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out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christo; enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of Godd; taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of fleshe; renewing their wills, and by his al"mighty power determining them to that which is good f; and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ5; yet so
c Rom. viii. 2. For the law of the which is of God; that we might know Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath the things that are freely given to us made me free from the law of sin of God. Eph. i. 17. That the God of and death. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of he quickened, who were dead in tres- glory, may give unto you the Spirit of passes and sins. Ver. 2. Wherein in wisdom and revelation in the know. time past ye walked according to the ledge of him : Ver. 18. The eyes of course of this world, according to the your understanding being enlightened; prince of the power of the air, the that ye may know what is the hope of spirit that now worketh in the chil- his calling, and what the riches of the dren of disobedience. Ver. 3. Among glory of his inheritance in the saints. whom also we all had our conversa e Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also tion in times past, in the lusts of our will I give you, and a new spirit will flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh I put within you; and I will take a. and of the mind; and were by nature way the stony heart out of your fesh, the children of wrath, even as others. and I will give you an heart of Aesh. Ver. 4. But God, who is rich in mer f Ezek. xi. 19. And I will give them cy, for his great love wherewith he one heart, and I will put a new spirit loved us, Ver. 5. Even when we were within you ; and I will take the stony dead in sins, hath quickened us to heart out of their flesh, and will give gether with Christ, (by grace ye are
them an heart of flesh. Phil. ii. 13. saved.) 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved For it is God which worketh in you, us, and called us with an holy calling, both to will and to do of his good not according to our works, but ac. pleasure. Deut. xxx. 6. And the Lord. cording to his own purpose and grace, thy God will circumcise thine heart, which was given us in Christ Jesus, and the heart of thy seed, to love the before the world began ; Ver. 10. But Lord thy God with all thine heart, is now made manifest by the appear. and with all thy soul, that thou maya .ing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who est live. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will, hath abolished death, and hath brought put my Spirit within you, and cause life and immortality to light through you to walk in my statutes, and ye
shall keep my judgments, and do them., d Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, 8 Eph. i. 19. And what is the exand to turn them from darkness to ceeding greatness of his power to us. light, and from the power of Satan ward who believe, according to the unto God, that they may receive for working of his mighty power. John giveness of sins, and inheritance a vi. 44. No man can come to me, exmong them which are sanctified by cept the Father which hath sent me faith that is in me. i Cor. ii. 10. But draw him; and I will raise him up God hath revealed them unto us by at the last day. Ver. 45. It is written kis Spirit : for the Spirit searcheth all in the prophew, And they shall be all things, yea, the deep things of God. taught of God. Every man therefore Ver. 12. Now we have received, not that hath heard, and hath learned of the spirit of the world, but the Spirit the Father, cometh unto me.
as they come most freely, being made willing by his
II. This effectual call is of God's free and special grace alone, not from any thing at all foreseen in mani; who is altogether passive therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit", he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed
III. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit m, who worketh when,
b Cant. i. 4. Draw me, we will run works, lest any man should boast. after thee. Psal. cx. 3. Thy people Rom. ix. 11. For the children being shall be willing in the day of thy pow. not yet born, neither having done any er, in the beauties of holiness from the good or evil, that the purpose of God womb of the morning; thou hast the according to election might stand, not dew of thy youth. John vi. 37. All of works, but of him that calleth. that the Father giveth me shall come k 1 Cor. ii. 14. But the natural to me ; and him that cometh to me I man receiveth not the things of the will in no wise cast out. Rom. vi. 16. Spirit of God; for they are foolishKnow ye not, that to whom ye yield ness unto him: neither can he know yourselves servants to obey, his ser them, because they are spiritually disvants ye are to whom ye obey; whether cerned. Rom. viii. 7. Because the car. of sin unto death, or of obedience unto nal mind is enmity against God: for righteousness ? Ver. 17. But God be it is not subject to the law of God, thanked that ye were the servants of neither indeed can be. Eph. ii. 5. Even sin; but ye have obeyed from the heart when we were dead in sins, hath that form of doctrine which was de. quickened us together with Christ, livered you. Ver. 18. Being then made by grace ye are saved.) free from sin, ye became the servants 1 John vi. 37. All that the Father of righteousness.
