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D. D. Doctor of Divinity.
Dec. December.

E. G. For example.

F. R. S. Fellow of the Royal P. M. Afternoon.

Prof. Professor.

Society.

Ibid. in the same place.

i. e that is.

P. S. Postscript.
Q. Question: Queen.
q. d. As if he should say.

id. the same.

I. H. S. Jesus the Saviour of q. 1. As much as you please.

Men.

q. s. A sufficient quantity.
R. Rex. The King.
Rev. Reverend.

Lieut Lieutenant.

L. L. D. Doctor of Laws.
L. S. Place of the Seal.
Math. Mathematics.
M. B. Bachelor of Physic.
M. D. Doctor of Physic.

Mr. Master.

M. S. Manuscript; or sacred viz. To wit; namely.

to the memory.
M. S. S. Manuscripts.
N. B. Mark well.
N. S. New Stile.

Ult. The last.
Wp. Worship.
& et. And.

&c. et cetera, and so forth.

A comma,
A semicolon,

Stops and Marks, used in Writing.

A note of interrogation

A note of exclamation
A parenthesis
A diæresis

An apostrophe

A colon,

A period,
A hyphen,

'O. S. Old Stile.

Per Cent. by the hundred.
Philom. A lover of learning,

Accent,
Asterism,

Breve,

Caret,

Circumflex, Index, Obelisk, Paragraph

Rt. Hon. Right Honourable.
S. Shilling.
St. Saint.

S. T.P. Professor of Divinity.
V. vide. See.

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Explanation.

.

A Comma stops the reader's voice the time of pronouncing one syllable; the semicolon, two; the colon, four; the period six.

A hyphen joins syllables, and if placed over a vowel, denotes it long.

A note of interrogation shows that a question is asked. A note of exclamation is a mark of wonder or surprise. A parenthesis includes something explanatory; which, if left out, will not obscure the sense.

A diæresis is put over the latter of two vowels, to show that they belong to two distinct syllables.

An apostrophe shows the possessive case; or that some letter or letters are omitted.

1

The accent denotes the stress of voice on that particular syllable. (For the double accent see preface.)

The breve shows that the vowel over which it is placed must be pronounced short.

The caret shows that some letter or word has been omitted through mistake.

The circumflex is used in this book, to show the broad sound of a, as in westwârd.

The index points to a remarkable passage.

A paragraph begins a new subject.

A section divides a chapter.

Crotchets or Brackets include some note of reference to some book or chapter.

The quotation bespeaks its own use.

An ellipsis shows the omission of something: but sometimes denotes an uncertain pause only; and then it is called a dash.

A brace joins several lines together.

4

The asterism, obelisk, and many other marks, direct to some note or remark in the margin, or at the foot of a page.

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Charles

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Proper Names of two Syllables, accented on

the first.

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George

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Al fred
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