Εικόνες σελίδας


ENGLISH. 2. Find correctly to 4 places of decimals the quotients result.


Hooded. ing from the following divisions :


Soa-hardened. 1. '4134 • 3243.

3. 2.3748 • 1:4736.


To man a ship. 2. •079085 · 83497.

4. 180 = 3:14159.


Anh-may-lay (2nd syll. long) To entangle. Emménagement Anh-may-nach-manh

Furnishing a house. 3. How many boxes will it require to pack 71.5 pounds of

Emménagements Anh-may-nazh-manhs

Ship's convenienoos. batter, if you put 5-5 pounds in a box?


To furnish a house. 4. How many suits of clothes will 29-6 yards of cloth make, Emménagogue


Emmenagogue allowing 3-7 yards to a suit ?


To take away. 5. If a man can walk 30-25 miles per day, how long will it Emmenotter


To handouff. take him to walk 150-75 miles ?


Sweetened with honey. 6. How many loads will 134642.156 pounds of hay make,


To sweeten with honey.

Anh-mee-too-flay allowing 1622.2 pounds for a load ?

To wrap up.

To consecrate abishop. 7. If a team can plough 2-3 acres in a day, how long will it


To mortise. take to plough 63.75 acres ?


Banked with earth. 8. How many bales of cotton are there in 56343.75 pounds, Emmuseler


To muzzle. allowing 375 pounds to a bale? .

It is believed the above list comprises nearly every word in 9. Determine the quotient in the following examples in divi. sion of decimals by removing the point in such dividend to the

the French language which departs from the general rule of

nasals in em. left, and adding ciphers when necessary :

74. The following words are exceptions to the first general 1. 4672-3 • 100.

5. 42643621 – 100000,

rule concerning nasals (page 214), namely:2. 8 10000.

6. 6723000-45 + 10000000 3. 6723,45.67 10.

7. 1*2300456 < 100000.


ENGLISH, 8. 2.0076346 + 1000000.

Enivrant 4. 10312 306 100.



Intoxication, 10. Multiply the following numbers together by removing the Enivrer (and all de- Anh-nee-vray

To intoxicate, decimal points :

rived from it)
Enorgueillir (ditto) Anh-or-guaygl-yeer

To render proud. 1. 85.4321 x 100.

8. •5 x 1000, 2. A2930 213401 x 10. 9. 75 X 100000,


10. 65 ten thousandths x 1000. 4, 608.34017 X 1000,

11. 48 hundred thousandths | 1. The verb aller is used, in French, in the same manner as 5. 30.4672 14067 X 10000.

X 100000.

the verb to go, in English, to indicate a proximate future. 6. 446-32L 4022 x 100000. 12. 248 thousandths x 100000. Allez-vous écrire ce matin ?

Are you going to write this morning? 7. 21-3456782106 * 100000. I

Je vais écrire mes lettres,

I am going to write my letters. 11. Multiply •863541 by .10983, retaining 5 decimal places. 2. The verb venir is used idiomatically, in French, to indicate 12. Multiply 1.123674 by 1:123674, retaining 6 decimal places. I a past just elapsed. It requires, in this signification, the prepo13. Multiply .26736 by .28758, retaining 4 decimal places. sition de before another verb. 14. Multiply •1347866 by .288793, retaining 7 decimal places,

Je viens d'écrire mes lettres, I have just written my lotters. 15. Multiply .681472 by .01286, retaining 5 decimal places.

Nous venons de recevoir des lettres, We have just received letters. 16. Multiply .053407 by .047126, retaining 6 decimal places. 17. Multiply •3857461 by .0046401, retaining 6 decimal places.

3. Aller trouver, venir trouver, are used in the sense of to go
to, to come to, in connection with nouns or pronouns representing
Allez trouver le ferblantier,

Go to the tinman.

J'ai envie d'aller le trouver,

I have a desire to go to him. SECTION 1.-FRENCH PRONUNCIATION (continued).

Venez me trouver à dix heures, Come to me alten o'clock.

