« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
of her literary compositions,
let the surviving few who shared
no exaggerated praise.
The literary and religious world are indebted, for this appropriate Testimonial, to Charles Rochemont Aikin, Esq., of Bloomsbury Square, Surgeon, Nephew to Mrs. Barbauld, and the adopted son of the worthy minister and his celebrated lady. The inscription was furnished by an elder nephew, Arthur Aikin, Esq., late Secretary to the Society of Arts, Adelphi.
We hail the erection of this monument as another symptom of the progress that has been of late made by the congregation meeting at the antique Presbyterian chapel on Newington-Green. With the assistance of the Unitarian public, they have placed their chapel in a state of handsome repair : they have considerably enlarged their library, and by the introduction of a department of general literature, much enhanced its value and usefulness; and they have commenced a Sunday School, which is already numerously attended, and promises complete success. The doctrinal lectures of their minister, the Rev. Thomas Cromwell, have also been the means of drawing unusual attention to Unitarianism in the neighbourhood; and attracted on every occasion full auditories. To all such “revivals" we unfeignedly bid God speed ! especially when, as we understand is the case here, united efforts are made in the cause, not so much of a sect, as of the broad Christianity of Christ, consisting of two great elements, devotion to God, and Human Brotherhood.
Postscript to the Article in this Number, on the Colleges of the
University of Cambridge.
To ensure a greater degree of accuracy in the calculation of the proportion between the total number of students admitted annually into Trinity College, Cambridge, and the number of students who obtain testimonials for ordination from that College, (see pp. 17 and 18 in this number of the Christian Teacher,) the following additional corrections are requisite :
1. In p. 17, line 27, for 67 read 47.
2. In p. 17, line 35, for 433 read 413; and line 37, for 473 read 453.
3. In p. 17, line 36, for 50 read 100; and line 37, for 1389 read 1339.
The year 1840 in the table, p. 17, includes only the period from the beginning of January to the middle of November, at which time the numbers were collected; but in the nine preceding years, the whole of the twelve months in each year is included.
There were one hundred and twenty-one admissions into Trinity College in ten months and a half of the year 1840, and at the end of October 1840, there were one hundred and thirteen first year students or freshmen in the same college.
Hence the number of absentees from the number of admissions in ten months was only eight, and therefore ten absentees must be amply sufficient for the whole year.
If an allowance of ten absentees be assumed for each year iu the table, the number of admissions will be reduced to 1339 for the ten years; and the average number in each year will consequently be 134 nearly. With these additional corrections, the proportion of the total number of the students to the number of the divinity students, (p. 18, line 15,) will consequently be as 1339 to 453, in ten years, from 1831 to 1840, or as 134 to 45 nearly, or as three to one nearly, for the precise proportion of 3 to I would be the same as 135 to 45.
In general terms, it has been stated by an experienced officer of Trinity College, Cambridge, that about one-third of the students go into the church, one-third into the law, and one-third into other professions and occupations; and, indeed, at the Postscript to the Article on the University of Cambridge. 129 present day, it can hardly be disputed, but that the lay students are decidedly more numerous than the divinity students, in Trinity College, Cambridge.
Even among the most numerous class of graduates, the Bachelors of Arts, the numbers of degrees taken exhibit nearly always a majority of the lay students over the divinity students in Trinity College, as will be seen from the following table of the numbers of the Bachelors of Arts, who graduated in the last five years, as members of Trinity College, in the University of Cambridge.
Number of the degrees
of Bachelor of Arts, taken by the Members
of Trinity College. 1835
Yearly average . . .85 The educational importance of the various colleges in the University of Cambridge may be estimated from the numbers of students who usually give a preference to those colleges from which they expect to derive the greatest advantage. All the names of the students who came up in October 1840, to commence their first academical year, and who are termed freshmen, were published in the Cambridge University Magazine, for November 1840, and their numbers are as follows :
13. Jesus College
130 Postscript to the Article on the University of Cambridge.
14. Sidney College
Total number of new students at the commencement of the
} 390 present academical year in Cambridge
Art. I.—THEOLOGY. From the German Conversations
Tuis word is derived from the language of the Greeks, among whom it denoted discourses on the Gods, and their relations to the world; and was considered as having three divisions-Physical, Political, and Mythical, Theology: the first as treated of by the Philosophers, who included Metaphysics under the term Physics; the second,—the Public Belief, as recognised by the State; the third,-as delivered by the Poets from the ancient traditions.
Among those Christians who spoke Greek, the learned, or scientific knowledge of religion was not at first called Theology, but Gnosis, (knowledge,) from which the Pistis (Belief, i. e. the common instruction in religion necessarily delivered to the people,) was distinguished.
In what this consisted, during the first centuries, is shown by the Apostolic Confession of Faith (called the Credo); which at the present time forms the text of the three principal articles of Christian faith in Luther's Catechism.
The expression Theology was first used among the Christian Fathers of the third and fourth centuries, by those who defended the Godhead of the Logos,-(the Word of John, i. 1, which became flesh in Christ;)—and the dogma, coined in the fourth century, of the Trinity. Abelard (who died in 1142,) first applied the term to knowledge of Religion in general, and wrote a “ Theologia Christiana.” It was then, and still is, used to signify Knowledge of Religion, i. e. a learned acquaintance with religion, or a learned exposition of its theoretical and practical doctrines.
To this science belongs ;—the systematic arrangement of the whole subject, and the application of the philosophical, physical, historical, and,—when Theology rests on ancient writings,
Vol. III. No. 12.– New Series.