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IN MASSACHUSETTS. From Boston, by Bridgewater, and Taunton, New pist to New-Bedford:--From New-Bedford, by Ro- roads et chester, and Wareham, to Sandwich :-From Hanover, by Scituate, Marsh-Field, and Duxbury, to Kingston :-From Truro to Provincetown:-From Bellerica, by Patucket bridge, to Dracut, and Hovey's tavern, to Pelham, and Nottingham West, in New Hampshire:-From Concord, by Groton, New Ipswich, and Jaffray, to Marlborough, New-Hampshire.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That nothing contained in this act shall be construed so as to affect any existing contracts for carrying the mail.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
President of the United States.
cuinbent on coin
An ACT for the better government of the Navy
of the United States. Sec. 1. D E it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States Esempla- of America, in Congress assembled, That from and
after the first day of June next, the following duc in- rules and regulations be adopted and put in
force, for the government of the navy of the manders. United States.
Art. I. The commanders of all ships and versels of war belonging to the navy, are strictly enjoined and required to shew in themselves a good example of virtue, honor, patriotism and subordination; and be vigilant in inspecting the conduct of all such as are placed under their command; and to guard against, and suppress, all diffolute and immoral practices, and to correct all such as are guilty of them, according to the usage of the sea service.
Art. II. The commanders of all thips and vefsels in the navy, having chaplains on board, shall take care that divine fervice be performed
in a solemn,orderly and reverent manner twice preaching
a day, and a fermon preached on Sunday, unlefs bad weather, or other extraordinary accidents prevent it; and that they cause all, or as many of the ship's company as can be spared from duty, to attend at every performance of the worship of Almighty God.
Art. III. Any officer, or other person in the
navy, who shall be guilty of oppression, cruelty, Puniih
fraud, profane swearing, drunkenness, or any other scandalous conduct, tending to the de
struction of good morals, shall, if an officer, be lous of- cashiered, or suffer fuch other punishment as a
court martial shall adjudge ; if a private, shall
Divine service and
ment of certain fcanda
be put in irons, or flogged, at the discretion of the captain, not exceeding twelve lashes; but if the offence require feverer punishment, he fall be tried by a court martial, and fuffer such
punishment as faid court shall inflict.
Art. IV. Every commander or other officer Penalties who fliall, upon signal for battle, or on the pro- on the bability of an engagement, neglect to clear his breach of ship for action, or shall not ufe his utmost exer
respect of tions to bring his ship to battle, or shall fail to attack encourage, in his own person, his inferior offi- and batcers and men to fight courageously, such offen- tle. der shall suffer death, or fuch other punishment as a court martial shall adjudge; or any officer neglecting, on fight of any veifel or veffels of an enemy, to clear his ship for action, shall suffer such punishment as a court martial ihall adjudge: And if any person in the navy shall treacherously yield, or pufillanimously cry for quarters, he shall fuffer death, on conviction thereof, by a general court martial.
Art. V. Every officer or private who shall not properly observe the orders of his commanding officer, or thall not use his utmolt exertions to carry them into execution, when ordered to prepare for, join in, or when actually engaged in battle; or fhall at fuch time, bafely defert his duty or station, either then, or while in fight of an enemy, or shall induce others to do so, every person fo offending fhall, on conviction thereof by a general court martial, suffer death, or such other punishment as the said court shall adjudge.
Art. VI. Every officer or private who shall, through cowardice, negligence, or disaffection in time of action, withdraw from, or keep out of battle, or shall not do his utmost to take or destroy.every vefsel which it is his duty to.en
counter, or shall not do his utmost endeavour to afford relief to ships belonging to the United States, every such offender Thall, on conviction thereof by a general court martial, suffer death, or such other punishment as the said court shall adjudge.
Art. VII. The commanding officer of every Papers to ship or vessel in the navy, who shall capture, or be tranf- seize upon any vessel as a prize, shall carefully respect- preserve all the papers and writings found on ing cap. board, and transmit the whole of the originals
unmutilated to the judge of the district to which fuch prize is ordered to proceed, and shall transmit to the Navy Department, and to the agent appointed to pay the prize money, complete lists of the officers and men entitled to a share of the capture, inserting therein the quality of every person rating, on pain of forfeiting his whole thare of the prize money resulting from such capture, and suffering such further puniilment as a court martial hall adjudge.
Art. VIII. No person in the nary shall take
out of a prize, or vessel seized as prize, any moPenalty ney, plate, goods, or any part of her rigging, on pilla- unless it be for the better preservation thereof, ging a
or absolutely necessary for the use of any of the prize, or
vefsels of the United States, before the same ing the
shall be adjudged lawful prize by a competent perfonson court; but the whole, without fraud, concealboard the ment, or embezzlement, shall be brought in,
and judgment passed thereon, upon pain that every person offending herein thall forfeit his share of the capture, and suffer such further punishment as a court martial, or the court of admiralty in which the prize is adjudged, shall impose.
Art. IX. No person in the navy shall strip of their clothes, or pillage, or in any manner mal
treat persons taken on board a prize, on pain of fuch punishment as a court martial shall ads judge.
Art. X. No person in the navy shall give, hold, or entertain any intercourse or intelligence Interto or with any enemy or rebel, without leave course from the President of the United States, the Se- with enecretary of the Navy, the commander in chief of mies and the fleet, or the commander of a squadron; or in case of a vessel acting singly, from his commanding officer, on pain of death, or such other punishment as a court martial shall adjudge.
Art. XI. If any letter or message from an enemy or rebel, be conveyed to any officer or private of the navy, and he shall not, within twelve hours, make the same known, haring opportunity fo to do. to his superior or commanding officer; or if any officer commanding a fhip or vessel, being acquainted therewith, shall not, with all convenient speed, reveal the fame to the commander in chief of the fleet, commander of a squadron, or other proper officer whose duty it may be to take cognizance thereof, every fuch offender shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court martial shall adjudge.
Art. XII. Spies, and all persons who shall come or be found in the capacity of spies, or
Vuciar who shall bring or deliver any seducing letter or and ledimessage from an enemy or rebel, or endearourion, to corrupt any perlon in the navy to betray his trust, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court martial shall adjudge.
Art. XIII. If any person in the navy shall make, or attempt to make any mutinous assembly, he shall, on conviction thereof by a court martial, suffer death ; and if any person as aforesaid thall utter any feditious or murinous words,