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life, whether to sooth or enliven, to purest views, free from the love of instruct or to reform. She could make applause, and desirous only to relieve. the old contented with their years, Sedulous in her attentions to the deand enable the young to borrow the serving, she nourished every germ of wisdom of maturity. She could seize merit by protection, animated industhe affections of the former by indulg- try by encouragement, and inspired ing the gravity of age, and engage the
indolence with ambition. Her vir love and respect of the latter by the tues, however, were not limited by amenity of her manners, and by invit the circle that embraces only the re. ing them to court pleasure in the lations of society, and acknowledge form of improvement. But to know no higher obligation than friendship best, and, from veneration for worth, for our fellow creatures, and a theoto yield her that respect and admira- retical reverence for that Being who tion her virtues deserved, we must gave us life : But to unspotted pracview her in the scene of domestic re. tical morality she united the purity of tirement, in the circle of a family, of vital religion. With a deep sense of which she was the centre, displaying the truths of Christianity, she ex. the love, duties, and attentions of a plained its precepts by practice, and wife, mother, daughter, and friend. inculcated the duties of life by an upShe sustained the tenderest of ties interrupted display of religious sinwith the purest affection, watched over cerity, and a constant flow of charithe infantile morals of her children table affections. She was a Christian with the warmest solicitude, and dis- not merely in the correctness of un. charged the debt of gratitude to an derstanding and truth of speculation, aged parent with more than filial but in activity to obey the mandates love and duty. With a soul glowing of our Saviour, and to exemplify in z with benevolence, she largely distrib. pure and moral life, the high and sol. uted the favours fortune had shower emn duties he enjoins. By such an ed upon her, and her disinterested example all around her were instruct. munificence is gratefully remembered ed. With such an assemblage of by many who experienced the kind- virtues, it is needless to add, she diness of her nature, and shared the ed leaving few able to appreciate her sympathy of her heart. Her ardent, virtues, but all deeply and sincerely yet unobtrusive generosity was the lamenting her departure. emanation of a soul actuated by the
TO CORRESPONDENTS. The Editors feel the highest respect for the ability, seriousness, and piety displayed in tbe communication of Simeon. They tender him their sinceresi thanks for his diligent and patient labour in this performance, which must have been very advantageous to himself, and would be immediately introduced into the Panoplist, were not the length of it incompatible with the general design of such a publication. We are not, however, prepared, at present, to lay it aside. ALPHA is approved ; and, with some abridgment, shall appear next month.
THELEsus is under consideration, We thank our Correspondent for his Extract concerning Rev. J. Brown of Haddington. Pastor in our next. Also the biographical Sketch of Rev. Dr. Mc. Whorter.
The Report of the Congregational Missionary Society is in type for next month : As are some obituary and other articles necessarily postponed.
The Editors are engaged in closing their accounts for the current year, and making their arrangements for the next. Agents and subscribers are requested to settle their accounts with the agent in Boston.
Erratum. P. 401, right hand column, line 17 from bottom, for “ watch, then," read 's watch them."
DOCTOR MAC WHORTER was years at the university of Edinof Scotch extraction. His mater- burgh. At his solicitation, the nal ancestors were among the family removed to America, first emigrants from Scotland to about the year 1730, and settled the North of Ireland ; and the in the county of Newcastle, Del. family of his father removed to aware ; where his father became the same country about the time a distinguished farmer, and an of his father's birth. By his elder of the church, under the mother he had the honour of pastoral care at first of Mr. descending from martyrs. Both Hutchinson, and afterwards of of her maternal grandparents fell Mr. Rodgers, now Doct. Roda sacrifice to papal fury, in the gers of New-York. Alexander great Irish massacre of 1641, died before he had completed his while England was convulsed by studies, leaving a most excellent the civil wars of Charles I. character : and our future pastor, None of the family survived this being born about a month after, horrid scene except her mother, bore his brother's name. who, at that time an infant, was The second Alexanıler, the concealed by her nurse, and pre- youngest of eleven children, was served from impending death. born July 15, 1734, 0. s. It was On so minute a providence did his happiness to be blessed with the future existence of this lu- parents eminent for piety, and minary of the church depend. abundant in their labours to train His immediate parents, Hugh up their children in the nurture and Jane, lived in the county of and admonition of the Lord. It Armagh, in the North of Ire- was their custom to devote the land ; where his father was for evening of every Lord's day, many years a linen merchant. among other seasons, to this The eldest of their children, tender and interesting service ; whose name was Alexander, was a practice which was common a son of distinguished talents and among pious parents of that age ; piety ; and, being intended for would God it were as common ihe gospel ministry, spent two now ! He remembered, till the Vol. III. No. Il.
