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it, and makes way for a fresh supply: when it does
not, the spirit is grieved ; and if this want of co-opehal
ration is persisted in to the end of the day of salvation,
in his saving operation, the apostate dies the second af death, and his corrupt soul is caft into the bottomless ced
pit, as a putrid corple into the noisome grave. hed
Again, if faith has the advantage over works by
giving them birth, works have the advantage over uils
faith by perfecting it. Seeft thou, says St. James, speak-
And if St. Paul affirms, that works without faith are
dead, St. James maintains, that faith without works is
Once more, Christ is always the primary, original, by
properly-meritorious cause of our justification and salOR
vation. To dispute it is to renounce the faith, and
to'plead for Antichrist. And yet, to deny, that, under his, this primary cause, there are secondary, subordinate,
instrumental causes of our justification, and consea.
quently of our salvation, is to set the bible aside, and
fly in the face of judicious Calvinists, who cannot • help maintaining it, both from the pulpit and from
the press. Now, if in the day of our conversion d
faith is the secondary, subordinate cause of our ac. ceptance as penitent finners; in the day of judgment works, even the works of faith, will be the secondary
subordinate cause of our acceptance as perfevering 5 faints. Let us therefore equally decry dead faith and
dead works, cqually recoinmend living faith and its important fruits,
Hitherto I have endeavoured to check the rapid progress of speculative · Antinomianism, that
perpetually decries works, and centers in the following paragraph, which prelents without disguise the doc. trine of the absolute, unconditional perseverance of adulterous believers, and incestuous faints.
Saving faith being immortal, cannot only sublift without the help of good works; but no aggravated
crimes can give it a finishing stroke. A believer may in cool blood murder a man, after having seduced his wife, without exposing himself to the
least real danger of forfeiting either his heavenly inheritance, or the divine favour: because his faluation, which is finished in the full extent of the word, without any of his good works, cannot possibly be frustrated by any of his evil ones.
It will not be improper now to attempt a check to Pharisailm, which perpetually opposes faith, and whose deftruétive errors collected in one pofition may run thus :-If people perform external acts of worfhip towards God, and of charity towards their neighbour; their principles are good enough : and should they be faulty, these good works will make ample amends for that deficiency. -Upon this common plan of doctrine, if the filthy fepulchre is but whitewashed, and the noisome grave adorned with a flowery turf, it little matters what is within, though it be a dead man's bones, a dead heart swelled with pride, or all manner of corruption.
It is hard to say, who do Christianity most differvice, the Solifidians, who assert that works are nothing before God; or the Pharisees, who maintain that certain religious ceremonies, and external duties of morality are the very soul of religion. Othou, true believer, bear thy testimony against both their errors; and equally contend for the tree and the fruit, the faith of St. Paul and the works of St. James; remembring that if ever the gates of hell prevail against thee, it will be by making thee over-value faith and despile good works, or over rate works and flight precious faith.
The world, I grant, is full of Gallios, easy or busy men, who seldom trouble themselves about faith or works, law or gospel. Their latitudinarian princi. ples perfe&tly agree with their loose conduct : 'and if their volatile minds are fixed, it is only by a seady adherence to such commandments as these : " Be not righteous over much :--Get and spend :-Marry or
be given in marriage :- Eat and drink :-Lie down to deep and rise up to play:--Care neither for heaven nor hell :-Mind all of earth but the awful spot allotted thee for a grave : &c.” However, while they punctually observe this decalogue, their confcience is sometimes awakened to a sense of guilt, commonly called uneasiness, or low spirits : and if they cannot shake it off by new scenes of dissipation, new plunges into sensual gratifications, new schemes of hurrying business; if a religious concern faffens upon their breasts, the tempter deludes them, by making his false coin pass for the gold tried in the fire. If his dupes will have faith, he
makes them take up with that of the Antinomians. If they are for works, he recommends to them those of the self-righteous. And if some seem cut out to be brands in the church; fiery, persecuting zealots; though they have not as much faith as Simon Magus, or as many works as the conceited Pharisee; yet they may have as much zeal for the church as he who set out from Jerusalem for Damascus in pursuit of heretics. They may sometimes pursue those, who dissent from them, even unto frange cities.
