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For the Christian Observer, dorf, who were sent by the Hallish

institution for the conversion of the

Jews. He prepared for the practice WRITTEN FROM MARK CVI., PATRI

of physic, and entered into an useARCH OF THE COPTS, TO A MORA

ful acquaintance with the Franks

residing there (for so all Europeans A GERMAN writer * of the Moravian

are called in Turkey). Having so communion, in his History of the far learned the Arabic language, Brethren, translated by the Rev. B. which is also used in Abyssinia, Latrobe, and printed in London, and has some connection with the 1780, p. 433, §. 193, mentions, that language of the country, as to be “In the year 1750, by means of a

able to express himself tolerably French gentleman, who, as he said, well in it, and translate his credenhad been in Ethiopia, and who aimed tials, he delivered them, on the 28th at returning thither by the assistance of November; 1753, to the Patriarch of a European power, the former of the Coptic church, and had many desire of the Brethren was renewed, agreeable and useful conversations of entering into an useful acquaint- with him, concerning the descent, ance with the Ethiopian church, in doctrine, and constitution, of the which, according to their liturgies, a church of the Brethren, and the state good deal of the old apostolical sim- of the Coptic and Abyssinian church; plicity was expected to be met with, during which the tears often stood and the Brethren wished to be of in the eyes of this venerable, hoary some service to this church. The old man. On the 5th day of Kahik, physician, Frederic William Hokker, according to the Coptic calendar, who had been in Persia and Egypt, which was the 12th of December, took the matter to beart; and, in the 1753, he received an answer in the year 1752, proposed to the ordinary, Arabic tongue, of which, omitting ihat he would go to Cairo, in Egypt, the titles usual in the East, I will and wait there for an opportunity of communicate the following extract, going to Ethiopia. His intention which I have translated from the was, to practise there as a physician; Arabic. to learn the Arabic language; to

T. Y. establish an intercourse with the Pa

In the name of the merciful triarch of the Copts, whose oflice it

and gracious God: In God is is to consecrate the Abuna, or arch

salvation, bishop of the Abyssinians; and,

“ From Mark*, the servant of the through him, to obtain an acquaint

servants of the Lord. ance with the Abuna, and to sfer to

“ The peace of our Lord and God, him the services of the church of and the Captain of our salvation, Jesus the Brethren.

Christ, which he, in an upper room at The ordinary was pleased with Zion, poured forth upon the assembly this proposal, and gave him creden- of the excellent disciples and apolials to the Patriarch of the Copts, stles: may he pour out this peace residing in Cairo.

In May, 1752,

upon the beloved, excellent, and Hokker went from London, by way experienced brotier, the venerable of Genoa and Leghorn, to Egypt, and reached Cairo on the 27th of

* The patriarchs of the Copts, who also August. He hired a house, in which bear the title of patriarchis of Alexandria, be also entertained, for some time, Jerusalem, Abyssinia, and Nubia, are all I ke students Schulz and Wolters: called after the evangelist Mark, who is said

to have founded the church of Alexandria; • David Cranz..

and this patriarch was Mark CVI.

bishop, our father Aloysius*, the deeply concerned in the moral chaLiturgist of the Unity of the Brethren. racier of its ministers : that for the This is to testify, beloved brother, moral conduct of the candidates for that the blessed son and venerable orders, bishops must necessarily dedeacon, Irenæus Hokkerf, has de- pend upon the testimony of others; hivered unto us your letter, which and that whoever recommends for was full of affectionate, cordial love. ordination an unworthy young man, We have read it; and it became, niakes himself responsible for all the unto us a taste of your love to all mischief of which he may be the Christian men. We, in like man- cause, when invested with holy orner, pray God for you, and for all ders. A greater degree of strictness, the Christian people, that he may upon this point, would, I am conexalt the glory of the Christians in vineed, be productive of very exthe whole habitable world, through tensive benefit; and colleges, in the nutrition of his life-giving particular, would quickly experieross, &c.I"

ence a material difference in the behaviour of those who are designed

for our holy profession. Young Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. men would naturally become more It has long been a matter of surprise diligent, more regular, more virtue to me, to see what an apparent in

ous in every respect, if they knew difference there appears in the heads

that they should fail in the maior and tutors of colleges, with respect object of their education ; that all to signing college testimonials; and the hopes and expectations of themas I conceive that it is, in

selves and their friends would be

niany cases, the only channel through disappointed; unless by their positive which a bishop can obtain any

good conduct they merited that reknowledge, whether the person who commendation to the bishop, which offers himself for holy orders

now they trust (and in most cases, worthy candidate, I must confess i I fear, with too much reason) that am far from thinking it a mere mat- they shall certainly obtain, unless ter of form; and in support of this they be guilty of some gross immy opinion, I cannot help adding morality. I say not this from any those of two of our prelates, for want of respect for our universities, whose judgment and learning I have but from a real regard for their best a high respect; I mean, the bishop

interests, and from a conviction that of Lincoln and the bishop of Dur the discipline which they observe is ham. The bishop of Lincoln, in a

of great importance to the cause of Aote on his Exposition of the 36th religion, and to the welfare of the Article, writes to the following ef- kingdom at large.” fect. “I cannot omit this oppor

The bishop of Durham, in a letter

to the clergy of his diocese, writes wish,

that parochial clergymen, and thus : “ Testimonials for orders and the governing part of colleges in our

preferment, I fear, for the credit of universities, would be more correct

the clergy, the honour of the church upon the subject of signing testimo- of England, and the interests of renials

, than, it is to be feared, they ligion, are too often considered in are at present. They should refleci, another view, and as resting on other that the interests of religion are

ground. We are too apt to be mis

led by the strange prejudice of the + Frederic, or, in German, Friedrich, that of mere form, and to be influenced

times, that testimonials are matters is, Rich in peace.

