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10. Geography. Asia and Africa (Maps to be drawn in this and the following years].

11. History. Outlines of British history from the accession of Henry VII. to the present time.

12. Teaching. To teach a class to the satisfaction of Her Majesty's Inspector and to show increased skill in instruction and discipline.

13. Music. The minor scale in its diatonic forms.

GEOGRAPHY.

ASIA, SITUATION. Asia is situated in the Eastern Hemisphere, to the east of Europe and north of the Equator. It lies between 1° 20' and 78° north latitude, and between 26° east and 170° west longitude. It is connected with Africa by the Isthmus of Suez, now pierced by a canal.

BOUNDARIES.
North, by the Arctic Ocean.

West, by Europe, the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmora, the Mediterranean Sea (the Levant), the Isthmus of Suez, the Red Sea.

South, by the Indian Ocean. East, by the Pacific Ocean. EXTENT.

Length : about 6,800 miles, from the Isthmus of Suez to Behring's Strait.

Breadth : about 5,400 miles, from Cape Severo to Cape Romania.

Area : about 17,500,000 square miles.

Most northern point: Cape Severo, or North-east Cape, in Siberia.

Most western point : Cape Baba, in Turkey in Asia.
Most southern point : Cape Romania, in Malaya.
Most eastern point : East Cape, in Siberia.
Asia is by far the largest of the five great divisions of the

globe ; it is also the first in population. The area of Asia is more than four times greater than that of Europe.

COAST. Not so extensive (comparatively) as that of Europe. Its length of coast is about 35,000 miles, or rather more than twice that of Europe. The east and south-east coasts are most indented.

SEAS, BAYS, and GULFS.
Sea of Kara,

connected with the Arctic Ocean.
Gulf of Obi,
Black Sea, north of Asiatic Turkey.
Sea of Marmora, north-west of Asiatic Turkey.
Archipelago, west of Asia Minor (in Asiatic Turkey).
The Levant, or eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea.

Red Sea, west of Arabia, separating Africa from Asia. It is connected with the Mediterranean by the Suez Canal, and with the Indian Ocean by the Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb. It is a long, narrow sea, with length 1,450 m., and breadth at the widest part about 200 m. At the north it separates into two branches, called the Gulfs of Suez and Akaba. Between these gulfs lies a triangular peninsula, which was the scene of the famous forty years' wanderings of the Israelites. This peninsula contains the celebrated Mt. Sinai. This sea derives its name from the quantity of coral found in its waters, which gives it a red appearance.

Arabian Sea, connected with the Indian Ocean. It washes the shores of Arabia, Beloochistan, and India. Its principal openings are the Gulf of Aden, the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, and the Gulfs of Cutch and Cambay (India).

Gulf of Manaar, west of Ceylon.

Bay of Bengal, south-east of India, connected with the Indian Ocean. It contains the Gulf of Martaban.

Chinese Sea, to the south-east of Asia, connected with the Pacific Ocean, and enclosed between the mainland and Borneo the Philippine Islands and Formosa Island. It contains the Gulfs of Siam and Tonquin.

Yellow Sea, or Hoang-Hai, east of China, connected with the Pacific Ocean. It contains the Petchili Gulf. It is said to derive its name from the yellowish muddy appearance of its waters.

Sea of Japan, east of China, connected with the Pacific Ocean, and enclosed between the Japan Islands and the mainland. It contains the Gulf of Tartary.

Sea of Okhotsk, east of Siberia, connected with the Pacific Ocean.

Behring Sea, or Sea of Kamtschatka, connected with the Pacific Ocean, and situated between Asia and North America. It contains the Gulf of Anadir.

STRAITS.

Bosphorus, or Straits of Oonstantinople, connecting the Sea of Marmora with the Black Sea.

Dardanelles, connecting the Sea of Marmora with the Archipelago.

Bab-el-Mandeb, connecting the Red Sea with the Arabian Sea. Ormuz, connecting the Persian Gulf with the Arabian Sea. Palk's Strait, between Ceylon and India.

Strait of Malacca, between the island of Sumatra and the Malay peninsula.

Formosa, between the island of Formosa and the mainland. Corea, between the Japan Islands and the peninsula of Corea.

Perouse, between the Japan Islands and the island of Saghalian.

Behring Strait, connecting the Arctic and Pacific Oceans. PENINSULAS. These are numerous and of great import

ance.

Asia Minor, part of Asiatic Turkey.
Arabia, in the south-west of Asia.
Hindostan, in the south of Asia.

Malaya, or the Malay peninsula, the most southern part of the mainland of Asia.

Corea, a part of China.
Kamtschatka, a part of Siberia.
ISTHMUS.
Suez, connecting Asia and Africa.
CAPES.

(1) On the north :Cape Severo, or North-east Cape, north of Siberia, the most northern point.

(2) On the west :Cape Baba, in Asiatic Turkey, the most western point.

(3) On the south :-
Ras-al-Had, the south-east point of Arabia.
Cape Comorin, the south point of India.
Cape Negrais, south of Pegu.
Cape Romania, south of Malaya, the most southern point.

(4) On the east:-
Cape Lopatka, south of Kamtschatka.
East Cape, the most eastern point.
ISLANDS.

(1) In the Mediterranean Sea :-
The Islands of the Archipelago. These are very numerous.
The principal are Mytilene, Scio, Samos, Cos, Rhodes.
Cyprus, in the Levant.

(2) In the Indian Ocean :-
Laccadive Islands, west of India.
Maldive Islands, south-west of India.
Ceylon, south of India.
Andaman Islands, in the Bay of Bengal.

(3) In the Pacific Ocean :-
Hainan, south of China.
Philippine Islands, east of the Chinese Sea.
Formosa, east of China.
Loo-Choo Islands, north-east of Formosa.
Japan Islands, east of the Sea of Japan.

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