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ACT of December 21st, 1811. 4 Bioren, 365. An act for the apportionment of representatives among the several states, acs

cording to the third enumeration. 11. SEC. I. From and after the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, the house of representatives shall be composed of members elected agreeably to a ratio of one representative for every thirty-five thousand persons in each state, computed according to the rule prescribed by the constitution of the United States; that is to say: Within the state of New Hampshire, six; within the state of Massachusetts, twenty; within the state of Vermont, six; within the state of Rhode Island, two; within the state of Connecticut, seven; within the state of New York, twenty-seven; within the state of New Jersey, six; within the state of Pennsylvania, twenty-three; within the state of Delaware, two; within the state of Maryland, nine; within the state of Virginia, twenty-three; within the state of North Carolina, thirteen; within the state of South Carolina, nine; within the state of Georgia, six; within the state of Kentucky, ten; within the state of Ohio, six; within the state of Tennessee, six.

[The states of Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, and Missis. sippi, are each entitled to send one member. The territories of Arkansaw, Michigan and Missouri, are each entitled to send one delegate. See the several acts under their respective titles.]

ACT of February 23d, 1813. 4 Bioren, 806. 12. Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the senate and clerk of the house of representatives, respectively, within ten days after the passage of this act, to give bond to the United States with one or more sureties, to be approved by the comptrol. ler of the treasury; each bond in the penal sum of twenty thousand dollars, with condition for the faithful application and disbursement of such contingent funds of the respective houses as shall come into their hands, which bonds shall be deposited in the comptroller's office: And it shall be the duty of each and every secretary of the senate and clerk of the house of representatives who may hereafter be chosen, to give bond as aforesaid, within thirty days after he enters upon the discharge of the duties of his said office.

13. Sec. 11. From and after the passage of this act, it shall be the duty of the secretary of the senate and the clerk of the house of representatives, to deposit all moneys belonging to the United States which may come into their hands, in one of the banks of the district of Columbia; and all debts payable by said secretary or clerk on account of the senate or house of representatives shall be paid by a draft in favour of such creditor, on the bank where the money of government may be deposited.

ACT of March 3d, 1815,

15. Sec. I. In addition to the sum already allowed by law to the sergeants at arms of the senate and house of representatives, and the door-keeper, and assistant door-keeper of the senate and house of representatives, they shall be entitled to receive annually the sum of five hundred and fifty dollars respectively.

ACT of April 30th, 1816. Pamphlet edit. 144. 16. Sec. 1. The chaplains of congress shall be allowed and paid five hundred dollars per annum, each as a compensation for their services, to commence with the present session of the congress, any law to the contrary notwithstanding.

ACT of February 8th, 1817. Pamphlet edit. 202. 17. Sec. 1. The chairman of any standing committee, either of the house of representatives or of the senate of the United States shall be empowered to administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses in any case under their examination; and any person who shall be guilty of perjury before such committee, shall be liable to the pains, penalties and disabilities prescribed for the punishment of the crime of wilful and corrupt perjury. (Supra 5.]

ACT of January 22d, 1813. Pamphlet edit. 16. 18. Sec. I. At every session of congress, and every meeting of the senate, in the recess of congress, after the third day of March, in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventeen, each senator shall be entitled to receive eight dollars, for every day he has attended or shall attend the senate, and shall also be allowed eight dollars for every twenty miles, of estimated distance, by the most usual road, from his place of residence to the seat of congress, at the commencement and end of every such session and meeting, and, that all sums for travel, already performed, to be due and payable at the time of passing this act. And in case any member of the senate has been, is, or shall be, detained by sickness, on his journey to or from such session or meeting, or after his arrival has been, is, or shall be, unable to attend the senate, he shall be entitled to the same daily allowance. And the president of the senate, pro tempore, when the vice president has been, or shall be absent, or when his office shall be vacant, shall, during the period of his services, receive in addition to his compensation as a member of the senate, eight dollars, for every day he has attended or shall attend the senate: Provided always, That no senator shall be allowed a sum exceeding the rate of eight dollars a day, from the end of such session or meeting, to the time of his taking his seat in another: Provided also, That no Senator shall

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(ACT of April 18th, 1818.) receive more for going to, and returning from, the meeting of the Serate, on the fourth day of March last, than if this act had not been passed.

19. Sec. 11. At every session of Congress, after the said third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and seventeen, each representative and delegate shall be entitled to receive eight dollars, for every day he has attended or shall attend the house of representatives, and shall also be allowed eight dollars for every twenty miles, of the estimated distance, by the most usual road, from his place of residence to the seat of Congress, at the commencement and end of every such session and meeting, and that all sums for travel, already performed, to be due and payable at the time of passing this act. And in case any representative or delegate has been, is, or shall be detained by sickness, on his journey to or from the session of Congress, or, after his arrival, has been, is, or shall be unable to attend the house of representatives, he shall be entitled to the same daily allowance. And the speaker of the house of representaves shall be entitled to receive, in addition to his compensation as a representative, eight dollars, for every day he has attended or shall attend the house: Provided always, That no representative or delegate shall be allowed a sum exceeding the rate of eight dollars a day, from the end of one session, to the time of his taking his seat in another.

