« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
Lord Calthorpe, and various other gentlemen, derable expense. I hear, however, that the who favoured the company with their senti. magistrate bas been informed of this villainy, ments.
and obliged them to enter into security ree The fourth Annual Report is in the press, specting their future conduct. The place and will soon be before the public. where they live (Lakra-koonda) is a large
town lying on one side just at the entrance BAPTIST MISSIONS IN INDIA.
into the Mahratta country, and on another (Continued from p. 328.) just at the entrance into South Bahar ; both We proceed with our extracts from tbe which countries the merchant often visits in 92d Report of the progress of these Missions. the way of trade. - Brother Chamberlain has Mr. Mardon writes thus from Goamaltys at our desire left Catwa, and is going to at.
“On Monday, Nov. 12, Deep Chund tempt the forming of a mission station at and I went to Nazir-pore, and discoursed Agra. We have obtained the consent of with a number of people, for nearly two Government for his and brother Peacock's hours, beneath the Baniaa shade. No settling there. My son William is now at people wherever we go give as greater en. Cutwa. At present he almost sinks under couragement than do the inhabitants of the magnitude of the undertaking: but I trust this village. They seem to have a thirst the Lord will strengthen and hold him up. for knowledge. I believe there is scarcely “ On Jan. 23d, Mr. W. Carey writes thus a person in the village that can read, a to Mr. Ward. •I set out on the 11th infew brahmans perhaps excepted, but is in stant to pay a visit to Lakra-koonda, and on possession of some part of the sacred ro. my way went to Kendooli. I think I never lume. Several of them have been solieit. saw such a concourse of people before. We ing me to establish a school for the edu- spoke to a good number, and gave away some cation of tbeir children, which I very papers. From Kendooli we went to Lakra. much wish to do. A school was establish. koonda, and found some of our friends. The ed in June last at another village called principal person, however, was not there. He English, at the unanimous request of all had been falsely accused, and was gone to the inhabitants. They cousist mostly of the court. The people around them are doinvalid sepoys, and their families. Deep ing all in their power to injure them. On Chund
and myself were there on Tuesday account of this opposition, those who were last. Several persons paid great attention desirous of baptism were rather intimidated : while he gave them a brief outline of the but after we had been there two days, the life of Christ in Hindoost hanee."
principal person returned ; and his presence " Dr. Carey, in a letter to Mr. Fuller, emboldened the rest. I was much pleased Jan. 29, 1811, says, “The church at Cutwa with his conversation. I baptized ewo, and is now small; bui they have lately had the left them the same day. I was from home addition of one member, a native, and I about nine days. We have received into hear of six or seven more who are desirous the church the man whom Kangalee baptizof being baptized. One of these. Kreeshina ed. He has given me much pleasure. He Rosha, is a native merchant, of considerable was a Vishnuva. We expect to receive auproperts, who formerly bad a house of goods. other soun. Kangalee has been very ill After hearing and reading the Gospel, he since his return, but is better now.'” expelled his idols, tied them up in straw, and On the 27th March, Mr. Ward adds; sent them to brother Chamberlain, who sent " A few days ago I received a letter from. them to Serampore. This was a year and a Labra-koonda, and am sorry to say the op. half ago. He also clave up a fine Rutha, or position continues. Kreeshna-Rosha is a Car, of the god Krishna, and used it for rich man, and I have reason to think-a fire-wood. His ci-devant temple is filled Christian. Since he has renounced idolatry with merchandize. Tliere are others who and destroyed the idols he had set up, the adhere to him, and who have received the Jemindar of the place has accused him of word of God. These people living too far many things of which be is perfectly clear. from Catwa to attend the Gospel (about They have lodged a complaint against him sixiy miles) have, 1 understand, sanctified for the rent of land to the amount of ninety the Lord's-day to reading the word and rupees, of which he knows nothing. All carrying on the worship of the true God in the people of the court are his enemies, by the best manner they are able. Their hea. which he has lost and is losing a great deal, then neighbours have taken every opportu- and I fear willisoon be ruined, if something nity in their power to injure them, and have cannet be done for him." by some false charges in the Zilla Court of The accounts of the mission at JESSORS Bbeerbou be, occasioned one of them consi. are very favourable.
