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TABLE Showing the value of the coins or moneys of account, of foreign nations, estimated in Federal Money, agreeably to a law of the United States in most instances.

$ cts. Pound Sterling of Great Britain,

4 44 Pound Sterling of Ireland,

4 10 Livre of France, Guilder, or Florin, of Holland,

0 39 Marc Banco of Hamburgh,

0 331 Rix Dollar of Denmark, and Germany, 1 00 Rial Plate of Spain,

0 10 Milre of Portugal,

1 24 Tale of China and Japan,

1 48 Pagoda of India,

1 94 Rupee of Bengal,

0 551 Ruble of Russia,

1 00
Testoon of Italy,

0 234
Pound English W. I. Islands,
Livre French W. I. Islands,
Franc of France,

0 1810
Rix Dollar of Sweden,
Do do. of Austria,
Do. do. of Poland and Prussia,
Medio of Morocco,

1 0376 Piaster of Arabia,

1 00 Or of Persia,

1 48

3 163 0 134

1 0310 0 7710 0 777

1.- Of Great Britain.

EXAMPLES.

1. in £45 10s. sterling, how many dollars and cents ?

A pound sterling being =444 cents. Therefore, as £1 : 444cts. : : 45,5£ : 20202cts. =$202,02cts. Ans.

2. In $500 how many pounds sterling ?
As 444cts. : £1 :: 50000cts. : £112 12s. 3d. + Ans.

NOTE.—This method is not so exact as that given in Reduction of Currencies.

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2.- Of Ireland.
1. In £85 7s. 6d. Irish money, how many cents ?

£1 Irish=410cts.
£. cts.
£.

cts. $ cts. Therefore, as 1 : 410 :: 85,375 : 35,0034=350,031 2. In $176,30cts., how many pounds Irish ?

As 410cts. : £1 17630cts. : £43 Irish. Ans.

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3.-Of France.
Accounts are there kept in livres, sols, and deniers.

12 deniers, or pence, make 1 sol, or shilling.
20 sols, or shillings 1 livre or pound.

EXAMPLES. 1. In 360 livres, 12 sols, how many dollars and cents ?

1 livre, of France=18 cts. or 185mills. 1.

1. As 1 : 185 :: 360,6 : 66711=$66,71cts. Im. Ans. 2. What sum of French money is equal to $94,52cts. 8m. ? liv.

liv. so. den.
As 185 : 1 :: 94528 : 510 19 2+ Ans.

m.

m.

m.

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4. Of Holland, foc. Accounts are kept there in guilders, stivers, grotes, and peningens

8 peningens make 1 grote or penny.
2 grotes

1 stiver.
20 stivers

1 guilder or florin. 1 guilder=39cts.=390 mills.

EXAMPLE. In 250 guilders, 16 stivers, how much Federal Money !

guil. cts. guil. As 1

250,8 97 8 1 2 Aps.

$. d. c. m.

: 39

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T. g.

8. As 390 : 1

97812 : 250,8 Proof. 5.-Of Hamburgh, in Germany. Accounts are kept in Hamburgh, in marcs, shillings and fennings, and by some in rix dollars.

12 fennings make 1 shilling lub.
16 shillings

1 marc.
3 marcs

1 rix dollar. 1 marc=33fcts. or one third of a dollar.

RULE 1.-Divide the marcs by 3, and the quotient will be dollars.

EXAMPLE.

Bring 584 marcs, 12 shillings to Federal Money.

3)584,75

$194,91c. 6fm. Ans. RULE 2.- When the given sum is Federal Money, multiply it by 3, and the product will be marcs and decimal parts.

EXAMPLE. In $315,70cts. how much Hamburgh, &c. money! 315,70

3

947,10=947 marcs, 1 shil, 7, 2 fennings. Ans.

6.- Of Spain. In Spain, they keep their accounts in piastres, rials, and maravedies.

34 maravedies of plate make 1 rial of plate.
8 rials of plate make 1 piastre, or piece of 8.

1 rial=10 cents, or 1 dime.

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RULE I.-To reduce rials to Federal Money, point off the right hand figure of the given sum, and as it stands, it is the answer in dollars and dimes.

EXAMPLE.
In 968 rials, how many dollars, &c. ?

Ans. 96,8=$96,8 dimes, or $96, 80cts. RULE 2.-To reduce cents into rials, divide the cents by 10.

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EXAMPLE.
In $94,65cts. how many rials, &c. ?

9465-10=946,5=946 rials, 17 maravedies. Ans.

7.-Of Portugal. In Portugal, accounts are kept in milrez and rez, reckoning 1000 rez to a milre, as its name imports.

1 milre121 cents.

Rule 1.—To reduce milrez into Federal Money, multiply the given sum by 124, and the product will be cents; if the given sum contain rez, multiply as before, and cut off 3 figures from the right of the product; the answer will be cents, and decimals of a cent. If the rez are less than 100, prefix a cipher to them, before you annex them to the milrez. A comma, or decimal point, is used to separate rez and milrez.

EXAMPLES.
1. In 580 milrez how many cents ?

580 x 124=71920 cents=$719,20cts. Ans.
2. In 125 milrez, 96 rez, how many cents ?
125,096 x 124=15511,904cts. or $155,1lcts. 9m. +Ans.

RULE 2.—To reduce cents into milrez, divide the sum by 124, and if decimals arise, continue the division to three places of decimals; the whole numbers in the quotient will be milrez, and the decimals will be rez.

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EXAMPLES.
1. How many milrez in 6878 cents ?

6978;124=55,467 + or 55milr. 467 rez. Ans.
2. In $31,09cts 3 mills, how many milrez of Portugal ?

C. m.

3109,3124 -25,075=25milr. 75rez. Ans.

8.-Of East-India Money. Rule.-To reduce India Money to Federal. Multiply tales of China by 148; pagodas of India by 194; and rupees of Bengal, by 554 : and the product, in every case, will be cents. To change Federal Money into the beforenamed moneys, divide the given sum by one of the above numbers, as the case may be.

EXAMPLES.

1. In 1000 tales of China, how many dollars ?

Ans. $1480. 2. In 1420 tales of China, how many dollars, &c. ?

Ans. $2101,60cts. 3. In $948,68cts. how many tales of China ?

Ans. 641. 4. In 482 pagodas of India, how many dollars and cents ?

Ans. $935,8cts. 5. In $135,80cts. how many pagodas of India ?

Ans. 70. 6. In 920 rupees of Bengal, how much Federal Money?

Ans. $510,60cts. 7. In $54,39cts. how many rupees of Bengal ?

Ans. 98.

A compound Example in European Money. Suppose a merchant of Hallowell has effects at London, to the amount of $5460, which he can remit by way of Lisbon, at 1 milre per dollar, and thence to Boston, at $1,50cts. per milre; or by way of Paris, at 5 livres per dollar ; thence to Brest, at 6 livres per crown, and thence to Washington, at $1,25cts. per crown; which will be the most advantageous way of remitting ?

Ans. ( most

advantageous by $2502,50cts.

VULGAR FRACTIONS.

VULGAR Fractions were briefly introduced immediately after Duodecimals; and some general definitions, and a few such problems as were necessary to prepare the scholar for, and to lead him into decimals, were there given. Those general definitions he is requested to read anew.

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