Has not the world always swarmed with those devotees, who, blindly following after faith without loving obedience, or after obedience without loving faith, have made havock of the church, and driven myriads of worldly men to a seuled contempt of godliness: while a few, by equally standing up for true faith and universal obedience, have kept up the honour of religion in the world P Take a general view of the church, and you will see this observation confirmed by a variety of black, bright, and mixt characters.
The first man born of a woman, is a striking picture of perverted mankind. He is at once a fullen Pharisee, and a gross Antinomian : he sacrifices to God, and murders his brother. bel, the illurtrious type of converted finners, truly believers, an;d acceptably facrifices. Faith and works shine in hos
life with equal lustre ; and in his death we see what good men may expe&t from the impious church and the pious world. Protomartyr for the doctrine of this check, he falls the first victim to pharifaical pride and Antinomian fury. The fons of God mix with the daughters of men, learn their works, and make Shipwreck of the faith. Enoch nevertheless truly believes in God, and humbly walks with him : Faith and works equally adorn his character. The world is soon full of misbelief, and the earth of violence. Noah however believes and works ; he credits God's word, and builds the ark. This WORK condemns the world, and he becomes heir of the righteoufness which is by FAITH.
Conlider Abraham ; see how he believes and works! God speaks, and he leaves his house, his friends, and native country. His faith works by love: he exposes his life to recover his neighbour's property, he readily gives up to Lot his right of choice to prevent a quarrel; he earnestly intercedes for Sodom, he charitably hopes the best of its wicked inhabitants, he gladly entertains strangers, humbly washes their feet, diligently instructs his houfhold, and submissively offers up Isaac his favourite son, the child of his old age, the hope of his fami. ly, his own heir, and that of God's promise : by these works his faith is made perfeet, and he deserves to be called the Father of the faithful.
Moses treads in his steps: he believes, quits Pharaoh's court, and suffers affliction with the people of God. Under his conduct the Israelites believe, obey, and cross the red sea with an high hand; but soon after they murmur, rebel, and provoke divine vengeance. Thus the destruction, which they had avoided in Goshen through obedient faith, they meet in the wilderness through the works of unbelief. Nature is up in arms to punish their backslidings. The peftilence, the sword, earthquakes, fiery serpents, and fire from heaven, combine to destroy the ungrateful, Antinomian apoftates.
In the days of Joshua, that eminent type of Chrift, faith and works are happily reconciled; and whilst they walk hand in hand, 'Ifrael is invincible, the greatest difficulties are surmounted, and the land of promise is conquered, divided and enjoyed.
Under the next judges, faith and works seldom meet; but as often as they do, a deliverance is wrought in Israel. Working believers carry all before them : They can do all things through the Lord frengthning them : but if they suffer the Antinomian Delilah to cut off their locks, you may apply to them the awful words of David (spoken to migistrates, who forsake the way of righteousness :) I have said, Ye are Gods, and all of you are children of the Most High ; but ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes ; like Zimri or Corah, Dathan or Abiram.
The character of Samuel, the last of the judges, is perfect. From the cradle to the grave he believes and works; he serves God and his generation. His fons, like those of Eli, halt in practice, and their faith is an abomination to God and man. David believes, works, and kills the blaspheming Philistine. He Nides into Antinomian faith, wantonly seduces a married woman, and perfidiously kills an honest
Solomon follows him in the narrow path of working faith, and in the broad way of speculative and pračtical Antinomianism. The works of the son correspond with those of the father. Happy for him, if the repentance of the idolatrous king, equalled that of his adulterous parent!
In the days of Elijah, the gates of hell seemed to have prevailed against the church. Queen Jezebel had cut off the prophets of the Lord, and appointed 400 chaplains to king Ahab, who shared the dainties of the royal table, and therefore found it easy to demonstrate, that pleading for Baal was orthodoxy, and persecuting honeft Naboth as a blafphemer of God and the king, was an instance of true loyalty. But even then all were not lost: Seven thousand men fhewed their faith by their works; they firmly beB 2