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from port to port or such passengers are to be conveyed from port to port in part by the way of any overland route through Mexico or Central America; and the said collector of customs may direct an examination of the vessel to be made by an inspector or other officer of the customs, who shall make the examination and report whether the provisions of this act have been complied with in respect to such vessel, and the said collector is authorized to withhold the clearance of such vessel until the coming in of such report; and if the said report shall show that any of the provisions of this act have not been complied with, the collector is authorized and directed to withhold the clearance of such vessel until the said provisions are complied with; and if any such vessel leaves the aforesaid port or place without having been duly cleared by the collector of customs, the master shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and may be fined not exceeding one thousand dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding one year, and the vessel shall be liable to seizure and forfeiture.

SEC. 13. That the amount of the several fines and penalties imposed by any section of this act upon the master of any steamship or other vessel carrying or bringing emigrant passengers, or passengers other than cabin passengers, for any violation of the provisions of this act, shall be liens upon such vessel, and such vessel may be libeled therefor in any circuit or district court of the United States where such vessel shall arrive or depart.

SEC. 14. That this act shall come into operation and take effect ninety days after the passage of this act; and sections forty-two hundred and fifty-two to forty-two hundred and seventy-seven, inclusive, of the Revised Statutes of the United States are, from and after said date, repealed; and this act may be cited for all purposes as “The Passenger Act, eighteen hundred and eightytwo."

Approved August 2, 1882.

TITLE XLVIII.

CHAPTER NINE.

SUMMARY TRIAL FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES

AGAINST NAVIGATION LAWS.

Sec. 4305. Recovery of penalties and forfeitures under naviga

tion laws.

SEC. 4305. All the penalties and forfeitures which may be incurred for offenses against this Title may be sued for, prosecuted, and recovered in such court, and be disposed of in such manner, as any penalties and forfeitures which may be incurred for offenses against the laws relating to the collection of duties, except when otherwise expressly prescribed.

TITLE LXVIII.

FOR

REMISSION OF FINES, PENALTIES, AND

FEITURES.

Sec.
5294. Remission of penalties un-

der steamboat laws.

Sec.
5295. Officers and informers

may be witnesses.

SEC. 5294. The Secretary of the Treasury may, upon applica. tion therefor, remit or mitigate any fine or penalty provided for in laws relating to steam vessels, or discontinue any prosecution to recover penalties denounced in such laws, excepting the penalty of imprisonment, or of removal from office, upon such terms as he, in his discretion, shall think proper; and all rights granted to informers by such laws shall be held subject to the Secretary's power of remission, except in cases where the claims of any informer to the share of any penalty shall have been determined by a court of competent jurisdiction prior to the application for the remission of the penalty; and the Secretary shall have authority to ascertain the facts upon all such applications, in such manner and under such regulations as he may deem proper.

SEC. 5295. Any officer or other person entitled to or interested in a part or share of any fine, penalty, or forfeiture incurred under any law of the United States, may be examined as a witness in any of the proceedings for the recovery of such fine, penalty, or forfeiture by either of the parties thereto, and such examination shall not deprive such witness of his share or interest in such fine, penalty, or forfeiture.

TITLE LXX.

CRIMES.

CHAPTER THREE.

CRIMES ARISING WITHIN THE MARITIME AND TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION OF THE UNITED STATES.

owners

Sec.

Sec. 5344. Officers and

of 5354. Death caused by such steamboats through

transportation deemed whose misconduct, etc., manslaughter. life is lost.

5355. Transportation of nitro. 5347. Maltreatment of crew by

glycerine, etc., how officers of vessels.

allowed. 5353. Transportation of nitro

glycerine, etc., in passen

ger conveyances. SEC. 5344. Every captain, engineer, pilot, or other person em. ployed on any steamboat or vessel, by whose misconduct, negli. gence, or inattention to his duties on such vessel, the life of any person is destroyed, and every owner, inspector, or other public officer, through whose fraud, connivance, misconduct, or violation of law, the life of any person is destroyed, shall be deemed guilty of manslaughter, and, upon conviction thereof before any circuit court of the United States, shall be sentenced to confinement at hard labor for a period of not more than ten years.

SEC. 5347. Every master or other officer of any American vessel on the high seas, or on any other waters within the admiralty or maritime jurisdiction of the United States, who, from malice, hatred, or revenge, and without justifiable cause, beats, wounds, or imprisons any of the crew of such vessel, or withholds from them suitable food and nourishment, or inflicts upon them any cruel and unusual punishment, shall be punished by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not more than five years, or by both.

*SEC. 5353. Every person who knowingly transports, or delivers or causes to be delivered, nitroglycerine, nitroleum or blasting oil, or nitrated oil, or powder mixed with any such oil, or fiber saturated with any such substance or article, on board any vessel or vehicle whatever employed in conveying passengers by land or water between any place in a foreign country and any place within the United States, or een a place in one State, Territory, or district of the United States and a place in any other State, Territory, or district thereof, shall be punished by a * See sections 4472, 4278-4280, pages 29, 49, 50.

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