who at his death left four child- cil county, Maryland, under the
day of his death, the tender so- himself on the ground, looking for licitude of a father who would the earth to open and swallow him often take him alone into the up. Thus the seed of truth, woods, and of a mother who no which had been planted by a less frequently would retire with father's care, and watered by a him to a private apartment, to mother's tears, was preparing to exhort him with tears, and to shoot. entreat him by all the anguish of After spending two or three a parent's heart to be reconciled years in Carolina, he took leave to God. These faithful admoni- of his mother, to pursue his edtions would often awaken him ucation under the direction of to temporary seriousness and his guardian. At first he was prayer; and though they did not entered in a private school in a at once produce an abiding effect, small hamlet in Delaware, which they were not lost.
has since grown to a village by In February, 1748, when he the name of Newark. Thence was in his 14th year, he was de- he was removed to a public "prived of his excellent father, school at West-Nottingham, Ce
ren, all of whom were so many 'care of the Rev. Mr. Finley, afproofs of the happy effects of terwards President of the colparental faithfulness. The three lege of New-Jersey. Here the eldest being already settled in darkness, which had long involv: North Carolina, their mother, in ed him, was dispersed ; and he the following autumn, removed was enabled for the first time to into that State, accompanied by rest his soul on Christ, to a de. Alexander, who left his paternal gree that gave him confidence, estate, in Delaware, under the shortly after, to enter into care of a guardian. Here first communion with Mr. Finley's commenced his permanent re
church. ligious impressions, under a Having continued two years in sermon preached by Mr. John that school, in May, 1756, being Brown, ( one of those evangelie in his 22d year, he joined the cal preachers who in that day junior class in the college which were called New Lights,) from was then in Newark. Thus he Ps. vii. 12. If he turn not, he began his public career in sciwill whet his sword ; he hath bent ence in the very place which was his bow and niade it ready. An destined to be the scene of his arrow of a different nature reach- future usefulness. Thegroundon ed his heart. The horrors of which his youthful feet trod was guilt; and the terrors of eternal reserved to be the resting place judgment, from that moment as of his weary limbs, after the lasailed 'him, and for near three bours of more than half a cenyears
filled him with indescriba- tury. ble distress. He used daily to It was already determined to repair to a copse of pines, near remove the college to Princehis brother's house, where he re ton ; on which account Presi. sided ; and there, to use his own dent Burr's pastoral relation to expressive words, would dash the church in Newark had the
year before been dissolved. In Mr. Macwhorter had been October of this year the college appointed by the synod of New. was removed, and Mr. Mac-York and Philadelphia to a miswhorter belonged to the first sion among his friends in North class which graduated at Prince- Carolina ; and with that view he ton. He took his degree in the was ordained by his presbytery, autumn of 1757, a few days after at Cranberry, on the 4th day of the lamented death of Mr. Burr. July. But Providence had form
Having thus completed his ed other designs concerning academical studies, he was on him. At that very meeting of the point of returning to North presbytery, commissioners from Carolina, to take his mother's Newark appeared, and by their counsel in regard to the future solicitations, seconded by the course of his life, when he re- influence of Mr. Tennent, obceived the afflicting news of her tained bim for a supply. The death. This changed his pur- people were so well satisfied with pose, and he entered upon the his ministerial qualifications, that sludy of divinity, under the in- . they harmoniously agreed to struction of the Rev. William present him a call, and he was Tennent, the pious and justly installed the same summer, at celebrated minister of Freehold, the age of 25, within two years in New Jersey.
