« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
A little consideration will show the truth of this method.
OUR HOLIDAY.-IV. An analogous method can be applied to multiplication by more than two figures, but it is liable to cause confusion.
We leave for the present the subject of gymnastics, which has
been the topic of our last two papers, and turn for our recreaEXERCISE 16.
tion to a highly popular game at this season of the year, viz., 1. Work the following examples in multiplication by the above method :
FOOTBALL 1. 3251 * 29. 4. 38256 x 86. 1 7. 7504 X 78.
Football is one of the oldest of our English sports, having 2. 25039 x 62. 5. 4028 x 37. 8. 70267 * 89.
been played all over the country for some hundreds of years. 3. 4275 X 93. 6. 50359 x 59. I
The rough methods in vogue of playing the game brought it 14. Multiplication in two lines by a number of four figures.
under the censure of one of our monarchs, King James I., but
it survived his displeasure, and its popularity, if possible, inA multiplication by four figures can often conveniently be
creased. Towns and villages were pitted against each other effected in two lines as follows:
-not, as in the case of cricket, through the medium of a few Multiply in one line by the figures in the units' and tens' in
individuals chosen to represent them, but by the aid of nearly places, as in Art. 13, and then again in one line by those in the
all their able-bodied representatives. For football is a game in hundreds' and thousands' places, placing the second line under
which a large number of persons can join, and, where space was the first two places to the left.
unlimited, an unlimited number could play. One or two vestiges EXAMPLE.—Multiply 3456 by 2342.
of the ancient game still linger in Old England, where, on 2 3456
certain day of the year, the more active members of the popu2312
lation turn out in a body, and play at football in the olden style.
But this custom is now considered "more honoured in the 145152 ( = 3456 x 42) 79488 (= 3456 x 23, or by 2300, if the
breach than the observance," and football occupies a similar ciphers were included.)
position to other games as a holiday recreation. 8093952
Many modes of playing football are in use, especially in our
chief public schools, each of which has its own cherished rules EXERCISE 17.
and practices differing from the rest. The Eton game differs 1. Work the following examples in multiplication by the from that played at Harrow, and both from the famous game of above method :
Rugby. Winchester, Marlborough, and Shrewsbury, too, have 1. 1665 x 8934. 1 3. 324325 x 5142. I 5. 69412 × 9543. their peculiar styles, and what is allowed in some is strictly 2. 7876 x 3968. 4. 2783 x 9319. I 6. 256721 X 8532. forbidden in others.* This variation in practice has been a dis15. Multiplication when the number formed by the figure or advantage to the game, and several attempts have been made figures of the multiplier on the extreme right hand is a factor of to bring about uniformity. In the case of the chief schools we that formed by the other figures.
have mentioned, little progress towards it has yet been effected; Multiply first by the figure in the units' place, and then this but something has been done by an association of football clubs partial product by the other factor, as follows :
in various parts of the kingdom, which have adopted a set of EXAMPLE 1.-Multiply 5389 by 472.
rules for their guidance. These rules are a digest of all other
codes in use, and to these we shall presently refer. Here 42=6*7. 5389
In all football play, whatever the difference of the practice 427
in particular points of the game, the object sought to be gained 37723 (=7 x 5389)
by the rival players is the same, namely, to drive the ball to 226338 (=6* 7 * 5389, the placing the base or goal of their opponents. This will be best under
of the figures making it really stood by a diagram of the ground, which in length should be 2301103 6 x 70 x 5389).
from 50 yards upwards : . EXAMPLE 2.-Multiply 27432 by 9612.
Touch. 16. If the mnltiplier be such that the number formed by the Here the lines drawn on each side represent the boundary figure or figures on the extreme left hand is a factor of the rest, within which the game is played. These lines are usually we can perform the multiplication by a similar method.
marked out by flags, and the space beyond them is technically
known as touch. The two dots towards either end show the EXAMPLE 1.--Multiply 53496 by 1236.
position of two posts, which constitute the goal of one of the Here 12 is a factor of 36; 36 = 3 X 12.
two parties, say A or B, into which the players are divided. Commencing then with 12 as a mul.
The play begins in the centre of the ground, and the object of
1236 tiplier, we proceed, as in Lesson IV.
each party is to kick the ball through the goal posts of their Art. 9, to multiply by 12, and next 641959
opponents. On attaining this, the game is won for the side
641952 =product by 1200 Fre multiply this product by 3.
