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of this, the noblest of the liberal arts; for, in the encouragement of sculpture, they construct imperishable records of historical events which serve not only as monuments of all that is and was illustrious in the present or the past, but place defore the rising generation mon. itors, who speak to their young minds silent but impressive lessons of usefulness and wisdom. The influence of the plastic arts on the social condition of man, is felt and appreciated in proportion to the encour. agement they receive from the hands of the community at large. If they are fostered with liberal affection in their infancy, they, in their full maturity, return with tenfold interest the care bestowed on them in their youth.

A people, before whose eyes the godlike creations of the sculptor are ever present, must, of necessity, insensibly imbibe a refinement of taste and feeling immeasurably beyond the price of the creation of such works. Over the minds of all classes they pour a softening in. fluence, irresistably powerful in their moral tendency, which at once calms the rude passions into gentleness, and elevates the mind to a just appreciation of every thing that is ennobling in the various paths of life.

In the language of Flaxman : “The more common purposes of these arts are to illustrate the several branches of science, from the simple elements to the most complicated forms and exertions; but their superior concerns appeal to the intellect and the reason, by the representation of superior natures, divine doctrines and history, the perpetuation of noble acts, and assisting in the elevation of our minds towards that excellence for which they were originally intended.”

The great aim of sculpture, as well as painting, is not merely the production of servile copies of every earthly lineament, but an imitation of the etherial that spirit of the divinity which lights up, with celestial radiance, the index to the soul—which cannot be caught by the hand of mechanical skill, or stopped in its brilliant coruscation by the wonderful agency of chemical powers. It is part and parcel of the divinity, and alone has the command over its sister essence. magic touch arrests in its rapid career, the vivid flashes which illumines the dull, cold clay of mortality, and proclaims man the master work of God. This is the province of art; and he alone who can rise above the servile delineations of minutiæ, and give to his work the impress of thought, is truly an artist. Imitation, not copy, is the test of genius. “ Art does not copy nature ; it co-operates with herit

Its

interprets nature—it makes palpable her finest essence-it reveals the spiritual source of the corporeal, by the perfections of its incarnations. It implies a marriage between intellect and soul. It is the fairest offspring of the human mind. Its beginning of existence is a rising upward from the finite towards the infinite-its life is a struggle after perfection--its home is in the inmost chambers of the spirit, where it is apparelled by beauty to shed radiance on the earth. Art is mental procreation, and the mind of a people can no mere grow without art, than its body can without generation. It embalms the past—it beau. tifies the present-it facilitates and widens the future.*

* Preface to the correspondence between Schiller and Goethe, translated by George H. Calvert, Baltimore, 1841.

COMMERCIAL STATISTICS OF NEW ORLEANS.

RECEIPTS AND VALUE OF PRODUCE FROM THE INTERIOR.
A Table showing the receipts of the principal articles from the inte-

rior, during the year ending 31st August, 1848, with their estimated
average and total value.
Articles.

Amount. Average.

Value. Apples, barrels,

39518 $3 00 $118554 Bacon, ass'd., hhds. and casks,

28909 32 00

925088 Bacon, assorted, boxes,

16210 20 00

324200 Bacon Hams, hhds. and tierces,

18539 45 00

834255 Bacon, in bulk, pounds,

381140

15245 Bagging, pieces,

77682 13 00 1009866 Bale Rope, coils,

74325 10 00

743250 Beans, barrels,

20485 2 50

51212 Butter, kegs and firkins,

45213
5 00

226065 Butter, barrels,

1156 20 00

23120 Beeswax, barrels,

698 40 00

27920 Beef, barrels,

35598
8 00

284784 Beef, tierces,

14662 14 00

205268 Beef, dried, pounds,

56100

6

3366 Buffalo Robes, packs,

14 65 00

910 Cotton, bales,

1213805 29 00 35200345 Corn Meal, barrels,

47543
2 00

95086 Corn, in ear, barrels,

509583

60

305749

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Articles.

Amount. Corn, shelled, sacks,

1083465 Cheese, boxes,

52362 Candles, boxes,

16750 Cider, barrels,

344 Coal, western, barrels,

32000 Dried Apples and Peaches, barrels, 1585 Feathers, bags,

2594 Flaxseed, tierces,

4393 Flour, barrels,

706958 Furs, hhds., bundles and boxes,

410 Hemp, bales,

21584 Hides,

47662 Hay, bales,

61934 Iron, pig, tons,

701 Lard, hhds.,

459 Lard, barrels and tierces,

216031. Lard, kegs,

303661 Leather, bundles,

6316 Lime, western, barrels,

14920 Lead, pigs,

606966 Lead, bar, kegs and boxes,

787 Molasses, (estimated crop,) gallons, 12000000 Oats, barrels and sacks,

467219 Onions, barrels,

7960 Oil, Linseed, barrels,

2327 Oil, Castor, barrels,

1199 Oil, Lard, barrels,

5401 Peach Brandy, barrels,

4 Potatoes, barrels,

151861 Pork, barrels,

356480 Pork, hhds.,

14201 Pork, in bulk, pounds,

13564430 Porter and Ale, barrels,

3492 Packing Yarn, reels,

3333 Skins, deer, packs,

1361 Skins, bear, packs,

22 Shot, kegs,

5258 Soap, boxes,

5580 Staves, thousand,

2000 Sugar, (estimated crop:) bhds., 240000 Spanish Moss, bales,

2 75 30 00 60 00 17 00

3 00 20 00 1 00 2 80 16 00

21030

27540 3672527 910983 126320

14920 1699504

16

12292 1920000 350415 15920 46540 29975 108020

60

75 2 00 20 00 25 00 20 00 .15 00 2 00 8 50 35 00

3 7 00 7 00 20 00 15 00 18 00

2 50 40 00 40 00

303782 3030080 497035 406932 24444 23331 21220

330 94644 13950 Articles.

