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PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.
The fact that twenty years have elapsed since the publication of Mr. Westlake's work on Private International Law, and that no other English writer has since treated exclusively of the subject, may perhaps justify this attempt to supplement the deficiencies which lapse of time has created in that treatise. It is true that a portion of Sir R. Phillimore's voluminous Commentaries on International Law is devoted to this branch of jurisprudence, and that the successive editors of Story's “ Conflict of Laws ” have incorporated into the text references to the more prominent of the modern English decisions ; but neither of these works appears entirely adequate to the requirements of the practical English lawyer ; and the author believes that a less ambitious summary of the English law on the subject may supply a sensible want.
The present work does not purport to be a treatise on Private International Law in the ordinary sense of the phrase. Private International Law is to be collected from the judicial decisions of many nations and from the writings of many jurists. It would be a superfluous, if not a presumptuous task, to undertake the reproduction and analysis of the materials which Story and Westlake, as well as others, have already handled. So far as those writers have expounded the theory and science of this branch of jurisprudence, their works must remain the classics of the subject, with which no subsequent writer is likely to compete successfully. The author has accordingly abstained from rearranging those citations from the jurists which formed the foundation of the science, but which have since become trite under the hands of its professors. The English decisions, on the other hand, which have been built upon that foundation still remain a more or less chaotic mass. Since the publication of Westlake's treatise the importance of the subject to the English lawyer has been extraordinarily developed, and it is not too much to say that on almost every branch of it the law has undergone alteration. The index of cases prefixed to the present treatise, as compared with that of the earlier work, will give some idea of the need which exists for a reconsideration of the subject.
The object of the author, then, has been to attempt to reduce into order the mass of materials which has accumulated ; and to construct the framework of private international law, not from the dicta of jurists, but from the judicial decisions in English Courts which have superseded them. Not only every branch, but almost every ramification of the subject, has now come, directly or indirectly, under the consideration of English tribunals; and it is obvious that in their declarations of opinion the English lawyer, at least, will find his most trustworthy guide. Where their voices are still uncertain, the less authoritative judgments of the text-writers have generally been cited to supplement them.
The summaries which have been subjoined to the different headings are not in any way intended, it is almost unnecessary to say, as an attempt at codification. No branch of jurisprudence is perhaps less adapted to such treatment. They are meant merely to guide the student, to assist reference, and to present the conclusions at which the author has arrived in as clear and definite a form as possible. Without some such assistance it would often be difficult to ascertain the whole effect, or what presents itself to the author's judgment as such, of the cases collected and considered under each heading. To express satisfactorily the amount of certainty which in each particular case is justifiable, while avoiding any assumption of dogmatism or formal codification, unsupported by authority, has throughout been the chief consideration. In order to present a general synopsis of the whole subject, the summaries have been reprinted at the end of the book in a continuous form.
J. ALDERSON FOOTE.
2 DR. JOHNSON'S BUILDINGS, TEMPLE,
TABLE OF CASES.
Abbott v. Abbott .
143 Abd-ul-Messih v. Farra
52, 53, 67 Abouloff v. Oppenheimer 556, 557, 574 Acebal ». Levy
373, 509, 529 Adams v. Clutterbuck .
187, 214 1. Great Western Ry. Co. 143 Aganove's Trust, In re
271 Agnew v. Usher Albion Insurance Co. v. Mills 260, 426 Albo, In re .
84 Alcock v. Smith :
252, 258, 260,
264, 376, 439, 443 Alexander, In the Goods of.
276, 277 v. Vaughan.
321 Alexandria Water Co.
v. Mus. grave
234 Alison v. Furnival
'86, 262, 328, 511 Alison's Trusts
100 Allardice v. Onslow
58 Allen v. Anderson 209, 217, 225 v. Cannon.
321 v. Douglas .
322 v. Kemble.
433, 437, 522 Allhusen v. Malgarejo.
345 Alliance Bank of Simla v. Carey 376,
517, 520 Alves v. Hodgson
378, 380, 381, 529 Amalia, The 409, 485, 497, 498 Anderson v. Laneuville
67, 299 Andros v. Andros
92, 93, 109, 219,
221, 234, 266, 270, 279 Anglo-African Steam Co.,
242 Aogus v. Angus
PAGE Arnold v. Arnold.
298 Arnott v. Redfern
558 Aspin wall v. Queen's Proctor 267, 289 Astor, In the Goods of
280 Atchison v. Dixon
62 Athol, The.
159 Atkinson v. Anderson
93 Attorney-General v, Alexander 140, 246 v. Beatson
298 v. Bouwens
293, 294, 296 v. Campbell 301,
305, 307, 310 v. Cockerell 285, 298 v. Coote .
246 v. Dimond
295 v. Forbes
298 v. Higgins 295 v. Hope
295 V. Jackson
290 V. Jewish Col. onisation Ass. 144.
302, 303, 310 v. Kent
181 9. Mill
215 v. Napier 299 v. New
296 v. Stewart 215, 389 v. Sturge 194 v. Sudeley 297,
298, 311 v. Waldstatt
19, 57 Attwood v. Sellar
429 August, The Australian Investment Co., Ex parte
252 Austrian Lloyd Steamship Co. v.
Gresham Life Assurance. 357
189 Annapolis, The
500 Anstruther v. Adair
333, 393 v. Chalmers
277, 278 Apollinaris Co., In re
513 v. Wilson
513 Appleton v. Lord Braybrooke
532 Arayo v. Carrell .
407 Archer v. Preston
192 Ardaseer Cursetjee v. Perozeboye 105 Arglasse v. Muschamp
193 Armani v. Castrique
461 Armstrong v. Stokes
450 Armytage v. Army tage
528 302, 304
116, 121, 123