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A VIEW OF THE ANCIENT AND MODERN STATE OF EUROPE;
MANUFACTURES, FISHERIES, &c.
THE MODERN POLITICO-COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE SEVERAL COUNTRIES OF EUROPE,
IN FOUR VOLUMES.
1 Ο Ν ο Ν :
AND SOLD BY
I. BECKET, P. ELMSLY, W. OTRIDGE, J. JOHNSON, C. DILLY, W. RICHARDSON, W. FLEXNEY, W. GOLDSMITH,
HISTORICAL AND CHRONOLOGICAL DEDUCTION
ORIGIN OF COMMERCE,
FROM THE EARLIEST ACCOUNTS, &c,
SIXT E ENTH CENTURY.
Succession of PRINCE s in this Century.
and son of > 1558
Emperors of Germany. Kings of England. Kings of Portugal. Kings of Sweden. Kings of Poland.
(Son of Cali- } 1501 CHARLES V.) EDWARD VI. to 1553 John III. to 1557 SwantoSture, >1520 mir IV.) to J Grandíon toi MARY I. to 1558 SEBASTIAN, to 1578 Regents, to
ALEXANDER, to 1506 ELIZABETH, to 1600 HENRY (the one CHRISTIAN II. .
SIGISMUND I. to 1548 and beyond. Cardinal) to $ 1580
the Tyrant,to +5+3 SIGISMUND 2 Philip I. K. ! Philip II. K. ? GUSTAVUS E-)
II. his Son, i of Spain, to
of Spain, to $ 1598
(surnamed FERDINAND I.)
Philip III. of 7, VASA, (who we JAMES IV. to Brother 101564 JA
Augustus)ın > 1572 1513 Spain, to s ee entirely le
whom ended Charles V, to
V. to 1542
and beyond. parated the MARY, to MAXIMILIAN)
the Line of 1567
kingdom of % 1560 Jagellon, to II. Son of 18-6 JAMES VI. to 1600
Kings of Denmark, Suvedenfrom
was elected, /'574 Son, to s
King's of Spain.
and died in
TORI, to S7586
John III. to 1594 SIGISMUND, )
and was the $1523 SIGISMUND, to 1600 (King of 1600 Kings of France. Arragon, to Jast that ruled
Sweden) to J. Louis XII. to 1515 PHILIP I. to 1516 over both Den
and beyond. FRANCIS I. to 1547 CHARLES I. 2
mark & Swe-
FREDERICK I. to 1534 HENRY III. to 1589 PHILIP III. his 2 CHRISTIAN - IV. to 1600 Son, to S100 III. to
$ 1559 and beyond.
and beyond. FREDERICKII.to 1 588
The CHARACTER OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 1501 THIS Century abounds with interesting revolutions and material alterations almost over
T all Christendom. The accession of the vast dominions of Spain to the House of Austria by a marriage, was such a conjunction as seemed greatly to endanger the equilibrium of Europe for the greatest part of this century, and had a considerable influence on commerce.
Whilst Portugal pursued her commerce and rapid conquests in East India, so that the city of Lisbon soon became (what the now declining city of Venice had been for many centuries Vol. II.