By the indefatigable labours of C. C. length one of them, being afraid of the con. Aratoon, the church at this station," say the sequence of treating him thus, persuaded the Missionaries, " is greatly increased. At the others to let him out of prison. They then close of 1810, it consisted of nearly sixty took four rupees from him, and left him, members, thirty-two of whom were baptized saying, 'Go home; you may make your in that year; namely, fourteen Mussulmans, house, but do not prcach in these parts. If and cighteen Hindoos of various casts. Six you do, we will kill you some day.' Manik. more were baptized on Jan. 6, 1811, and sha replied, “You are able to kill my body, eight more were to have been baptized on but you are not able to destroy my soul. March 17 ; but from Aratoon's wishing to One of their servants then struck him, say. administer the ordinance in their own vil. ing, Go away from this place; we do not lages, it was deferred in respect of six of want to hear you.' them.
“At some places, however, they are " This church consists of four branches, treated more kindly. On Sept. 10th, (saya each about thirty miles' distance from the Aratoon) I went to a village called Dotoother, the whole comprehending an extent para, where the Head man invited me to of country little less than a hundred miles preach in his house, which I did; and on in diameter. Partly to relieve the poor the 4th of October, he sent me another invipembers from travelling, and partly to dif- tation, and promised to prepare a place for fuse the Gospel, this amiable man goes thie me to preach in. Pran-Krishna, on retumwhole circuit every month; preaching and ing to his village about a week after, was administering the Lord's Supper at one allowed by the Head-man to preach even in branch, then in the course of the week tra- his (the Head-man's) house. velling to the next, and so on. At his re- " If any of the members through fear or quest four native brethren have been sta- shame disown Christ, the discipline of Ara tioned at these different branches, who dis- toon is, when they profess to repent, to repense the word, and converse with inquirers quire, as the test of their sincerity, that they when he is absent : viz. Seetaram, of whom go in company with one or two of the brehonourable mention has often been made; thren, to the same place, and there publicy Manik, who has itinerated for several years; acknowledge him.” Prau-krishna, baptized at Serampore, who Mr. F. Carey, in a letter from Rangoox, has suffered much for the Gospel; and Ma dated Jan. 1811, observes; aik-sha, a steady man, baptized by Aratoon * I am now able to smatter a little in the himself.
Barman language, and hope I shall be en“ These people are very poor.
• Their abled to put it into use as opportanities pastor himself (says Mr. Marshman) is a occur. I often get into conversation with poor man, nor have they a rich man amongst my teacher, who I think at times is ashamed them. The hardships they encounter iu em- of his religion. He is a man of real learning, bracing the Gospel are truly serious.' of of deep penetration, and is very inquisitive: these the following examples, from the jour. he is not satisfied unless he gets to the bottom pals and letters of Aratoon, may suffice. of every thing. I believe he is also greatly
“ Chougacha, Aug. 2, 1810. - Brother attached to me. My mind is bent on getting Pran Krishna and his family came hither, in a perfect knowledge of the language, which consequence of their being turned out of the I hope the Lord will enable me to accomhouse and village in which they lived. The plish. Pray for me. My only wish now is, Zemindar, or Head-man in the village, stirred that I may be made a blessing in this counup a number of persons to turn him out. He try, even as you have been in Bengal. Ta told Pran Krishna,' that he brought other see the cause of Christ established in this persons thither to preach the Gospel, and land will be the consummation of all my dethat others in the village would embrace fires. Christianity: they would therefore turu lim “ The Burman I delivered from the cross out of the village, for it was better to lose has turned out a bad man. He has been him than to lose a number of others." again detected in thieving, and is in custody
“ March 20, 1811. The Zemindars of for it. The agonies of a cross were insutfi. Sooryadeeya called on Manik-slea, and asked cient to reclaim him." him why he was making a house? He an- or the ORISSA mission it is said: owered, I am a Christian, and am making Mr. John Peter, who engaged in this a house to worship in. They then flogged mission but from the beginning of 1810, las him, and kept him in prison three days, in less than a year seen good fruit arise from without giving him any thing to eat. At his labours, and those of the pative brother
Krishna-das. On Oct. 1, he says the church church, except one, give me pleasure. Their
(To be continued.)
