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tions established in pursuance of law for the government of steam vessels in passing, as provided by this Title; and every coastwise seagoing steam vessel subject to the navigation laws of the United States, and to the rules and regulations aforesaid, not sailing under register, shall, when under way, except on the high seas, be under the control and direction of pilots licensed by the inspectors of steamboats.

SEC. 4402. There shall be a Supervising Inspector-General, who shall be appointed from time to time by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall be selected with reference to his fitness and ability to systematize and carry into effect all the provisions of law relating to the Steamboat-Inspection Service, and who shall be entitled to a salary of three thousand five hundred dollars a year, and his reasonable traveling expenses, or mileage at the rate of ten cents a mile,* incurred in the performance of his duty.

SEC. 4403. The Supervising Inspector-General shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, superintend the administration of the steamboat-inspection laws, preside at the meeting of the board of supervising inspectors, receive all reports of inspectors, receive and examine all accounts of inspectors, report fully at stated periods to the Secretary of the Treasury upon all matters pertaining to his official duties, and produce a correct and uniform administration of the inspection laws, rules, and regulations.

SEC. 4404. There shall be ten supervising inspectors, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Each of them shall be selected for his knowledge, skill, and practical experience in the uses of steam for navigation, and shall be a competent judge of the character and qualities of steam vessels, and of all parts of the machinery employed in steaming. Each supervising inspector shall be entitled to a salary of three thousand dollars a year and his actual and reasonable traveling expenses at the rate of ten cents a mile,* incurred in the performance of his duty, together with his actual and reasonable expenses for transportation of instruments, which shall be certified and sworn to under such instructions as may be given by the Secretary of the Treasury.

SEC. 4405. The supervising inspectors and the Supervising Inspector-General shall assemble as a board once in each year, at the city of Washington, District of Columbia, on the third Wednesday in January, and at such other times as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe, for joint consultation, and shall assign to each of the supervising inspectors the limits of territory within which he shall perform his duties. The board shall establish all necessary regulations required to carry out in the

*Amended by act March 1, 1895. See section 4414.

(See p. 72)

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most effective manner the provisions of this Title, and such , regulations, when approved by the Secretary of the Treasury: shall have the force of law. The supervising inspector for the district embracing the Pacific coast shall not be under obligation to attend the meetings of the board oftener than once in two years; but when he does not attend such meetings he shall make his communications thereto, in the way of a report, in such manner as the board shall prescribe.

SEC. 4406. Each supervising inspector shall watch over all parts of the territory assigned to him, shall visit, confer with, and examine into the doings of the local boards of inspectors within his district, and shall instruct them in the proper performance of their duties; and shall, whenever he thinks it expedient, visit any vessels licensed, and examine into their condition, for the purpose of ascertaining whether the provisions of this Title have been observed and complied with, both by the board of inspectors and the master and owners. All masters, engineers, mates, and pilots of such vessels shall answer all reasonable inquiries, and shall give all the information in their power in regard to any such vessel so visited, and her machinery for steaming, and the manner of managing both.

SEC. 4407. Whenever a supervising inspector ascertains to his satisfaction that any master, ma te, engineer, pilot, or owner of any steam vessel fails to perform his duties according to the provisions of this Title, he shall report the facts in writing to the board of local inspectors, in the district where the vessel was inspected or belongs; and, if need be, he shall cause the negligent or offending party to be prosecuted ; and if the supervising inspector has good reason to believe there has been, through negligence or any other cause, a failure of the board which inspected the vessel to do its duty, he shall report the facts in writing to the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall cause immediate investigation into the truth of the complaint, and, if he deems the cause sufficient, shall remove any officer found delinquent.

SEC. 4108. The supervising inspectors shall see that the several boards of local inspectors within their respective districts execute their duties faithfully, promptly, and as far as possible, uniformly in all places, by following out the provisions of this Title according to the true intent and meaning thereof; and they shall, as far as practicable, harmonize differences of opinion existing in different local boards.

SEC. 4409. The supervising inspector shall visit any collection district in which there is at any time no board of inspectors, and within which steam vessels are owned or employed. Each supervising inspector shall have full power in any such district, or in any district where, from distance or other cause, it is inconvenient to resort to the local board, to inspect any steam vessel and the boilers of such steamer, and to grant certificates of

approval, and to do and perform all the duties imposed upon local boards.

SEC. 4410. Each supervising inspector shall report, in writing, at the annual meetings of the board, the general business transacted in his district during the year, embracing all violations of the laws regulating steam vessels, and the action taken in relation to the same, all investigations and decisions by local inspectors, and all cases of appeal, and the result thereof; and the board shall examine into all the acts of each supervising inspector and local board, and all complaints made against the same, in relation to the performance of their duties under the law, and the judgment of the board in each case shall be entered upon their journal; and the board shall, as far as possible, correct mistakes where they exist.

SEC. 4411. The board of supervising inspectors shall establish such regulations as may be necessary to make known in a proper manner, to local inspectors, the names of all persons licensed under the provisions of this Title, the names of all persons from whom licenses have been withheld, and the names of all whose licenses have been suspended or revoked; also the names of all steam vessels neglecting or refusing to make such repairs as may be ordered pursuant to law, and the names of all that have been refused certificates of inspection.

*SEC. 4412. The board of supervising inspectors shall establish such regulations, to be observed by all steam vessels in passing each other, as they shall from time to time deem necessary for safety; two printed copies of such regulations, signed by them, shall be furnished to each of such vessels, and shall at all times be kept posted up in conspicuous places in such vessels.

*SEC. 4413. Every pilot, engineer, mate, or master of any steam vessel who neglects or willfully refuses to observe the regulations established in pursuance of the preceding section shall be liable to a penalty of fifty dollars, and for all damages sustained by any passenger, in his person or baggage, by such neglect or refusal.

