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IN MASSACHUSETTS. From Boston, by Bridgewater, and Taunton, New post to New-Bedford:--From New-Bedford, by Ro- roads et chester, and Wareham, to Sandwich :-From al Hanover, by Scituate, Marsh-Field, and Duxbury, to Kingston :-From Truro to Provincetown: From Bellerica, by Patucket bridge, to Dracut, and Hovey's tavern, to Pelham, and Nottingham West, in New Hampshire:-From Concord, by Groton, New Ipswich, and Jaffray, to Marlborough, New Hampshire.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That no. thing contained in this act shall be construed so as to affect any existing contracts for carrying the mail.
Speaker of the House of Representatives,
President of the Senate,
President of the United States.
of the United States.
D Representatives of the United States Exempla- of America, in Congress assembled, That from and ry con- after the first day of June next, the following duct in- rules and regulations be adopted and put in cuinbent
in force, for the government of the navy of the on coinmanders. United States.
Art. I. The commanders of all ships and vesfels of war belonging to the navy, are striatly enjoined and required to shew in themselves a good example of virtue, honor, patriotism and subordination; and be vigilant in inspecting the conduct of all such as are placed under their command; and to guard against, and suppress, all dissolute and immoral practices, and to correct all such as are guilty of them, according to the usage of the sea service.
Art. II. The commanders of all ships and vefDivine fels in the navy, having chaplains on board, fervice shall take care that divine service be performed preaching
in a solemn,orderly and reverent manner twice a day, and a fermon preached on Sunday, unless bad weather, or other extraordinary accidents prevent it; and that they cause all, or as many of the ship's company as can be spared from duty, to attend at every performance of the worship of Almighty God.
Art. III. Any officer, or other person in the
navy, who shall be guilty of oppression, cruelty, Puniih
fraud, profane swearing, drunkenness, or any ment of certain other scandalous conduct, tending to the defcanda- ftruction of good morals, shall, if an officer, be lous of- cashiered, or suffer such other punilhment as a fences.
court martial shall adjudge; if a private, shall
be put in irons, or flogged, at the discretion of the captain, not exceeding twelve lashes; but if the offence require feverer punishment, he shall be tried by a court martial, and suffer fuch pu. nishment as said court shall inflict.
Art. IV. Every commander or other officer Penalties who shall, upon signal for battle, or on the pro- on the bability of an engagement, neglect to clear his breach of fhip for action, or shall not use his utmost exer
respect of tions to bring his ship to battle, or shall fail to attack encourage, in his own person, his inferior offi- and batcers and men to fight courageously, such offen- tle. der shall suffer death, or fuch other punishment as a court martial shall adjudge; or any officer neglecting, on fight of any veffel or vefsels of an enemy, to clear his ship for action, shall fuffer such punishment as a court martial shall adjudge: And if any person in the navy shall treacherously yield, or pufillanimously cry for quarters, he hall suffer death, on conviction thereof, by a general court martial.
Art. V. Every officer or private who shall not properly observe the orders of his commanding officer, or thall not use his utmost exertions to carry them into execution, when ordered to prepare for, join in, or when actually engaged in battle ; or fhall at fuch time, basely desert his duty or station, either then, or while in fight of an enemy, or shall induce others to do so, every person fo offending fhall, on conviction thereof by a general court martial, suffer death, or such other punishment as the said court shall adjudge.
Art. VI. Every officer or private who shall, through cowardice, negligence, or disaffection in time of action, withdraw from, or keep out of battle, or shall not do his utmost to take or destroy.every vefsel which it is his duty to.en
counter, or shall not do his utmost endeavour to afford relief to ships belonging to the United States, every such offender shall, on conviction thereof by a general court martial, suffer death, or such other punihment as the said court hall adjudge.
Art. VII. The commanding officer of every Papers to ship or vessel in the navy, who shall capture, or be trant seize upon any vessel as a prize, shall carefully mitted
eived preserve all the papers and writings found on ing can board, and transmit the whole of the originals
unmutilated to the judge of the district to which such prize is ordered to proceed, and shall transmit to the Navy Department, and to the agent appointed to pay the prize money, complete lists of the officers and men entitled to a share of the capture, inserting therein the quality of every person rating, on pain of forfeiting his whole share of the prize money resulting from such capture, and suffering fuch further puniilment as a court martial thall adjudge.
Art. VIII. No person in the navy shall take
out of a prize, or vessel seized as prize, any mo. Penalty ney, plate, goods, or any part of her rigging, on pilla. unless it be for the better preservation thereof, ging a or absolutely necessary for the use of any of the prize, or vessels of the United States, before the same malcreate ing the shall be adjudged lawful prize by a competent personson court; but the whole, without fraud, concealboard the ment, or embezzlement, shall be brought in, fame.
and judgment passed thereon, upon pain that every person offending herein fhall forfeit his share of the capture, and suffer such further punishment as a court martial, or the court of admiralty in which the prize is adjudged, shall impose.
Art. IX. No person in the navy shall strip of their clothes, or pillage, or in any manner mal
treat persons taken on board a prize, on pain of fuch punishment as a court martial shall ad. . judge.
Art. X. No person in the navy shall give, hold, or entertain any intercourse or intelligence to or with any enemy or rebel, without leave courte from the President of the United States, the Se- with enea cretary of the Nary, the commander in chief of nies and the fleet, or the commander of a squadron; or rebels. in case of a vessel aćting fingly, from his commanding officer, on pain of death, or such other punishment as a court martial shall adjudge.
Art. XI. If any letter or message from an enemy or rebel, be conveyed to any officer or private of the navy, and he shall not, within twelve hours, make the same known, haring opportunity fo to do. to his superior or commanding officer; or if any oficer commanding a fhip or reslel, being acquainted therewith, Thall not, with all convenient speed, reveal the same to the commander in chief of the fleet, commander of a squadron, or other proper officer whose duty it may be to take cognizance thereof, every such offender shall suffer death, or such other punilhment as a court martial shall adjudge.
Art. III. Spies, and all persons who shall come or be found in the capacity of spies, or v who shall bring or deliver any seducing letter or and sedia
Mutiny message from an enemy or rebel, or endeavour cion. to corrupt any perlon in the navy to betray his trust, shall suffer death, or such other punihment as a court martial shall adjudge.
Art. XIII. If any person in the navy shall make, or attempt to make any mutinous assembly, he shall, on conviction thereof by a court martial, suffer death; and if any person as aforesaid Thall utter any feditious or murinous words,