4. Aller chercher means to go for, to go and jetch. 72. THERE are a few exceptions to the preceding illustrated

You Allez chercher le médecin,

Go and fetch the physician. pronunciation, which will be given, namely:

Je vais chercher du sucre et du I am going for coffee and sugar. Ennui. According to Rulo 2 (page 214), the first en of this

café, word would not be nasal, because the n is doubled. In this

5. Envoyer chercher means to send for, to send and fetch. word, however, en is a nasal.

Envoyez chercher le marchand, Send for the merchant.


J'envoie chercher des légumes, I send for vegetables. In the following words the en is a nasal, viz. :

6. The first and second persons of the plural of the imperaEnnuyant Anh-nuee-eeanh :


tive are, with few exceptions, the same as the corresponding Ennuyeusement Anh-nuee-eeuz-manh


persons of the present of the indicative. The pronouns nous, Enouyeu Anh-nuee-eenh


vous, are not used with the imperative. Emuyeux


7. PLURAL OF THE IMPERATIVE OF ALLER, ENVOYER, AND In the word ennuyer, the en is nasal. The same is true of all

VENIR. derivatives from that word.

Allons, let us go. Envoyons, let us send. | Venons, let us come.
Allez, go.
| Envoyez, send.

Venez, come.

To annoy.

8. Tous, m., toutes, f., followed by the article les and a plural 73. There are some exceptions, also, to the pronunciation

noun, are used in French in the same sense as the word every in illustrated under the nasal em (page 214), in the following

English. words, in which the m is doubled, but the nasality is not

Votre frère vient tous les jours, Your brother comes every day. destroyed, namely:

Vous allez à l'école tous les matins, You go to school every morning. FRENCH. PRONUNCIATION,


9. Tout, m., toute, f., followed by le or la and the noun in the Emmagasinage Anh-mag-az-ee-nazh

Warehousing. Ermagasiner

singular, are used for the English expression the whole, coming Anh-magaz-ee-nay

To warehouse.

To grow lean.

before a noun. Emmaillottement Anh-mah-eegl-ot-manh


Il reste ici toute la journée, He remains here the whole day. Emmaillotter - Anh-man-eagl-yo-tay

To swaddle,

10. A day of the week or of the month, pointed out as the Eramancheraent. Anh-manhsh-manh

Putting on a handle.

To mit a handle to time of an appointment or of an occurrence, is not preceded by
Anh-manh-shay (naval term) To enter a channel.

| a preposition in French. Ernmancheur Anh-manh-sheuhr

Venez Lundi ou Mardi,

Come on Monday or Tuesday. Emmanchure Anh-manh-shure


Venez le quinze ou le seize Avril, Come on the fifteenth or sixteenth of Emmannequiner Auh-man-kee-nay To put into a basket.


11. When the occurrence is a periodical or customary one, LESSONS IN GEOGRAPHY.–VIII. the article le is prefixed to the day of the week or the time of the day.

DISCOVERIES OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, Il vient nous trouver le Lundi, He comes to its on Mondays.

Sir John Ross, who sailed in the Victory in 1829, on an exIl va trouver votre père l'après- He goes to your father in the after. pedition to the north, again explored Baffin Bay, Lancaster midi,


Sound, and Prince Regent Inlet; discovered land which he RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES.

called Boothia Felix, from the name of his patron; and explored

the coasts of this new country, until he was so hemmed in by Je vais parler à M. votre père. I am going to speak to your father.

the ice, that he could neither advance nor return. The expediNous venons de recevoir de l'argent. We have just received money.

tion accordingly remained in this condition during the space of Que venez-vous de faire ?

What have you just donc ? Je viens de déchirer mon habit. I have just torn my coat.

four years, the longest period on record of the detention of Votre frère va-t-il trouver son ami? Does your brother go to his friend? navigators in the northern regions. While thus detained the Il va le trouver tous les jours. He goes to him every day.

members employed their time in making excursions which Il vient me trouver tous les Lundis. He comes to me every Monday, enlarged our geographical and meteorological knowledge, and Allez-vous chercher de l'argent ? Do you go and fetch money?

added to philosophy the fine discovery of the north magnetic Je n'en vais pas chercher. I do not. (Sect, XXIII. 12.)

