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A. foods. 29 1 24 I

9. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE.
rods. A.

po. sq. ft. sq. in
10
29. 2 17

339 131 25 171 36

19. 132

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QUESTIONS, Showing the use of Compound Addition and Subtraction.

NEW-YORK, MARCH 22, 1814. 1.

Bought of George Grocer, 12 C. 2 qrs. of Sugar, at 528 per cwt. £. 32 10 0 88 lbs. of Rice, at 3d. per

Ib.

0.70 3 loaves of Sugar, wt. 35lb. at 18. 1d. per lb. 1 17 11 3 C. 2 qrs. 14 lb. of Raisins, at 368. per cwt. 6 10 6

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£41 5 5

paid ?

What sum added to 171. 118. 8d. will make 1001. ?

Ans. 82. 83. 3d, 3 qr. 3. Borrowed 501. 10s. paid again at one time 171. 118. 6d. and at another time, 91. 48. 8d. at another time 171. 9s. 6d. and at another time 19s. 6 d. how much remains unpaid?

Ang. £15 48. 9 d. 4. Borrowed 1001. and paid in part as follows, viz. at one time 21l. 11s. 6d. at another time 191. 178. 41 d. at another time 10 doilars at 68. each, and at another time two English guineas at 286. each and two pistareens, at 14d. each ; how much remains due, or un

Ans. £52 12s. 8}d. 5. A, B, and C, drew their prize money as follows, yiz. A kad 751. 153. 4d. . B. had three times as much as A, larking 158. 6d. and C, had just as much as A and B both ; pray how much had C? Ans. £302 58. 10d.

6. Ilent Peter Trusty 1000 dols. and afterwards lent him 26 dols. 45 cts. more. He has paid me at one time 361 dols. 40 cts. and at another time 416 dols. 09 cents, besides a note which he gave me upon James Paywell

, for 143 dols. 90 cts. ; how stands the balance between us

Ans. The Balance is $105 06 cts. due to me. 17. Paid A B in full for E. F's bill on me, for 1051. 103. viz. I gave him Richard Drawer's note for 15l. 148. ad. Peter Jobnson's do. 301. 03. 6d. an order on Robert Dealer for 39l. 118. the rest I make up in cash. I want to know what sum will make up the deficiency?

Ans. £20. 3.. 94

8. A merchant had six debtors, who together, owed him 2917. 108. 6d. A, B, C, D, and E, owed him 1675l. 138. 9d. of it; what was F's debt?: Ans. £1241 16s. 9d.

9. A merchant bought 17C. 2qrs. 14lb. of sugar, of which he sells 9C. 3qrs. 25lb. how much of it remains unsold ?

Ans. 7 C. 2qrs. 171b. 10. From a fashionable piece of cloth which contained 52yds. 2 na. a taylor was ordered to take three suits, each 6yds. 2qrs. how much remains of the piece ?

Ans. 32yds. 29r8. 2 na. 11. The war between England and America commenced April 19, 1775, and a general peace took place January 20th, 1783 ; how long did the war continue ?

Ans. 7 yrs. Imo. ld.

COMPOUND MULTIPLICATION. COMPOUND Multiplication is when the Multiplicand consists of several denominations, &c. 1. To Multiply Federal Money.

RULE. Multiply as in whole numbers, and place tne separatrix as many figures from the right hand in the product, as it is in the multiplicand, or given sum.

EXAMPLES.

$ cts.

S d. c. nu. 1. Multiply 35 09 by 25. 2. Multiply 49 005 by 97. 25

97.

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Prod. 8877, 25

$4753 4 8 5

$. cts 3. Multiply i dol. 4 cts. by 305 Ans. 317, 20 4. Multiply 41 cts. 5. mills by 150 Ans. . 62, 25 5. Multiply 9 dollars by

50 Ans. 450,00 6. Multiply 9 cents by

50 Anu 50 7. Multiply ge mills by

50 Ans. 0, 45

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8. There were forty-one men concerned in the pay. ment of a sum of money, and each paid 3 dollars and 9 mills ; how much was paid in all ?

Ans. $123 36cts. 9mills. 9. The number of inhabitants in the United States is five millions ; now suppose each should pay the trifling

um of 5 cents a year, for the term of 12 years, towards a continental tax; how many dollars would be raised thereby?

Ans. three millions of Dollars. 2. To Mutiply the denominations of Sterling Money,

Wcight, Measures, &c.

RULE.* Write down the Multiplicand, and place the quantity underneath the least denomination, for the Multiplier, and in

ia multiplying by it, observe the same rules for carrying from one denomination to another, as in Compound Addition.

INTRODUCTORY EXAMPLES.

£. 9. d. q. Multiply 1 11 6 2. by 5. How much is 3 times 11 9 5

3

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*When accounts are kept in pounds, shillings, and pence, this kind of mul:iplication is a concise and elegant method of finding the value of goods, at so much per yard, ib. &c. the general mile being to multiply the giver price by the quantity.

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Practical Questions.
What cost nine yards of cloth at 5s. 6d. per yard ?

£0 5 6 price of one yard. Multiply by 9 yards.

5 2 2

Ans. £2 9 6 price of nine yards. QUESTIONS.

ANSWERS £. s. d.

£.s. d. 4 gallons of wine, at 0 87 per gallon. 1 14 4 5 C. Malaga Raisins, at 1. 23 per cwt. 5 11 3 7 reams of paper, at 0 17 9 per ream. 6 4 61 8 yds. of broadcloth, at 1 7 9 per yard. 11 24 9 lb. of cinnamon,

at 0 11 44 per

Ib. 11 tons of hay, at 2 1 10 per ton. 23 0 2 12 bushels of apples, at 0 1 9 per bush. 1 10 12 bushels of wheat, at 0 9 10 per bush. 5 18 0

2. When the multiplier, that is, the quantity, is a co!. posite number, and greater than 12, take any two such numbers as when multiplied together, will exactly produce the given quantity, and multiply first by one of those figures, and that product by the other; and the last product will be the answer.

EXAMPLES.

per yard 2

What cost 28 yards of cloth, at 6s. 10d.

£. 3. d.

0 6 10 price of one yard. Multiply by 7

Produces 2 7 10 price of 7 yards. Multiply by 4

Answer. €9 11 4 price of 28 yards.

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