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10. How many strokes does a regular clock strike in 365 days or a year ?
Ans. 56940. 11. How long will it take to count a million, at the rate of 50 a minute Ans. 333h. 20m. or 13d. 21h. 20m.
12. If the national debt of England amounts to 837 millions of pounds sterling; how long would it take to count this debt in dollars, (4s. 6d. sterling,) reckoning, without intermission, twelve hours a day, at the rate of 50 dollars a minute; and allowing 365 days to the year ?
Ans. 283 yrs. 38 days. 4 hours. 13. In 42 pigs of lead, each weighing 4cwt. 3qrs. how many fother, at 19cwt. 2qr.? Ans. 10 fother, 41 cwt.
14. A gentleman has 20 hhds. of tobacco, each 8 cwt. 3 qrs. 14fb, and wishes to put it into boxes containing 70 lb. each ; I demand the number of boxes he must get, at 25ft to the qr. ?
Ans. 254. 15. How many coats can be made out of 364 yds. of broadcloth, allowing 14 yds. for a coat ? Ans. 21.
16. A man would ship 720 bushels of corn, in barrels which will hold 3 bus. 3 pks. each; how many barrels
; must he get ?
Ans. 192. 17. How many pints, quarts, and two quarts, of each an equal number, may be filled from a pipe of wine ?
Ans. 144. 18. Three fields contain, the first 7 acres, the second 10 acres, and the third 12 acres, 1 rood; how many
shares can they be divided into,each share to contain 76 perches?
Ans. 61 shares, and 44 perches over.
FEDERAL MONEY.* The denominations of Federal Money, like figures in whole numbers, increase in a tenfold proportion, begining with mills, of which
10 make 1 Cent, marked m. c. respectively.
Doll. or $. 10 Dollars 1 Eagle,
E. * Federal Money ought, in strict propriety, to be treated of after decimal fractions; but usefulness, (as fractions are not al
In the money of account the dollar is considered as the unit: all other denominations being valued according to their distance from the dollar's place. A point or comma must be placed after the dollars to separate them from the lower denominations; then the first figure at the right of the comma is dimes, the second cents and the third mills; but in reckoning, the two first are called so many cents, using the dimes for the tens' place of cents. When the cents in any sum are less than 10, a cipher must be put in the place of dimes, or tens' place of the ‘cents, before any operation is performed.
ADDITION OF FEDERAL MONEY.
Rule.- Place the numbers according to their value, dollars under dollars, cents under cents, &c. and add as in whole numbers, placing the comma in the sum directly under the commas above. ways understood) requires, and its simplicity and near alliance to M whole numbers, will admit it in this place.
The coins of the United States are three of gold, six of silver and two of copper. The gold coins are called an eagle, half eagle and quarter eagle; the silver, a dollar half dollar, quarter dollar, double diine, dime and half dime; and the copper, a cent and half cent.
The weight of the eagle is 11 pennyweights and 6 grains; the weight of the dollar 17 pennyweights 8 grains; of the dime, 1 pennyweight 17 3-5 grains; of the cent 8 pennyweights 16 grains. The standard for gold coin is eleven parts fine gold and one part alloy; the alloy consisting of silver and copper. The standard for silver is 1435 to 179 alloy ; the alloy being wholly of copper. Alloy is used in gold or silver to harden it.
When either gold or silver is finer or coarser than the standard, the variation from the standard is estimated by carats and grains of a carat in gold, and by pennyweights in silver.
NotE.-A carat is not any certain quantity or weight, butşı of any weight or quantity ; which minters and goldsmiths divide into four equal parts called grains of a carat.
* Any sum of this money may be read differently; either wholly in the lowest denomination, or partly in the higher and partly in the lowest. Thus the sum $24, 367 may be read 24367 mills ; or 2436 cents. 7 mills; or 243 dimes, 6 cents and 7 mills; or 24 dollars, 3 dimes, 6 cents and 7 mills; or 2 eagles, 4 dollars, 3 dimes, 6 cents and 1 mills; or 24 dollars, 36 cents and 7 mills; but the last is the usual method.
1. Suppose that B owes A $75, 17c; Cowes 15c. 4m ; D owes $21, 13c. 6m; E owes 9c. ; F owes $796, 3c.; and G owes $17,13c. ; what is due to A from all of them :
Ans. $909,71c. 2. There is a gallant ship just returned from the Indies, which is herself worth $12145,86c.; and one quarter of her cargo is valued at $25411,65c.; pray tell me the value of the ship and cargo.
SUBTRACTION OF FEDERAL MONEY.
RULE.---Place the less sum under the greater in the same manner as in addition. Subtract as in whole numbers, and place the comma directly under those above.
APPLICATION. 1. Suppose that my rent for three months is $268, and that I have paid for taxes $58,16c., and for several repairs $73,854c.;—what have I to pay of my quarter's rent!
Ans. $135,984c. 2. Jack Hatchway received prize money to the amount of $1000; he then laid out $411,41c. for a span of fine horses ; $123,40c. for a suit of new clothes, and a gold watch; and $359,50c. were lost in lottery gambling ; what will he have left, after he has paid his landlord's bill, which is $85,11c. ?
Ans. $20,58c. MULTIPLICATION OF FEDERAL MONEY.
RULE-Multiply as in whole numbers, and place the comma as many figures from the riglit hand in the product as it is in the multiplicand.
C. m. Multiplicand, 4769,67
4276,967 Multiplier, 36
$ c. m. 3. Multiply 67,48 2 by 5 Product 337,41 0 4. 76,43 4
305,72 5. 3,16 4 9
28,47 6 6.
9,37 2 7. 1,06 45
47,70 8. 3,16 150
474,00 9. 4,25 598
2541,50 10. 4,96 3 347
1722,16 1 Note.—To multiply by ., , , &c. Take, L., &c. of the multiplicând first, and set it down beneath the line as a product; then multiply by the whole number, setting the product or products below that of the fraction, and add all together. 11. 10,50 14.1
64,20 APPLICATION. 1. What will 120 yards of damask come to, at $12, 5c. per yard ?
Ans. $1446. 2. Find the amount of the following bill of Parcels.
Hallowell, Nov. 1, 1829. Mr. Peter Paywell,
Bought of Francis Fairdealer; 28 H: of Green Tea, at $2, 15c. per tb. 41 it. of Coffee, 34 t. of Loaf Sugar,
0, 19 13 cwt. of Malaga Raisins, 7, 31 35 firkins of Butter, 7, 14 per fir. 27 pairs of Worsted Hose, 1, 4 per pair, 94 bushels of Oats, 0,33 per bush. 29 pairs of Men's Shoes, 1, 12 per pair,
Amount, —$509,32c. Received payment in full,
A SHORT RULE, To know, mentally, the value of 100 pounds of any article
in Federal Money, when the price of lib. is given. Rule.-Call the cents in the price of 1 pound, dollars, and that sum will be the value of 100 pounds of the arti