pole. Besides the isthmus and peninsula of Boothia Felix, the Allez-vous chez cette damo Lundi? Do you go to that lady's house on

expedition discovered King William Land, and the western sea

J'ai l'intention d'y aller Mardi. I intend to go there on Tuesday.

called after the same sovereign. As to the north-west passage, J'y vais ordinairement le Mercredi. I generally go there on Wednesdays.

he found that this did not exist in Prince Regent Inlet, nor to Il va à l'église le Dimanche. He goes to church on Sundays,

the south of latitude 70° N. ; but Sir John Ross failed in dis

covering a free passage in the frozen seas of America, by which VOCABULARY.

he could find his way to Behring Strait; in fact, the peninsula Année, f., year. Demain, to-morrow. Mardi, m, Tuesday. which separates Prince Regent Inlet from this northern sea, at Apprend-re, 4, ir., to Dimanche, m., Sunday. Mercredi, m., Wednes. the place where the expedition made its principal researches, is learn. | Ecossais, -e, Scotch. I day.

not only very narrow, but is chiefly covered with lakes which Après-midi, f., after. Ecri-re, 4, ir., to write. | Musique, f., music.

reduce the isthmus between the two seas to a breadth of three noon.

Enseign-er, 1, to teach, Parceque, because. miles. Commenc-er, 1, to com- Excepté, except. Prochain, -e, next.

Other expeditions, no less dangerous, and equally difficult, if mence. Irlandais, -e, Irish. Rest-er, 1, to remain,

not more so, had been undertaken by land, with a view of Compagne, f., com. Jeudi, m., Thursday. to live. panion. Journée, f., day.

exploring the northern regions of America, and the coast of the

Samedi, m., Saturday. Connaissances, f., ac- Lundi, m., Monday. Teinturier, m., dyer.

Polar Sea, in order to assist in the discovery of the passage so quaintances. | Malade, sick, | Vendredi, m., Friday. ardently sought for during so many ages. Samuel Hearn,

employed by the Hudson Bay Company, in 1771 commenced EXERCISE 45.

his expedition at Prince of Wales Fort, and discovered the 1. Qu'allez-vous faire ? 2. Je vais apprendre mes leçons. Coppermine River, which he traced to its embouchure in the 3. N'allez-vous pas écrire à vos connaissances ? 4. Je ne vais Polar Sea. Franklin, in 1820-21, made an expedition by land écrire à personne. 5. Qui vient de vous parler ? 6. L'Irlandais along the same coast, between the Coppermine River and Cape vient de nous parler. 7. Quand l'Écossaise va-t-elle vous Turnagain. This adventurous expedition, accomplished amidst enseigner la musique ? 8. Elle va me l'enseigner l'année pro | a thousand dangers, among which famine was not the least chaine. 9. Va-t-elle commencer Mardi ou Mercredi ? 10. Elle formidable, was highly useful in a geographical point of view. ne va commencer ni Mardi ni Mercredi ; elle a l'intention de Two years afterwards the same officer undertook another ex. commencer Jeudi, si elle a le temps. 11. Votre compagne va-t- pedition to the north, and explored the country between the elle à l'église tous les Dimanches ? 12. Elle y va tous les Mackenzie River and Cape Back; at the same time Dr. Dimanches et tous les Mercredis. 13. Qui allez-vous trouver ? Richardson, one of the party, explored that part between the 14. Je ne vais t ver personne ? 15. N'avez-vous pas l'inten. Mackenzie River and the Coppermine River. The part of the tion de venir n trouver demain ? 16. J'ai l'intention d'aller coast left unexplored between the limits of Captain Beechey trouver votre teinturier. 17. Envoyez-vous chercher le médecin? and Captain Franklin's discoveries, extending to 150 miles, was 18. Quand je suis malade, je l'envoie chercher. 19. Reste-t-il nearly completed in this respect by Captain Back, and after him avec vous toute la journée ? 20. Il ne reste chez moi que quel. by Messrs. Dease and Simpson, so that the northern shores of ques minutes. 21. Allez-vous à l'école le matin ? 22. J'y vais North America are now geographically known almost throughle matin et l'après-midi. 23. Y allez-vous tous les jours ? 24. / out their whole extent. J'y vais tous les jours, excepté le Lundi et le Dimanche. 25. Le Our geographical knowledge of the interior of the continent Samedi je reste chez nous, et le Dimanche je vais à l'église. of North America was greatly increased by some other imEXERCISE 46.