1925856 = product by 3 x 12
that accomplishes it. It may be renewed again, the parties
then changing goals, in order that each in turn may have any 66121056
advantage arising from fall of ground, direction of wind, etc.;
and at the termination of the play each side counts so many EXAMPLE 2.-Multiply 53496 by 1236144.
games as goals may have been secured by its players. Each The process will be the same as in the last side usually has its captain, and its goal-keeper, whose especial example, except that there will be a third line duty it is to guard the goal, as far as may lie in his power,
formed by multiplying the second line by 4, since when the ball is driven towards it. 1985956
144=4 X 36. This must be written three places | The balls are usually made of ox-bladders covered with 7703424 to the right, since the second line really represents leather, but india-rubber is sometimes employed for the lining. the product by 36000.
A good ball for the game may be obtained at from 8s. to 12s. 6128759-124
The rules which we subjoin will be sufficient explanation of EXERCISE 18.
the precise mode of commencing and continuing the play. But 1. Work the following examples in multiplication by the we may remark with regard to all rules, that the more nearly above method :
1. 125 * $55. 1 4. 4825 X 1352. 7. 61234 X 1296. * Our readers wishing to obtain information as to the practices of 2. 8512 X 648. 5. 754 X 549.
8. 6521 X 1957. the different schools, will find an account of them in “Cassell's 3. 5194 x 1080. 6. 945 x 7711.
Illustrated Family Paper," for December 31st, 1864.
the practice of the players is confined to the impelling of the ground, in a direction at right angles with the boundary the ball by kicks alone, and the more closely the kicks are con- line, and it shall not be in play until it has touched the ground; fined to the ball, and not distributed among the players, the and the player throwing it shall not play it until it has been more perfect is the game itself, and the more likely to retain played by another player. and increase its popularity. It is the barbarous custom (we 6. When a player has kicked the ball, any one of the same can use no other term), in some celebrated modes of play, to side who is nearer to the opponent's goal line is out of play, and allow the practice of hacking, or kicking freely at the shins or may not touch the ball himself, nor in any way whatever legs of an opponent, in certain positions of the game, in order prevent any other player from doing so until the ball has been to disable him from carrying on the ball. From this custom played, unless there are at least three of his opponents between serious consequences have occasionally resulted. Accidents will him and their own goal; but no player is out of play when the occasionally happen, from the nature of the game, under any ball is kicked from behind the goal line. circumstances; and that it requires courage to make an efficient 7. When the ball is kicked behind the goal line, it must bo player, and a disregard of the chance of a little danger, will kicked off by the side behind whose goal it went, within six not be considered a drawback by high-spirited youths who yards from the limit of their goal. The side who thus kick the engage in it. But there is no occasion to add to the probability ball are entitled to a fair kick off in whatever way they please, of personal injury by rules and practices which seem to invite it. without any obstruction, the opposite side not being able to
The following are the laws of the game, as determined in approach within six yards of the ball. February, 1867, by a general meeting of representatives of 8. No player shall carry or knock on the ball. clubs forming the Football Association. These laws, however, 9. Neither tripping nor hacking shall be allowed, and no it is understood, are subject to such modifications as future player shall use his hands to hold or push his adversary. experience may suggest :
10. A player shall not throw the ball, or pass it to another. 1. The maximum length of ground shall be 200 yards, the 11. No player shall take the ball from the ground with his maximum breadth shall be 100 yards; the length and breadth | hands while it is in play, under any pretence whatever. shall be marked off with flags; and the goals shall be upright 12. No player shall wear projecting nails, iron plates, or posts, eight yards apart, with a tape across them eight feet from gutta percha on the soles or heels of his boots. the ground.
The following is a definition of the terms used in the above 2. The winners of the toss shall have the choice of goals.rules :The game shall be commenced by a place kick from the centre A place kick is a kick at the ball while it is on the ground, in of the ground by the side losing the toss. The other side shall any position in which the kicker may choose to place it. not approach within ten yards of the ball until it is kicked off. Hacking is kicking an adversary intentionally.
3. After a goal is won, the losing side shall kick off, and goals Tripping is throwing an adversary by the use of the legs. shall be changed.
