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mines on the south side of Lake Superior, and to ascertain whether the Indian title to such lands as might be required for the use of the United States, in case they should deem it expedient to work the said mines, be yet sublisting, and if so, the terms on which the same can be extinguished: And that the said agent be instructed to make report to the President in such time, as the information he may collect may be laid before Congress at their next session,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate. APPROVED-April 16, 1800.
President of the United States.
TREATY OF PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP,
GOD IS INFINITE. TINDER the auspices of the greatest, the
U most powerful of all the Princes of the Ottoman nation who reign upon the earth, our most glorious and most august Emperor, who commands the two lands and the two feas, Selim Kan, the victorious, son of the Sultan Moustafa, whose realm may God prosper until the end of ages, the support of Kings, the seal of Justice, the Emperor of Emperors. · The most illustrious and most magnificent Prince, Hamouda Pacha, Bey, who commands the Odgiak of Tunis, the abode of happiness, and the most honored Ibrahim Dey, and Soliman, aga of the Janiffaries, and chief of the Divan, and all the elders of the Odgiak; and the most distinguished and honored President of the Congress of the United States of America, the most distinguished among those who profess the religion of the Messiah, of whom may the end be happy,
We have concluded between us the present treaty of peace and friendship, all the articles of which have been framed by the intervention of Joseph Stephen Famin, French merchant residing at Tunis, chargé d'affaires of the United States of America ; which stipulations and conditions are comprized in twenty-three articles, written and expressed in such manner as to leave no doubt of their contents, and in such
way as not to be contravened. Peace and Art. I. There shall be a perpetual and confriendlhip stant peace between the United States of Ame.
rica, and the magnificent Pacha, Bey of Tunis; and also a permanent friendship, which shall
more and more increase. Restora.
ART. II. If a vessel of war of the two nations tion of shall make prize of an enemy vefsel, in which fubjects may be found effects, property and subjects of and goods the two contracting parties, the whole shall be found in an ene. restored : The Bey hall restore the property my's vef- and subjects of the United States, and the latter fel. Thall make a reciprocal restoration; it being un
derstood on both sides, that the just right to what is claimed shall be proved.
Enemies ART. III. Merchandize belonging to any na, goods on tion which may be at war wich one of the conboard a
tracting parties, and loaded on board of the the par. vessels of the other, shall pass without molestaties to be tion, and without any attempt being made to ree. capture or detain it.
ART. IV. On both sides sufficient passports Pairports to be giv- Mall be given to vessels, that they may be known en, and treated as friendly; and considering the
distance between thé two countries, a term of eighteen months is given, within which term respect shall be paid to the said passports, without requiring the congé or document (which
at Tunis is called testa) but after the said term the congé shall be presented.
ART. V. If the corsairs of Tunis shall meet Connanat sea with ships of war of the United States, der of a having under their escort merchant vessels of convoy to their nation, they shall not be searched or mo- od
be believe lefted; and in such case the commanders shall his word be believed upon their word, to exempt their in order ships from being visited and to avoid quaran- to exempt tine: The American ships of war shall act in
2 : it from like manner towards merchant vessels escorted and quaby the corsairs of Tunis.
ART. VI. If a Tunisian corsair shall meet Nothing with an Anierican merchant vessel, and shall to be exvisit it with her boat, she shall not exact any acted for thing, under pain of being severely punished: And in like manner if a vessel of war of the United States shall meet with a Tunisian merchant vefsel, she shall observe the same rule. In case a slave shall take refuge on board of an
* Fugitive American vessel of war, the consul shall be re.
ihall be re- flaves and quired to cause him to be restored ; and if any prisoners, of their prisoners shall escape on board of the Tunisian vessels, they shall be restored : But if any slave shall take refuge in any American merchant vefsel, and it shall be proved that the versel has departed with the said lave, then he shall be returned, or his ransom shall be paid.
of their prilo 1. they shall be ranjerican mer
ART. VII. An American citizen having pur- Prize-vesa chased a prize-vessel from our Odgiak, may sail fels purwith our passport, which we will deliver for the chaled at term of one year; by force of which our cor- howtoob. fairs which may meet with her shall respect her ; tain teme the consul on his part shall furnish her with a porary bill of fale; and considering the distance of the pallports. two countries, this term thall suffice to obtain
a pafsport in form: But after the expiration of this termn, if our corsairs shall meet with her without the passport of the United States, she shall be stopped and declared good prize, as well the vessel as the cargo and crew.
Hospital. ART. VIII. If a vessel of one of the contract. ity to be ing parties shall be obliged to enter into a port granted
als of the other, and may have need of provisions entering and other articles, they shall be granted to her the ports without any difficulty, at the price-current at of the par- the place; and if such & vefsel shall have sufties.
fered at sea, and shall have need of repairs, she shall be at liberty to unload, and re-load her cargo without being obliged to pay any duty; and the captain shall only be obliged to pay the wages of those whom he shall have employed in loading and unloading the merchandize.
Alistance ART. IX. If by accident and by the permisto be fion of God, a vefsel of one of the contracting granted parties shall be cast by tempest upon the coasts to wreckod vessels.
k of the other, and shall be wrecked, or otherwise
damaged, the commandant of the place shall render all possible assistance for its preservation, without allowing any person to make any oppofition; and the proprietor of the effects thall pay the costs of falvage to those who may have been employed.
Neutrali. Art. X. In case a vessel of one of the conty of ports tracting parties shall be attacked by an enemy
ene under the cannon of the forts of the other party, forced.
The shall be defended and protected as much as possible; and when she shall fet fail, no enemy shall be permitted to pursue her from the same port, or any other neighbouring port, for fortyeight hours after her departure.