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many of which have formed the sub- would talk out of character, if he ject of Grecian tragedy, and which promised to turn up clods or carry are ingeniously conceived to warn lambs in his bosom. He would find his mistress of the dangers of cruelty more natural food for meditation in or faithlessness, and to paint the the romantic adventure of Milanion. consequences of amorous despair. Nam modò Partheniis amens errabat in The everlasting pastoralities of Ti

antris, bullus, I am free to say, are some- Ibat et hirsutas ille videre feras. what tiresome; and it is a rather Ille etiam, Hylæi percussus vulnere rami, trying exercise of my credulity to Saucius Arcadiis rupibus ingemuit. suppose a Roman gentleman goading

(El. 1. 11. b. I.) oxen, and trimming vines like a vin- Witless he ranged Parthenian dens, and tager. In this particular, Propertius, who is accused of being forced, and To look on shaggy beasts in dreariment; stiff, and affected, is really more na

Smote by the Centaur's branch he rued the tural; and his beautiful elegy on

wound ; Cynthia's retiring into the country,

Arcadia's rocks dispers'd his groans around. while abounding with fresh and well- But does the whole elegy consist of selected images of rural scenery, has only historic examples ? no allusion but to employments At vos, deductæ quibus est fallacia lunæ,. which a lady of Rome and her lover

Et labor in magicis sacra piare focis; might consistently adopt. El. 19, b. 2. En agedum dominæ mentem convertite Sheep and goats, however, supply

nostræ, an inadequate topic of allusion for Et facite illa meo palleat ore magìs : the sort of passion which Propertius Tuncego crediderim vobis, et sidera et amnes is usually occupied with describing. Posse Cytææis ducere carminibus. If he has less amenity in his style

(Ibid. 19.) than Tibullus, he has also less soft- Deceivers ! ye that drag the moon to earth, ness in his sentiments; and as the And act devotions on a magic hearth ; harsh and disconnected manner which Come now and turn my mistress' heart of has been charged upon him is but

stone, the natural dress of jealous irritation, And blanch her cheek with paleness like and the fits and starts of contending I'll then believe that rivers rush along, emotions, so the field of adventure And stars shoot headlong to your Colchian opened to him in heroic fable formed

song. a more appropriate machinery for his powers than the scenes of pastoral of the pretended power of magic to

After this fine taunting invocation life. The sensitiveness and excitability of his

temperament are powerfully inspire his mistress with a sympadrawn in his own confession. The thetic passion, we have this animated

burst of resentment and despair : passage is also a master-piece of graphical painting, exercised on the Ferte per extremas gentes, et ferte per undas, familiar subject of a lady sitting in Quà non ulla meum femina nòrit iter! the theatre:

(Ibid. 29.)

Let me to farthest realms and oceans fly, Intereà nostri quærunt sibi vulnus ocelli,

Where none of that false sex may track me Candida non tecto pectore si qua sedet;

with her eye. Sive vagi crines puris in frontibus errant, Indica quos medio vertice gemma tenet ;

If this be not nature, I must supQuæ si fortè aliquid vultu mihi dura negârat, pose it to be meant that nature conFrigida de totâ fronte cadebat aqua. sists in tame and obvious sentiments,

(El. 22, 7, b. 2.) conveyed in common-place language. My wandering eyes now court their wound, In the 13th elegy, v. 43, second if there

book, there occurs a double allusion Some damsel sit, her dazzling bosom bare: to historic and mythological tradiO'er her pure brow if mazy ringlets rove, tion. Let the reader judge how far And India's jewel grasps the tressed tier these allusions are unnatural in a Ro

above ; Then should her stern cold look some boon fere with the genuine expression of

man poet, and how far they interrefuse, From all my forehead start the chilling dews.

feeling and melancholy tenderness.

Atque utinam primis animam me ponere A lover of this tremblingly acute

cunis sensibility and impetuosity of feeling Jussisset quævis de tribus una soror!

nes ;

year ?