portant expeditions. Lewis and Clarke travelled to the sources

of the Missouri among the 'Rocky Mountains, and reached the 1. What is the Irishman going to do? 2. He is going to Pacific Ocean by descending along the course of the Columbia teach music. 3. Has he just commenced his work ? 4. He River. Pike, in exploring the sources of the Mississippi, dishas just commenced it. 5. Who has just written to you? 6. covered those of the Arkansas and the Red River. Major Long, The dyer has just written to me. 7. Does your little boy go James Peak, Messrs. Cass and Schoolcraft, travelled over this to church every day? 8. No, Sir, he goes to church on Sundays, vast region, so remarkably studded with lakes and rivers, and and he goes to school every day. 9. Do you go for the phy. belonging partly to Britain and partly to the United States sician? 10. I send for him because my sister is sick. 11. Do Mackenzie, in 1789, went from Montreal, and travelling to the you go to my physician or to yours? 12. I go to mine, yours north-west, descended along the course of the river which bears is not at home, 13. Where is he? 14. He is at your father's his name, and found that its source was in the Slave Lake, and its or at your brother's. 15. Do you intend to send for the termination in the Arctic Ocean ; he then crossed the chain of physician? 16. I intend to send for him. 17. Am I right to the Rocky Mountains, and reached the Pacific. In South America, send for the Scotchman ? 18. You are wrong to send for him. Baron von Humboldt began his explorations, and accompanied 19. Do you go to your father in the afternoon? 20. I go to by M. Aimé Bonpland, the celebrated botanist, visited Columbia, him in the morning. 21. Does your brother go to your uncle's now divided into the republics of Venezuela and Ecuador, and every Monday ? 22. He goes there every Sunday. 23. Are the Granadian Confederation, studying during his travels all the you going to learn music ? 24. My niece is going to learn it, if phenomena of nature, tracing the geography of the country, she has time. 25. Am I going to read or to write ? 26. You measuring the heights of the Andes, examining the craters of are going to read to-morrow. 27. Does he go to your house volcanoes, delineating on maps the courses of rivers, and, in every day? 28. He comes to us every Wednesday. 29. At short, exploring the greater part of this magnificent country. what hour? 30. At a quarter before nine. 31. Does he come On the river Amazon, he made observations equally curious and carly or late ? 32. He comes at a quarter after nine. 33. What important. He proceeded from Peru to Mexico, and made do you go for ? 34. We go for vegetables, meat, and sugar. similar observations in the latter country; and he has described 35. We want sugar every morning.

his scientific discoveries in these regions in a style both effective and interesting ; so that in no portion of the globe have greater stone, some of which weigh eighty tons. The great gates are advances been made in the knowledge of physics and geography, each composed of one single mass; and there are colossal and of all the sciences connected with them. Botanical geo- images rudely sculptured, showing that at a very early period graphy may, in fact, be said to have originated with Baron von there must have been some communication between the old Humboldt. If to this we add that the author of the “Tableaux World and the New. The traveller above mentioned then visited de la Nature" studied the countries in which he travelled both in succession the cities of Cochabamba and of Santa Cruz de in an economical and political point of view, his merit as a la Sierra ; courageously penetrated into the province of the scientific traveller stands unrivalled.

Chiquitos, which he surveyed in every direction to the river The travels of La Condamine in Poru and on the river Amazon ; Paraguay and the Brazilian province of Matto-Grosso; noted the of Smith and Maw, on the same river; of Messrs. Spix, Martins, manners of the Guarayos, a tribe still entirely savage; traversed and Auguste St. Hilaire, in Brazil ; of Don Felix Azara, in the province of the Moxos, to the north-east of Upper Peru; Paraguay; of Captains King and Fitzroy, in Patagonia and passed some time in the forests inhabited by the Yuracares Tierra del Fuego; of M. Stephenson, in Chili and Peru; of M. | Indians ; discovered the points of discharge of the Rio Beni and Gay, in Chili; and of M. Schomberg, in Guiana, have all con- | Rio Mamoré, tributaries to the Amazon ; returned to Santa tributed to the perfection of our knowledge of the geography, Cruz; visited Potosi, the city of inexhaustible mines; and finally the productions, the geology, and the population of South Ame- sailed for France from the coast of Peru. This remarkable rica. Among these later travellers must be mentioned M. A. expedition lasted for the space of eight years, and produced d'Orbigny, a learned French geologist, who, in 1826, after a valuable results for the geographer, the natural historian, and sojourn of seven months at Buenos Ayres, ascended the Parana l the goologist.

