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Times of holding the circuit courts,
district of Rhode Island; at Boston, in and for the district of Massachusetts, on the twentyfecond day of May and fifteenth day of October; at Portsmouth on the eighth day of June, and at Exeter on the twenty-ninth day of September, in and for the district of New-Hampshire; in and for the district of Maine, at Portland on the fifteenth day of June, and at Wifcasset on the twenty-second day of September. The circuit court of the second circuit, at New-Haven on the fifteenth day of April; and at Hartford, on the twenty-fifth day of September, in and for the district of Connecticut; at Windsor, on the fifth day of May, and at Rutland on the fifteenth day of October, in and for the district of Vermonti; at the city of Albany, in and for the district of Albany, on the twentieth day of May and twenty-fifth day of October; at the city of NewYork, in and for the district of New-York on the Afth day of June and the tenth day of November. The circuit court of the third circuit, at Trenton, in and for the district of Jersey, on the second days of May and October; at the city of Philadelphia, in and for the Eastern district of Pennsylvania, on the eleventh day of May and eleventh day of October; at Bedford, in and for the Western district of Pennsylvania, on the twenty-fifth day of Juue and twenty-fifth day of November; and at Dover, in and for the district of Delaware, on the third day of June and twenty-seventh day of October. The circuit court of the fourth circuit, at Baltimore, in and for the district of Maryland, on the twentieth day of March and fifth day of November; at Lexington in Rockbridge county, in and for the Western district of Virginia, on the fifth day of April and twentieth day of November; and at the city of
Richmond in and for the Eastern district of Virginia, on the twenty-fifth day of April, and fifth day of December. The circuit court of the fifth circuit, at Raleigh, in and for the diftrict of North Carolina, on the first day of June and first day of November; at Charleston on the fixth day of May, and at Columbia on the thirtieth day of November, in and for the district of South-Carolina; at Savannah on the tenth day of April, and at Augusta, on the fifteenth day of December, in and for the district of Georgia;and the circuit court of the sixth circuit at Knoxville, in and for the district of East Tennessee, on the twenty. tember; at Nan...and twenty-fifth day of Sep West Tennessee, on the twentieth day of April and twentieth day of October; and at Bairdstown, in and for the district of Kentucky, on the fifteenth day of May and fifteenth day of November; and at Cincinnati in and for the district of Ohio, on the tenth day of June and on the tenth day of December; and so on the several days and at the several places aforesaid, in each and every year afterwards; Provided always, That when any of the said days shall happen on Sunday, then the said court hereby directed to be holden on fuch day, shall be holden on the next day thereafter; and provided also, that there shall be appointed, in the sixth circuit, a judge of the United States, to be called a circuit judge, who together with the diftrict judges of Tennessee and Kentucky, shall hold the circuit courts, hereby directed to be holden, within the said circuit; and that whenever the office of district judge, in the districts of Kentucky and Tennessee respectively, shall become vacant, such vacancies shall respec
Cuorts may H. ld special f fons.
A judge of the circuit
alter the place of its
tively, be supplied by the appointment of two additional circuit judges, in the said circuit, who, together with the circuit judge first aforefaid, shall compose the circuit court of the faid circuit.
Sec. 8. Provided always, and be it further The circuit 'cnacted, That the said circuit courts hereby
established shall have power, and hereby are authorized to hold special sessions, for thetrial of criminal causes, at any other time or times than is hereby directed, at their discretion.
Sec. 3. And provided also, and be it further enacted, That if in the opinion of any judge of any of the said circuit courts, it shall be
dangerous to hold the next stated session of Succino
such court, for any district within the circuit to which such judge shall belong, at the place by law appointed for holding the fame; it shall be lawful for such judge to issue his order, under his hand and feal, to the marshal of such court, directing him to adjourn the said feffion, to such other place within the fame diftrict as the said judge shall deem convenient; which faid inarthal thall, thereupon adjourn the faid court pursuant to such order, by making, in one or more public papers, printed within the said district, publication of such order and adjournment, from the time when he shall receive such order, to the time appointed by law for commencing such stated feffion; And that the court so to be held, according to and by virtue of such adjournment, shall have the same powers and authorities, and shall proceed in the fame manner, as if the fame had been held a: the place appointed by lüw for that purpose.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the
circuit courts shall have, and hereby are invefsicut coustio ted with, all the powers heretofore granted
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by law to the circuit courts of the United States, unless where otherwise provided by this act.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the said circuit courts respectively shall have cog. Subjects ofthe nizance of all crimes and offences cognizable the circuit under the authority of the United States, and courts. committed within their respective districts, or upon the high seas; and also of all cases in law or equity, arising under the constitution and laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; and also of all actions, or fuits of a civil na
ure, at common law, or in equity, where the United States shall be plaintiffs or complainants; and also of all seizures on land or water, and all penalties and forfeitures, made, arifing or accruing, under the laws of the United States; which cognizance of all penalties and forfeitures shall be exclusively of the state courts, in the said circuit courts, where the offence, by which the penalty or forfeitureis iucurred, shall have been committed within fifty iniles of the place of holding the said courts; and also of all actions, or suits, matters or things cognizable by the judicial authority of the United States, under and by virtue of the constitution thereof, where the matter in dispute fhall amount to four hundred dollars, and where original jurisdiction is not given by the constitution of the United States to the fupreme court thereof, or exclusive jurisdiction by law to the district courts of the United States: Provided always, That in all cases where the title, or bounds of land shall come into question, the jurisdiction of the faid circuit courts shall not be restrained, by reason of the value of the land in dispute.
and judges to have cog
Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the Circuit courts said circuit courts respectively shall have cog
nizance concurrently with the district courts, nizance under of all cases which shall arise, within their rethe bankrupt fpective circuits, under the act to establish an
uniform fyítem of bankruptcy throughout the United States ; and that each circuit judge, within his respective circuit, shall and may perform all and fingular the duties enjoined by the said act, upon a judge' of a district court: And that the proceedings under a commission of bankruptcy, which shall ifue from a circuit judge, shall in all respects be conformable to the proceedings under a conmiffion of bankruptcy, which shall issue from a district judge, mutatis mutandis.
Seç. 13. And be it further enacted, That Certain fuits where any action or suit shall be, or shall have
may be removed from the state
been commenced, in any state court within the United States, against an alien, or by a citizen or citizens of the state in which such fuit or action shall be, or shall have been commenced against a citizen or citizens of another ftate, and the matter in dispute, except in cases where the title or bounds of land shall be in question, shall exceed the sun or value of four hundred dollars, exclusive of costs, and the defendant or defendants in such fuit or action fhall be personally served with the original process therein, or shall appear thereto; or where, in any fuit or action, so commenced or to be commenced, final judgment, for a fum exceeding four hundred dollars, exclusive of costs, shall have been rendered in such state court, against such defendant or defendants, without return of personal service on him, her, or them, of the original process in such fuit or action, and without an appearance thereto, by