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the language of the Bible, as well as of men, on this subject must go for nothing.

To affirm therefore that God causes his own volitions and retain the dictum, is to involve an infinite series. To deny that He is the basis of his own volitions, is to involve a difficulty, between which and an infinite series there is little ground of choice. The only alternative is to abandon the dictum as a necessary conception applicable to cause. Dr. Edwards made a bold sweep in his effort to save it, but failed of success. Some cause there must be, which does not cause by prior acts of causation.

ARTICLE XI.

Critical Notices.

1.-The Complete Duty of Man: or a System of Doctrinal and

Practical Christianity. By the Rev. Henry Venn, A. M., Rector of Yelling in Huntingdonshire in Å. D. 1763. Å New Edition, revised and corrected by Rev. H. Venn, B. D. of St. John's Holloway. New-York: American Tract Society. 1842. pp. 430.

Tuis valuable work of practical theology first appeared in 1763, and since that time has passed through several editions. The author was an evangelical minister of the Church of Eng. land, whose labors were much blessed in the diffusion of wholesome views of truth, and in promoting among the younger ministry of the established church an evangelical standard of preaching and living. He rested from his useful labors after having served his Master in the ministry of the gospel for half a century. But a blessing remained behind in the publication of his Complete Duty of Man. Many a wanderer has been recalled by it to the love and service of Christ ; and now that it will go out extensively among the people through the agency of the American Tract Society, we trust that many more will be led by it to the foot of the cross, and bring forth fruits meet for repentance.

The book is well adapted to popular reading, and treats in a plain style of—The Soul-God-Man-The Law-Faith in

Christ—The Holy Spirit-Repentance-Christian Graces, Relative Duties-Self-denial-Prayer-The Scriptures—Chris. tian Joy, Christ is the centre of all-his atonement the grand means of holiness as well as the only ground of a sinner's pardon. 2.-Notes, Critical and Practical, on the Book of Leviticus : de

signed as a general Help to Biblical Reading and Instruction. By George Bush, Prof. of Heb. and Orient. Lit. N. Y. City University. New York: Dayton and Newman. 1843.

pp. 282.

Professor Bush is doing a good service to the church, in publishing brief commentaries on the books of the Old Testa. ment, in volumes of a convenient manual size. Those, which have appeared prior to the present, have met with a favorable reception, and this on Leviticus is equally worthy the attention of Sabbath School teachers, members of Bible classes, and others who are interested in the study of God's word. It is the best study on earth, and our gratitude is due to the man, who devotes his days and nights to its elucidation, making God's revelation plainer to the common mind, and placing be. fore the reader such facts and suggestions as enable him readily to apprehend what otherwise might be obscure.

The author has in this volume given the view of the scapegoat, which he had before published in the Am. Bib. Reposi. tory. He also enters, at some length, into the discussion of the question of marrying the sister of a deceased wife, and on the whole entertains the opinion that it is not unscriptural.

We commend the book to the attention of those who would make themselves familiar with the Levitical rites and ceremonies, and can promise them a clear and generally satisfactory interpretation of the laws recorded in this part of the Old Testament.

3.The Sacred Seal; or the Wanderer Restored; a Poem. By Rev. N. Emmons Johnston. New-York: John S. Taylor & Co. 1843. pp. 80.

Those who love poetry will here find some verses worthy of the name ; and we are glad to see the poetic Muse summoned away for a little while from brooding over scenes of love and folly, to inspire one who consecrates his gifts to so holy a subject as that of the seal of the covenant.

NEW SERIES, VOL. IX. NO. I. 27

Nor is there any attempt here, to throw a sombre shade of holy awe and reverence around the mere uncommanded rites of our religion ; to win the sympathies of tender hearts towards that external pomp which is adapted to strike the imagination,-but poetry is consecrated to a great practical subject, the powerful influence of early instructions around the fireside, as connected with the simple ordinances of the Gospel

The author selects a young man piously educated for his hero; permits him to break away from the holy restraints of home-follows him to the gambling-table, the infidel-club, the havoc of war ;-in all the scenes through which he passes, unable still to drown the voice of conscience and of God, until he at last bows his stubborn will and proud heart, and returns a lost one found, to the bosom and embrace of his parents, brothers and sisters, coming in silently upon them, just as the good old man is kneeling in family prayer, and

cation for the wandering son. This scene is well and touchingly described. We quote a part of it :

" The group was silent, as the eldest son

The story of the Prodigal begun :
Sobbing, went through the room. The patriarch bowed;
And there, before his Saviour wept aloud :
At last, composed, his quivering accents fell,
Like genial dews upon the flowery dell.
He thanked his covenant God, whose grace had made
At night his sunshine, and at noon his shade.