Knocking on is when a player strikes or propels the ball with 4. A goal shall be won when the ball passes between the his hands or arms. goal posts, under the tape, not being thrown, knocked on, or * Holding includes the obstruction of a player by the hand or carried.
any part of the arm below the elbow. 5. When the ball is in touch, the first player who touches it Touch is that part of the field, on either side of the ground, shall throw it from the point on the boundary line where it left which is beyond the line of flags.
from c to E, to denote units. The divisions of the standard LESSONS IN GEOMETRY.-IV.
unit A B are marked 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, from B to A, to
| denote tenth parts of a unit; and the divisions of the perpenINSTRUMENTS USED IN PRACTICAL GEOMETRY (continued). Idicnlar B B' are marked 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. from to al to In addition to the mathematical instruments described in our | denote hundredth parts of a unit. Or, if the divisions of the last lesson, there is also an instrument called a Protractor, for straight line A E denote hundreds, those between B and A denote measuring angles upon paper, which is represented in Fig. 14, tens, and those between B and B' denote units. The scale is and consists of a semicircle divided into degrees, from 0° to rendered complete by drawing straight lines from B on B A, 180° each way, the 90th degree being right above the centre, o. to 1 on B' A'; from 1 on B A, to 2 on B' A'; from 2 on B A, to The straight line, A B, in the figure is the diameter of the semi- 3 on B' A'; and so on, till one be drawn from 9 on B A, to A' circle, and is called the fiducial (or true) edge of the protractor on B' A'. to be applied to one of the legs of the angle to be measured ; By the nature of similar triangles, hereafter to be explained,
the small part of the parallel to the base 1 B', within the triangle B1 B', at the division marked 1, is one-tenth part of the base 1 B', and consequently one-hundredth part of the line A B; the small parts of the other parallels are in succession, twohundredths, three-hundredths, etc. Hence, if a straight line is to be measured, take its length in the compasses, and apply it to the scale from B towards E. If it measures an exact number of units, say from B to E, then the straight line may be said to measure 3, 30, or 300 equal parts, according as A B is made to stand for 1 unit, 1 ten, or 1 hundred. If it does not measure from E to B exactly, but extends from E exactly to one of the
division marks between B and A, say 4, then the straight line Fig. 14.
may be said to measure 3.4, 34, or 340 equal parts, according to
the standard unit, as before. If it does not extend from E to the arch, AI B, being the fiducial edge to be applied to the the division marked 4 between B and A exactly, but falls someother leg. Thus, in order to measure the angle X OY, the where between 4 and 5, then move the compasses downwards, centre of the instrument is placed on the vertex, o, of the angle, preserving one point always in the line E E, and both points and the edge o A on the leg o y, so as to coincide with it parallel to A E, till the other point fall on the intersection of the exactly; then the angle A 0 m, on the arch A MB, determined diagonal marked 4, 4, with one of the parallel straight lines by the point m, through which the other leg, o x, passes, is the marked on B B', say 6; then the straight line may be said to measure of the angle x o y. In this case, the measure appears to be nearly 45 degrees, as the figure represents divisions on the arch or limb of the protractor at every five degrees.
This apparatus for measuring angles is sometimes engraven on the upper side of a pair of parallel rulers, and sometimes on the obverse side of a plane scale. The protractor is more commonly made so that the centre of the semicircle, and the fiducial edge containing it, shall be on the outside of the instrument rather than on the inside, as above.
The Plane Scale is a flat ruler with several lines of equal parta, on one side divided according to certain proportional parts of an inch ; and having, on the other side, the diagonal
Fig. 17. scale, decimally divided so as to measure units, tens, and hundreds of equal parts, with a very considerable degree of measure 3.46, 34:6, or 346 equal parts, according to the standard exactness. The construction of this scale, so useful in graphical unit, as before. fie, drawing) operations, such as the construction of plans, For the purposes of navigation, dialling, etc., the plane scale maps, and charts, architectural designs, plans and sections has frequently on the side obverse to the diagonal scale just of machinery, etc., is founded on the properties of similar described, a set of lines, besides those of equal parts, containing triangles, as treated in the sixth book of Euclid. We shall I divisions for the measurement of leagues
divisions for the measurement of leagues, rhumbs, chords, endeavour to give our readers a practical idea of its con sines, tangents, semi-tangents, secants, lines of longitude, etc. struction.
