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** SEC. 4451. The chief officer of the customs for the district shall pay out of the revenues received under the provisions of this Title such fees to the United States marshal for his services, and to any witness, so summoned, for his actual travel and attendance, as shall be officially certified to by any inspector hearing the case, upon the back of such summons, not exceeding the rate allowed for fees and to witnesses for travel and attendance in any circuit or district courts of the United States.

SEC. 4452. Whenever any board of local inspectors refuses to grant a license to any person applying for the same, or suspends or revokes the license of any master, mate, engineer, or pilot, any person deeming himself wronged by such refusal, suspension, or revocation, may, within thirty days thereof, on application to the supervising inspector of the district, have his case examined anew by such supervising inspector; and the local board shall furnish to the supervising inspector, in writing, the reasons for its doings in the premises; and such supervising inspector shall examine the case anew, and he shall have the same powers to summon witnesses and compel their attendance, and to administer oaths that are conferred on local inspectors; and such wit. nesses and the marshal shall be paid in the same manner as provided for by the preceding section; and such supervising inspector may revoke, change, or modify the decision of such local board; and like proceedings may be had by any master or owner of any steam vessel in relation to the inspection of such vessel, or her boilers or machinery, by any such local board; and in case of repairs, and in any investigation or inspection, where there shall be a disagreement between the local inspectors, the supervising inspector, when so requested, shall investigate and decide the case.

SEC. 4453. In addition to the annual inspection, the local inspector shall examine, at proper times, steamers arriving and departing to and from their respective ports, so often as to enable them to detect any neglect to comply with the requirements of law, and also any defects or imperfections becoming apparent after the inspection aforesaid, and tending to render the navigation of the vessels unsafe; and if they shall discover any omission to comply with law, or that repairs have become necessary to make the vessel safe, the inspectors shall at once notify the master, in writing, stating in the notice what is required; and if the mas. ter deem the requirements unreasonable and unnecessary, he may apply for a reëxamination of the case to the supervising inspector, as provided in the preceding section. All inspections and orders for repairs shall be promptly made by the inspectors, and, when it can be safely done, in their judgment, they shall permit repairs to be made where those interested can most conveniently do them.

* See sections 829 and 818, Revised Statutes.
+ Amended by act approved April 4, 1888. (See p 6%)

SEC. 4454. If any master or owner of any steamer shall refuse or neglect to comply with the requirements of the local inspectors, made in pursuance of the preceding section, and shall, contrary thereto and while the same remains unreversed by the supervising inspector, employ the vessel by navigating her, the master and owner shall be liable to a penalty of five hundred dollars for each offense, one-half for the use of the informer; for which sum the vessel itself shall be liable, and may be seized and proceeded against by libel in any district court having jurisdiction; and the master and owner, and the vessel itself, shall, in addition thereto, be liable for any damage to passengers and their baggage which shall occur from any defects as stated in the notice prescribed by the preceding section.*

SEC. 4455. The inspectors of one district shall not modify or annul the doings of the inspectors of another district in regard to repairs, unless there is a change in the state of things, demanding more repairs than were thought necessary when the order was made. Nor shall the inspectors of one district license a person coming from another district, if such person has been rejected for unfitness or want of qualifications.

SEC. 4456. The local boards of inspectors, when so requested in writing by any master or owner, shall, under the direction of the supervising inspector, inspect steamers in other collection districts where no such board is established ; and if a certificate of approval is not granted, no other inspection shall be made by the same or any other board until the objections made by such local board, and unreversed by the supervising inspector of the district, are removed. Nothing in this section shall impair the right of the inspectors to permit such vessel to go to another port for repairs, if in their opinion, it can be done with safety.

SEC. 4457. The local inspectors shall keep a record of certificates of inspection of vessels, their boilers, engines and machinery, and of all their acts in their examination and inspection of steamers, whether approval or disapproval; and when a certificate of approval is recorded the original shall be delivered to the collector or other chief officer of the customs of the district. They shall also keep a like record of certificates authorizing gunpowder to be carried as freight by any steamer carrying passengers, and of all licenses granted to masters, mates, pilots, and engineers, and of all refusals of the same, of all suspensions and revocations of license, of all refusals, suspensions, or revocations of which they shall receive notices from other districts; and shall report to the supervising inspector of their respective districts, in writing, their decisions in cases of refusal of licenses, or of the suspension or revocation thereof, and all testimony received by them in such proceedings. They shall also report promptly to such supervising inspector all violations of the steamboat laws that come to their knowledge. They shall also keep an accurate account of every steamer boarded by them during the year, and of all their official acts and doings, which in the form of a report, they shall communicate to the supervising inspector of the district, at such times as the board of supervising inspectors, by their established rules, shall direct.

* See section 5344.

*SEC. 4458. Before issuing any license to any steamer the collector or other chief officer of the customs for the port or district shall demand and receive from the owners thereof, as a compensation for the inspections and examination made for the year, the following sums, in addition to the fees for issuing enrollments and licenses now allowed by law, according to the tonnage of the vessel: For each steam vessel of one hundred tons or under, twenty-five dollars; and in addition thereto, for each and every ton in excess of one hundred tons, five cents. Each master, engineer, pilot, and mate, licensed as herein provided, shall pay for every certificate, granted by any inspector or inspectors, the sum of fifty cents. Such fees shall be paid over to the chief offi. cer of the customs in such manner and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury.

SEC. 4459. Every supervising and local inspector of steam boats shall execute a proper bond, to be approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, in such form and upon such conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, for the faithful performance of the duties of his office, and the payment in the manner provided by law of all moneys that may be received by him.

