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Sir Robert Peel explains his great Scheme of proposed Measures for the

Relaxation of Duties on the 27th of JanuaryHis able and com,
prehensive Speech on that occasion - Reception of the Scheme, and
comments of various Members upon it-Strong opposition is declared
oy some of the usual Supporters of the Government-Further dis-
cussion is adjourned to the 9th of February-Mr. P. Miles mores an
Amendment that the House go into Committee on that Day Six
Months, which is seconded by Sir W. Heathcote-- The Debate is
carried on by repeated Adjournments for Twelre Nights - Forty-eight
Members speak in favour of Free Trade, and Fifty-five on the side of
ProtectionSpeeches of Lord Sandon, Lord John Pussell, Sir Robert
Inglis, Mr. Sidney Herbert, Mr. Stafford O'Brien, Mr. Sharman
Crawford, the Marquis of Granby, Lord Worsley, Sir James
Graham, Mr. Thomas Baring, Viscount Morpeth, Mr. M. Gaskell,
Mr. Poebuck, Sir Howard Douglas, Mr. W. Miles, Sir Robert Peel,
Lord John Manners, Mr. Bright, Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Cardwell, Mr.
Thomas Duncombe, Sir Thomas Acland, Sir George Clerk, Mr.
Beckett Denison, Mr. Villiers, Mr. Cobden, and Lord George Ben-
tinck-On a Division the Motion of Sir Robert Peel is carried, the
Amendment of Mr. P. Miles being rejected by 337 against 240.

N the 27th of January, Sir wise policy—that protective du

in , with his notice, detailed in the House were open to objection—and that, of Commons his great scheme of though the policy of them might commercial and financial policy. in some cases be defended, it must He commenced his speech on this always be on some special ground occasion by observing, that in pur- of national interest, or of justice suar.ee of the recommendation towards individuals. He was also of the Speech from the Throne, about to act on the assumption he was about to call upon the that, during the last three years, House to review the duties which there had been an increased proapplied to so many articles, the ductiveness in the revenue, notproduce and manufacture of other withstanding a large remission of countries. He would proceed on taxation ; that there had been an the assumption contained in Her increased demand for labour ; and Majesty's Speech, that the repeal that there had also been inof prohibitory and the relaxation creased competence, comfort, conof protective duties was in itself a tentment, and peace among the

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not form a Government for Her he had made converts of the peoMajesty on that principle, declared ple out of doors : if that were the that I could not and would not." case, then let the Minister dissolve

The Earl of Radnor asked how Parliament and go to the country. it was that if Sir R. Peel thought He (the Duke of Richmond) would it necessary, on October the 31st, say to the farmers throughout the to open the ports, and if, as he country, · Protection, not to corn said, in two months the failure alone, but to British industry.' of the potato crop would prove Let them go to the country, and so very serious a visitation, the ask the manufacturers of England Cabinet had not met from the —ay, the manufacturers of this 6th to the 25th of November. town— the English tailors and Had any thing yet been done to shoemakers—whether they would provide for such a state of things? consent to foreign articles coming

The Duke of Wellington re- in free of duty? He defied them peated his assurance that precau- to go to the country ; let them go tions had been taken.

and appeal to those constituencies The Duke of Richmond hoped that placed the present Governthat inquiry would take place be- ment in power, and those constifore changes were made in the tuencies would say,

“ We are law.

against free trade now. The Marquis of Clanricarde said Lord Beaumont spoke in favour he wished for inquiry, but the of protection, and demanded to Duke of Richmond's friends had know the reasons which had made always opposed it.

converts of those members of Sir The Duke of Richmond said Robert Peel's Cabinet who had at they had done so because the first opposed him in it, especially free-trade party had demanded it, designating the Earls of Ripon, with the avowal that their object Haddington, and Aberdeen. was to get rid of the Corn Laws. The Earl of Aberdeen responded His friends were always ready to the appeal on his own behalf

