onset. . These of colors. The rising now became goal successes happened between the 4th and 7th of through the country, and the retreat of the enemy August. On the 18th the Pacha attempted to was intercepted in all quarters; so that of the draw the Greeks into an ambuscade, but they whole force brought into the country, only three got into his rear and he was defeated with great months before, not half escaped. Mavrocorial, loss; the next day, determining to regain the arrived in the Peloponnesus in the early part position they had lost, the Turks again attacked April 1823, after an absence of ten months. under Hadji Ali, who was slain in the engage- The national congress met at Astros, a small ment, and nearly 2000 of his men were lost, as town in Argos, on the 10th of April, 1823, in . well as a large quantity of baggage and several garden under the shade of orange trees; led hundred horses. The Greeks, however, had no 300 deputies were occupied in the deas means of following up their successes. which began at sun-rise. The following a
Ipsilanti advanced to Napoli to assist in its was taken at the first meeting by each memberreduction, while the troops i. under the com- “I swear, in the name of God and my counts, mand of Coliopulo, not being supplied with to act with a pure and unshaken patrious,” rations or pay, became so weary of the service promote a sincere union, and abjure eros that the greater part withdrew, leaving Coloco- thought of personal interest in all the discusses troni's eldest son, with 200 or 300 men to con- which shall take place in this second natu tinue the blockade of Corinth. Soon after this congress.' Having settled a number of impo Colocotroni, at the passes near the isthmus, ant points, its labors ended on the 30th. To stopped the Turks who wished to bring succours .# meeting of the congress was deserted in to Napoli; and they being driven to the greatest two years; and the executive and legislato: extremity of famine, and the Palamida or citadel body was transferred to Tripolitza, where to having been surprised, the garrison had no alter- sures were immediately taken for opening to native left them but to surrender. The Greeks third campaign. took possession of this important place on the The enemy was not idle as the summe; * 11th of January. The Turkish commanders, on vanced; a fleet of seventeen frigates, and so the surrender of Napoli, determined to proceed smaller vessels, was sent with stores to so. to Patras, which the Greeks had lately neglected the remaining fortresses in Negropont, Caio blockading. Setting out in the middle of January, and the Morea; and, after accomplishing this.” they had reached Akrata, near Vostitza, when ject, the capitan pacha arrived at Patras abo a detachment from Messolonghi stopped one of the middle of June. Yusuf 'pacha led to . the passes, and shortly after another body blocked large body to Thermopylae, and Mustapla to up the other; so that the Turks were reduced ducted another to the pass of Neopatra, to to the greatest straits, feeding upon horses, the Zeitouni, the former especially laying was: to herbs on the rocks, their saddles, and at last one whole country, and committing all manner for another. For nearly three weeks longer the place cesses. Odysseus in the mean time arrived to held out, when Odysseus arriving, and on one Athens, and Nikitas from Tripolitza, and as: of the beys being acquainted with him, a nego- of guerrilla warfare was commenced, which s ciation was commenced, by which the garrison harassed the Turks under Yusufi that they so obtained permission to embark, and the beys treated in the greatest disorder. Mustaphao were sent prisoners to Napoli. The number of attacked, and forced to take refuge in Negoso the enemy that perished on this occasion without at Carystos, where he was closely blockoo firing a shot amounted, it is said, to 2000. Thus Marco Botzaris, who commanded the Grease ended the second campaign in the Morea, costing Crionero, fell on the Turks, and either kiko the Turks not fewer than 25,000 men in the Pe- captured two-thirds of their number. To loponnesus alone. same brave leader undertook a forced to
The operations in Fpirus, though on a smaller against Mustapha, who had 14,000 men, who scale, were little less interesting. . Mavrocor- he had only 2000. On assigning each no dato put his forces in motion, and first making part at midnight on the 19th, his last wo a feint, as if he wished to reach Salona, re- were, “If you lose sight of me during the cons. turned on the village of Therasova and entered seek me in the pacha's tent.’ On his amnio Messolonghi on the 17th of October, where the centre, he sounded his bugle, as agreedo greater difficulties than ever awaited him. Here and the enemy, panic-struck, fled in all dio he was besieged by the Turks, until the 9th tions. In the midst of the attack, whic."