after he had graduated. In August following, (1758,) In the course of his ministry, he was licensed to preach by the he bore an important part in all presbytery of New Brunswick, the leading measures, which for which sat at Princeton ; and in near half a century, have been October was married to Mary adopted, to promote the order Cumming, daughter of Robert and interest of the Presbyterian Cumming, Esq. of Freehold, a church in the United States. respectable merchant, and high He was among the first subsheriff of the county of Mon- scribers to the Widow's Fund, mouth. By this marriage he which was established in 1761 ; was introduced into a family con and in later life was for many pexion with his revered instruct- years a director of that benevoor, Mr. Tennent.
lent institution. The congregation of Newark, In 1764, the synod renewed after the dismission of Mr. Burr, his appointment to the mission fell into a state of unhappy di- into North Carolina ; which gave vision, which continued hiin an opportunity to revisit four years. In the collision of his family friends, from whom interests and passions, too com he had been separated more mon on such occasions, the peo- than 12 years, But this mission ple were long divided between came near costing him his life. different candidates, until Mr. While in Carolina, he was seizMacwhorter, on the 28th day of ed with the bilious fever incident June, 1759, preached his first to the climate, which left him sermon to them. At once they with a hectic, accompanied with fixed their eyes on him as the expectoration of blood, that for object of their united choice. two years threatened to put an
early period to his usefulness. In 1772, he was elected a frusYet in this scene of affliction, it tee of the college of New Jersey, pleased God, in the winter of and continued a very important 1764, 5, to encourage him with a member of that board till a few revival of religion in his congre months before his death. gation. In the following sum The same year commenced mer, he received a call from the the second revival of religion un. united congregations of Center der his ministry, which proved and Poplar Tent, in North Care more extensive than the former, olina ; which, though it present and continued about two years. ed him an opportunity to settle Mr. Macwhorter was an active among the children and descen- friend of his country, and par. dants of his father, he thought it took with his afflicted congregahis duty to reject. In 1766, the tion in the hardships and perils state of his health became so of the revolution. This same critical, that he was induced to year, (1775) he was appointed try the experiment of a northern by Congress to visit that district journey ; and a tour, which he of North Carolina in which he made to Boston in the autumn of had been before, to employ his this year, proved the means of influence to bring over the enehis sudden and complete restora. mies of the revolution to the tion. From his first settlement American interest. But what at Newark, he had been regu- ever zeal and abilities were exs larly subject to an attack of the erted in this enterprise, it issu. pleurisy once or twice a year ; ed, agreeably to his prediction to but after this return of health, he Doct. Franklin, with little suc« experienced no recurrence of the cess. disorder, as long as he lived. In 1776, he was honoured Except a few short periods of with the degree of Doctor of illness, and a paralytic affection Divinity by the corporation of in his hands, which he inherited Yale College. from his father, and which grew In the summer of 1778, at the upon him as he advanced in solicitation of his friend General years, he enjoyed vigorous health Knox, he accepted the chaplaineven to old age.
ship of his brigade, which lay Soon after his return from then with the main army at Boston, the congregation in that White Plains. During the few town, which had three years be- months that he held this station, fore become vacant by the death Washington was frequently his of Mr. Cumming, his brother-in- auditor, and he was often Washlaw, proposed to him to take a ington's guest. dismission from his people, In the autumn of the same preparatory to receiving a call year, he received a call from the from them ; as they had con. Congregational church in the scientious scruples about calling city of Charleston, in South a setiled minister. This prelim- Carolina. On this occasion it inary step he refused to take, was suggested to him, that the and the business went no fur- friends of the college at Princes ther.
ton had fised their eyes on him