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
is important to learn what is the view which
Bonaparte has taken of the Orders in CounWar has been at length declared between cil. He considers them as baving been a Rossia and FRANCE.: An account of the powerful obstacle to the attainment of his negotiations which preceded ibis rupture purposes. “ The system of England," he has been published by Bonaparte; and it says, was triumphant. Her Orders in serves remarkably to confirm the views which Council threatened to produce the most inhare usually been entertained both of the portant results;"--and, to prevent these regeneral perfidy of his character, and of his sults, the utmost efforts are declared to have peculiar and deep-rooted batred to England. been necessary. The papers, which have now been given to ' It is impossible, in reading the papers to the world, do not, we admit, make any new which we have referred, not to be struck discoveries. They put an end, bowever, to with the persect contempt which Bonaparte all controversy on some important points, entertains for public opinion. A single in. and furnish the Governinent of this country stance will serve as an illustration. He with a very sufficient justification of the Jays his hands on the duchy of Oldenburgh, identical measures of its policy which have and adds it to his dominions. The Emperor seemed to some persons the most question of Russia remoustrates in favour of his relaable. We allude particularly to the attack tion, the Duke. Bonaparte replies, that the of Copenhagen, and the Orders in Council. duchy is so dovetailed into his states, so very Bonaparte's secretary for foreign affairs conveniently situated for giving an arrondisseecruples not to declare, in his master's name, ment to his territory, that he cannot possibly that by the treaty of Tilsit, France and part with it, but that he will give the Duke Russia had engaged " to summon the three an indemnification elsewhere; a slice, we courts of Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Lis- presume, of Turkey, or of Prussia. This bon to close their poris against the English, reply dues not satisfy Alexander; and Boto declare war against England, and io in. naparte affects to consider his dissatisfaction sist on the adoption of the sume measure by with so fair and reasonable an offer, as conthe various powers.” And yet, in the same clusive evidence of a hostile disposition. breath, he complains that England was By way of interlude to the negotiations guilty of violating the rights of nations, in between France and Russia, there appears, seizing the fleets of Deuinark, He likewise among the papers published on that subaffirms, that the main object of this treaty ject, a letter dated April 17, 1812, from was to undermine the maritime power of the Duke of Bassano, the French minister Great Britain, by destroying her trade; an for foreign affairs, to Lord Castlereagl, proobject, indeed, to which the whole bent of posing peace; together with his lordship’s Bunaparte's genius, as well as the general cure answer. The proposition was manifestly in rent of his measures, appears to have been tended to serve no other end than that of directed. It was, as he himself avows, in influencing the pending discussions with order to accomplish this objeci, that he added Russia; a copy of it having been transmitted Holland and the Hanse towns to his em. to St. Petersburgh before it could have been pire; and it is with the same view that he known that it liad reached London. In the has now involved himself in war with Russia. communication which is made of this proHis grand complaint against Russia is, that posal to the Russian court, Bonaparte rather she hus faroured English commerce, There affects to have been moved to this offer of are some minor points of difference bel ween peace by commiseration for the unhappy France and that power; but this fornus the condition of England." The distress felt corpus delicli, the real, the avowed ground by England, the agitations to which she is 8 of hostility. Under these circumstances, it prey, and the changes which bave taken place
in her gorernment, decided his Majesty to Bonaparte has already published several take this course." The basis on which the Bulletins of his Grand Army. The First is French minister proposed to treat was: dated at Gumbinnen, June 20th. It briefly
“ The integrity of Spain shall be gua- states the preparatory measures which France ranteed. France shall renounce all idea of had adopted in the contemplation of Rusextending her dominions beyond the Pyren- sian hostilitics; the march of various divie nees. The present dynasty shall be declared siuns of the French army to Poland; the inindependent, and Spain shall be governed crease of the garrison and munitions of by a national constitution of her cortes. Dantzic; the conclusion of a treaty offensive
“The independence and integriry of Pore and defensive with Austria, by which each tugal shall be also guaranteed, and the House power engaged to assist the other with 30,000 of Braganza shall have the sovereign authority. men, and of a similar treaty with Prussia ;
“ The kingdom of Naples shall remain in and lastly, the nuovements of Bonaparte himpossession of the present monarch, and the self: he crossed the Vistula on the 6th of kingdom of Sicily shall be guaranteed to the June. The Second Bulletin is dated at Wil. present family of Sicily.
