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xviii. 41, 42. they cried, but there was none to save
them ...... then did I beat them small as the dust before
the wind.' lx. 8. “Moab is my wash-pot : over Edom
will I cast out my shoe—' Jer. xlviii. 10. cursed
be he that keepeth back his sword from blood.'
Sixthly, that our confidence be not placed in human
strength, but in God alone. Exod. xiv. 17, 18. • I
will get me honour upon Pharaoh and all his host.'
Deut. xx. 1. "when thou goest out to battle against
thine enemies, and seest horses and chariots,' &c. 1
Sam. xiv. 6. there is no restraint to Jehovah to save
by many or by few.' xvii. 47. “all this assembly
shall know that Jehovah saveth not with sword and
spear.' Psal. xxxiii. 16, 17. there is no king saved
by the multitude of an host—. xliv. 2, &c. 6thou
didst drive out the heathen with thine hand—lx. 1.
• O God, thou hast cast us off,' &c. cxliv. 1. .blessed
be Jehovah my strength, which teacheth my hands to
war.' cxlvii. 10. ^he delighteth not in the strength
of the horse.' v. 13. he hath strengthened the bars
of thy gates- Prov. xxi. 31. 'the horse is prepared
against the day of battle ; but safety is of Jehovah.'
2 Chron. xiv. 11. it is nothing with thee to help,
whether with many, or with them that have no pow-

xx. 21. he appointed singers unto Jehovah,'
&c. xxiv. 24. the army of the Syrians came with
a small company of men, and Jehovah delivered a
very great host into their hand.' Isai. v. 26. he
will lift up an ensign to the nations from far,' &c.
Jer. xxi. 4. I will turn back the weapons of war that
are in your hands—' xxxvii. 10. "for though ye
had smitten the whole army of the Chaldeans that
fight against you,' &c. Ezek.xiii. 5.'ye have not gone

into the gaps, neither made up the hedge for the


your tents,

house of Israel — Zech. x. 5,

Zech. x. 5, 6. they shall be as mighty men which tread down their enemies in the mire of the streets in the battle, Amos ii. 14. the strong shall not strengthen his force.' Seventhly, that the booty be distributed in equitable proportions. Numb. xxxi. 27. divide the prey into two parts between them that took the war upon them, who went out to battle, and between all the congregation.' Deut. xx. 14. all the spoil thereof shalt thou take unto thyself, and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies.' Josh. xxii. 8. he blessed them, and he spake unto them, saying, Return with much riches unto

1 Sam. xxx. 24. 'as his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff.'

There seems no reason why war should be unlawful now, any more than in the time of the Jews; nor is it any where forbidden in the New Testament. Psal. cxlix. 6. let a two-edged sword be in their hand.' Two centurions, namely, the man of Capernaum and Cornelius, are reckoned among believers, Matt. viji. Acts x. Neither does John exhort the soldiers to refrain from war, but only from wrong and robbery ; Luke iii. 14. he said unto the soldiers, Do violence to no man'

.? 1 Cor. ix. 7. “who goeth a warfare any time at his own charges ? Paul likewise availed himself of a guard of soldiers for his personal security ; Acts xxiii. 17. bring this young man unto the chief captain.'

The observance of the divine commandments is the source of prosperity to nations. See Lev. xxvi. It renders them flourishing, wealthy, and victorious, Deut. xv. 4–6. lords over many nations, v. 6. xxvi. 17-19. exalted above all others, xxviii. 1,

&c. a


chapter which should be read again and again by those who have the direction of political affairs.* Compare also chap. xxix. and iv. Judges ii. and iii. and Psal. xxxiii. 12. blessed is the nation whose God is Jehovah.' Prov. xi. 11. "by the blessing of the upright the city is exalted.' xiv. 34. righteousness exalteth a nation.' xxviii. 2. for the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof.' See also Isai. iii. and xxiv. xlviii. 18. 0 that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! See also Jer. v.

See also Jer. v. Ezek. vii. The consequences of impiety to nations are described, Isai. iii. 7. in my house is neither bread nor clothing, make me not a ruler of the people.' lvii. 9, 10, 13. “thou wentest to the king with ointment—.' Hos. v. 13. when Ephraim saw his sickness,' &c. vii. 11, 12. • Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart—.' xii. 1. “Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind—, Habak. ii. 12. woe to him that buildeth a town with blood.'

