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cient Schools has, however, its effect on the standard of attainments required for the Highest Class Certificates.

The following are the subjects to which the examination will extend for each class of Certificates, and the Text Books for Schoolmasters which may be used with advantage in preparation for that examination, but their Lordships have no desire to make any exclusive recommendations of Text Books.

THIRD (OR LOWEST) CLASS CERTIFICATE,

Entitling its possessor to a conditional augmentation of from £15 to £20 per annum.

Any of these Text Books or others commonly read in Scotland may be used.

1. Religious Instruction. 2. English Grammar.

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a Mensuration

figures.

of plane

b Land Surveying.
c Levelling.

Grammar of Scottish School Book Association.

11. Elements of Mechanics. 12. Popular Astronomy.

Macculloch's or Allen's and Cornwell's, or Latham's.

Thomson's (of Glasgow) or of Scottish School Book Association. Chambers' History of the British Empire.

Sir Walter Scott's History of Scotland.

The following subjects, not required in this year, will form part of the course of Examination in succeeding years:

10. Practical Mathematics.

Ingram's System of Practical Mathematics.

Chambers' Practical Mathematics.

Course of Practical Mathematics by Scottish School Book Association. Tate's Exercises on Mechanics. Hugo Reid's.

Tytler's Elements of General History, or

Keightley's Outlines of History. Reid's Rudiments of Geography. Sullivan's Geography Generalized. Complete System of Geography by Scottish School Book Association

Bell's, Bryce's or Young's.

SECOND OR MIDDLE CLASS CERTIFICATE,

Entitling its possessor to a conditional augmentation of from £20 to £25 per annum.

All the subjects of the preceding Class, and the following:

1. Geography, Descriptive, Physical, and Historical, of Europe, North America, and Palestine.

2. Geometry. First Four Books of Euclid.

3. Algebra, Surds and Quadratic Equations.

4. Plane Trigonometry.

5. Practical Mathematics.

a Mensuration of Planes.
b Land Surveying.
c Levelling.

6. Elements of Mechanics

7. Popular Astronomy. 8. Latin.

Virgil. Sixth Book of the Æneid.
Sallust.

Grammatical Exercises.

9. Greek.

Greek Grammar, and the first Six
Chapters of the Gospel of St. John.

FIRST OR HIGHEST CLASS CERTIFICATE,

Entitling its possessor to a conditional augmentation of from £25 to £30 per annum.

Livy. First Three Books.
Horace. Fourth Book of Odes.
Mair's Introduction.

All the subjects of the preceding Classes, and the following:

1. Geography.

2. Geometry. First Six Books of Euclid.

3. Algebra. Cubic Equations.

4. Plane Trigonometry.

5. Elements of Mechanics.

6. Astronomy.

7. Latin.

8. Greek.

Tate's Elements of Mechanics.

The Gospel of St. Mark.

Xenophon's Anabasis. First Book.

Vocal Music.

Drawing from Models.

Modern History.

Lardner's Treatise.
Herschel's Treatise.

Modern Languages.
Roman History.

Candidates for any Class of Certificates may also profess any of the following subjects, and their relative rank will be raised if they pass a satisfactory examination in them :

Greek History.

The higher Branches of Mathematics.

The Candidates for each Certificate will also be required to teach Class in the presence of the Inspector.

I have the honor to be, &c.

J. P. KAY SHUTTLEWORTH.

(Signed)

To John Gordon, Esq., and John Gibson, Esq.,
H. M. Inspectors of Schools in Scotland."

GENERAL EXAMINATIONS OF SCHOOLMASTERS, CANDIDATES FOR CERTIFICATES OF MERIT, IN SCOTLAND.

EXAMINATION PAPERS SELECTED FROM THE DIFFERENT SETS USED IN THE EXAMINATIONS OF SCHOOLMASTERS AT EDINBURGH, GLASGOW, ABERDEEN, AND INVERNESS, IN THE MONTH OF MAY, 1848.

Write at the top of each Sheet on which your Answers are given, the subject of the Paper; your own Name; your Age; the time that you have been Master of an Elementary School; the name of your present School, and of the nearest Post

Town.-e.g.

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ENGLISH LANGUAGE.-(ABERDEEN.)

All in a moment through the gloom were seen
Ten thousand banners rise into the air
With orient colours waving: with them rose
A forest huge of spears; and thronging helms
Appear'd, and serried shields in thick array
Of depth immeasurable: anon they move
In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood
Of flutes and soft recorders; such as rais'd
To height of noblest temper heroes old
Arming to battle; and, instead of rage,
Deliberate valour breath'd, firm, and unmov'd
With dread of death to flight or foul retreat;
Nor wanting power to mitigate and 'suage
With solemn touches troubled thoughts, and chase
Anguish, and doubt, and fear, and sorrow, and pain,
From mortal or immortal minds.

Paradise Lost, Book i. line 544.

1. Give the words of Greek and Latin origin in the above passage, with their roots.

2. All in a moment.

3. Parse and construe rise and waving.

4. Dorian mood. Why is this epithet used here?
5. Such as.
Parse and construe both of these words.

Parse this as one word.