kowski, June 22, and, after detailing some " As a consequence of these stipulations, movements of the troops, and some farther Spain, Portugal, aod Sicily shall be evacuat- abortive attempts at negotiation, announces ed by the French and English land and na- that Bonaparte had issued orders to pass the val forces.
Niemen : “The couquered assume the lone “With respect to the other objects of dis- of conquerors : fate drags them on : let their cussion, they may be negotiated upon this destinies be fulfilled. The second war of basis, that each power shall retain that of Poland bas commenced." The Third Bullewhich the other could not deprive it by war.” tin, dated at Kowno, June 26, details the
This offer was prefaced by a detail which passage of the Niemen, and the movements was intended to fix on England the guilt, of different corps. The Fourth Bulletin is not only of recommencing the war, and un- dated from Wilna, the 30th June, to which necessarily protracting it; but of giving to it place Bonaparte had advanced; the Russians that peculiar character of harshness which it retreating, and wasting every thing before has unhappily assumed.
them, without coming to an engagement. The reply of Lord Castlereagh, dated 23d Their magazines appear to have been every April
, is chiefly confined to a request that where destroyed, previous to their retreat. the Duke of Bassano would explain the pre- The Fifth Bulletin, which is still dated from cise meaning which the French government Wilna, on July 6, contains details of the attaches to the words “ the present dynasty" subsequent movements of the different corps of Spain. If they mean that the brother of of the French army, and the retreat of the the head of the French government is to be Russians: 10 action is stated to bave taken recognised as possessing the royal authority, place, beyond mere affairs of out-posts; and then the obligations of good faith will not yet there are strong indications that somepermit the Prince Regent to receive a pro- thing more than these bas occurred, and that position founded on such terms. But if they the French must bave suffered severely. Bosefer to Ferdinand the Seventh, the Prince naparte had laboured in his former bulletins Regent will then be disposed to enter into to lessen the amount of the Russian force. full explanations on the proposed basis, it In this he represents it as consisting of being his earnest wish to contribute to the no less than 200,000 men. He talks also of repose of Europe. A few words are added, ge- a storm, by which lie had lost several thounerally denying the fairness of the imputa- sand horses, by which convoys of artillery tions contained in the Duke of Bassano's had been stopped, and which had caused letter, and expressing an anxious desire that, such a rush of the inhabitants in vast whether at peace or war, the relations of the crowds into the suburbs of Wilna, as had in. two countries might be restored to the liberal jured them. He dwells, moreover, on trivial principles usually acted ou in foriner times. circumstances. The King of N aples, with
It is unnecessary to offer any comment on his corps, kills nine men and makes about a the letter of Lord Castlereagh. It was per- dozen prisoners. The immense magazines haps the only answer which it became a fornied by the Russians in Samogitia, are minister of this country, pledged as we are to stated to have been burned by themselves. Spain, to make ; and unquestionably it is ex. This proves that the Russian generals have pressed in calm, moderate, and yet dignified systematically adopted their present mode language. No notice has been taken of it of warfare ; and we trust they will continue by the French government,
to pursue it, until Bonaparte has advanced
too far into a desolated country to be able cavalry an opportunity of fartlier proving cven to make good his retreat.