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as far as 1,000 miles from its month, travelled over the province From the extremity of South America let us pass on to the of Corrientes, and other parts of the Argentine Confederation, regions which surround the Antarctic pole. There we see navi. visited the hordes of savages which people the Grand-Chaco, and gators of all nations braving the storms and the icebergs of returned to a civilised territory, passing through the provinces those seas which are covered with everlasting mists, in order to of Entre Rios and Santa-Fe. He then travelled into Patagonia, enrich geography with important observations and discoveries. ascended the Rio Negro, and sojourned eight months in that After the immortal name of Cook, came those of William Smith country amongst the stalwart savages, whose Herculean forms (1818), of Lieutenant Barnsfield, of the Russian officers Bellingand size had been described with so much exaggeration by hansen and Lazareff (1819), of Botwell (1820), of Weddell and Pigaletta, Drake, Sarmiento, Lemaire, Byron, Bougainville, and Palmer (1822), of Biscoe (1830), and of Balleny (1839). It is to many other navigators. This intrepid naturalist then proceeded these navigators, some commissioned by the government of the to Chili, having doubled Cape Horn and reached Bolivia, some nations to which they belonged, and others who were simply times called Upper Peru, of which he explored the western whalers or seal-catchers, that we owe the successive discoveries region, rendered so remarkable by the labours of the ancient of New South Shetland, the South Orkneys, Palmer Land, Quichuas. He ascended the summits of the Andes, and on his Trinity Land, the islands of Peter and Alexander, Enderby Land, reaching the opposite sides of these amazing heights, beheld a Adelié Land, Graham Land, and the islands of Biscoe and magnificent panorama of snowy peaks, and of immense chains Balleny. Three voyages in the southern circumpolar seas—those of monntains. He at last reached the vast table-land on which of Dumont d'Urville, of Captain James Clarke Ross, and of the is situated the great Lake of Titicaca, 150 miles long, rendered American Commodore Wilkes-deserve particular notice. The so famous by the Temple of the Sun, built by the Incas, on an French expedition, under the command of Captain Dumont island in its centre. At the village of Tiahuanacu, near the d'Urville, after a careful exploration of the Strait of Magellan, banks of this lake, are also to be seen the remains of the proceeded in 1838 towards the icy regions, and was stopped by stapendous palace erected by the ancient Peruvians. The an iceberg in latitude 64° S. The two vessels endeavoured to interior courts, 360 feet square, are built of enormous blocks of overcome the obstacles which opposed their progress, but they were blockaded by the ice during five successive days, and only be acquainted with, as :-Rennen Sie sicje Leute? Do you know secured their safety by a sudden change of the wind to the these people ? Ich fenne sie, I know them, I am acquainted with south, and the immediate efforts of the crews, who cleared their them. way through the immense blocks of ice with which they were sur 4. The indefinite pronoun man has no exact correspondent in rounded. Sailing in a different direotion, they discovered Louis English. It is variously translated, according to its position ; Philippe Land ; and returning northward, Captain D'Urville thus, Man sollte immer ehrlich handelss, one should always act honourvisited, agreeably to his instructions, the island of Juan Fer-ably. Man läuít, they are running. Man sdreit, they are crying. nandez, the Marquesas Islands, Otabeite or Tahiti—which has Ertragen muß man, was der Himmel sendet; what (the) Heaven sends, gained the name of the “Gem of the Pacific" from the exquisite must we endure ($ 59. 1, 2). Man is often nominative to an beauty of its scenery-Samoa, Vavaoo, Hapaee, and the Feejee active verb, which latter is best rendered by a passive one, as:Islands. He then touched at Banks Island, the Vanikoro, Man weiß, wo er ift. it is known where he is. Man hat ben Dieb Solomon, and Caroline Islands, and others, and arrived at the gefangen, the thief has been caught. hospitable port of Guam. He then sailed through the great The above use obtains especially in the phrase , man sagt“ Asiatic Archipelago, and explored the banks of New Guinea, (French on dit), which, though more literally “one says," is Australia, and the isles of Sunda; he made the tour of often better rendered by “it is said, rumoured, reported," etc. Borneo, and stayed a short time at Hobart Town, in Tasmania.

