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ANTONY'S ORATION OVER CÆSAR.
1. FRIENDS, Romans, countrymen! Lend me your ears
I come to bury Cæsar, not to praise him.
Come I to speak in Cæsar's funeral.
But Brutus says he was ambitious;
Did this in Cæsar seem ambitious ?
Ambition should be made of sterner stuff;
And sure, he is an honorable man.
You all did love him once; not without cause :
And I must pause, till it come back to me. 5. But yesterday, the word of Cæsar might
Have stood against the world ! now, lies he there,
wrong, and Cassius wrong;
Than I will wrong such honorable men.
I found it in his closet ; 'tis his will:
Unto their issue.
You all do know this mantle: I remember
Through this, the well beloved Brutus stabbed,
(Which all the while ran blood,) great Cæsar fell. 8. O what a fall was there, my countrymen!
Then I, and you, and all of us, fell down,
here! Here is himself, marred, as you see, by traitors. Good friends! sweet friends! let me not stir you up
To such a sudden flood of mutiny.
What private griefs they have, alas! I know not,
friend—and that they know full well, That gave me public leave to speak of him. 10. For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth,
Action, nor utterance, nor power of speech,
Show you sweet Cæsar's wounds, poor, poor dumb mouths,
FALSE AND TRUE ENERGY.
1. You object to Mr. Madison, the want of energy. The want of energy! How has Mr, Madison shown it? Was it in standing abreast with the van of our revolutionary patriots, and braving the horrors of a seven years' war for liberty, while you were shuddering at the sound of the storm, and clinging closer with terror to your mothers' breasts? Was it, on the declaration of our independence, in being among the first and most effective agents in casting aside the feeble threads which so poorly connected the states together, and, in lieu of them, substituting that energetic bond of union, the federal constitution? Was it in the manner in which he advocated the adoption of this substitute; in the courage and firmness with which he met, on this topic, fought hand to hand, and finally vanquished, that boasted prodigy of nature, Patrick Henry? Where was this timid and apprehensive spirit which you are pleased to ascribe to Mr. Madison, when he sat under the sound of Henry's voice for days and weeks together; when he saw that Henry, whose soul had so undauntedly led the revolution, shrinking back from this bold experiment, from the energy of this new and untried constitution; when he heard the magic of his eloquence exerted to its highest pitch, in painting,
with a prophet's fire, the oppressions which would flow from it; in harrowing up the soul with anticipated horrors, and enlisting even the thunders of heaven in his cause?
2. How did it happen that the feeble and effeminate spirit of James Madison, instead of flying in confusion and dismay be. fore this awful and tremendous combination, sat serene and unmoved upon its throne; that, with a penetration so vigorous and clear, he dissipated these phantoms of fancy, rallied back the courage of the house to the charge, and, in the state of Virginia, in which Patrick Henry was almost adored as infallible, succeeded in throwing that Henry into a minority? Is this the proof of his want of energy? Or will you find it in the manner in which he watched the first movements of the federal constitution; in the boldness with which he resisted what he deemed infractions of its spirit; in the independence, ability, and vigor, with which, in spite of declining health, he maintained this conflict during eight years? He was then in a manority. Turn to the debates of congress, and read his arguments: you will see how the business of a virtuous and able minority is conducted. Do you discover in them any evidence of want of energy? Yes; if energy consist, as you seem to think it does, in saying rude things, in bravado and bluster, in pouring a muddy torrent of coarse invective, as destitute of argument as unwarranted by provocation, you will find great evidence of want of energy in his speeches.
3. But, if true energy be evinced, as we think it is, by the calm and dignified, yet steady, zealous, and persevering pursuit of an object, his whole conduct during that period is honorably marked with energy. And that energy rested on the most solid and durable basis-conscious rectitude; supported by the most profound and extensive information, by an habitual power of investigation, which unraveled, with intuitive certainty, the most intricate subjects; and an eloquence, chaste, luminous, and cogent, which won respect, while it forced con