A Correspondent has expressed a strong by a good nature, mistaken and misdesire to know, in what authors the most applied. I confess myself at a loss accurate account of the Abyssinian church to conceive what may be included may be found.-EDITOR,

under the term form, if the most


* Lewis.

solemn attestation, not only nega- both king and people at the present tive, but positive; not only from day, that the one may not be ashamvague report, but from personal ed to offer such a petition, and that knowledge for the time certified, to the other may find one of his highest a character recommended for the gratifications in accepting it!

H. B. strictest purity of life and soundness of doctrine, as qualifications for be- "A Supplication, made by the Assent coming a public teacher of the Go- of the Governors of the Poor, in spel, and a public example of its the Name of the same Poor, to the precepts, can be comprehended un- King's Majesty, for the Obtaining der that appellation. On the veracity of the House of Bridewell. A. D. of the subscribers, the bishop must 1552. rely, in ordination, institution, and license. If he be deceived, I need

“ For Jesu Christ's sake, right dear not represent in how cruel a silua- and most dread sovereign Lord, tion he is placed; since the conse. We, the humble, miserable, sore, quences will be imputed, by the sick, and friendless people, beseech world, to his supineness and neglect. your gracious Majesty to cast upon But the consequences will not be us your eyes

of mercy


compass confined solely to him; they will be sion, who now, by the mighty operaextended to ihe most valuable in- tion of Almighty God, the citizens terests of your order, of religion, and of London have already so lovingly of mankind. By the introduction of and tenderly looked upon, that they an unfit or disreputable member, the have not only provided help for the first is dishonoured, and the two last maladies and diseases, and the virtuinjured. He occupies a place in a ous education and bringing-up of our society from which his education, miserable and poor children, but habits of life, imperfections, and, also have, in a readiness most profitperhaps, even his vices, should have able and wholesome, occupations excluded him; and he may eventu. for the continuing of us and ours in ally, by the prostitution of patron- godly exercise : by reason whereof, age and betraying the trust which we shall no more fall into that pudo it implies, obtain those professional dle of idleness, which was the moemoluments which should never be ther and leader of us into beggary the reward but of talents, industry, and all mischief, but from henceand virtue.”

forth shall walk in that fresh field R. H.

of exercise, which is the guider and

begetter of all wealth, virtue, and To the Editor of the Christian Observer. honesty. But, also, most gracious

Lord, except we find favour in the The interest excited by the ex. eyes of your Majesty, all this their tract from Holingshed in your last travail, and our bope of deliverance number, respecting Bishop Ridley's from that wretched and vile state, exertions in favour of the distressed cannot be attained, for lack of har. poor of this city, in obtaining the bour and lodging: and therefore, royal residence of Bridewell, as “a most gracious Sovereign, hear us house of occupations,” for their re- speaking in Christ's name, and for lief, may perhaps be gratified by the Christ's sake have compassion on us, following "Supplication" of the ci- that we lie no longer in the street tizens to the youthful monarch for for lack of harbour. And, that our that purpose. I have frequently old sore of idleness may no longer perused it with pleasure. All is vex us, nor grieve the commonweal, founded on Christ: for his sake they our suit, most dear Sovereign, is for petition, for bis sake the Christian one of your grace's houses, called Edward is requested to grant. God Bridewell: a thing, no doubt, both, grant that such a spirit may animate womeet for us to ask of your Majesty,

and also to enjoy, if we asked the founder thereof, and to further all same of our sinful living and un- their suits, &c. worthiness' sake: but we, as the poor members of our Saviour Jesu Christ, sent by him, most humbly To the Editor of the ChristianObserder. sue to your Majesty, in our said I am an old man, Mr. Editor, apMaster's name, Jesu Christ, that we, proaching fast to that period when for bis sake, and for the service he the praise or dispraise, the courtesies haih done to your Grace and all the or discourtesies, of my fellow-men, faithful Commons of your realm, in will be alike matters of indifference spending his most precious blood for to me. Nevertheless, short as is the you and us, may receive in reward term of years to which I look forat your Majesty's hand, given to us ward, I fear that the demise of true his members (which of his great politeness amongst my countrymen mercy he accounteth and accepteth, is likely to precede mine. In the in our behalfs, as granted and given middle class of them at least, it is to himself), the same, your Grace's fast upon the decline; and as that house, as a most acceptable gift and is the class with which I mix most, great obligation offered unto him : against it more particularly shall and then, not we, but he, our said my remarks be pointed. Here I Master and Saviour, which already anticipate a load of hard imputahath crowned your Majesty with an tions, which your fashionable read. earthly crown, shall, according to ers will throw upon me : the prejuhis promise, crown your Grace with dices of early associations, and the an everlasting diadem, and place bigoted partialities of old age, are you in the palace of eternal glory : phrases which I can almost fancy and not we only, but the whole that I hear thundered out against congregation and church spread me. But, indeed, my young friends throughout the world, shall, and do me injustice, if they suppose that will, night and day, call and cry in- I look back with any thing like sacessantly unto our said loving and tisfaction upon the customs and resweet Saviour and Master to preserve gulations of polite society in my and defend your Majesty, both now younger days. So far am I from and ever."

