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d.' S.

Hundreds of Millions. Tens of Millions.

Millions,

coco no Hundreds of Thousands.
o no a Tens of Thousands.
600 voor A Thousands.

como era w Hundreds.
solo ver A c A Tens.

HAWN Units.

d. 8. d. 20 is 1 8 12 is 1 30 2 6 24 2 40 3 4 36 3 50 4 2 48 60 5 0 60 5 70 5 10 72 6 80

6 8 84 7 90 ng 6 96 8 100 8 4 108 9

1110 9 2 120 10 3 2/120 10 0 132 11

3
5 4
6 5
ng 6

make
8 7

71 4 farthings 1 penny, d 9 8 12 pence 1 shilling,

920 shillings 1 pound, £?

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ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION TABLE

11.2
| 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 17 18

9 | 10 11 | 12 2 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11| 12 | 13 | 14 3 | 51.6 1 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 1 1 6/7 | 8| 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 15 | 16 5 1 7 | 8 | 9 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 6 18 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 79. | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 18 8 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 9 | 11 | 12 | 13 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 10 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 221

MULTIPLICATION TABLE.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 71 81 91 101 111 12 2 1 4 | 6 8 | 10 | 12 | 14 | 16 | 18 20 22 24 3 | 6 9 12 15 | 18 | 21 | 24 | 271 301 33) 36 4| 8 | 12 | 16 | 20 | 24 | 28 | 32 | 361 40 441 48 5110 | 15 20 | 25 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 45) 50 55 60 6 | 12 | 18 | 24 | 30 | 36 | 42 | 48 | 54 601 66/ 72 7 | 14 | 21 | 28 | 35 | 42 | 49 | 56 | 631 701 77 84 8| 16 | 24 | 32 | 40 | 48 | 56 | 64 | 72| 801 88| 96 9 | 18 | 27 | 36 | 45 | 54 | 63 72 81 90 - 9910S 10 20 30 40 50 60 | 70 | 80 | 90/100/1101120 11 22 | 33 | 44 | 55 | 66 77 | 88 | 99|110 121|132 12 24 36 48 160 172 | 84 | 96 108 120132114

To learn this Table : Find your multiplier in the left hand column, and the multiplicand a top, and in the common angle of meeting, or against your multiplier, along at the- right hand, and under your multiplicand, you will find the product, or answer.

2 Troy Weight. 24 grains (gr.) make 1 penny-weight, marked prot. 20 penny-weights, 1 ounce, 12 ounces, 1 pound,

16. 3. Avoirdupois Weight.

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OZ.

gr.

16 drams (dr.) make

I ounce, 16 ounces, 1 pound,

16. 28 pounds, 1 quarter of a hundred weight, 4 quarters,

1 hundred weight,

cut. · 20 hundred weight,

1 ton,

T. By this weight are weighed all coarse and drossy goods, grocery wares, and all metals wicept gold and silver.

4. Apothecaries Weight. 20 grains (gr.) make 1 scruple, 3 scruples,

1 dram, 8 drams,

1 ounce, 12 ounces,

1 pound,

ih. Apothecaries use this weight in compounding their medicines.

Amma

5. Cloth Measure.

yd.

4 nails (na.) make 1 quarter of a yard, qr. 4 quarters,

1 yard, 3 quarters,

1 Ell Flemish,

E. FI. 5 quarters,

1 EH Eaglish, 6 quarters,

1 Ell French,

E. Fr. 6, Dry Measure. 2 pints, (pt.) make

I quart, 8 quarts,

1 peck, 4 pecks,

1 bushel,

bu. This measure is applied to grain, beans, flax-seed, salt, oats, oysters, coal, &c

qt. pk.

pt. qt. gal. bl.

1 pipe,

7. Wine Measure. 4 gills(gr.) make 1 pint, 2 pints,

I quart, 4 quarts,

1 gallon, 31 gallons,

1 barrel, 42 gallons, 1 tierce,

ticr. 63 gallons, I hogshead,

hhd. 2 hogsheads,

hr 2 pipes,

I tun, All brandies, spirits, mead, vinegar, oil, &c. are measured by wine nieasure. Note.--231 solid inches, make a gallon.

8. Long Measure. 3 barley corns (b. c.) make 1 inch, marked in. 12 inches,

1 foot, 3 feet,

1 yard,

yd. 3} yards,

i rod, pole, or perch, rd. 40 rods,

1 furlong, 8 furlongs,

1 mile, 3 miles,

i league,

lea. 69 statute miles,

1 degree, on the earth. 360 degrees, the circumference of the earth.

fur.

The use of long measure is to measure the distance of places, or any thing, where length is considered, without regard to breadth.

N. B. In measuring the height of horses, 4 inches make 1 hand. In measuring depths, six feet-make 1 fathom or French toise, Distance are measured by a chain, four rods long, containing one hundred links.

144 square

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9. Land, or Square Measure. inches make

1 square foot. 9 square feet,

1 square yard 30 square yards, or 2721 square feet,

1 square rod. 40 square rods,

1 square rood 4 square roods,

1 square'acre. 640 square acres.

1 square mile. 10. Solid, or Cubic Measure, 1728 solid inches make

1 solid foot. 40 feet of round timber, or 50 feet of hewn timber,

1 ton or load. 128 solid feet or 8 feet long, 4 wide, and 4 high,

I cord of wood. All solids, or things that have length, breadth and depth, are measured by this measure. 'N. B. The wine gallon contains 231 solid or cubic inches, and the beer gallon, 282. A bushel contains 2150, 42 solid inches.

1 hour, 1 day,

mo.

11. Time 60 seconds (S.) make 1 minute, marked' S. M 60 minutes, 24 hours, 7 days,

1 week, 4 weeks,

1 month, iww 13 months, 1 day and 6 hours, 1 Julian year, yr. Thirty days hath September, April, June,and November, February twenty-eight alone, all the rest have thirty-one N. B. In bissextile, or leap year, February has 29 days,

12. Circular Motion. 60 seconds (") make

1 minute, 60 minutes,

1 degree,

S. 80 degrees,

1 sign, 12 signs, or 360 degrees the whole great circle of the Zodiac.

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