per bushel ? PRACTICAL QUESTIONS IN FEDERAL MONEY. 1. Having borrowed one hundred dollars, and paid at one time seventy dollars, and at another time sixteen dollars, seven cents ; what is still due ? Ans. $13,93cts. 2. What will 25 bushels of corn come to, at 92 cents Ans. $23. 3. What will 376 pounds of butter come to, at 18 cents per pound ? Ans. $67,69cts. 4. What will 39 bushels of wheat come to, at 1 dollar 75 cents per bushel ? Ans. $68,25cts. 5. If Iron cost 6 dollars 50 cents per cwt., what is it per pound, 2510. to the qr. ? Ans. 6 cts. 6. If 240 pounds of pork come to 28 dollars 80 cents, what is it per pound ? Ans. 12cts. 7. Borrowed 607 dollars 20 cents; paid £127 16s. 9d. ; what is the balance ! Ans. $181,72cts. 8. Lent 400 dollars; received 150 bushels of wheat at 10s. per bushel, and 200 pounds of butter at 171 cents per pound, in payment : how much is still due ? Ans. $115. 9. What will 55 yards of linen come to, in Federal Money, at 3s. 9d. per yard, New-England currency? Ans. $34,37cts. 5mills. 10. What will 36 yards of broadcloth come to, in NewEngland currency, at 6 dollars 25 cents per yard ! Ans. £67 10s. 11. What will 7 tons of hay come to, at 16 dollars 75 cents per ton ? Ans. $117 25cts. 12. What is the price of one cwt. of hay at 16 dollars 75 cents per ton ? Ans. 83cts. 74mills. COMPOUND ADDITION. COMPOUND ADDITION in Arithmetic, teaches to collect several numbers of different denominations into one sum ; as, pounds, shillings and pence, &c.; tons, hundreds, and quarters, &c. RULE.-Place the numbers, so that those of the same denomination may stand directly under each other, ac cording to what you were told in Simple Addition. Add the first column or lowest denomination together, as in Simple Addition, also. Find how many units of the next higher denomination are contained in the sum, by dividing it by so many of this name as make one in the next greater. Set down the remainder, or overplus, under the column added, and carry the ones or units (the quotient) to the next denomination, whose sum you must find, and proceed with as before; and so on through all the denominations to the highest, which add as in Simple Addition setting down its whole sum. 1. Bought a quantity of goods for £125 10s.; paid for truckage forty-five shillings, for freight seventy-nine shillings and sixpence, for duties thirty-five shillings and ten pence; and my expenses were fifty-three shillings and nine pence; what did the goods stand me in ? Ans. 2136 4s. Id. * The reason of this rule is evident; for, in addition of money, as 1 in the pence, is equal to 4 in the farthings-1 in the shillings to 12 in the pence-and 1 in the pounds, to 20 in the shillings, to carry as directed is, therefore, only to arrange properly the money, arising from each column, in the scale of denominations ; and this reasoning will bold just in the addition of compound numbers of any kind whatever. E 2. A prize being sold, and the sum divided equally among the captors, who were 6 in number, each man received two hundred and forty pounds, thirteen shillings and seven pence; what did the prize cost the purchaser ? Ans. £1444 ls. 6d. APPLICATION. A gentleman bought of a silversmith, dishes to the weight of 2311 6oz. 5dwt. ; plates 411t. 7oz. 17dwt. ; spoons 1210. 