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(ACT of April 29th, 1816.) Sec. 11. All goods, wares and merchandise, carried by a foreigner into the lands to which the Indian title has not been extinguished, for the purpose of being used in the Indian trade; and all articles of peltry, of provisions, or of any other kind purchased by foreigners from Indians or tribes of Indians, contrary to the provisions of this act, shall be, and the same are hereby forfeited, one half thereof to the use of the informer, and the remainder to the United States: Provided, That the goods, wares, and merchandise are seized prior to their sale to an Indian, or Indian tribe, and the articles purchased are seized before they are removed beyond the limits of the United States.

Sec. II. If a foreigner go into any country which is allotted or secured by treaty to either of the Indian tribes within the territorial limits of the United States, or to which the Indian title has not been extinguished, without a passport first had and obtained from the governor of one of the states or territories of the United States, adjoining the country into which he may, go, or the officer of the troops of the United States, commanding at the nearest post on the frontiers, or such other person as the president of the United States may from time to time authorize to grant the same, he shall, on conviction thereof, pay a fine of not less than fifty or more than one thousand dollars; or be imprisoned not less than one month, or more than twelve months, at the discretion of the court.

29. Sec. iv. Trials for offences against this act shall be had in the courts of the United States of the territory in which the person accused may be arrested, or in the circuit court of the United States, of the district into which he may be first carried, after his arrest.

Sec. v. Each and every person charged with a violation of the second section of this act shall, if arrested, be indicted, and tried in one of the courts aforesaid, and that the conviction of the accused shall authorize the court to cause the goods intended to be sold to, and articles purchased from the Indians, belonging to him, or taken in his possession, to be sold, one half to the use of the informer, and the other to the use of the United States. But if goods intended to be sold, or articles purchased from the Indians contrary to the provisions of this act, should be seized, and the owner or person in possession of them should make his escape, or from any other cause cannot be brought to trial, it shall and may be lawful for the United States' attorney of the territory in which they may be seized, or the district attorney of the United States, of the district into which they may have been first carried after they are seized, to proceed against the said goods intended to be sold to, or articles purchased from the Indians, in the manner directed to be observed in the case of goods, wares, or merchandise, brought into the United States in violation of the revenue laws.

(ACT of April 20th, 1818.) 30. SEC. VI. The president of the United States shall be, and hereby is authorized to use the military force of the United States whenever it may be necessary to carry into effect this act, as far as it relates to seizure of goods to be sold to, or articles already purchased from the Indians, or to the arrest of persons charged with violating its provisions.

ACT of April 16th, 1818. Pamphlet edit. 87. 31. Sec. I. The superintendent of Indian trade, the agents and assistant agents of Indian trading houses, and the several agents of Indian affairs, shall be nominated by the president of the United States, and appointed by and with the advice and consent of the senate.

Sec. 11. From and after the eighteenth instant, no person shall act in either of the characters aforesaid, who shall not have been thus first nominated and appointed. And every agent as afore• said, before he shall enter upon the duties of his office, shall give bond to the United States, with two or more sufficient securities, in the penal sum of ten thousand dollars, conditioned faithfully to perform all the duties which are or may be enjoined on them as agents as aforesaid.

Sec. . [Continues the act of March 2d, 1811, Supra, 24, until March 1st, 1819, See Infra, 33.]

ACT of April 20th, 1818. Pamphlet edit. 131.

An act fixing the compensation of Indian Agents and Factors. Sec. 1. From and after the passage of this act, Indian agents and factors shall receive the following salaries per annum, in lieu of their present compensation, to wit:

The agent to the Creek nation, one thousand eight hundred dollars.

The agent to the Choctaws, one thousand eight hundred dollars.

The agent to the Cherokees, on Tennessee river, one thousand three hundred dollars.

The agent to the Cherokees, on the Arkansas river, one thousand five hundred dollars.

The agent to the Chickasaws, one thousand three hundred dollars,

The agent in the Illinois Territory, one thousand three hundred dollars.

The agent at Prairie du Chien, one thousand two hundred dollars.

The agent at Natchitoches, one thousand two hundred dollars, The agent at Chicago, one thousand three hundred dollars. The agent at Green bay, one thousand five hundred dollars, The agent at Mackinac, one thousand three hundred dollars. The agent at Vincennes, one thousand two hundred dollars.

(ACT of March 3d, 1819.) The agent at Fort Wayne and Piqua, one thousand two hundred dollars.

The agent to the lakes, one thousand three hundred dollars.

The agent in the Missouri Territory, one thousand two hundred dollars.

And all sub-agents, five hundred dollars per annum.

Sec. II. All factors shall receive one thousand three hundred dollars, and assistant-factors seven hundred dollars per annum.

Sec. I. The sums hereby allowed to Indian agents and factors, shall be in full compensation for their services; and all rations, or other allowances, made to them, shall be deducted from the sums hereby allowed.

ACT of March 3d, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 77. Sec. 1. [Continues the act of March 2d, 1811, Supra, 24, until the first day of March, 1820. See Infra, 33.]

