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QUESTIONS.

ANSWERS. 3. d. qrs.

£ S. d. 24 yards at ng 4 3 per yard,

8 17 6 27 at 9 10 0

13 5 6 44 at 12 4 2

27 4 6 55 at 8 3 1

22 14 10 72 at 19 11 0

71 14 0 20 at 3 6 2

3 10 10 84 at 18 4 2

77 3 6 96 11 9 0

56 8 0 63 at £1 17 6 0

118 2 6 144 ai 1 4 2 0

174 0 0 3. When nu two numbers multiplied together will exactly make the multiplier, you must multiply by any two whose product will come the nearest ; then multiply the upper line by what remained; which, added to the last product gives the answer.

at

EXAMPLES.

£.

3.

What will 47 yds. of cloth come to at 178. 9d. per yd. ?

d.

0 17 9 price of 1 yard. Multiply by 5

Produces 4 8 ultiply by Produces 39 18

1 15

9 price of 5 yards.
9
9 price of 45 yards.
6 price of 2 yards.

6) per

Answer, £41 14 3 price of 47 yards.
QUESTIONS.

ANSWERS..
S.
d.

£ S. d. 23 ells of linen, at 0 3

ell. 4 I 54 17 ells of dowłass, at 0 1 6 per ell. 1 6 24 39 cwt. of sugar, at 3 10

6 per cwt. 137

9 6 52 yds. of cloth, at 0 5

14 19 0 19 lb. of indigo, at 0 11 6 per lb.

10 18 6 29 yds. of cambric,at 0 13 7 per yd. 13 13 11 illyds. broadcloth at 1 0

6 per yd. 124 17 6 94 beaver hats, at 1 9 4 a pioce. 137 17 4

9 per yd.

4. To find the value of a hundred weiglit, by having the price of one pound.

If the price be farthings, multiply 2s. 4d. by the farthings in the price of one lb.- Or, if the price be pence, multiply 9s. 4d. by the pence in the price of one lb. and in either case the product will be the answer.

EXAMPLES

What will 1 cwt, of rice come to, at 24 per

lb 1

s. d.

112 farthings=2 4 price 1 cwt. at d. per Ib.

9 farthings in the price of 1 lb.

Ans. £1 1 0 price of 1 cwt. at 24 per lb. What will 1 cwt. of lead come to‘at 7d. per lb

d. 9 4

7

Ans. £3 5 4
Questions.
1 cwt. at 2zd per lb.
1 ditto, at 20
1 ditto, at 3d
1 ditto, at 2d
1 ditto, at 3 d.

Answers.
£1 3 4
1 5 8
1 80
0 18 8
1 12 8

Eramples of Weights, Measures, &c.
1. How much is 5 times 6 cwt. 3 qrs. 15 lb. ?

Crt. qrs. 16.
7 3 15

5

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ANSWERS. yds. gr. na.

163 2 2 hhd. g. qt pt. 254 61 2 0

le. m. fur. po 665 1 4 8 a. 1.

P. 748 0 38 yr. 286 5 2 0 S.

19 2 0

cds. ft. 29 56

yr. m.

w. d.

w. d.

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8. Multiply 20 5 3 6 by 14

S. 9. Multiply 1 15 48 24 by 5

cds. ft. 10. Multiply 3 87 by 8

Practical Questions in

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

1. What is the weight of 7 hhds. of sugar, each weighing 9 cwt. 3 qrs. 12 lb. ?

Ans. 69 cut. 2. What is the weight of 6 chests of tea, each weighing 3 cwt. 2 qrs. 9 lb,? Ans. 21 cwt. 1 qr. 26 lb.

3. How much brandy in 9 casks, cach containing 41 gals. 3 qts. 1 pt. ? Ans. 376 gals. 3 qts. 1 pt,

4. In 35 pieces of cloth, each measuring 274 yards, how many yards?

Ans. 971 yds. lqr. 5. In 9 fields, each containing 14 acres, 1 rood, and 25 poles, how many acres ? Ans. 129a. 2qrs. 25roods.

6. In 6 parcels of wood, each containing 5 cords and 96 feet, how many cords?

Ans: 34bcords. 7. A gentleman is possessed of it dozen of sllver spoons, each weighing 2 oz. 15 pwt. 11 grs. 2 dozen of tea-spoons, each weighing 10 pwt. 14 grs. and 2 silver tankards, each 21 oz. 15 pwt. Pray what is the weight of the whole ?

Ans, 8lb. 10 oz. 2pwt. 6grs.

COMPOUND DIVISION

TEACHES to find how often one number is contained in another of different denominations.

DIVISION OF FEDERAL MONEY.

Any sum in Federal Money may be divided as a whole number; for, if dollars and cents be written down as a simple number, the whole will be cents; and if the sum consists of dollars only, annex two cyphers to the dollars and the whole will be cents; hence the following

GENERAL RULE.

Write down the given sum in cents, and divide as n whole numbers; the quotient will be the answer in cents.

Note. If the cents in the given sum are less than 10, you must always place a cypher on their left, or in the ten's place of the cents, before you write them down.

LXAMPLES. Divide 35 dollars 68 cents, by 41... 41)3568(87 the quotient in cents; and when there 328 is any considerable remainder, you

may annex a cypher to it, if you 288 please, and divide it again, and you 287 will have the milla, &e.

Rem. 1 2. Divide 21 dollars, 5 cents, by 14. 14)2105(150 cents=dol. 50 cts. but to bring cents 14 into dollars, you need only point offtwo

figures to the right hand for cents, and 70 the rest will be dollars, &c. 70

5 3. Divide 4 dols. 9 cts. or 409 cts. by 6. Ans. 68 cts. 4 Divide 9 dols. 24 cts. by 12.

Ans. 77 cts.

ans. 20cts. COMPOUND DIVISION 5. Divide 97 dols. 43 cts. by 85. Ans. $1 14 cts. 6m. Divide 248 dols. 54 cts. by 125.

Ans. 198cts, 8m.--81 98cts. 8ın. 7. Divide 24 dols. 65 cts. by 248. Ans. Octs. 9m. 8. Divide 10 dols. or 1000cts. by 25. Ans. 40cts. 9. Divide 125 dolş. by 500.

Ans. 25cts. 10. Divide 1 dollar into 33 equal parts. Ans. 3cts. +

PRACTICAL QUESTIONS. 1. Bought 25 lb. of coffee for 5 dollars; what is that a pound?

2. If 131 yards of Irish linen cost 49 dols. 78 cts. what is that per yard?

Ans. 38cts. 3. If an cwt. of sugar cost 8 dols. 96 cts. what is that per pound?

Ans. Scts. 4. If 140 reams of paper cost 329 dols. what is that

Ans. $2 35cts. 5. If a reekoning of 25 dols. 41 cts. be paid equally among 14 persons, what do they pay a piece ?

Ans. $1 814 cts. 6. If a man's wages are 235 dols. 80 cts. a year, what is that a calendar month?

Ans, 819 65cts. 7. The salary of the President of the United States, is twenty-five thousand dollars a year ; what is that a day?

Ans. $68 49 cts.

per ream?

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2. To divide the denominations of Sterling Money,

Weights, Measures, fic.

RULE.

Begin with the highest denomination as in simple division; and if any thing remains, find how many of the next lower denomination this remainder is equal to ; which add to the next denomination: then divide again, carrying the remainder, if any, as before; and so on, till the whole is finished.

PROOP. The same as in simple Division.

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