Public ecclesiastical duties consist in the reciprocal obligations of ministers, and of the church considered collectively and individually.

The duties of ministers towards the church in general, and towards individual believers in particu

* For Milton's opinion of the value of the Scriptures as teachers of political wisdom, see Paradise Regained, IV. 353.

Their orators thou then extoll'st, as those,
The top of eloquence, statists indeed,
And lovers of their country, as may seem ;
But herein to our prophets far beneath,
As men divinely taught, and better teaching
The solid rules of civil government
In their majestic unaffected style
Than all the oratory of Greece and Rome.
In them is plainest taught, and easiest learnt
What makes a nation happy, and keeps it so,
What ruins kingdoms, and lays cities Aat;
These only with our law best form a king.

lar, are stated in the first book, in the chapter on ministers. Towards the church in general: Jer. i. 7, 8. “say not, I am a child : for thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee,' &c. v. 17--19. 'gird up thy loins, and arise, and speak unto them all that I command thee.' xv. 10, 11. woe is me, my mother, that thou hast borne me a man of strife and a man of contention to the whole earth.' xviji. 19, &c. remember that I stood before thee to speak good for them.' xx. 7, &c. thou hast deceived me, and I was deceived ..... I am in derision daily.' Isai. lviii. 1. 'cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and show my people their transgression— Ezek. ii. 6. “thou, son of man, be not afraid of them,' &c. iii. 8, 9. behold, I have made thy face strong against their faces- xxxii. 2431. son of man, speak to the children of thy people,' &c. Matt. iv. 19. “ follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.' viii. 21, 22. suffer me first to go and bury my father ; but Jesus said unto him, Follow me, and let the dead bury their dead. ix. 11. "why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners ? but when Jesus heard that, he said unto them, They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick.' v. 36. . he was moved with compassion on them, because they were scattered abroad x. 14. whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words,' &c. xiii. 52. ' every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.' xviii. 12. “if a man have an hundred sheep, and one of them be gone astray,' &c. Acts xiii. 51. “they shook off the dust of their feet against them.' xviii. 6. when they opposed themselves, and blas

phemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto them,
2 Cor. ii. 17. we are not as many, which corrupt the
word of God, but as of sincerity, but as of God, in
the sight of God speak we in Christ. 1 Thess. ii.
5. neither at any time used we flattering words, as
ye know.' Tit. ii. 7. in all things showing thyself
a pattern of good works.'

Opposed to the above are the ignorant, the slothful,
the timid, flatterers, the dumb, false teachers, the
covetous, the ambitious. Isai. ix. 15. 'the prophet
that teacheth lies, he is the tail. Ezek. xliv. 8. 'ye
have set keepers of my charge in my sanctuary for
yourselves ;' as was done by bishops formerly, and is
not unfrequently practised by magistrates in the pres-
ent day, thus depriving the people of their privilege
of election. Isai. lvi. 10. `his watchmen are blind,'
&c. For an example of flatterers, see 2 Chron. xviii.
5. the king of Israel gathered together of prophets
four hundred men,' &c. Neh. vi. 12.‘lo, I perceived
that God had not sent him.' Jer. ii. 8. the priests
said not, Where is Jehovah ?" v. 14. because ye
speak this word,' &c. v. 31. 'the prophets prophesy
falsely.' vi. 13, 14. from the least of them even
unto the greatest,' &c. viii. 9. “lo, they have reject-
ed the word of Jehovah, and what wisdom is in them?
x. 21. “the pastors are become brutish.' xiv. 13—15,
18. "thus saith Jehovah concerning the prophets
that prophesy in my name,' &c. xxiii. 9, &c.
o mine heart is broken within me, because of the
prophets.' In this class are to be placed Hananiah,
chap. xxviii. with the two other prophets mentioned
in chap. xxix. 21. and Shemaiah, v. 24, &c. ' because
thou hast sent letters in my name unto all the people
that are at Jerusalem ...... saying, Jehovah hath made

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