Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change
Oxford University Press, 1 Φεβ 1996 - 232 σελίδες
What are the causes of imperial decline? This work studies the Ottoman empire in the 18th and 19th centuries to argue that the Ottoman imperial decline resulted from a combination of Ottoman internal dynamics with external influences. Specifically, it contends that the split within the Ottoman social structure across ethno-religious lines interacted with the effects of war and commerce with the West to produce a bifurcated Ottoman bourgeoisie. This bourgeoisie, divided into disparate commercial and bureaucratic elements, was able to challenge the sultan but was ultimately unable to salvage the empire. Instead, the Ottoman empire was replaced by the Turkish nation-state and others in the Balkans and the Middle East. This work will appeal to students of sociology and Ottoman studies.
Τι λένε οι χρήστες - Σύνταξη κριτικής
Δεν εντοπίσαμε κριτικές στις συνήθεις τοποθεσίες.
War Ottoman Officials and Western Institutions
Trade Ottoman Merchants and Western Goods Rise or the Commercial Bourgeoisie
Civilization Ottoman Intellectuals and Western Ideas Polarization Within the Bourgeoisie
The Emergence or a Bifurcated Ottoman Bourgeoisie
Άλλες εκδόσεις - Προβολή όλων
analysis Anatolia archival argues Armenian artisans aspers Balkans became boundaries bourgeois capital cash Cevdet Pasha class formation confiscated Constantinople context culture developed economic resources eighteenth and nineteenth eighteenth century emergence Ergin established ethnic Europe European foreign residents formed French French language grand vezir Hence historical household members imperial Inalcik increased inheritance registers instance institutions interaction Islamic Istanbul Janissaries Lewis Mahmud II Mardin Mehmed minority merchants Naima newspapers nineteenth century nineteenth-century Ottoman non-Western office-households organization Ottoman bourgeoisie Ottoman empire Ottoman Greek Ottoman language Ottoman minorities Ottoman Muslims Ottoman officials Ottoman social change Ottoman social groups Ottoman social structure Ottoman society Ottoman sultan Ozkaya palace pattern percent piasters political populace production provincial households provincial notables Qur'an religious endowments revenues Russia significant started sultan's control sultan's household tax-farming tion trade transformation treasury Turkish vision voluntary associations wealth West Western ideas Western-style education Western-style schools
Σελίδα 10 - All fixed, fast-frozen relations, with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are swept away; all newformed ones become antiquated before they can ossify. All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned, and man is at last compelled to face with sober senses his real conditions of life and his relations with his kind.
Σελίδα 8 - And now as to myself, no credit is due to me for discovering the existence of classes in modern society nor yet the struggle between them. Long before me bourgeois historians had described the historical development of this class struggle and bourgeois economists the economic anatomy of the classes.
Σελίδα 10 - The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole relations of society. Conservation of the old modes of production in unaltered form, was, on the contrary, the first condition of existence for all earlier industrial classes.
Σελίδα 8 - What I did that was new was to prove: 1) that the existence of classes is only bound up with particular historical phases in the development of production, 2) that the class struggle necessarily leads to the dictatorship of the proletariat, 3) that this dictatorship itself only constitutes the transition to the abolition of all classes and to a classless society.
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