giveth me shall come to me ; and him II. ; 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved that cometh to me I will in no wise us, and called us with an holy calling, cast out. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will not according to our works, but ac- put my Spirit within you, and cause cording to his own purpose and grace, you to walk in my statutes, and ye which was given us in Christ Jesus shall keep my judgments, and do them. before the world began. Tit. iii. 4. John v. 25. Verily, verily, I say unto But after that the kindness and love you, The hour is coming, and now is, of God our Saviour toward man ap- when the dead shall hear the voice of peared, Ver. 5. Not by works of righ- the Son of God: and they that hear teousness which we have done, but shall live. according to his mercy he saved us, III. m Luke xviii. 15. And they by the washing of regeneration, and brought unto him also infants, that renewing of the Holy Ghost. Eph. ii. he would touch them : but when his 4. But God, who is rich in mercy, for disciples, saw it, they rebuked them. his great love where with he loved us, Ver. 16. But Jesus called them unto Ver. 5. Even when we'were dead in him, and said, Suffer little children to sins, hath quickened us together with come unto me, and forbid them not : Christ, (by grace ye are saved.) Ver. for of such is the kingdom of God. 8. For by grace are ye saved, through And Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto fuith; and that not of yourselves ; it them, Repent, and be baptized every
the gift of God: Ver. 9. Not of one of you in the name of Jesus Christ.
and where, and how he pleaseth". So also are all other elect persons, who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the word o.
IV. Others not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the word P, and may have some common operations of the Spirit, yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved ?: much less can men not professing the Christian religion be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess'; and to assert for the remission of sins, and ye shall not prophesied in thy name ? and in receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. thy name have cast our devils ? and in Ver. 39. For the promise is unto you, thy name done many wonderful works? and to your children, and to all that Matt. xiii. 20. But he that received the are afar off, even as many as the Lord seed into stony places, the same is he our God shall call. And John iïi. 3. that heareth the word, and anon with Jesus answered and said unto him, joy - receiveth it: Ver. 21. Yet hath Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except he not root in himself, but dureth for a man be born again, he cannot see a wbile : for when tribulation or perthe kingdom of God. Ver. 5. Jesus secution ariseth because of the word, answered, Verily, verily, I say unto by and by he is offended. Heb. vi. 4. thee, Except a man be born of water For it is impossible for those who were and of the Spirit, he cannot enter in- once enlightened, and have tasted of to the kingdom of God. And 1. John the heavenly gift, and were made par. v. 12. He that hath the Son hath life; takers of the Holy Ghost, Ver. 5. And and he that hath not the Son of God havexasted the good word of God, and hath not life. And Rom. viii. 9. But the powers of the world to come. ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spi * John vi. 64. But there are some of rit, if so be that the Spirit of God you that believe pot. For Jesus knew dwell in you. Now, if any man have from the beginning who they were not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of that believed not, and who should be. his. [Compared together. } ,
tray him. Ver. 65. And he said, in John iii. 8. The wind bloweth Therefore said I unto you, That no where it listeth, and thou hearest the man can come unto me, except it were sound thereof, but canst not tell given unto him of my Father. Ver. whence it cometh, and whither it 66. From that time many of his disgoeth: so is every one that is born of ciples went back, and walked no more
with him. John viii. 24. I said there. 0 1 John v. 12. He that hath the fore unto you, That ye shall die in your Son hath life; and he that hath not sins; for if ye believe not that I am the Son of God hath not life. Acts iv. he, ye shall die in your sins. 12. Neither is there salvation in any & Acts iv, 12. Neither is there salvaother : for there is none other name tion in any other: for there is none under heaven given among men where. Other name under heaven given among by we must be saved.
men whereby we must be saved. John IV. p Matt. xxii. 14. For many aré xiv. 6. Jesus saith unto him, I am the called, but few are chosen.
way, and the truth, and the life: no 9 Matt. vii. 22. Many will say to man cometh unto the Father but by me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we me. Eph. ii. 12. That at that time ye
and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested t.
CHAP. XI. Of Justification.
justifietha ; not by infusing righteousness into theni, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous : not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's sake alone : not by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience, to them as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them b, they receiving and resting on him and his righteouswere without Christ, being aliens from I. a Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom the commonwealth of Israel, and he did predestinate, them he also callstrangers from the covenants of pro- ed; and whom he called, them he almise, having no hope, and without so justified; and whom he justified, God in the world. * John iv. 22. Ye them he also glorified. Rom. iii. 24. worship ye know not what: we know Being justified freely, by his grace, what we worship: for salvation is of through the redemption that is in the Jews. John xvii. 3. And this is Christ Jesus. life eternal, that they might know thee 6 Rom. iv. 5. But to him that workthe only true God, and Jesus Christ eth not, but believeth on him that juswhom thou hast sept.
