Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change

Εξώφυλλο
Oxford University Press, 1 Φεβ 1996 - 232 σελίδες
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What are the causes of imperial decline? This work studies the Ottoman empire in the 18th and 19th centuries to argue that the Ottoman imperial decline resulted from a combination of Ottoman internal dynamics with external influences. Specifically, it contends that the split within the Ottoman social structure across ethno-religious lines interacted with the effects of war and commerce with the West to produce a bifurcated Ottoman bourgeoisie. This bourgeoisie, divided into disparate commercial and bureaucratic elements, was able to challenge the sultan but was ultimately unable to salvage the empire. Instead, the Ottoman empire was replaced by the Turkish nation-state and others in the Balkans and the Middle East. This work will appeal to students of sociology and Ottoman studies.
 

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Περιεχόμενα

Ottoman Structure Social Groups and Westernization
20
War Ottoman Officials and Western Institutions
43
Trade Ottoman Merchants and Western Goods Rise or the Commercial Bourgeoisie
87
Civilization Ottoman Intellectuals and Western Ideas Polarization Within the Bourgeoisie
117
The Emergence or a Bifurcated Ottoman Bourgeoisie
138
Appendix
143
Notes
145
References
185
Index
209
Πνευματικά δικαιώματα

Άλλες εκδόσεις - Προβολή όλων

Συχνά εμφανιζόμενοι όροι και φράσεις

Δημοφιλή αποσπάσματα

Σελίδα 10 - All fixed, fast-frozen relations, with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are swept away; all newformed ones become antiquated before they can ossify. All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned, and man is at last compelled to face with sober senses his real conditions of life and his relations with his kind.
Σελίδα 8 - And now as to myself, no credit is due to me for discovering the existence of classes in modern society nor yet the struggle between them. Long before me bourgeois historians had described the historical development of this class struggle and bourgeois economists the economic anatomy of the classes.
Σελίδα 10 - The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole relations of society. Conservation of the old modes of production in unaltered form, was, on the contrary, the first condition of existence for all earlier industrial classes.
Σελίδα 8 - What I did that was new was to prove: 1) that the existence of classes is only bound up with particular historical phases in the development of production, 2) that the class struggle necessarily leads to the dictatorship of the proletariat, 3) that this dictatorship itself only constitutes the transition to the abolition of all classes and to a classless society.
Σελίδα 7 - Modernization is the current term for an old process - the process of social change whereby less developed societies acquire characteristics common to more developed societies...

Σχετικά με τον συγγραφέα (1996)

Fatma Müge Göçek is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Michigan, and author of East Encounter's West: France and the Ottoman Empire in the 18th Century (Oxford, 1987).

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