regarding them with approbation, To the delivery of the aforesaid that I feel a sort of retrospective horsupplication were appointed, Sirror whenever I reflect upon them; Martin Bowes, Knt. ; Sir Rowland for most of them were inconsistent Hill, Knt.; Sir Andrew Jud, Knt. ; with ease; and ease is the cement of Sir John Gressham, Knt.; Sir John society, without which it would be Ayleph, Knt.; Master William Ches- jrksome, and its very end defeated. ter; Master Lodge; Master Brown; I rejoice to have seen the disguising Master Marshe; Master Blondell; peruke give way to the more conMaster Barthelet; Richard Grafton. venient crop; the ponderous shoe

It was ordered, That my Lord of buckle, to the lighter tie. Still more London should be required also to do I rejoice in those improved notions go with them, who also went with of hospitality, which leave the guest ihem, and did himself deliver the at liberty to consult bis inclination said Supplication, with his own and his health, and wbich do not hands, vnto the King's Highness, in influence a host to believe that he his inner closet, kneeling on his cannot fulfil bis duty to his guests, knees; and there made a long and without transforming them into irralearned oration to the commenda- tional beings, and laying the founijon of the citizens in the travail of dation for aching heads and sick this good work, and greatly stirred, stomachs. A bundred restraints, by wonderful persuasions, the King's which formerly interfered with the Majesty to be the pairon and freedom of conversation, and the facility of forming acquaintances, espe- guest is there at liberty to folcicially between the sexes, are now low his own inclination : not only done away. The officious civility 'so, he is provided with the means of with which a hostess persecuted her doing it. It is because he provides visitors, is abolished; that most an- these means, that the great man noying interruption to conversation, himself is released from the nethe drinking of healths, is declining cessity of personal attention to his rapidly; the bridal ceremonies are friends. His Grace has books in becoming more proper, and more one room, billiards in another, and delicate. Noi to tire you with the conversation in a third; horses and prolixity of old age, Sir, I rejoice servants, at the service of his visiin all changes, whether of manner tors; and he reasonably thinks, that, or dress, that have had ease for having provided them with all the their object, and propriety for their means of amusement which he can guide.

devise, he may be at liberty to folBut if I detest form, in a still low his own inclination in turn. greater degree so I abhor a negli- This is right; and however he may gent indifference to the comfort of employ himself during the mornthose about us. A wakeful regard ing, none of his guests have any for the feelings of others, is the right to complain of his inattention leading feature of true politeness. to them. But if Squire Dobbins, This is a matter of duty, in the first who from his situation in life cannot place, because we are bound to re- obviously afford the same amusespect a man's feelings, nor have we ments to his guests, should affect the any right to wound them unneces. same exemption, it would be ridi. sarily. It is also a matter of po- culous. If, for instance, the squire, licy, because we are likely to secure or his daughters, the Misses Dob. from others the same consideration bins, should think it right to emthat we shew them. But true po- ploy themselves all the morning liteness requires of us more than a without consulting the wishes of mere respect for the feelings of our their visitors, they would surely be neighbour, a mere toleration of his guilty of rudeness towards those failings; it demands of us to do all whom they asked to visit them, and in our power to promote his com- who, in so confined a circle, must fort.

necessarily be very much dependBut if true politeness consists in ent on their host's exertions for the a tender consideration for the feels agreeable employment of their time. ings and the failings of our neigh- Doubly ungracious would this nego bours, and an active attention to lect be in the Misses Dobbins, if their comfort, I fear it will be found they should happen to be very much that these ends are very imper- the juniors of those whose claims fectly answered by some of the upon their attention they thus disremodern usages of society. And this, garded. I speak from observation, as far at least as regards the middle Sir, when I say that this species of class (of which chiefly I mean to inattention is not only a common," speak), is in great measure to be but an increasing, evil. Do, pray, attributed to a rage for imitating the put in your caveat against it, and manners of the great. Now, it impress it upon your readers, that ought to be recollected, that what affectation of all kinds is ridiculous, in one class is right and becoming, but this both ridiculous and unfeels may in another be absurd. Nothing, ing. Teach them, that the offices of for instance, can be more proper, or civility, so far from degrading, do more pleasant, than the unceremo- in truth confer the truest dignity ; nious treatment which it is the fac and that he or she who affects a deshion now for every one to meet gree of importance in society, which with in a great man's house. Each agrees not with their rank in it, is

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