tifieth the ungodly, his faith is coun1 2 John, ver. 9, Whosoever trans- ted for righteousness. Ver. 6. Even gresseth, and abideth not in the doc- as David also describeth the blessedtrine of Christ, hath not God: he that ness of the man unto whom God im. abideth in the doctrine of Christ, puteth righteousness without works, he hath both the Father and the Ver.7. Saying, Blessed are they whose Son. Ver. 10. If there come any un- iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins to you, and bring not this doctrine, are covered. Ver. 8. Blessed is the man receive him not into your house, to whom the Lord will not impute sin. neither bid him God speed. Ver. 2 Cor. v. 19. To wit, that God was in 11. For he that biddeth him God Christ, reconciling the world unto hiin. speed is partaker of his evil deeds. self, not imputing their trespasses un1 Cor. xvi. 22. If any man love not to them; and hath committed unto us the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Ana- the word of reconciliation. Ver. 21. thema Maranatha. Gal. i. 6. I marvel For he hath made him to be sin for that ye are so soon removed from him us, who knew no sin; that we might that called you into the grace of Christ be made the righteousness of God in unto another gospel; Ver. 7. Which him. Rom. iii. 22. Even the righ. is not another; but there be some that teousness of God, which is by faith trouble you, and would pervert the of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all gospel of Christ. Ver. 8. But though them that believe ; for there is no dif. we, or an angel from heaven, preach ference. Ver. 24. Being justified freely any other gospel unto you than that by his grace, through the redemption which we have preached unto you, that is in Jesus Christ; Ver. 25. let him be accursed.
Whom God hath set forth to be a pro
ness by faith : which faith they have not of themselves ; it is the gift of God. C
II. Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and his righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification ; yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accoinpanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love. C pitiation through faith in his blood, to č Acts x. 44. While Peter yet declare his righteousness for the re- spake these words, the Holy Ghost mission of sins that are past, through fell on all them which heard the word. the 'forbearance of God. Ver. 27. 'Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is Where is boasting then? It is exclu- not justified by the works of the law, ded. By what law ? of works ? Nay; but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even but by the law of faith, Ver. 28. we have believed in Jesus Christ, that Therefore we conclude that a man is we might be justified by the faith of justified by faith without the deeds of Christ, and not by the works of the the law. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works law: for by the works of the law shall of righteousness which we have done, no flesh be justified. Phil
. iii. 9. And but according to his mercy he saved be found in him, not having mine own us, by the washing of regeneration, righteousness, which is of the law, and renewing of the Holy Ghost: but that which is through the faith of Ver. 7. That being justified by his Christ, the righteousness which is of grace, we should be made heirs ac. God by faith. 'Acis xiii. 38. Be it cording to the hope of eternal life. known unto you therefore, men and Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemp- brethren, that through this man is tion through his blood, the forgiveness preached unto you the forgiveness of of sins, according to the riches of his sins: Ver. 39. And by him all that grace. Jer, xxiii. 6. In his days Ju. believe are justified from all things, dah shall be saved, and Israel shall from which
could not be justified dwell safely: and this is his name by the law of Moses. Eph. ii. 7. whereby he shall be called, THE That in the ages to come he might LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. shew the exceeding riches of his 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in grace, in his kindness towards us, Christ Jesus, who of God is made un. through Christ Jesus. Ver. 8. For by to us wisdom, and righteousness, and grace are ye saved, through faith; sanctification, and redemption : V.31. and that not of yourselves; it is the That, according as it is written, He gift of God. that glorieth, let him glory in the II. d John i. 12. But as many as Lord. Rom. v. 17. For if by one received him, to them gave he power man's offence death reigned by one, to become the sons of God, even 10 much more they which receive abun- them that believe on his name. Rom. dance of grace, and of the gift of righ. iii. 28. Therefore we conclude that a teousness, shall reign in life by one, man is justified by faith without the Jesus Christ. Ver. 18. Therefore as deeds of the law : Rom. v. 1. Thereby the offence of one judgment came fore, being justified by faith, we have upon all men to condemnation; even peace with God, through our Lord so by the righteousness of one, the Jesus Christ. free gift came upon all men unto jus. e James ii. 17. Even so faith, if it tification of life. Ver. 19. For as by hath not works, is dead, being alone. one man's disobedience many were
V. 22. Seest thou how faith wrought made sinners; so by the obedience of with his works, and by works was one shall many be made righteous. faith made perfect! Ver. 26. For as