Such scales are considered the best, as they are generally On a straight line, A E (Fig. 15), divided into any convenient executed with great care. The scale called Gunter's scale has 4987654321B
the same divisions on one side of it, as are to be found on the
plane scale, but of a larger size, and when well constructed, MI1
admitting of greater accuracy; but being usually made of boxwood, this is seldom the case. The obverse side of Gunter's scale has a set of lines representing the logarithms of the numbers which denote these divisions; by means of the logarithmic lines, arithmetical calculations can be performed instrumentally, that is, without the operation of the ordinary rules. A modification of this instrument, called the sliding Gunter, is
still more ingenious in its construction, and still more useful as L ILI10
an instrument of calculation. The explanation of these instruAB
ments, however, belongs to a more advanced state of knowledge among the generality of our readers. This we hope to reach by
their perseverance. mamber of equal parts, A B, BC, CD, D E, etc., one, A B, is One of the most useful instruments in a mathematical case, assumed as the standard unit of measure. From the different is the sector ; a mere sketch of its appearance is given in Fig. 16. points, A, B, C, D, E, etc., perpendiculars of a convenient It is composed of two flat rulers, movable on an axis, or jointed length, as A A', BB', CC, D D', E E, etc., are drawn to the straight at one end like a pair of compasses; hence it is called by the line A E, and terminated in the straight line A' E' parallel to A E. French, compas de proportion--the compasses of proportion. The unit A B is divided into 10 equal parts; then the opposite From the centre of the axis or joint, several scales are drawn on part, A' B', is similarly divided ; next the perpendicular B B' is the faces of the rulers, so as to correspond exactly with each divided into 10 equal parts, and through each division straight other. The two rulers are called the legs of the sector, and lines parallel to A E or A' E' are drawn. The divisions of the represent the radii of a circle; and the middle point of t] straight line A E are now marked with the numbers 1, 2, 3, etc., joint, its centre. It contains a scale of inches, lines of equ VOL. I.
wi*: Voyen should be pronounced as if printed thus, namely, mojien ;
whes kaistis divided thus, namely, moi-i-en, but pronounced in two syllables, ...Assang namely, moi-ien.
wowo when I Joyeux should be pronounced as if printed thus, namely, joiicu: o b is vf the divided thus, namely, joi-i-eu, but pronounced in two syllables,
namely, joi-ieu. ok give one Royaume should be pronounced as if printed thus, namely, We ustration. roiiaume; divided thus, namely, roi-i-aume, but pronounced in two
We DA and oB syllables, namely, roi-iaume.
. de divisions of The pupil need not attempt to pronounce these three French ës 22 straight lines words used as examples, because the combination of vowels and
ho vrtion. Suppose, other letters occurring in them has not yet been illustrated. deme gat line whose | The pronunciation of u with thesa .
The pronunciation of y with these and other combinations of Buro 2010 3 to 10. Open letters will be explained in future lessons. om .* poats marked 10 on its In the two following words the y, though not placed betreen h ave line, which may be two vowels, is under the same rule, namely :
v common compasses or Pays, meaning a country, should be pronounced as if printed
W two points marked 3 on its paiis; divided thus, namely, pai-is, and pronounced pa-ee. aka gat line required.
Paysage, meaning a landscape, should be pronounced as if auwe bwght lines are given, and it printed paiisage; divided thus, namely, pai-i-sage, and pronounced I teach other in numbers. Open pa-ee-zazh. w the two points marked 10 on its
IV. NAME AND SOUND OF THE CONSONANTS. ta of the greater of the two given
As a general rule, none of the consonants, when final, have a Booking the length of the smaller of the
distinct and independent sound, unless immediately followed by Imaguir of compasses, apply this distance to
a word commencing with a vowel or h mute; in which case the any number less than 10 marked on its legs.
consonant is joined with the following word in pronunciation. word that it coincides exactly with that of two
47. B, b.--In any position within a word, this letter has the r. the sume number, say 3; then the two given
sound of the English letter b. sa to one another in the ratio of 10 to 3: or. in
When doubled within a word, only one b is sounded, viz. :We wis the smaller is three-tenths of the greater. h ortional Compasses, called by the French compas de
Abbess, de the compasses of reduction-are represented in Fig.
Rabbi. and consist of two logs A N, C M, intersecting (i.e., crossing)
Thego logs are graduated in such a manner that, by! In these two words, namely, a-plomb and plomb, the b is silent,
ne the button at the proper place, the distance from A and the next two preceding letters in each word, namely, om, te may be at pleasure one-half, one-third, one-fourth, etc., | take the nasal sound of on. of the distance from M to N. By this instrument, a straight 48. C, C.--This letter has two entirely distinct sounds, Tin may be easily divided into any number of equal parts, or namely, hard and soft. Before the vowels a, o, u, and e, and into any other proportional parts required.