3406 Tallow, barrels, !

4357

4 00 18 00

80000 9600000

13624 ..78426

Amount. Tobacco, leaf, hhds,

47882 Tobacco, strips, hbds,

8000 Tobacco, chewing, kegs and boxes, 6390 Tobacco, bales,

118 Twine, bundles and boxes,

2132 Vinegar, barrels,

1199 Whisky, barrels,

135333 Window Glass, boxes,

4260 Wheat, barrels and sacks,

149181 Other various articles-estimated at

Average.
55 00
90 00
12 00

3 00
11 00
4 00
7 00
4 00
1 80

Value, 2633510 720000 76680

354 23450

4796 947331

17040 269659 5000000

Total value,
Total in 1846-47,
Total in 1845–46,
Total in 1844-45,

$79779151. 90033256 77193464 57199122

Exports of Cotton and Tobacco, for the year commencing 1st Sep. tember, 1847, and ending 31st May, 1848. 1817-18.

1847-18. Whither Exported.

Cotton-Bales.

Tobacco-Hhde.
Liverpool..v...
...619817.....

8706
London.....

000....

........... 10 08 Glasgow and Greenock......... 27996

000 Cowes, Falmouth, &c............

6270....

............ 1153 Cork, Belfast, &c......

000....

000

2201
Havre.............................123556
Bordeaux ......................

3178....

129 Marseilles...

8659.....

2625 Nantz, Cette and Rouen.... 5275..

100 Amsterdam

1831....

000 Rotterdam and Ghent ............

304....

75 Bremen.....................

8716...

6252 Antwerp, &c ................... 14170.....

3371 Hamburg

791....

239 Gottenburg ......................

4887....

915

7692
Spain and Gibraltar............. 32565....
Havana, Mexico, &c............. 25408.....

617
Genoa, Trieste, &c.............

45229....

3388 China

1190.....

000
Other foreign ports. .......... 13'57.....
New York...,

........... 67578...................... 9573
Boston.....

...............143989.....................* 1619 Providence, R. I.....

1566....................

000 Philadelphia....................

16213...............

1369 Baltimore...

12328..................

200 Portsmouth.

5633,..

000 Other coast wise ports.....

3132..

2:28 Western States.....

1500.....

000

975

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Export of Flour, Pork, Bacon, Lard, Beef, Lead, Whisky, and

Corn, for the year ending 31st August, 1848.

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Exports of Sugar and Molasses, for the year ending Aug. 31, 1848.

1847-8.

1817-8.
SUGAR.

MOLASSES.
Whither Exported. '. Huds. Bbls.

Hhds.

Bbls. New York....... ............36053

2600

5747

31225 Philadelphia........ ......19808

1612

117

10861 Charleston, S. C.............. 3355

639

6660 Savannah

806

118

2334 Providence and Bristol, R. I..

1043

602 Boston ...................

3674
869

1177

5067 Baltimore...............

.11149
3258

1522

12002
Norfolk.
Richmond and Petersburg,..

6858
861

7121 Alexandria, D. C,........ 230

112 Mobile....

1604

9645 Apalachicola and Pensacola.. 1738

426

3984 Other ports..............

171
273

2142

1015 Total....... 89182

11942

11866

90638

.... 5310

Comparative prices of Sugar, on the Levee, on the first of each

month, for five years.*

1847-8 Cents.

1846-7
Cents.

1845-6
Cents,

1844-5 Cents.

1843-4 Cepts,

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September, 5 @ 72 41@ 71 6 @ 64 5 @ 64 510 61 October,

5 @ 71.610 9 6 @ 71 5 @ 6% 6 @ 7 November, 3 @ 51 510 7 5 @ 7 5 @ 5% 5 @ 61 December, 21@ 5

4 @ 6} 3 @ 5 410 64. January,

2 @ 5 5 @ 71 440 6} 20 5+ 4@ 73 February 21@ 5+ 50 71 4@ 6; 21@ 5+ 5 @ 7+ March,

24@ 5 54 @ 74 @ 64 3.@ 51: 5 @ 74 April,

21@ 5:54 @ 71 4 @ 6% 5 @ 64 54@ 74 May,

1f@ 45.

5 @ 7} 410 6 5 @ 64 50 71 June,

11@ 44 5 @ 714 @ 6 410 64 4f@ 67 July,

2!@ 48 5 @ 74 4 @ 61 41@ 61 41@ 69 August, 21 41 510 8 410 74 '50 7 41 a 63

[New Orleans Price Current. *In our review of the Patent Ofice Report, see ante page 538, our estimates for the Sugar Crop of 1847 were taken from the “ • Picayune” of September 1st, 1848. We find, by comparing the tables in the “ Picayune” with those of the “ New Orleans Price Current,” from which the present table is taken, that they are differently made up, though the results are about the same.

In fairness to the Commissioner of Patents, we wish to say that the prices of sugar for the last five years, have ranged higher than our remarks at page 538 would seem to indicate. We find, however, that the average at New Orleans has not reached six cents per pound since 1843-4. We are still of opinion that our estimate for the sugar crop of 1847, is not too low.-[EDITORS.

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