20. Sec. 3. The said compensation, which shall be due to the members of the Senate, shall be certified by the president thereof, and that which shall be due to the representatives and delegates, shall be certified by the speaker; and the same shall be passed as public accounts, and paid out of the public treasury.

21. Sec. 4. All acts and parts of acts, on the subject of compensation to members of the senate and of the house of representatives, and delegates of the territories, are hereby, repealed from and after the third day of March last.

ACT of April 18th, 1818. Pamphlet. edit. 103. 22. Sec. 1. The secretary of the senate and clerk of the house of representatives shall severaliy receive the sum of three thousand dollars annually, payable quarterly, as heretofore, and their principal clerks shall receive one thousand eight hundred dollars each, and their engrossing clerks one thousand five hundred dollars each.

23. Sec. 2. The librarian of the library of congress shall annually receive, as a compensation for his services, the sum of one thousand five hundred dollars, payable quarter yearly at the treasury.

24. Sec. 3. This act shall be held to take effect from the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and shall continue in force for three years therefrom, and no longer;

(Resolution of March 3rd. 1819.) and so much of any act heretofore passed, as provides compensation, salary, or perquisites, of any kind, for the officers and clerks herein mentioned, shall be held to be repealed from the same day.

Resolution of March 3rd, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 111. 25. Sec. 1. The printing of congress, unless when otherwise specially ordered, shall be done in the following form and mander, viz:

Bills, as heretofore, with english type, on foolscap paper. Rule or table-work, in royal octavo size, where it can be brought into that size, by any type not smaller than brevier, and where it cannot, in such form as to fold conveniently into the volume. All other printing with a small pica type, on royal paper, in pages of the same size as those of the last edition of the laws of the United States, including the marginal notes.

And the following prices shall be allowed and paid for the above described work: For the composition of every page of bills, one dollar, of every page of small pica, plain work, one dollar; of every page of small pica, rule-work, two dollars; of every page of brevier, rule-work, three dollars and fifty cents; and for a larger form of brevier rule-work, in proportion.

For the press-work of bills, including paper, folding and stitching—for fifty copies, twenty-five cents per page; for four hundred copies, one dollar and twenty-five cents per page; for the presswork of tables, other than those in the regular octavo form, for six hundred copies, including as above, five dollars and fifty cents per form: for the press-work of the journals, of nine hundred copies, including as above, one dollar per page; for all other printing, in the octavo form, of six hundred copies, including as above, eighty-seven and a half cents per page; and for a larger or smaller number, in proportion.

As soon as this resolution shall have been approved by the president of the United States, each house shall proceed to ballot for a printer; to execute its work during the next congress: and the person having the greatest number of votes shall be considered duly elected; and shall give bond, with sureties, to the satisfaction of the secretary of the senate and clerk of the house of representatives, respectively, for the prompt, accurate, and neat, execution of the work; and in case any inconvenient delay should be, at any time, experienced by either house, in the delivery of its work, the secretary and clerk, respectively, may be authorized to employ another printer to execute any portion of the work of the senate or house, and charge the excess, in the account of such printer, for executing such work, above what is herein allowed, to the printer guilty of such negligence and delay: provided, that nothing herein contained shall preclude the choice of the same printer by the senate and by the house of representatives.

ACT of April 7th, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 36. 26. Sec. 1. In the election of representatives in the seventeenth Congress, the state of Massachusetts shall be entitled to choose thirteen representatives only; and the state of Maine shall be entitled to choose seven representatives, according to the consent of the legislature of the said state of Massachusetts, for this purpose given, by their resolve, passed on the twenty-fifth day of January last, and prior to the admission of the state of Maine into the Union

27. Sec. 2. If the seat of any of the representatives in the present congress, who were elected in and under the authority of the state of Massachusetts, and who are now inhabitants of the state of Maine, shall be vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, such vacancy shall be supplied by a successor, who shall, at the time of his election, be an inhabitant of the state of Maine.

NOTE. [By an act passed May 13th 1820. The commencement of the 2nd session of the sixteenth congress is to be the second Monday of November 1820.)

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.

Agreed upon ip congress, September 17th, 1787.

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

ART. 1. SEC. I. All legislative powers herein granted, shall be vested in a congress of the United States, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives.

SEC. 11. 1. The house of representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states; and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.

2. No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound

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