6. Arming. What kind of verb?

7. Breathed, firm, and wanting.

Parse and construe.

8. Scan the last line but one-beginning Anguish, and doubt.

9. Restore to prose order, supplying all the ellipses, the passage from Anon they move, to foul retreat.

10. Who was the first Anglo-Saxon writer of note?

11. What influence upon Milton's poetry could you ascribe to the following events respectively?-(a) The revival of classical literature in Europe after the destruction of the Byzantine empire; (b) the Reformation; (c) the Dramatic Representations of the Middle Ages.

12. In what reigns respectively did each of the following writers flourish: Chaucer Shakespeare-Bacon-Hooker-Raleigh-Spenser-DrydenPope- Bolingbroke Swift-Steele - Addison-Dr. Johnson - Burke-Goldsmith? Mention some of the principal works composed by each.

13. How many words are reckoned as belonging to the English language? State the principal sources whence they are derived.

14. Give examples from some of our poets of pleonastic expressions.

15. In what do English metres essentially consist?

16. Define a full and perfect rhyme.

17. Name the principal poets, from Chaucer downwards, whose works afford specimens of heroic couplets,

RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE.

1. Quote or refer to those passages of Scripture which assert the depravity of the Human Will.

2. Quote or refer to passages in Scripture enforcing either by example or precept the duty of Christian Obedience.

3. Give an account of the parable of the Marriage Supper-stating the moral and quoting other passages enforcing the same moral.

4. Give a similar account of the parable of the Lost Sheep.

5. Mention some particulars of the prophecies of Moses concerning the Jews.

6. Give a brief account of the circumstances attending the settlement of the Israelites in Egypt, and their exode.

7. Describe the period in Sacred History in which Jephthah appearsmention his office, and the more remarkable circumstances recorded concerning him.

8. Narrate what is recorded of the ambition of the sons of Zebedee.

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HISTORY.-(ABERDEEN.)

1. Who was the founder of the Persian monarchy?

2. What decree did he publish in favour of the Jews? Mention the steps by which that decree was gradually carried into effect.

3. State the principal causes that led to hostilities between the Greeks and Persians, and give a brief account of the expeditions of Darius and Xerxes.

4. Name the first twelve Roman Emperors in their order, and give the date of the death of the last. By what common name are these Emperors designated?

5. When did the Saxons first arrive in Britain, and under what leaders? 6. At what period did Alfred the Great reign? Give a short sketch of his history and character.

7. Name the kings of Scotland of the Stuart family in the order of their succession.

8. When, and by what hereditary right, did James VI. ascend the throne of England?

9. Give the dates of the following events :-The destruction of the Spanish

Armada; the restoration of Charles II.; the union of Great Britain and Ireland.

10. What were the great objects of the continental wars of William III.? 11. Explain the "Act of Settlement" with respect to the crown.

12. Mention the chief points of difference between the Anglo-Saxon and the Anglo-Norman governments.

13. Name the various countries subdued and made tributary by Sesostris. 14. Give a short account of the Amphictyonic Council.

15. By whom, and when, was Greece finally subdued? Give some account of the battles of Lepanto, Missolonghi, and Navarino, with the dates

of each.

16. State the leading incidents of the Christian church during the first century.

17. About what time were the different Grecian colonies founded in Sicily, Sardinia, Italy, the Spanish Peninsula, and Gaul?

GEOGRAPHY.

1. Sketch the outline of Europe from the Straits of Gibraltar to the Cattogat, marking the position of the different countries.

2. Name the countries in geographical order which lie in a direct line betwixt Canton and Vienna.

3. Assign to their respective countries the following cities, marking in what direction they stand from the Capitals of their respective countries, viz., Hamburg, Drontheim, Liège, Alexandria, Smyrna, Poltowa.

4. Name and describe the situation of twelve of the more considerable saltwater lochs on the west coast of Scotland.

5. What are the different kinds of fisheries carried on in Scotland, and at what stations respectively?

6. Assign to their respective counties the following towns, viz., Leeds, Stockport, Newark, Lichfield, Brighton, Plymouth.

7. Mention the towns in England where the following manufactures are carried on to the greatest extent, viz., cotton fabrics, woollen cloth, and carpets.

8. Enumerate the British possessions in North America.

9. Give a general description of Australia in respect of climate, rivers, and mountains.

10. Describe the situation of the following tribes in Palestine:-Dan, Asher, Benjamin, Zabulon, Judah; and mention any circumstances in the history of each of these tribes fulfilling the prophecies made by Jacob on his death-bed.

11. Name the principal mountains of Palestine, and describe their situation.

12. What is the extent of Palestine, and what was its population in the time of David?

GEOMETRY.-(INVERNESS.)

1. If a parallelogram and a triangle be upon the same base, and between the same parallels, the parallelogram is double of the triangle.

2. The sum of the squares of the diameters of any parallelogram is equal to the sum of the squares of the sides of the parallelogram.

3. In a circle, the angle in a semicircle is a right angle; but the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle, and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.

4. To describe a circle in a given square.

5. Ratios that are equal to the same ratio are equal to one another.

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