Sec. II. The president of the United States shall have power, and he is hereby authorized, in every case where he shall judge it expedient, to transfer any of the Indian agents, whose compensation was fixed by the act, entitled “ An act fixing the compen, sation of Indian agents and factors," from the places designated by the said act, for the discharge of their duties, respectively, to such other places as the public service may require; and shall also have power to appoint, by and with the consent and advice of the senate, an Indian agent for the Upper Missouri, whose annual compensation shall be one thousand eight hundred dollars,

ACT of March 3d, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 81. An act making provisions for the civilization of the Indian tribes, &c. 32. Sec. i. For the purpose of providing against the further de. cline, and final extinction of the Indian tribes, adjoining to the frontier settlements of the United States, and for introducing among them the habits and arts of civilization, the president of the United States, is hereby authorized, in every case where he shall judge improvement in the habits and conditions of such Indians practicable, and that the means of instruction can be introduced with their own consent, to employ capable persons of good moral character, to instruct them in the mode of agriculture, suited to their situation; and for teaching their children in reading, writing and arithmetic, and for performing such other duties as may be enjoined, according to such instructions and rules as the president may give and prescribe, for the regulation of their conduct in the discharge of their duties,

Sec. 11. The annual sum of ten thousand dollars is hereby appropriated, for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this act; and an account of the expenditure of the money and (ACT of June 6th, 1798.) proceedings, in execution of the foregoing provisions, shall be laid annually before congress.

ACT of March 4th, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 12. 33. The act, entitled “ An act for establishing trading houses with the Indian tribes,” passed on the second day of March, one thousand eight hundred and eleven, and which was by subsequent acts, continued in force until the first day of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, is hereby further continued in force, until the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, and no longer.

INSOLVENTS.

6

Debtors of the United States,
Fines, forfeitures, &c.
Privileges in prison,
Discharge,

i Debtor remanded,
3 | Penalty on salse oath,
4 Relief before execution issued,

2,7

ACT of June 6th, 1798. 3 Bioren, 54. An act providing for the relief of persons imprisoned for debts due to the United

States. 1. Sec. t. Any person imprisoned upon execution issuing from any court of the United States, for a debt due to the United States, which he shall be unable to pay, may, at any time after commitment, make application, in writing to the secretary of the treasury, stating the circumstances of his case, and his inability to discharge the debt; and it shall, thereupon, be lawful for the said secretary to make, or require to be made, an examination and inquiry into the circumstances of the debtor, either by the oath or affirmation of the debtor, (which the said secretary, or any other person by him specially appointed, are hereby authorized to administer, or otherwise, as the said secretary shall deem necessary and expedient, to ascertain the truth; and upon proof being made to his satisfaction, that such debtor is unable to pay the debt for which he is imprisoned, and that he hath not concealed, or made any conveyance of his estate, in trust, for himself, or with an intent to defraud the United States, or deprive them of their legal priority, the said secretary is hereby authorized to receive from such debtor, any deed, assignment, or conveyance, of the real or personal estate of such debtor, if any, he hath, or any collateral security, to the use of the United States; and upon a compliance, by the debtor, with such terms and conditions as the said (ACT of January 6th, 1800.) secretary may judge reasonable and proper, under all the circum stances of the case, it shall be lawful for the said secretary to is. sue his order, under his hand, to the keeper of the prison, directing him to discharge such debtor from his imprisonment under such execution, and he shall be accordingly discharged, and shall not be liable to be imprisoned again for the said debt; but the judgment shall remain good and sufficient in law, and may be satisfied out of any estate which may then, or at any time after. wards, belong to the debtor.

2. Sec. 11. If any person shall falsely take an oath or affirmation under this act, he shall be deemed guilty of perjury, and be subject to the pains and penalties provided in the third section of an act, entitled “ An act for the relief of persons imprisoned for

3. Sec. it. The benefit of this act shall not be extended to any person imprisoned for any fine, forfeiture, or penalty, incurred by a breach of any law of the United States, or for moneys had and received by any officer, agent, or other person, for their use.

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debt.”

ACT of January 6th, 1800. 3 Bioren, 301.

An act for the relief of persons imprisoned for debt. 4. Sec. 1. Persons imprisoned on process issuing from any court of the United States, as well at the suit of the United States, as at the suit of any person or persons in civil actions, shall be entitled to like privileges of the yards or limits of the respective gaols, as persons confined, in like cases, on process from the courts of the respective states, are entitled to, and under the like regulations and restrictions.

5. Sec. 11. Any person imprisoned on process of execution issuing from any court of the United States, in civil actions, except at the suit of the United States, may have the oath or affirmation, hereinafter expressed, administered to him, by the judge of the district court of the United States, within whose jurisdiction the debtor may be confined; and in case there shall be no district judge residing within twenty miles of the gaol wherein such debtor may be confined, such oath or affirmation may be administered by any two persons who may be commissioned for that purpose by the district judge: The creditor, his agent, or attorney, if either live within one hundred miles of the place of imprisonment, or within the district in which the judgment was rendered, having had at least thirty days' previous notice, by a citation servo ed on him, issued by the district judge, to appear at the time and place therein mentioned, if he see fit, to show cause why the said oath or affirmation should not be so administered: At which time and place, if no sufficient cause, in the opinion of the judge, (or the commissioners appointed as aforesaid,) be shown, or doth, from examination, appear to the contrary, he or they may, at the

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