Reflections on the Rise and Fall of the Ancient Republicks: Adapted to the Present State of Great Britain

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A. Millar, 1759 - 384 σελίδες
 

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Σελίδα 142 - There cannot be a more certain symptom of the approaching ruin of a state, than when a firm adherence to party is fixed upon as the only test of merit, and when all the qualifications, requisite to the discharge of every employment, are reduced to that single standard.
Σελίδα 268 - The poor, now dissolute and desperate, were ready to engage in every seditious insurrection, which promised them the plunder of the rich, and set up both their liberty and country to sale, to the best bidder. The republic, which was the common prey to both, was thus rent to pieces between the contending factions. — A state so circumstanced must always furnish an ample supply of proper instruments for faction. For as luxury consists in an inordinate...
Σελίδα 267 - Power, dominion, honours, and universal respect were annexed to the possession of money. Contempt, and whatever was the most reproachful was the bitter portion of poverty ; and to be poor, grew to be the greatest of all crimes, in the estimation of the Romans. Thus wealth and poverty contributed alike to the ruin of the republic. The rich employed their wealth in the acquisition of power, and their power in every kind of oppression and rapine for the acquisition of more wealth. The poor, now...
Σελίδα 267 - ... and the people their liberty, alike ' into the most unbounded licentiousness. ' Every one made the dictate of his own will, ' his only rule of action. Public virtue, and ' the love of their country, which had raised * the Romans to the empire of the universe, * were extinct. Money, which alone could ' enable them to gratify their darling luxury, ' was substituted in its place. Power, do* minion, honours, and universal respect were 4 annexed to the possession of money.
Σελίδα 66 - ... of thofe excellent harbours and other natural advantages which the maritime fituation of his country afforded...
Σελίδα 266 - ... vices of his countrymen, we shall be able to ' form a just idea of the manners of the Romans * in his time. From this picture, we must be con' vinced, that not only those shocking calami...
Σελίδα 220 - Assyrian empire sunk under the arms of Cyrus with his poor but hardy Persians. The extensive and opulent empire of Persia fell an easy prey to Alexander and a handful of Macedonians. And the Macedonian empire, when enervated by the luxury of Asia, was compelled to receive the yoke of the victorious Romans.
Σελίδα 293 - Greeks in arts or sciences, but wo have indisputably surpassed all the nations in the universe in piety, and attachment to religion, and in the only point which can be called true wisdom, a thorough conviction that all things here below are directed and governed by Divino providence.
Σελίδα 275 - ... of wealth for the end of profufion. Thus the contagion will become fo univerfal that nothing but an uncommon (hare of virtue can preferve the pofleflbr from infection.
Σελίδα 266 - from Asia preceded the ruin of Carthage in ' point of time, yet as Sallust informs us> ' the dread of that dangerous rival restrained ' the Romans within the bounds of decency ' and order. But as soon as ever that obstacle ' was removed, they gave a full scope to their

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