VOCABULARY. In January, 1840, the vessels of the same expedition, L'Astrolabe and La Zélée, sailed again towards the icy regions of the south, Elend, wretched. ! Latei'nisch, Latin. Sollen, shall. and swept over the immense space from 120° to 170° E., which Gei'delberg, n. Heidel- Machen, to make, to Sprache, f. language. had not hitherto been fully explored by navigators. Having dis berg.


Um (114. 4). covered some land and coasts which they supposed to belong to

sh they supposed to belong to Helen. to go for. Schneiten, to cut. Wahl, f. choice. the yet undiscovered Antarctic continent, they returned to New Käie, m. cheese. | Schule, f. school. Wiese, f. meadow. Zealand, and explored its coasts, and those of the islands of the Louisiade Archipelago and New Guinea, including the dangerous

Résumé OF EXAMPLES. reefs of Torres Strait.

Er ist fleißig, nicht nur um das lob He is diligent, not only to obThe object of the expedition under Captain, afterwards Sir seines Lejrers zu erwer'ben, son tain the praise of his teacher, James Ross, was to investigate the problem of the Artarctic tern um seine Kenntnisse zu er. but in order to extend his continent of which D'Urville was considered to have seen the weitern .

knowledge. shores. He sailed for this purpose, with the Erebus and Terror | Wir cssen, um zu leben; aber wir We eat in order to live, but we under his command, and early in 1840 he discovered land in leben nicht, um zu essen.

do not live in order to eat. latitude 70° 47' S., and longitude 174° 56' E., consisting of a Ein fluger Mann weiß zu schrei- A judicious man knows (how) collection of peaked mountains, varying from 9,000 to 12,000 gen.

to be silent. feet in height, covered with snow, and surrounded with immense in un'beflectes Herz ist ein stiller An unspotted heart is a still masses of ice which jutted into the ocean like huge promon- beller See, tem man auf ten clear sea, which one sees to tories. An island discovered in the vicinity of this land was Grund sieht.

the bottom. called Victoria. In latitude 76° 8' S., and longitude 170° 32' E., Gin Freund ist eine Münze; man A friend is a coin, it is proved they discovered another island; and next day they beheld a prüft sie, ehe man sie nimit. before it is received. mountain 12,400 feet high belching forth, at an immense eleva

EXERCISE 39. tion, flames and smoke; to this volcano they gave the name of Mount Erebus. Having reached latitude 78° 4' S., the farthest 1. Ich muß auf die Wiese gehen, Heu zu holen. 2. Was soll Ihr Brusouth point yet reached in the Antarctic Ocean, the expedition ter in der Sdule thun? 3. Er soll in bie Schule gehen, um die lateinide proceeded on its way in a retrograde direction, coasting, as it (§ 5, 8) Sprache zu lernen.

9 ) S

4. Der Mensch muß ehrlich oder elend sein. were, the land first discovered, it being impossible to get on

| 5. Was soll ic) thun ? 6. Sie fönnen thun, was Sie wollen, und sollten shore on account of the ice in which it was enveloped. It was

thun, was Sie fönnen 7. Warum sind Sie nicht gestern zu uns (Sect. thus ascertained that this land extended in latitude from 70° S.