* *

While he spoke,
(And one sweet voice beside him, said amen)
Silent a stranger entered, and unseen,
Knelt on the vacant chair with humble mien ;
And as the patriarch ended, once again
Broke forth in stronger tone that word, Amen!
That circle started-from their knees they sprung,-
'Twas LINCOLN GRAY that o'er his father hung;
Poured his warm tears amidst the whitened hair,
And raptures mingled more than hearts could bear."

4.The Lost Sister of Wyoming. An Authentic Narrative. By

Rev. John Todd. Northampton : J. H. Butler. New York : Dayton & Newman. 1842. pp. 160.

The Rev. John Todd, author of this simple and beautiful story, is well known to possess qualifications for interesting

the young: and, we doubt not, many a youth has before this time read this entertaining little volume. To any who have not, we can safely recommend it. It contains some good descriptions of scenery, especially in the Wyoming valley on the beautiful Susquehanna ; some entertaining historical incidents in the early settlement of that celebrated vale, and some excellent reflections on the providence and care of God.

Among other interesting events, we find here a particular account of the capture, by the Indians, of little Frances Slocum, in 1778, when five years old, and her recent discovery by her friends, among the Miami tribe in Indiana.

5.-HARPERS' FAMILY LIBRARY, 156. Education. Part I. His

Culture and Instruction, based on Christian Principles, and designed to aid in the right education of Youth, physically, intellectually, and morally. By H. J. Smith, A.M., Prof. of Mod. Languages in the Penna. College, and of German Language and Lit. in the Theolog. Seminary at Gettysburg, Penna. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1842. pp. 340.

We are pleased to see the above work. It gives us a history of education from the beginning of time down to the present day, and brings within a small compass, valuable information on this subject, in respect to the Hebrews, Chinese, Babylonians, Egyptians, Grecians, Romans, etc.

The second part, ‘Plan of Culture and Instruction,' embraces important considerations on physical, intellectual and moral education. The plans proposed we think excellent, and could they be carried out in the family circle would make more healthy and better children in every respect. Until some such principles are generally acted on, we shall not have the stamina requisite for sustaining our republican government, nor for conducting the great benevolent movements of

the age.

Under physical culture, we find some admirable suggestions for the improvement of the senses, of sight, hearing, etc., and for the proper cultivation of the voice to various and distinct intonations: and under moral, excellent modes of training the juvenile heart in those lovely dispositions, which will as. similate it to the divine pattern of moral beauty exhibited by the Lord Jesus Christ.

6.-Encyclopædia of Science, Literature and Art ; comprising

the History, Description and Scientific Principles of every branch of Human Knowledge ; with the Derivation and Definition of all the Terms in use. Illustrated by Engravings on Wood. General Editor, W. T. F. Brande, F. R. S. L. & E. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1842.

This work is to be completed in twelve parts, of 112 pages each, and to be sold at 25 cents a number. We have received Parts I. and II. The type is of course small, but clear and good, and will answer better for a book of reference like this, than for one requiring continuous reading. We have already expressed our opinion of the work, and confidently expect, from the talent displayed in it, that it will become a standard work of its kind.

7.-History of Europe from the commencement of the French

Revolution in 1789, to the Restoration of the Bourbons in 1815. By Archibald Alison, F. R. S. E., Advocate. In four volumes. Vol. I. New York: Harper & Brothers.

This is another of the Harpers' publications to be issued in parts, and completed in 16 numbers, making four volumes of about 600 pages each. The execution of the first part is good, and promises well for the work. Alison's is undoubtedly one of the most elegant histories of the day, and will be extensively read. It is not free from errors, however, both of lan. guage and fact. In respect to the United States, so gross are the mistakes of the learned author, that it might be well to correct them in the American edition, by appending suitable notes, if not in the text.

The part before us embraces six chapters, treating of Progress of Freedom in France and England -Causes in France which predisposed to Revolution-Constituent Assembly

-From Revolt at Versailles to the conclusion of the Consti. tuent Assembly-From the Legislative Assembly to the Fall of the Monarch-French Republic, from the dethronement to the death of Louis.

8.- A Pictorial History of France. For Schools. By S. G.

Goodrich, Author of Peter Parley's Tales. Philadelphia : Samuel Agnew. 1842. pp. 347.

A good school book is a good thing, and rather rarely

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