Nam quò tam dubiæ servetur spiritus horæ? poetry, was correct; that while he has

Nestoris est visus post tria sæcla cinis. more instances of ingenious thought, Si tam longævæ minuisset fata senectæ and of sublime diction than Tibullus, Gallicus Iliacis miles in aggeribus,

his expression of passion, though dif Non ille Antilochi vidisset corpus humati,

ferent in manner, is equally true to Diceret aut, “O mors ! cur mihi sera

nature; and that he is by no means venis ? " Tu tamen amisso nonnunquam flebis amico: deficient in those little turns of deli. Fas est præteritos semper amare viros.

cate affection, of the praise of which Testis, quem niveum quondam percussit, I am far from wishing to deprive TiAdonis,

bullus. Venantem Idalio vertice durus aper. But what says antiquity ? - The Tillic formosum flevisse paludibus ; illuc critic in the Reflector cannot object

Diceris effusâ tu, Venus, îsse comâ : to this appeal; for he has doubted Sed frustra mutos revocabis, Cynthia, ma- the claim of Propertius to the merit

of having enriched the Roman lanNam mea quid poterunt ossa minuta loqui? guage, on the score of the silence of Oh had a fatal sister cut the thread, ancient authors, and has urged that And for the cradle made the grave my bed! with respect to Horace,

we have What boots the breath saved for a doubtful the authority of antiquity to assert

with boldness, that he adorned his Three ages Nestor lived_his dust is here.

diction with new and happy combiIf in the Trojan trench the soldier's rage

nations.” Now we have also the au. Had snapt the fated limit of his age, He had not look'd upon his buried son,

thority of antiquity to assert with Nor cried, “Oh Death ! when will my days boldness, that while to some « Tibe run ?”

bullus appeared the most terse and Soon o'er thy lover shall thy tears be shed, elegant, others preferred ProperLove still may burn for the departed dead. tius; Quintilian, b. 10, no. 512; and Witness Adonis, in whose limbs of snow that instead of being an author of The fell boar flesh'd his fang on Ida's brow.

“ contemptible mediocrity,”. or of The marshes rang with her laments : yes,

“ about an equal rank with the Shefthere

fields and Halifaxes of English poeWent Venus weeping with her scatter'd hair. But thou wilt call my silent ghost in vain : try," he was in fact a leading poet, These crumbling bones-ah! can they speak

and an established classic; and that again ?

by the acknowledgment of poets of

merit coetaneous with him, and posI shall add only one other instance terior to him. Ovid, in his Tristia, of this poet's total “want of delicacy, el. 10, b. 4, mentions him in terms and softness, and pathos."

of friendly admiration. Sidera sunt testes et matutina pruina, Et furtim misero janua aperta mihi,

Sæpè suos solitus recitare Propertius ignes, Te nihil in vitâ nobis acceptius unquam,

Jure sodalitii qui mihi junctus erat. Nunc quoque eris, quamvis sis inimica To me Propertius would recite his flames, mihi.

(El. 9, 41, b. 2.) My friend by intimacy's closest claims. The stars bear witness, the hoar dews of morn,

He afterwards classes him in the The door unbarr'd by stealth to me who am thy scorn,

list of eminent poets. That life had nothing dearer to my heart, Et tenuit nostras numerosus Horatius aures, Nor has_nor has, unfriendly as thou art ! Dum ferit Ausoniâ carmina culta lyrâ :

Whether this passage comes under Virgilium vidi tantùm; nec amara Tibullo the description of “ a pedantic roun

Tempus amicitiæ fata dedêre meæ. delay", leave to be decided by Successor fuit hic tibi, Galle: PROPERTIUS him who has ever been in love. Such

Quartus ab his serie temporis ipse fui. is the writer of whom the critic in the

(Trist. El. 10, b. 4.) Reflector asserts, that “his frigid verses deserve no other notice from The varied Horace would my ear detain, the ladies, than to cool their irons or Fitting to Latium's lyre his cultured strain; curl their hair.”

Virgil I could but see ; and, born too late,

Tibullus' friendship too was grudged by I think sufficient proofs have been Fate : collected to show, that the judgment He Gallus track'd ; Propertius him; and which was passed on Propertius, in re

mine ference to the indications in his works The name in fourth degree, which closed of a genius superior to mere amatory

the line.

He means the fourth of the series And Martial, who, living later, canof amatory poets.

not be regarded as biased by the And again, in excusing himself to partiality of friendship, exclaims, Augustus for the licentiousness of his Cynthia, FACUNDI carmen juvenile * Proamatory poems, by the example of

PERTI, celebrated writers, as Catullus, Cal

Accepit famam, nec minus ipsa dedit. vus, Cornificius, Hortensius, Gallus, and Tibullus, he ranks Propertius Cynthia, the smooth Propertius' youthful with them.

flame,

Received and gave the glory of a name. Invenies eadem blandi præcepta Properti.