. He to give every information upon said : “When my right honourable that subject. He supposed that friend, early in November, made that the highway-rates and the poor- proposal to the Government which rates were not burdens

land ? has been alluded to, I gave to it my (Cries of “ No, no!”) He should cordial and unhesitating assent. like to know whether one of his It would not be proper at this time tenants did not pay more than to enter into the reasons which inthe whole League put together? duced me to come to that opinion ; (Laughter.) Lord Clanricarde had but such is the opinion which I then said that Mr. Cobden had made con- entertained, and which I entertain verts of the whole of the Cabinet now.' of Sir R. Peel and the rest of the The discussion here terminated. Ministers, and then he said that




Sir Robert Peel erplains kis greut Scheme of propei Y-Pipe

Relaration of Duties on the 27th of January-Er wie oral prehensive Speech on that occasins-Feature is some ME comments of rarious Verbers was i-557L4 199xin ks by some of the usual Supporters the Green PE-RT ci cussion is adjourned to the 9th of FebruY-W-.F. Yis nera m. Amendment that the House go into CA $ 10 Months, which is seconde by Sir W. ELcarried on by repeated ddjurti f. Tresna-na Members speak in faror of Free Trsi. Eu me sale Protection-Speeches of Lord Sunda. Lot LA Inglis, Mr. Sidney Herbert, Mr. Sajam I Crawford, the Marquis of Grenzy.

Lining Graham, Jr. Thomas Barin. FICK VÁ* . Mr. Roebuck, Sir Horard Inrex. 1.7. Min. En Lord John Manners, Jr. Bryne. V. Lurba

HiThomas Duncombe, Sir Thomas 40a, sigorte IBeckett Denison, Jr. Tilliers, Ur. Coin. ni mrem tinck-On a Dirision the Media Sri Amendment of Mr. P. Hila bring outet ng

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N the 27th of January, Si F-3180 na il-

Robert Peel, in accordance ties, kistus 286 . re. with his notice, detailed in the House were 10+1 3G — a of Commons his great sebeme a uns 22 Julie i en me commercial and financial pos. sme sa 14 -L I DUES He commenced his speech on të 22 je u ime urce and occasion by observing, that is par é sane OK suar.ce of the recommediata trs barat. Fins of the Speech from the Torude, 2011 as u de moru he was about to call up the tam, kuras ze strz ar House to review the duties vies are in een an den amapplied to so many articles, tie čiese sie an produce and manufacture of sther voltantiar i am I ni countries. He would proceed on 2.212: 125 -2 11 the assumption contained in Ha Dersi lemau ir ser Majesty's Speech, that the repeal of prohibitory and the relatasina zei simuetano r. til of protective duties as in itsells Zanes, me 153 2104, 114

population. In advising the con- make the sacrifice, if it were one, tinued application of those prin- of their protection to the common ciples, which had produced such good. Of late years, the whole salutary results, and which had tariff had been submitted to the already been sanctioned by the review of the House. In 1842 he House, he was not inclined to had proposed, and in 1845 he had disregard the necessity of main- carried out, to a very large extent, taining public credit unimpaired ; a plan for remitting the duties on and he was therefore prepared to the raw materials constituting the act with forbearance, in order elements of manufacture. There that he might not prejudice in was, at this moment, scarcely a duty any respect the permanent inter- on the raw material imported from ests of the country. It was pos- foreign countries which we had not sible that, owing to the numerous abandoned. He had, therefore, a and various interests which his right to call on the manufacturer present proposition would affect, to relinquish the protection of which an impression might arise that his he was now in possession. The scheme was a rash one, and ought only two articles of raw material to be discouraged. If such should now subject to duty were tallow be the opinion of the partisans of and timber. He intended to reprotection, nothing would be more duce the duty on tallow from 38.2d. easy for them than to meet him on to ls. 6d. a cwt., and to make a an early night with a resolution gradual reduction on timber till it that protection to domestic indus- reached a point at which it would try was in itself a good, and that remain fixed, and which he would the principle of it ought to be definitely describe on a future day. sanctioned by the House. It might, Having given the manufacturers on the other hand, be the conclu- free access to every raw material sion of the House--considering all of manufacture, he called upon the difficulties of this question,