XXIII.) gefommen? 8. 3d wollte, aber ich Bonnte nicht; ich mußte zu to 79° S.; and it was named Victoria Land. A second voyage

Hause bleiben und lesen 9. Wird der Schneider mir einen Tod machen of Captain Ross was fruitless, and a third ended in the discovery

wollen? 10. Er wirt 3hnen einen machen wollen, aber er wird es nicht of a small volcanic island in latitude 64° 12' S., and in longitude

thun fönnen. 11. Warum wird er es nicht thun fønnen? 12. Gr wird 54° 29' W. The expedition of Wilkes, the American navigator

morgen auf tas land geben müssen, Teinen franfen Brut er zu besuchen. 13. already mentioned, was practically useless; as it was proved that

Was will ter Knabe mit seinem Messer ? 14. Gr will Broo und Kåfc his claim to the discovery of the Antarctic continent could not schneiten. 15. Haben Sie Zeit, in ten Stall zu gehen? 16. Ich habe be supported even by the testimony of his own officers. Recent

Zeit, aber ich will nicht gehen, ich will zu Hause bleiben. 17. Was haben attempts to penetrate into the land around the south pole have

Sie zu Gauíc zu thun ? 18. Ich habe Briefe zu lesen und zu schreiben.

19. Müssen Sie sie heute schreiben? proved unsuccessful.

20. 3d muß sie heute schreiben, weil ich morgen nach Geitelberg geben will. 21. Man muß in der Wahl jainer

Freunde vorsichtig sein. 22. Dieser Snabe hat heute gar nichts gelernt. LESSONS IN GERMAN.-XIV.

23. Haben Sie auch nichts gelernt ? 24. Ich habe etwas gelernt, abet


VOCABULARY. WHEN not governed by an auxiliary verb of mood, the infinitive que out of, from. takes the preposition zu (§ 146) before it, as :- Ich habe Zeit zu Barer, m. Bavarian. | Fenster, n. window.

Dorf, n. village. | Neu'igkeit, f. news. lesen, I have time to read.

Sdachtel, f. bor. Er geht in tie Scule, um zu lernen, he Berg, m. mountain. | Flinte, f. gun. | Solop, n. goes to school, in order to learn. Er geht auf ten Markt, um Fleisd). Bübme, m. Bohemian. Hausfnecht, m. house

castle, zu kaufen, he goes to market, in order to buy meat. Im, in order,


Brunnen, m. well. I servant. is, as in English, often omitted, as :-Er geht auf ten Markt, Fleisch

lingarn, n. Hungary.

Dienstmädchen, n. ser- Hesic, m. Hessian. Warschau, n. Warzu fauren, he goes to market to buy meat. 1. Können often signifies to know, to have learned a thing, and

vant-girl. | Krafıu, n. Cracow. I saw. may be followed by a noun in the accusative, as :- Können Sie

how (understand) German ? Followed by a
W (understand) German ? Followed by a

1. Zu wem geben Sie

1. Zu wem gehen Sie ? 2. Ich gehe zu meinem Bruder. 3. Mit wem verb, können signifies either to be able (see Sect. XXIV. 1), or to geht dieser Knabe? 4. Or geht mit seinem Vater nach der Stadt

- Wymy

sist 3.

5. know how, as :- Kann er schreiben? Can he write ? or, does he Von wem baben Sie diese Neuigkeiten gehört? 6. Ich habe sie von meinen know how to write, has he learned to write ?

alten Freunde gehört. 7. Mit wem geben Sie nach dem Derfe? 8. 3ch 2. Wissen, to know, is frequently placed before an infinitive gehe nicht nach dem Dorfe, ich gehe mit meinem Vater nach der großen with 31, and corresponds to our phrase “ to know how,” as : Stadt. 9. Wann gehen Sie aus ter Start zu unsern Freunden? 10. Er iveiß zu schreiben, he knows (how to write. Er weiß zu leben, he Wir gehen nicht zu Ihren Freunden, wir fommen morger wieder nach Paule kuows (how) to live. Or weiß sich zu helfen, he knows (how) to 11. Id gebe heute weber zu meinem Freunde, noch nad dem Derfe, 10? get on.

| aus dem Hause. 12. Der Graf bat ein großes Sdloß mit Fleinen fenitern. 3. Kennen also signifies to know, but only in the sense of to 13. Der Fluß fommt aus ben Bergen. 14. hat Ihr Bater ctwað von

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