I leave these authorities of anti(Trist. b. 2.)

quity to outweigh the hard words of You'll find the soft Propertius teach the the Reflector.

same.

AN IDLER.

• The elegies, of which Cynthia was the theme, were not, in his opinion, the verses of an old mumbling poetaster of 75. The sneering remark of the Reflector, that he " continued to write elegies till the above venerable age, seems grounded on the obser.' vation of Vulpius : “ fortasse ultimam senectutem exegit in studiis illis ;” but Barthius calculates that Propertius died in about his thirty-eighth year. Propertii vita per annos. digesta,

THE MARINER'S SONG.

BY ALLAN CUNNINGHAM.

1.
A wet sheet and a flowing sea,

A wind that follows fast,
And fills the white and rustling sail,

And bends the gallant mast;
And bends the gallant mast, my boys,

While, like the eagle free,
Away the good ship flies, and leaves
Old England on the lee.

2.
O for a soft and gentle wind !

I heard a fair one cry;
But give to me the snoring breeze,

And white waves heaving high ;
And white waves heaving high, my boys,

The good ship tight and free
The world of waters is our home,
And merry men are we.

3.
There's tempest in yon horned moon,

And lightning in yon cloud ;
And hark the music, mariners,

The wind is piping loud ;
The wind is piping loud, my boys,

The lightning flashes free
While the hollow oak our palace is,

Our heritage the sea.

[graphic]

AN INQUIRY WHY CANDLES INVARIABLY BURN BLUE

IN THE PRESENCE OF A GHOST.

O coward conscience, how dost thou afflict me!
The lights burn blue—is it not dead midnight?
Cold fearful drops stand on my trembling flesh.

Shakspcare.

This mysterious subject has ex- conceit, and moreover savouring of ercised the faculties of some of the the same illiberality that made Barry world's most erudite scholars and so prodigal of stars, garters, and profound thinkers. The learned Ger- mitres, when painting his scene of man Blumenbergius,* after main- Judgment for the Arts and Sciences taining that candles derive their name in the Adelphi. from Candaules, King of Lydia, who Certain mysterious ignes fatui alfirst made use of them when he

ways assume spontaneously a bluish showed his wife unattired to his mi, tint. In the Pyritegium, or Curfew nister Gyges, for which he lost his Act, passed by the Conqueror, is the crown and life, enters into a scholastic following exceptive clause :-" Hoc but somewhat far-fetched argument, nonobstante liceat ut Gulielmus de to prove that, as that monarch was Wispo, alias Johannes de Lanternâ, a great magician, and in habits of det lucem cæruleam quocunque quoa frequent intercourse with ghosts and tiesque vellet.” I- -"Be it enacted spectres, he endued his candles with nevertheless, that Will-o'-the-Wisp, this inexplicable property, that he alias Jack-o'-Lanthorn, have permis might learn the approach of his su- sion to show his blue light wheresopernatural visitants. Suetonius, how- ever and whensoever he will.”ever, + who took his name from the Whence we learn, that so early as circumstance of his being a tallow- the Conquest this was the prevalent chandler, on which trade he has left colour of all supernatural flames, and a learned treatise, altogether derides that they were specially exempted this solution as fantastical and vain, from the jurisdiction of extinguisher asking, very pertinently why this or snuffers. Swift, in a note on his ghost-indicating quality, even if ori- linesginally imparted, should have descended to posterity; and proceeds

This squire he dropp'd his pen full soon,

While as the lights burnt bluely, to argue first—that the colour assumed is not blue but purple, such hazards a conjecture, that as none being the proper translation of the but the ghosts of the wicked reancient word purpureus; and second- appear, and candles, if properly ly, that this being the colour sacred made, are themselves wick-ed, there to kings and bishops, the number of may be some secret sympathy or those personages in the lower regions affinity between them ; in support of may have so saturated the air with which hypothesis he affirms, that purple, that all revisitors of our they give out generally a faint blue purer atmosphere give it out, like whenever there is a thief in them. a halo, and impart its hue more par- He asserts also, plausibly enough, ticularly to the lights that surround that there may be a visual deception them. This seems to me a fond produced by the prevalent expecta..

De Bluit. Candel. vide Joseph Drippinginus his Talamon Ajax. Chronic. in Edit. Georg. Homedidæ. Seriem Godolia Tradit. Hebraic. Corpus Paradoseon Titulo Dips. c. 1. 38.