and such of them as were engaged in the nature of the contest which making up the three articles, wool, had long existed, and would long linen, and cotton, which formed continue to exist, if there were not the clothing of the country, to give a satisfactory adjustment of it, a proof of the sincerity of their con that his proposition, extensive as it victions by relinquishing the prowas, ought to be accepted as a

tection which was now given to whole, though there might be ob- the articles of their manufacture. jections in detail to parts of it. If He made this call upon them the that should be the conclusion of more confidently, because it was the House, he should have confi- the manufacturing, and not the dence in his ultimate success; but, agricultural interest, which first if not, the sooner its disapproba- called on the Government for protion was expressed, the better for tecting duties. He then stated all parties. The great principle of that he intended to relinquish all the relaxation of protective duties duties upon the importation of the he was not going to apply to any coarser articles of manufactures in one particular interest ; on the wool, linen, and cotton, and to recontrary, he asked all the interests duce the duties on linen and woollen of the country-manufacturing, goods of a finer quality from 20 to commercial, and agricultural-to 10 per cent. At present there was a duty on silk, which was from corn, he proposed an immecalled 30 per cent., but which was diate repeal of duty. Every kind often higher. He proposed to of vegetable and animal food would adopt a new principle in the levy- be admitted at once free of duty. ing of that duty, which was now All animals from foreign countries an encouragement to the smuggler, would also be introduced on the and not to the British manufac- same terms. He then proceeded turer, and to impose a duty of 15 to describe the nature of his proper cent., instead of 30, for every posal with respect to the importa1001. value of silk. The right ho- tion of foreign corn : he had alnourable Baronet then described at ready stated that he intended to great length the reduction of duties exempt some articles now included which he intended to make upon in the Corn Laws, as maize, from the importation of paper-hangings, duty altogether. It might, there. manufactured metals, dressed hides, fore, be as well for him to inform boots, shoes, hats, straw-plat, car- the House at once, that though he riages, candles, soap, brandy, ge- did not intend to propose the imneva, sugar, and various other mediate repeal of the Corn Laws, articles ; and then proceeded to yet, in the hope of making a final review the articles connected with adjustment of the question, and agriculture on which import du- for the sake of giving time for ad. ties were levied. He proposed justment to the agricultural into reduce the duty on all seeds terest, he did intend to propose to 5s. per cwt. Indian corn or that their continuance should only maize, which was of such im. be temporary. The bill which he portance in the fattening of cattle, should, therefore, introduce on this he proposed in future to introduce subject would contain an enactduty free. In removing that duty ment that, after a certain date, grain he was not depriving agriculture of of all kinds should come in duty any protection, but absolutely con- free. He proposed, however, that ferring a benefit upon it. He a considerable reduction should be also proposed that buckwheat, and made at once in the existing amount maize, and buckwheat flour, should of duty, and that the duty so rebe admitted duty free. If any duced should be limited in its congentleman would ascertain the price tinuance to three years. His bill which had been recently paid by would contain a provision that at farmers for linseed-cake and rape- that period, when the change would cake, they would agree with him be least felt--namely, on the 1st that the removal of the duty on of February, 1849-oats, barley, maize was not a disservice to the rye, and wheat, should be only agricultural interest. The right liable to that mere nominal duty honourable Baronet then described which he intended to apply to the reduction of duty which he in- maize, for the purpose of procuring tended to propose on the importa- statistical returns of the quantity tion of foreign butter, cheese, hops, imported. The main question, then, and cured fish, stating that in each for the House to consider was this case the duty would be reduced to what is to be the intermediate half its present amount. On all state of the law ? He proposed articles of agricultural produce that there should be an enactment which constituted food as distinct for three years to this effect, that

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