+ SEC. 4414. There shall be, in each of the following collection districts, one inspector of hulls and one inspector of boilers, namely: The districts of New York, New York; Boston, Massachusetts; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; San Francisco, California; Albany, New York, New London, Connecticut; Baltimore, Maryland ; Buffalo, New York; Cleveland ,Ohio; New Orleans, Louisiana; Norfolk, Virginia ; Saint Louis, Missouri; Dubuque, Iowa ; Detroit, Michigan ; Chicago, Illinois ; [Jacksonville, Flor

*Reenacted by act of Congress approved February 19, 1895, and made specially applicable to harbors, rivers, and inland waters of the United States. (See p. 71.)

† As amended by acts approved March 1 and March 2, 1895. (See pp. 72 and 74)

ida; Bangor, Maine; New Haven, Connecticut;]* Michigan, Michigan; Milwaukee, Wisconsin ; Port Huron, Michigan; Wil. lamette, Oregon ; Portland, Maine; Puget Sound, Washington; Savannah, Georgia; Pittsburg, Pennsylvania; Oswego, New York; Charleston South Carolina ; Duluth, Minnesota ; Louisville, Kentucky; Evansville, Indiana; Memphis, Tennessee; Nashville, Tennessee; Cincinnati, Ohio ; Gallipolis, Ohio; Wheeling, West Virginia ; Superior, Michigan; Burlington, Vermont; Apalachicola, Florida ; Galveston, Texas; Mobile, Alabama; and Providence, Rhode Island.

The inspector of hulls and the inspector of boilers in the districts enumerated in the preceding paragraph shall be entitled to the following salaries, to be paid under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, namely:

In districts inspecting one hundred steamers and less to a salary of one thousand two hundred dollars per year each.

In districts inspecting over one hundred and less than one hundred and fifty steamers, to a salary of one thousand five hundred dollars per year each.

In districts inspecting one hundred and fifty and less than two hundred steamers, to a salary of one thousand eight hundred dollars per year each.

In districts inspecting two hundred and less than three hundred steamers, to a salary of two thousand dollars per year each.

In districts inspecting three hundred and less than five hundred steamers, to a salary of two thousand two hundred and fifty dollars per year each.

In districts inspecting five hundred steamers and upward, to a salary of two thousand five hundred dollars per year each.

The Supervising Inspector-General shall report to the Secretary of the Treasury the number of inspections for the year next preceding the approval of this Act and thereafter, at the end of each fiscal year, the number of steamers inspected in each local district in that year, which number shall be the basis upon which shall be determined the salaries to be paid to local inspectors for the following fiscal year, in the ratio described in the preceding paragraphs of this section. And, in addition, the Secretary of the Treasury may appoint, upon the nomination of the supervising inspector of the district, in collection districts where there are two hundred and twenty-five steamers and upward to be inspected annually, assistant inspectors, at a salary, for the district of New York, of two thousand dollars a year each; for the district of New Orleans, Louisiana ; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Baltimore, Maryland; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; [Jacksonville, Florida ; Bangor, Maine; New Haven, Connecticut:]+ and San Francisco, California, at one thousand

* Inserted in accordance with act of Congress approved March 2, 1895. Naval Appropriation Bill. (See p. 774)

+ Words in brackets stricken out, and inserted after word “Illinois” in first paragraph of section 4414. (See p.74)

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eight hundred dollars per year each ; and for all other districts at a salary not exceeding one thousand six hundred dollars a year each; and he may appoint a clerk to any such board at a compensation not exceeding one thousand two hundred dollars a year to each person so appointed. Every inspector provided for in this or the preceding sections of this Title shall be paid for his actual and reasonable traveling expenses at the rate of eight cents per mile, incurred in the performance of his duty. together with his actual and reasonable expenses for transportation of instruments, which shall be certified and sworn to under such instructions as shall be given by the Secretary of the Treasury.

SEC. 4415. Whenever any vacancy occurs in any local board of inspectors, or whenever local inspectors are to be appointed for a new district, the supervising inspector shall notify the collector or other chieť officers of the customs for the district, and the judge of the district court for the district in which such appointment is to be made, who, together with the supervising inspector, shall meet together as a board of designators, and fill the vacant or new inspectorship. Such board; or the major part thereof, when designating an inspector of hulls, shall select a person of good character and suitable qualifications and attain. ments to perform the services required of inspectors of hulls and who, from his practical knowledge of shipbuilding and navigation and the uses of steam in navigation, is fully competent to make a reliable estimate of the strength, seaworthiness, and other qualities of the hulls of steam vessels and their equipment, deemed essential to safety of life in their navigation; and when designating an inspector of boilers, shall select a person of good character and suitable qualifications and attainments to perform the services required of inspectors of boilers, who, from his knowledge and experience of the duties of an engineer employed in navigating vessels by steam, and also of the construction and use of boilers, and machinery, and appurtenances therewith connected, is able to form a reliable opinion of the strength, form, workmanship, and suitableness of boilers and machinery to be employed without hazard to life, from imperfection in the material, workmanship, or arrangement of any part of such apparatus for steaming. No appointment of an inspector of hulls or an inspector of boilers shall be made without the concurrence of the supervising inspector. The inspector of hulls and the inspector of boilers thus designated, when approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, shall, from the date of designation, constitute a board of local inspectors.

SEC. 4416. No person interested, either directly or indirectly, in any patented article required to be used on any steamer by this Title, or who is a member of any association of owners, masters, engineers, or pilots of steamboats, or who is directly or indirectly pecuniarily interested in any steam vessel, or who has not the qualifications and acquirements prescribed by this Title,

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