7. Vide Suet. de Spect. et Apparit. lib. 4. cap. 2. where he strenuously avers in opposition to Blumenbergius, that candles came originally not from Lydia but from Greece, and were dedicated to Pan by the Dryopes; whetice, probably, our recipient of fat intended for candles is termed dripping-pan.

# Vide Hawkins's Brief Abridgment of the Statutes. Folio, vol. 171, p. 14,129. Vol. VI.

L

never

tion of this coloured light; that no- hurried about the room; the papers conthing is so varying or uncertain as taining the minutes of their transactions the hues which the same object as- were torn, and the ink-glass broken, the sumes to different optics; that men doors all the while remaining fast, and the seem to take a perverse delight in keys in the custody of the commissioners. confounding the whole theory of The night following, Sharp, the secretary, colours, as one sees constantly writ- and two of the servants

, being asleep in the ten up over various shops--Grey, much higher than their heads that they ex.

same room, had their beds' feet lifted up so greengrocer,--Brown, blacksmith,

pected to have their necks broken, and Black, whitesmith,-- SCARLET, blue- then were let fall again with a violence maker, &c. ; while Nature herself that shook the whole house. On the night has given us the cameleon as a of the 19th, all being abed in the same puzzle; and has so confused one of room for greater security, and lights burn. our field-fruits in its progress to ma- ing by them, the candles in an instant burnt turity, that we may say with strict blae, and then went out with a sulphureous regard to truth, “ All blackberries smell, and that moment the wooden trenchare either white or red when they are and which had been locked up in the

ers whereon they had eaten the day before, green, (i.e. unripe.) * Men more

pantry, were hurled about the room with over,” he acutely remarks,

great violence. On several following nights see spectres except when they are in the candles changed colour as before, a fit of the blue-devils, which may strange noises were heard, their honours impart their tone to surrounding received sore bruises from logs of wood objects; and that blue-devils are sus and other substances thrown upon them perinduced by the parties getting which kept rolling about the room all into hot water, which circumstance night, though next morning nothing could alone may account for a change of bb seen, On the 29th, about midnight, hue as violent as it produces on

the candles went out bluely as usual, somelobsters and fleas, and occasion the thing walked majestically through the patients to imagine every thing blue, room, and opened and shut the windows, as men in a calenture fancy the great stones flew about in all directions, whole world to be green." These lucu- was heard as of forty cannon discharged to

and at about a quarter after one, a noise brations appear to me profound and gether, and again repeated at about eight philosophical, but I doubt whether minutes distance, which being heard through we may implicitly adopt them with- the country for sixteen miles round, brought out further inquiry.

all the neighbourhood into their honours' Dr. Plot, in his Natural History of room, where they gathered up the great Oxfordshire, informs us that- stones, fourscore in number, and laid them

by in the corner of a field, where in Dr. Soon after the murder of King Charles I. Plot's time they were still to be seen. The a commission was appointed to survey commissioners during this visitation gave the King's house at Woodstock, with the themselves up for lost, crying aloud for manor, park, woods, and other demesnes, help, and Giles Sharp snatching up a sword for which purpose, they met on the 13th of had well nigh killed one of their honours, October, 1649, and took up their residence mistaking him for the spirit as he ran in in the King's own rooms, sitting in the his shirt from one room to the other. Still, Presence Chamber for the dispatch of busi. however, they resolved on continuing their ness. On the 16th of this month, in the labours, when, on the 1st of November the midst of their debate, there entered a large most dreadful scene of all ensued: candles black dog howling, who overturned three were lighted up in every part of the room, of their chairs, crept under a bed, and va- and a great fire made; at midnight, the nished, although all the doors had been candles all burning blue, a noise like the kept carefully locked. The next day, sit. bursting of a cannon was heard, and the ting in a lower room, they heard persons burning billets were tossed about even on walking overhead, though the chamber their hònours' beds, who called Giles and was locked up; the wood of the King's his companions to their relief, otherwise oak was brought from the dining room, the house had been burnt to the ground; and thrown with great violence into the an hour after the candles went out as usual, Presence Chamber; the chairs, stools, ta- horses' bones came pouring into the room bles, and other furniture were forcibly with great force, the curtains and windows

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* See his and Sir Isaac Newton's joint Essay on Chromatics, which won the prize from the Board of Longitude. Philosop. Trans. vol. 7.

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