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fine of not less than one thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars ; one-half to the use of the informer.

* SEC. 5354. When the death of any person is caused by the explosion of any quantity of such articles, or either of them, while the same is being placed upon any vessel or vehicle, to be transported in violation of the preceding section, or while the same is being so transported, or while the same is being removed from such vessel or vehicle, every person who knowingly placed or aided, or permitted the placing of such articles upon such vessel or vehicle, to be so transported, is guilty of manslaughter, and shall suffer imprisonment for a period not less than two years.

* SEC. 5355. Every person who knowingly ships, sends, or forwards any quantity of the articles mentioned in section fiftythree hundred and fifty-three, or who transports the same by any mode of conveyance upon land or water, between any of the places specified in that section, unless such articles be securely inclosed, deposited, or packed in a metallic vessel surrounded by plaster of Paris, or other nonexplosive material when saturated with such oil, and separated from all other substances, and the outside of the package be marked, printed, or labeled in a conspicuous manner with the words “NITROGLYCERINE ; DANGEROUS," shall be punished by a fine of not less than one thousand nor more than five thousand dollars; one-half to the use of the informer.

* See sections 4472, 4278-4280, pages 29,49,50.

TITLE LXX.

CHAPTER SIX.

OFFICIAL MISCONDUCT, ETC.

Sec.
5481. Officers of the United

States guilty of extor-
tion.

Sec.
5482. Inspector of steamboats

receiving illegal fees.

* SEC. 5481. Every officer of the United States who is guilty of extortion under color of his office shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not more than one year, except those officers or agents of the United States otherwise differently and specially provided for in subsequent sections of this chapter.

SEC. 5482. Every inspector of steamboats who, upon any pretense, receives any fee or reward for his services, except what is allowed to him by law, shall forfeit his office, and be otherwise punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not more than six months, or by both.

AN ACT relating to the limitation of steam pressure of vessels

used exclusively for towing and carrying freight on the Mississippi river and its tributaries.

Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the provisions of an act entitled "An act to provide for the better security of life on vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam,” &c., approved February twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and seventy-one, so far as they relate to the limitation of steam pressure of steamboats used exclusively for towing and carrying freight on the Mississippi river and its tributaries, are hereby so far modified as to substitute for such boats one hundred and fifty pounds of steam pressure in place of one hundred and ten pounds, as provided in said act for the standard pressure upon standard boilers of forty-two inches diameter, and of plates of one-quarter of an inch in thickness ; and such boats may, on the written permit of the supervising inspector of the district in which such boats shall carry on their business, be permitted to carry steam above the standard pressure of one hundred and ten pounds, but not exceeding the standard pressure of one hundred and fifty pounds to the square inch.

Approved, January 6, 1874.

* See section 4425, page 16.

18251---5

65

AN ACT to authorize the employment of certain aliens as

engineers and pilots. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any alien who, in the manner provided for by law, has declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States, and who shall have been a permanent resident of the United States for at least six months immediately prior to the granting of such license, may be licensed, as if already naturalized, to serve as an engineer or pilot upon any steam-vessel subject to inspection under the provisions of the act entitled “An act to provide for the better security of life on board of vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam, and for other purposes," approved February twenty eighth, eighteen hundred and seventy-one.

Approved, April 17, 1874.

AN ACT to amend section four thousand two hundred and four.

teen of the Revised Statutes, relating to yachts. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section forty-two hundred and fourteen of the Revised Statutes of the United States be amended so as to read as follows:

“SEC. 4214. The Secretary of the Treasury may cause yachts used and employed exclusively as pleasure vessels or designed as models of naval architecture, if built and owned in compliance with the provisions of sections forty-one hundred and thirty-three to forty-one hundred and thirty-five, to be licensed on terms which will authorize them to proceed from port to port of the United States, and by sea to foreign ports, without entering or clearing at the custom-house, such license shall be in such form as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. The owner of any such vessel, before taking out such license, shall give a bond in such form and for such amount as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe, conditioned that the vessel shall not engage in any trade, nor in any way violate the revenue laws of the United States; and shall comply with the laws in all other respects. Such vessels, so enrolled and licensed, shall not be allowed to transport merchandise or carry passengers for pay. Such vessels shall have their name and port placed on some conspicuous portion of their hulls. Such vessels shall, in all respects, except as above, be subject to the laws of the United States, and shall be liable to seizure and forfeiture for any violation of the provisions of this Title : * Provided, That all charges for license and inspection fees for any pleasure vessel or yacht shall not exceed five dollars, and for admeasurement shall not exceed ten cents per ton."

* Amended by act approved June 19, 1886.

SEC. 2. That the said original section forty-two hundred and fourteen be, and the same is hereby, repealed.

SEC. 3. That this act shall take effect from and after its passage. Approved, March 3, 1883.

AN ACT to remove certain burdens on the American merchant

marine and encourage the American foreign carrying trade and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the last clause of section forty.one hundred and thirty-one of the Revised Statutes be amended so as to read as follows:

“All the officers of vessels of the United States shall be citizens of the United States, except that in cases where, on a foreign voyage, or on a voyage from an Atlantic to a Pacific port of the United States, any such vessel is for any reason deprived of the services of an officer below the grade of master, his place, or a vacancy caused by the promotion of another officer to such place, may be supplied by a person not a citizen of the United States until the first return of such vessel to its home port; and such vessel shall not be liable to any penalty or penal tax for such employment of an alien officer."

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AN ACT to abolish certain fees for official services to American

vessels, and to amend the laws relating to shipping commis. sioners, seamen, and owners of vessels, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That on and after July first, eighteen hundred and eighty-six, no fees shall be charged or collected by collectors or other officers of customs, or by inspectors of steam vessels * * * for the following services to vessels of the United States, to wit: * inspecting, examining, and licensing steam vessels, including inspection certificate and copies thereof; and licensing of master, engineer, pilot, or mate of a vessel; and all provisions of laws authorizing or requiring the collection of fees for such services are repealed, such repeal to take effect July first, eighteen hundred and eightysix. * And the Secretary of the Treasury shall allow and pay, from any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, said officers such compensation for said services as each would have received prior to the passage of this act; Provided, That such services have, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasury, been necessarily rendered.

*

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* *

SEC. 14. That section forty.four hundred and eighteen of the Revised Statutes is hereby amended by striking out from the nineteenth and following lines thereof the words “and, to indicate the pressure of steam, suitable steam registers that will correctly record each excess of steam carried above the prescribed limit, and the highest point attained,” and inserting in lieu thereof the following: “and suitable steam gauges to indicate the pressure of steam."

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AN ACT to amend the laws relating to navigation, and for other

purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

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SEC. 2. That section one of the act herein before mentioned be amended, in the third line from the end of the section, by inserting after the words “shipping commissioners,” the words “and clerks of steamboat inspectors, and such allowances for fees of United States marshals and witnesses for services under the steamboat-inspection laws, and for expenses of steamboat in. spectors provided for by section forty-four hundred and sixtyone of the Revised Statutes."

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AN ACT to amend sections forty-four hundred and eighty-eight

and forty-four hundred and eighty-nine of the Revised Statutes requiring life-saving appliances on steamers.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That sections forty-four hundred and eighty-eight and forty-four hundred and eighty-nine of the Revised Statutes shall be amended by inserting after the words “life-preservers," wherever they occur, the words "line-carrying projectiles, and the means of propelling them.”

SEC. 2. This act to take effect February first, eighteen hundred and ninety. Approved, March 2, 1889.

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