their superiority. The latest dispatches from
Lord Wellington are dated from Nava, about The French papers announce the re-esta. fifteen leagues froin Valladolid. blishment of the kingdom of Poland, and In the Asturias, General Bonnet, who comthe assembling of the diet at Warsaw, which manded the French force there, is said to bas con tituted itself into the General Confe- have been so pressed by the Guerillas, as deration of Poland.
to be under the necessity of evacuating that
province. A Spanish force has laid siege to A peace was concluded between Russia Astorga. and TURKEY prerious to the commence- In the south, Soult had collected an army ment of the war with France; but it is af- of 25,000 men, with which he advanced tofirmed by Bonaparte, that the Porte refuses wards General Hill, who, with a force to ratify the treaty, and that war will be nearly equal to his own, was posted at Al. immediately renewed on the part of that boera. A battle was expected in this quarpower. This is probably, however, only the ter; but Soult lias suddenly retired towards sanguine anticipation of what he hopes to Seville; in consequence of which General effect by means of the ambassador whom he Hill has moved forward to Almandralejo. Gehas sent so Constantinople; as the letters neral Ballasteros has experienced a defeat in Teceived by the regular channel of commu. Andalusia. In other parts of Spain, sucnication, are silent as to any such occur- cessful expeditions have been undertaken by терсе. .
the Guerillas, aided by the British ships of
war, against different points occupied by the Sweden, it is supposed, will take a part enemy. A considerable body of British in the war against France ; but we appre- troops from Sicily, joined by some Spanish hend, that, in the present exhausted state of regiments from Minorca, were about to make her resources, it will be almost impossible a descent in Catalonia. And it is said, that for her to transport and maintain large ar. Spain has at last consented that an army of mies, unless she is largely assisted with Spaniards shall be formed, to be trained and money.
commanded by British officers. Conformably to the expectations which
UNITED STATES. were formed respecting the course of events The intelligence received from America, in Spain, Lord Wellington has advanced has assumed, in the course of the present into the interior of that country. He en. month, a still more decided character of bostered Salamanca on the 17th of June; the tility than before. A resolution of an hostile army of Marmont retreating towards Toro, description, and supposed to be in favour and leaving a garrison of eight huudred men of immediate war with Great Britain, had in some strong fortifications, which had been been adopted by both the House of Re. erected by the labour of three years, on the presentatives and the Senate; so that an ruins of the colleges of Salamanca. These absolute rupture may be anticipated. We forts it became necessary formally to invest. cannot but deplore this unhappy issue. We They were carried by storm on the 27th, are, however, fully of opinion, that while with the loss of upwards of one hundred Anerica has most unseasouably and vujustmen killed, and three hundred and fifty ly hurried on this contest, she is likely to wounded. Marmont, who, though he re- be by far the greatest sufferer from it. But mained in sight with his whole army, did not we will not entirely abandon the hope, althink it prudent 10 interrupt Lord Welling- though we confess it is a very faint one, ton's proceedings at Salamanca, since the that hostilities may yet be stayed, and that fall of these forts, has retired towards Valla- the world will be spared the farther aggravadolid. No general action has taken place, tion of its calamities, which must be the but several severe skirinishes have given our consequence of such a war.
GREAT BRITAIN. PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS. pear that the evil was of a nature which the 1. The state of insubordination and out- existing powers of the magistracy were unrage, in some northern counties, having be able to repress. They gave a brief view of the come such as to call for the interfereace of lawless proceedings of ihe rioters, and of the Parliament, a secret comınittee was appoint- system of military organization which they ed by cach house to consider the subject. are stated to have adopted, similar in many The reports of these committees made it apo respects to that which in Ireland preceded