also before the consonants c, I, n, and r, it has the hard sound The invention of this instrument is claimed, by a recent of the letter k in the English word kill, namely:writer, for James Besson, a French mechanician, who published | FRENCH. PRONUN, ENGLISH | FRENCH PRONUN. ENGLISH,
nocount of it in his “Théâtre des Machines,” a work of Calamité Ka-la-me-tay Calamity. ana
Succès Suk-sai Success. which the plates were engraved before 1569. He says it is Comité Ko-me-tay Committee. Classe Klabss Class, usually attributed to Justus Byrgius, who published his Cube Kube Cube. Cnique Kneek Horse-thistle. description of it in 1603. John Robertson, librarian to the Caur Kuh-rr Heart. Crédit Kray-de Credit. Royal Society, in his “ Treatise on Mathematical Instruments,” |
But before e, i, and y, and also with the cedilla before a, o, London, 1775, ascribes the invention of a similar instrument to
and u, it has the soft sound of the letter s in the English word l'abricius Mordente in 1554, according to a statement made by
sea, namely :his brother, Gaspar Mordente, in his book on the Compasses,
FRENCH. PRONUN, ENGLISH FRENCH. PRONUN. EXOLISH, published at Antwerp in 1584.
Cedar. Façade Fas-sad Front. Cinq Sanh-k Five.
Façon Fas-son* Fashion,
Cycle Seek! Cycle. Reçu R'su Receipt. LESSONS IN FRENCH.-VIII.
When final, and not preceded by the letter 1, c is generally SECTION I.-FRENCH PRONUNCIATION (continued). sounded like the letter k in the English word book, namely :111. NAME AND SOUND OF THE VOWELS.
FRENCH. PRONUN. ENGLISH, FRENCH, PRONUN, ENGLISH. 46. Y, y.-Name, EE, ee; sound, like the letters ee in the
Avec A-vek With. Caduc Kad-uke Declining. English word bee.
Bêc Baik Beak, Echec Ay-shek Check. This lotter is also a word; that is, it is one of the parts of | In a few words, however, c final is not sounded, and these speech in the French language. It is usually an adverb, mean. exceptions are best found out by consulting a French pronouncing ing there. It is also used as a noun, and a pronoun.
dictionary. In a few words, c has the sound of the letter g in When y stands alone, and thus becomes a word, its pronun. the English word go, namely, second, secondaire, secondairement, ciation is invariably like that of the letters ee in the English seconde, secondement, seconder, secondine. word bee, viz. :--Il y a, pronounced eel ee a. This last a must In these words the c, which commences the second syllable, be sounded like a in the English word fat.
has the sound of the g, namely, second, as if printed segond; proY is also pronounced like the letters ce in the English word nounced s-gonh, etc. We do not illustrate all the sounds of bee, when it begins or ends a word; and also when it occurs in these French words here, because of the nasal sounds contained the body of a word, after a consonant, namely:
49. D. d.-This letter generally has the sound of the letter
d in the English word deed. It is usually silent when final,
except in proper names.
The principal exception to the above rule is, when d is final
just before a vowel or an h mute. In such a case, the d has the Whenever y is found in the body of a word, between two vowels, sound of the letter t in the English word top; and in pronunciait has the sound of two French i's, that is, of two double e's, namely:
* See foot-note, page 19.
tion is joined with the following word, as if it were its first Diamant, m., diamond.
| Manche, f., sleeve. letter, as will be seen in the two examples which follow, viz. : Dentelle, f., lace.
Mousseline, f., muslin.
Pantalon, m. sing., trousers.
Ecrin, m., casket, jewel-box.
Parapluie, m., umbrella.
Epée, f., sword.
Parasol, m., parasol.
Peigne, m., comb. In another instance, d has also the sound of t, viz., at the end | Eperons, m. pl., spurs. of the third person singular of the indicative mood of verbs, Epingle, f., pin.
- Pendants d'oreilles, m. pl., carIn these cases
Etui, m., needle-case. when followed by the pronouns il, elle, or on.
rings. Eventail, m., fan.
Perle, f., pearl. the d has the sound of the English t, and is joined to the follow
Flacon, m., smelling-bottle,
Poche, f., pocket. ing word in pronunciation, as if it were that word's first letter,
Fourrure, f., fur.
Pommade, f., pomatum Camely:
Frac, m., dress coat.
Redingote, f., great-coat,
Frange, f., fringe.
Robe, f., dress, robe.
Cout-elle bien ?
Robe de chambre, f., dressing-goun.
Satin, m., satin.
Répont-on ainsi ?
Soie, f., silk.
Tablier, m., apron.
Taffetas, m., taffeta.
Ivoire, f., ivory.
Velours, m., velvet.
