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orders & alfault of

officer.

or shall conceal or connive at any mutinous or feditious practices, or shall treat with contempt his superior, being in the execution of his office; or being witness to any mutiny or sedition, shall not do his utmost to suppress it, he shall be punished at the discretion of a court martial.

Art. XIV. No officer or private in the navy, Disobedi- shall disobey the lawful orders of his superior ence of officer, or strike him, or draw, or offer to draw,

or raise any weapon against him, while in the

execution of the duties of his office, on pain a fuperior

of death, or such other punishment as a court

martial shall inflict. Quarrel. Art. XV. No person in the navy shall quarrel

with any other person in the navy, nor use provoking or reproachful words, gestures, or menaces, on pain of such punishment as a court martial shall adjudge.

Art. XVI. If any person in the navy shall deDeserti- fert to an enemy or rebel, he shall suffer death.

Art. XVII. If any person in the navy shall desert, or shall entice others to desert, he shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court martial shall adjudge; and if any officer, or other person belonging to the navy, shall receive or entertain any deserter from any other vefsel of the navy, knowing him to be such, and shall not, with all convenient speed, give notice of such deserter to the commander of the vessel to which he belongs, or to the commander in chief, or to the commander of the squadron, he shall, on conviction thereof, be

calhiered, or be punished at the discretion of Offences a court martial. All offences committed by cominic- perfons belonging to the navy while on shore,

ihall be punihed in the fame manner as if they had been committed at sea.

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Art. XVIII. If any person in the navy shall Frauds knowingly make or sign, or shall aid, abet, di- against rect, or procure the making or signing of any ted States false muster, or shall execute, or attempt, or countenance any fraud against the United States, he shall, on conviction, be cashiered and rendered forever incapable of any future employment in the service of the United States, and shall forfeit all the pay and subfistence due him, and suffer such other punishment as a court martial Ihall inflict. Art. XIX. If any officer, or other person in

Improper the navy, shall, through intention, negligence, navigaor any other fault, suffer any vessel of the navy tion of to be stranded, or run upon rocks or fhoals, or vessels. hazarded, he shall suffer fuch punishment as a court martial faall adjudge.

Art. XX. If any person in the navy shall fleep Negliupon his watch, or negligently perform the gence in duty assigned him, or leave his' ftation before the perregularly relieved, he shall fuffer death, or such

of duty, punishment as a court martial shall adjudge; or Stc. if the offender be a private, he may, at the discretion of the captain, be put in irons, or flogged not exceeding twelve lalhes.

Art. XXI. The crime of murder, when committed by any officer, seaman, or marine, be. Murder. longing to any public ship or veffel of the United States, without the territorial jurisdiction of the same, may be punished with death by the fentence of a court martial.

Art. XXII. The officers and privates of eve- Duties in ry tip or vessel, appointed as convoy to mer- relation chant or other vefsels, shall diligently and faith- to convor. fully discharge the duties of their appointment, nor shall they demand or exact any compensation for their services, nor maltreat any of the VOL, V.

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formance

chandize

officers or crews of such merchant or other verfels, on pain of making such reparation as a court of admiralty may award, and of suffering fuch further punishment as a court martial shall adjudge.

Art. XXIII. If any commander or other offiPenalty

cer shall receive or permit to be received, on on receiv- board his veffel, any goods or merchandize, ing mer- other than for the fole use of his veffel, except on board. gold, silver, or jewels, and except the goods or

merchandize of vessels which may be in distress, or shipwrecked, or in imminent danger of being shipwrecked, in order to preserve them for their owner, without orders from the President of the United States or the Navy Department, he shall, on conviction thereof, be cashiered, and be incapacitated forever afterwards, for any place or office in the navy.

Art. XXIV. If any person in the navy shall embezzie. waste, embezzle, or fraudulently buy, sell, or ment, &c. receive any ammunition, provisions, or other of public public stores; or if any officer or other person property. shall, knowingly, permit through design, negli

gence, or inattention, any such waste, embezzlement, sale or receipt, every such person thall forfeit all the pay and fubfiftence then due him, and fuffer such further punishment as a court inartial shall direct.

Art. XXV. If any person in the navy shall unlawfully set fire to or burn any kind of public property, not then in the possession of an enemy, pirate, or rebel, he shall suffer death: And if any person shall, in any other manner, destroy such property, or shall not use his best exertions to prevent the destruction thereof by others, he fhall be punilhed at the discretion of a court martial.

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Art. XXVI. Any theft not exceeding twenty Theft. dollars may be punished at the discretion of the captain, and above that sum, as a court martial shall direct.

Art. XXVII. If any person in the navy shall, Offences when on shore, plunder, abuse, or maltreat any against inhabitant, or injure his property

in

people on

any way, he shall suffer such punishment as a court martial shall adjudge.

Art. XXVIII. Every person in the navy shall use his utmost exertions to detect, apprehend, and apand bring to punishment all offenders, and shall, prehenat all times, aid and affist all persons appointed for this purpose, on pain of such punishment as a court martial shall adjudge.

Art. XXIX. Each commanding officer shall, Muker whenever a seaman enters on board, cause an ac- rolls and curate entry to be made in the ship's books, of his ilips name, time, and term of his service; and before books. failing transmit to the Secretary of the Navy, a complete list or muster roll of the officers and men under his command, with the date of their entering, time and terms of their service annexed; and shall cause fimilar lifts to be made out on the first day of every second month, to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Navy, as opportunities shall occur ; accounting in such lists or mufter rolls, for any casualties which may have taken place since the last list or muster roll. He Thall cause to be accurately minuted on the ship's books, the names of, and times at which any death or desertion may occur ; and in case of death, shall take care that the purser secure all the property of the deceased for the benefit of his legal representative or representatives. He

Inspec. shall cause frequent inspections to be made into tion of the condition of the provisions, and use every provilons precaution for its prefervation. He shall, when

Officers

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Rules to

up and

read.

ever he orders officers and men to take charge and men of a prize, and proceed to the United States, datached and whenever officers or men are sent from his Thip to be ship for whatever cause, take care that each man furnished be furnished with a complete statement of his with cer- account, specifying the date of his enlistment, tain state and the period and terms of his service; which

account shall be signed by the commanding offi

cer and purser. He shall cause the rules for the be hung government of the navy to be hung up in some

public part of the ship, and read once a month

to his ship's company. He shall cause a conTreat- venient place to be set apart for fick or disabled ment of men, to which he shall have them removed, with the fick. their hammocks and bedding, when the surgeon

shall fo advise, and shall direct that some of the crew attend them and keep the place clean; and if necessary, shall direct that cradles, and buc

kets with covers, be made for their use: And Paying

when his crew is finally paid off, he shall attend in person, or appoint a proper officer, to see that justice be done to the men, and to the United States, in the settlement of the accounts : Any commanding officer, offending herein, shall be punished at the discretion of a court martial.

Art. XXX. No commanding officer thall, of Treat- his own authority, discharge a commissioned or ment of warrant officer, nor strike, nor punish him other

wise than by suspension or confinement, nor shall he, of his own authority, inflict a punishment on any private beyond twelve lashes with a cat-ofnine-tails, nor shall he suffer any wired, or other than a plain cat-of-nine-tails, to be used on board his ship; nor shall any officer who may command by accident, or in the absence of the commanding officer (except fuch commander be absent for a time by leave) order or inflict any other punishment than confinement, for which he shall ac.

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inferior officers and men.

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