SEC. 4460. The Secretary of the Treasury shall procure for the several supervising inspectors and local boards of inspectors such instruments, stationery, printing, and other things necessary for the use of their respective officers as may be required therefor.

+1 SEC. 4461. The salaries of the Supervising Inspector-General, of all supervising inspectors, local inspectors, assistant inspectors, and clerks, provided for by this Title, together with their traveling and other expenses when on official duty, and all instruments, books, blanks, stationery, furniture, and other things necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this Title, shall be paid for, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, out of the revenues received into the Treasury from the inspection of steam vessels, and the licensing of the officers of such vessels, which revenues, or so much of them as may be necessary for these purposes, shall be permanently appropriated therefor.

SEC. 4462. The Secretary of the Treasury shall make such regulations as may be necessary to secure the proper execution of this Title.

*Amended by acts approved April 5, 1882, and June 26, 1884; repealed in substance by the first section of act approved June 19, 1886. (See p. 67.)

+ Partially amended by act approved June 19, 1886. (See p. 67) * Further amended by act approved April 4, 1888. (See p.68)

TITLE LII.

CHAPTER TWO.

TRANSPORTATION OF PASSENGERS AND MER

CHANDISE.*

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Sec.

Sec. 4463. Officers and crew of pas- 4484. Stairways and gangways senger steamers.

on river steamers carry. 4464. Number of passengers ing passengers on main allowable.

deck. 4465. Penalty for carrying too 4485. Accommodation of deck great a number of pas

passengers. sengers.

4486. Penalty for not providing 4466. Special permit for excur

proper accommodations sions.

for passengers. 4467. List of passengers.

4487. River steamers to be an. 4468. Penalty for failure to keep

chored when navigation passenger list.

is unsafe. 4469. Recovery of penalties. 4488. Lifeboats, etc., on ocean, 4470. Precautions against fire.

lake, and sound steam4471. Fire pumps and hose.

ers. 4472. Dangerous articles not to 4489. Penalty for failure to probe carried on passenger

vide lifeboats, etc. steamers.

4490. Water-tight bulkheads, in 4473. Penalty for unlawfully lake steamers carrying carrying cotton or hemp.

passengers.
4474. License for use of petro: 4491. Use of instruments for

leum in the production security of life.
of motive power.

4492. Barges carrying passen4475. Mode of packing danger

gers. ous articles.

4493. Liability of master and 4476. Punishment for unlaw

owners for damage to fully shipping dangerous

passengers. articles.

4494. Two copies of this Title to 4477. Watchmen on passenger

be kept on each passensteamers.

ger steamer. 4478. Penalty for failure to keep 4495. Name of steamer to be watchmen.

exhibited 4479. Fire extinguishers.

4496. Duties of customs officers. 4480. Wire tiller ropes, bell | 4497. Penalty for omission of pulls, etc., for passenger

duty by customs officer. steamers.

4498. Registry, enrollment, etc., 4481. Boats for river steamers.

denied to vessels not 4482. Life-preservers for river

complying with the law. steamers carrying pas- 4499. Penalty for failure to comsengers.

ply: 4483. Fire buckets, axes, etc., 4500. Penalty in cases not profor river steamers car

vided for. rying passengers. SEC. 4463. No steamer carrying passengers shall depart from any port unless she shall have in her service a full complement of licensed officers and full crew, sufficient at all times to manage the vessel, including the proper number of watchmen. But if any spch vessel, on her voyage, is deprived of the services of any

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licensed officer, without the consent, fault, or collusion of the master, owner, or any person interested in the vessel, the deficiency may be temporarily supplied, until others licensed can be obtained.

SEC. 4464. The inspectors shall state in every certificate of inspection granted to steamers carrying passengers, other than ferryboats, the number of passengers of each class that any such steamer has accommodations for, and can carry with prudence and safety.

SEC. 4465. It shall not be lawful to take on board of any steamer a greater number of passengers than is stated in the certificate of inspection; and for every violation of this provision the master or owner shall be liable, to any person suing for the same, to forfeit the amount of passage money and ten dollars for each passenger beyond the number allowed.

SEC. 4466. If any passenger steamer engages in excursions, the inspectors shall issue to such steamer a special permit, in writing, for the occasion, in which shall be stated the additional number of passengers that may be carried, and the number and kind of life-saving appliances that shall be provided for the safety of such additional passengers; and they shall also, in their discretion, limit the route and distance for such excursions.

SEC. 4467. The master of every passenger steamer shall keep a correct list of all the passengers received and delivered from day today, noting the places where received and where landed, which record shall be open to the inspection of the inspectors and offi. cers of the customs at all times; and the aggregate number of passengers shall be furnished to inspectors as often as called for; but on routes not exceeding one hundred miles, the number of passengers, if kept, shall be sufficient.

SEC. 4468. Every master of any passenger steamer who fails, through negligence or design, to keep a list of passengers, as required by the preceding section, shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars.

SEC. 4469. The penalties imposed by sections forty-four hundred and sixty-five and forty-four hundred and sixty-eight shall be a lien upon the vessel in each case; but a bond may, as provided in other cases, be given to secure the satisfaction of the judgment.

SEC. 4470. Every steamer carrying passengers or freight shall be provided with suitable pipes and valves attached to the boiler to convey steam into the hold and the different compartments thereof, to extinguish fire; and every stove used on board of any such vessel shall be well and securely fastened, so as to prevent it from being moved or overthrown, and all woodwork or other ignitable substances about the boilers, chimneys, cook houses, and stovepipes exposed to ignition, shall be thoroughly shielded by some incombustible material, in such a manner as to leave the air to circulate freely between such material and woodwork

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