Veste, f., jacket. 3. LE CORPS HUMAIN.—THE HUMAN BODY.
Lunettes, f. pl., spectacles.
Voile, m., veil.
Lèvre, f., lip.
SECTION XVI.-COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES-ENCORE, Boache, 1., mouth.
Menton, m., chin.
1. The superlative absolute is formed by placing très, fort, or Cervelle, f., brain.
Moustache, f., moustache.
bien, very, before the adjective (S 14 (11)].
Ces chandeliers sont très-utiles, These candlesticks are very useful.
Notre tailleur est bien obligeant, Our tailor is very obliging,
2. The superlative relative is formed by adding the article le, Cóté, m., side,
Orteil, m., toe.
la, les, to a comparative ($ 14 (9)].
Votre neveu est le plus savant de Your nephew is the most learned Conde, m., elbow. Paupière, f., eyelid.
of all. Crite, n, skull. Peau, f., skin.
3. Encore is used in French in the sense of more, some more, Cuisse, f., thigh.
Pouce, m., thumb.
any more, still, used affirmatively and interrogatively, but not Dos, m., back, Prunelle, f., pupil of the eye.
Have you any more coffee ?
I have more (or some more) coffee.
I have some more, or some left. Pose, m., liter. Sein, m., bosom,
4. Ne plus is used in the sense of not any more, and no more, Front, m., forehead.
Sourcils, m. pl., eyebrows.
or none left.
I have no more books.
I have no chocolate left.
5. Neguère means but little, but few. . Jambe, I., leg.
Trait, m., feature.
I have but ferr friends.
Je n'ai guère d'amis,
I have but few-but little. 4. MALADIES, INFIRMITÉS, ETC.-MALADIES, INFIRMITIES, ETC.
6. The pronouns moi, toi, lui, eux, are used instead of the
nominative pronouns je, tu, il, ils, after the que of a comparison, Attaque, f., attack, fit. Fièvre scarlatine, f., scarlet fever.
and when the verb is understood. Baume, m., balsam.
Goutte, f., gout.
Vous êtes plus heureux que moi, You are happier than I.
Vous avez plus de mérite que lui, You have more merit then he.
RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES.
Votre marchand est bien obligeant. Your merchant is very obliging.
Voilà le meilleur de ces garçons. That is the best of those boys. Colique, f., colic. Mutisme, m., dumbness.
Nous avons encore des amis. We have some more (or still) friends. Contusion, f., bruise. Onguent, m., pommade, f., salve. Vous avez encore du crédit.
You have still (or yet) credit.
Avez-vous encore une piastre ? Have you a dollar left ?
Le maçon a-t-il encore des briques? Has the mason any more bricks? Emétique, m., emetic.
Pulmonie, f., consumption,
He has no more--he has none left.
He has no more bricks.
Il n'en a guère.
He has but fere,
He has but few left.
I have but few books.
Avez-vous plus de courage que Are you more courageous (lit., have
you more courage) than he ? Herre nerveuse, f., nervous fever. | Vertigo, m., dizziness.
Il a moins de courage que moi. He is less courageous (lit., has loss 5. HABILLEMENTS.- ARTICLES OF DRESS.
courage) than I. Agne, L., clasp.
Combien de piastres avez-vous How many dollars have you still, or Bretelles, f. pl., braces, Aigunille, f., needle.
have you left?
Correct, -e, correct, Neveu, m., nephew. Savant, -e, learned.
Sæur, f., sister. Pasin, n., dimity. Chaussettes, m. pl., socks.
Beaucoup, much, Nouvelles, f., neus. Tante, f., aunt. Batiste, f., cambric. Cirage, m., blacking.
Quel, which, which one. Tous, all. 9 Bijouterie, 1., jeicellery. Ciseaux, m. pl., scissors.
Dictionnaire, m., dic Salade, f., salad. Ville, f., lown, city. Bonnet, m., cap. 1 Coiffure, f., head-dress,
tionary. Boucle, f., buckle. Collet, m., collar.
EXERCISE 27. Bancle, ., lock of hair, curl.
Collier, m., necklace. Boucles d'oreilles, f. pl., ear-rings. Coton, m., cotton.
1. Votre dictionnaire est-il très-correct? 2. Il est plus correct Barse, f., purse. Cravate, f., cravat,
que celui de Boyer. 3. Votre dictionnaire est le plus correct de Bracelet, m., bracelet, Crêpe, m., crape.
tous. 4. Quel est le meilleur de ces jardins ? 5. Celui-ci est