15dwt.; salts 215.7oz. ; waiters 1316.; and tankards 711. 17dwt. ;—what weight of plate did he buy in all ? Ans. 99 10. 10oz. 14dwt. 42 19 3 24 89 10 2 13 407 9 3 12 11 9 16 8 1 17 513 13 0 26 9 15 27 14 0 22 624 15 1 17 6 11 50 3 2 15 Here 25lb. a qr. APPLICATION. 1. A merchant buys four bags of hops, of which No. 1; weighs 2cwt. 2qr. 101. No. 2, 2cwt. lqr. 161. No. 3, 2cwt. 241. No. 4. Iqr. 16tt. He buys also a couple of pockets of hops, which weigh 581 10. each. How many hundred weight has he to pay carriage for, on bringing them to town? Ans. 8cwt. 2qr. 15th. 2. A country shopkeeper buys of a merchant in Hallowell, teas weighing 3qrs. 1410.; coffee, lqr. 231b.; sugars, 3cwt. 2qr. 51. ; spices 2qr. 315. 13oz. ; hops 13cwt. lqr. 2416. ; and several other things to the weight of 3cwt. 17 15 7oz.; for what weight has he to pay carriage on bringing . them home,-2511. a qr. ? Ans. 22cwt. 1215. 4oz. APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT. 11. 3. 3. 3. gr. 17 9 4 1 14 54 y 2 1 12 55 10 6 2 10 76 8 3 5 14 61 4 2 1 9 83 9 4 2 6 92 11 5 0 18 41 6 0 1 19 21 6 3 1 17 APPLICATION. An apothecary made a composition of 5 ingredients, the 1st of which weighed 1316.7oz.; the 2d, lloz. 7dr. 13gr.; the 3d, 711. 2scr. ; the 4th, 111b. 3dr. Iscr. ; and the 5th weighed 1515. 5oz. 7gr. ;—what was the weight of the whole ? Ans. 481. 3dr. Iscr. Cloth MEASURE. Yd. qr. na. E.E. qr. na. E.Fr. gr. na. E.Fl. qr.na. 46 1 2 74 2 3 86 5 2 29 1 2 12 3 3 51 4 1 61 4 1 17 2 3 62 1 1 24 1 2 52 3 9 20 1 2 83 2 0 56 3 1 24 2 1 75 0 1 41 0 1 31. 1 2 10 0 3 1 3 46 APPLICATION. 1. Having bought four parcels of cloth, the first of which contains 25yds. 3qrs. ; the 2d, 37yds. 2qrs. 3na.; the 3d, 14yds. Ina. ; and the 4th, 23yds. ; I desire to be informed by you how many yards are in them all ? Ans. 100yds. 2qrs. 2. I have six parcels of cloth; the first contains 3 E. Fl. and 3na.; the 2d, 14yds, lqr. ; the 3d, 15E. E. 2qr. 2na. the 4th, lqr. 3na.; the 5th, 19E. Fr.; and the 6th, 255yds.;-how many yards are there in all ? Ans. 320yds. LONG MEASURE. Deg. mi. fur. pol. ft. in. bar. Mi. fur. rod. yd. ft. 21 17 2 26 12 10 2 621 36 41 2 46 58 6 19 14 6 1 75 3 24 3 1 13 62 4 31 10 7 0 49 5 12 21 197 14 8 8 2 14 4 17 1 62 37 1 29 7 6 1 25 2 10 3 2 2 2 APPLICATION. 1. From A to B is 3mi. 2fur. 7pol. ; from B to C is 17 mi. 13pol.; from C to D is 7fur. and from D to E is 5 mi. 33pol. ;-what is the distance between A and E! Ans. 26mi. 2fur. 13pol. 2. A person rode four days; on the 1st day he went 39 mi. 6fur. ; the 2d day, 46mi. 24pol.; the 3d, 60mi. 4fur. 39pol.; and the 4th day he went but 37mi. 6fur. ; what ; was the whole distance of his journey ? Ans. 184mi. 1fur. 23pol. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE. 24 28 1 16 21 1 120 43 3 31 74 65 0 20 71 ܪ APPLICATION. 1. There are 5 lots of land, the 1st of which measures 13ac. 3roo. 14rods, the 2d, 27ac. 29rods; the 3d, 19ac. Iroo. ; the 4th, 3roo. 34rods; and the 5th, 45ac. 2roods, 11rods; what ground do they all contain ? Ans. 106ac. 3roods, Brods. 2. A gentleman dividing his estate among 4 sons, gave the 1st, 150acres, 1rood, 39rods; the 20, 100acres, 25rods; ; the 3d, 75acres: and the 4th, 55acres, 1 rood, 16rods ;how large was the whole farm ? Ans. 381 acres. |