ton ? -869 Answer. 132 Ans. 3. Multiply 211 by 50%. Ans. 10655} 4. Multiply 2464 by 8. Ans. 20533) 5. Muktiply 345 by 191. Ans. 6598 6. Multiply 6497 by 54. Ans. 33413 Questions to exercise Multiplication and Division. 1. What will 94 tons of hay come to, at 14 dollars a Ans. $136 2. If it takes 320 rods to make a mile, and every rod contain 5} yards; how many yards are there in a mile ? Ans. 1760. 3. Sold a ship for 11616 dollars, and I owned of her; what was my part of the money? Ans. $8637. 4. In 276 barrels of raisins, each 3} cwt. how many hundred weight ? Ans. 966.cwt. 5. In 36 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 244 yards ; how many yards in the whole ? Ans. 873 yds. 6. What is the product of 161 multiplied by itself? Ans. 25921 7. If a marr spends 492 dollars a year, what is that per calendar month? Ans. $41. 8. A privateer of 65 men took a prize, which being equally divided among them, amounted to 1191. per man; what is the value of the prize ? Ans. 27735. g. What number multiplied by 9, will make 225? Ans. 25. 10. The quotient of a certain number is 457, and the divisor 8; what is the dividend ? Ans. 3656. - 11. What cost 9 yards of cloth, at 3s. per yard Ans. 278 12. What cost 45 oxen, at 81. per head ? Ans. £360. 13. What cost 144 lb. of Indigo, at 2 dols. 50 cts. or 250 cents per Ans. $360. 14. Write down four thousand six hundred and seventeen, multiply it by twelve, divide the product by nine, and add 365 to the quotient, then from that sum subtract five thousand five hunured and twenty-one, and the remainder will be just 1000. Try it and see. COMPOUND ADDITION Is the adding of several numbers together, having different denomizations, but of the same generic kind, as pounds, shillings and pence, &c. Tons, hundreds quarters, &c. RULE.* 1. Place the numbers so that those of the same denomination may stand directly under each other. 2. Add the first column or denomination together, as in whole numbers ; then divide the sum by as many of the same denomination as make one of the next greater, setting down the remainder under the column added, and carry the quotient to the next superior denomination, continuing the same to the last, which add, as in simple addition Is the money of account in Great Britain, and is reckoned in Pounds, Shillings, Pence and Farthings. See the Pence Tables. * The reason of this rule is evident: For, addition of this money, as 1 in the pence is equal to 4 in the farthings: l in the shillings, to 12 in the pence; and 1 in the pounds, to 20 in the shillings; therefore carrying as directed, is the arranging the money, arising from each column, properly in the scale of denominations: and this reasoning will hold good in the addition of compound pumbers of any denomination whatever, EXAMPLES. What is the sum total of 471. 138. § 47 13 8d.--191. 28 9fd.--141. 10s. 111d. 19 2 and 121. 9s. 1d. Thus 14 10 12 9 (5) £. S. 47 17 6 2 3 9 10 · 3 59 17 11 2 317 16 9 3 762 19 10 1 407. 17 6 2 1 199 (6) £. d. 7 17 10 3 541 0 0 60 6 8 0711 9 8 7 14 11 2 918 6 9 18 1.9 9 3 140 15 10 91 15 8 2 300 19 11 18 17 10 3 48 10 7 5 Q 1 2 0 14 9 3 1 3 3 L. 8. d. 11. Find the amount of the following sums, viz. 421. 13s. 5d. --Ill. 10s.-41. 17s. 8d.-131. 03. 7d.-19s. 4.d.---271. and 15l. 6s. Ans: £115 7 0. 12. Add 3041. 58. and Old..--341. 19s. 7.--- 71. 188. 5d...-2471. Os. 11d...-198. 6d. lqr. and 451. together. Ans. £640 3s. 5d. 13. Find the sum' total of 141. 195. 6d.--111. 45. 9d. 251. 108.--.41. 03. 60.---31, 58. Sc.-.-19.6d, and Os. 6d. Ans. £60 Os. 5d. 14. Find the amount of the following sums, viz. Forty pounds, nine shillings, £. s. d. Ans. £201 6 1.) 15. How much is the sum of Ans. £10 0s. 10.d. 16. Bought a quantity of goods for 1252. 10s. paid for truckage, forty-five shillings, for freight, seventy-nine shillings and six pence, for duties, thirty-five shillings and ten pence, and my expenses were fifty-three shil. lings and nine pence; what did the goods stand me in? Ans, £136 4s. Id. 17. Six men took a prize, and having divided it equally among them, each man shared two hundred ane forty pounds, thirteen shillings and seven pence; hov much money did the whole prize amount to? Ans £1444 1s. 6d. Ib. 2. TROY WEIGHT. oz. pwt. gr. 1b. oz. prot. gr. 11 19 23 8 11 19 21 4 16 21 6 10 16 8 8 19. 14 7 8 17 21 9 14 17 4 6 8 23 7 10 9 ng 14 17 ng 11 12 ng 9 13 10., cwt.gr. 15. 2 3 27 1 1 17 4 2 26 6 1 3 3 15 6 2 16 3. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. oz. dr. T. cut. qr. 16. oz. dr. 13 14 91 17 2 24 13 14 17 12 11 19 9 0 17 10 - 12 26 12 15 14 13 2 04 9 16 8 many 47 11 3 19 24 10 12 6900 1 00 00 12 11 12. 12 77 19 3 27 15 1h. 11 13 14 4, APOTHECARIES WEIGHT. Ib 3 30 gr 10 7 2 19 12 11 61 15 6 3 0 12 4 9 7 0 12 ng 6 1 7 9 10 1 2 16 9 5 2 12 4 8 1 2 196 6 1 0 16 9 001 10 9 3 2 19 5 9 2 1 |