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LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE, &c. Homer.-After an interval of about year. The editor is M. Kisufaldi, a dratwenty years, that magnificent classical matic writer of some celebrity. The conwork, Tischbein's Illustrations of Homer, tents possess in many respects no ordinary from ancient monuments, has been re- merit, combined with varied interest. The sumed ; the Seventh Number, forming the work is got up with much taste, and the first of a new series, having lately appear- plates, by Häfel, Apmann, and Blaschke, ed. It contains six subjects, five of which are favourable specimens of the ability of have been till now uriedited. The only Hungarian artists. one hitherto published is the celebrated Italian Literature.—The academy of Tabula Iliaca, which is here given of the Lucca has published the first volume of exact size of the original, a cast having its transactions, under the title of Atti been made expressly for this purpose, and della Reale Accademia Lucchese di Scienze, with the utmost exactness. On the interest Lettere, ed Arti, 8vo. Prefixed to the of such a work, and its value to philology, work is an historical account of the rise of it is needless to dwell ; it is enough to re- this society. It originated in 1584, when mark, that M. Schorn, the writer of it was called Accademia degli Oscuri, at the accompanying text, is in every re- which period it was held at the house of spect a worthy successor to the illustrious Gian Lorenzo Malpiglio, the person after Heyne. The archæological erudition and whom Tasso has named two of his admirthe superior taste uniformly displayed, able dialogues. During the course of two will render this work a most honourable centuries this institution maintained itself monument of that zeal for classical litera without exciting any attention on the part ture by which Germany has been long of the government, or receiving from it any distinguished.

support, until 1805, when it was put upon Constantinople.-M. Von Hammer's an improved footing, and received its prework, entitled, Constantinople and the Bos- sent appellation. The papers contained in phorus, may be considered as a most in- this volume consist of a variety of treatises teresting accession to the studies of geo- on historical, mathematical, and other subgraphy and statistics, since every thing re- jects.—The Abbate M. A. Marchi has lating to the metropolis of a country, to published the fourth volume of his Etymowhich recent circumstances have excited logical Dictionary of all Scientific and more than ordinary attention, are detailed Technical Terms derived from the Greek, with scrupulous exactness. No one could Dizionario Etimologico di tutti i Vocaboli

be more competent to the task than the usati nelle Scienze, Arti, e Mestieri, che i present author, who, independently of his traggono Origine del Greco: compilato dal

familiarity with Oriental language and lite- fu Aquilino Bonavilla coll'assistenza del rature, was farther qualified for it, by Professore di Lingua Greca, M.A. Marchi. having for some time filled a diplomatic This laborious undertaking is executed situation at the Porte; through which cir- with great diligence and ability, notwithcumstance he has been enabled to collect a standing that, like every other work of a variety of information not accessible to tra- similar nature, both omissions and defects vellers in general.

might be pointed out. When completed, Retsch.-Moritz Retsch, a German artist, for the author has not advanced beyond the whose name is familiar in England by his letter P, it will form an important addition popular illustrations to Goethe's Faust, has to Italian philology.-- Count Cicagnara, painted, for the collection of his Excellency the author of the excellent Storia della the Austrian Ambassador, a picture, of which Scultura, and president of the Academy the subject is taken from Undine, represent- of Fine Arts at Venice, has published an ing the heroine when rescued by Huldebrand extensive Catalogue Raisonné of his library, and carried to the fisherman's hut. Ger- one of the richest in the world in works of man critics speak in terms of the highest engravings and graphic literature. This admiration of the fascinating beauty and collection has been enriched with the rarest grace which characterise the principal articles of this description from some of the figure. Retsch is equally admirable as a most distinguished libraries in Europe, for portrait-painter ; and is distinguished by its possessor spared neither pains nor cost the peculiar skill with which he expresses in amassing whatever related to the fine the mental characteristics of his sitters.

The Catalogue is divided into forty Hungarian Literature.- A literary al sections or classes, and contains remarks manack, similar in plan to those which on each article, pointing out its rarity, the have so long been popular in Germany, value of the editions, the merit of its emand the first attempt of the kind in the bellishments, &c. &c. all of which render Hungarian language, has appeared this it truly valuable to those who study the bibliography of the fine arts. Under the Russia.-Lithography is making rapid head of Ingressi, Trionfl, Feste, &c., there progress in this country, where it bids fair are no fewer than 200 articles ; and relative to become popular. Prints from Ham. to the single subject of ancient and modern burgh are more highly esteemed than those Rome, about 300.


of either Munich or Vienna, to which the Bohemian Literature. The branch of pre-eminence is generally allowed. A col. literature most assiduously cultivated here lection of portraits of celebrated living pubat present is that of philology and lan. lic characters, chiefly residing at St. Petersguages. The bookseller Hewel proposes burgh, has been commenced by a young arto publish by subscription a German Dico tist named Hippius, under the title of Contionary, far superior to that of Adelung in temporaries.' Each number of this work comprehensiveness and extent. The second contains five subjects : Count Strogonoff, volume of Zimmermann's interesting His- Grilloff, the poet, and Martos, a sculptor, tory of Bohemia, under Ferdinand I. has who has been honoured with the flattering appeared, and contains an introductory re- appellation of the Northern Canova, are view of the literature of that period. among those which have already appeared.

Darmstadt.This city has so increased Danish Artists at Rome. Freund, a within the last thirty years, that its popu. pupil of Thorvaldson, has modelled a figure lation has been more than doubled. It has of Mercury, full of energy and spirit, and received likewise considerable embellishment every way worthy of the noble school to by the erection of several important public which it belongs. This young artist is buildings. Some new ones have been late. evidently inspired with the spirit of his ly begun, among which are, the new Ca- master, and strives to emulate the fine na. tholic church, and the Fountain, intended ture and simplicity of the antique.- Ponto commemorate the New Charter of the toppidan, another artist, will doubtless inConstitution, (bestowed on the States by spire his countrymen with a purer taste in the Grand Duke, on December 17, 1820). architecture. Many of the designs which The latter of these will, when completed, be he exhibited when at Rome were coma most magnificent decoration to the city. mended for their elegant style, and for The basement is decorated with the figures their other excellencies. He is now in of Genii, taking hold of each other's hands, Sicily, studying the remains of ancient art and in the pannels, or intervals between in that island. --Hillerup and Jensen are them, are the names of the Deputies of assiduously employed in studying and copythe Second Chamber. On this basement ing the finest productions of the Italian rises a cube of eleven feet, having pilasters masters ; the latter of these painters, who at its angles, and the four principal rivers has already given such decided proofs of of the Duchy in bas-relief, viz. the Lahn, superior talent, has lately produced a most the Maine, the Rhine, and the Neckar, exquisite copy of Raphael's celebrated Ju. one on each side. Above these are eight lius II.—Thorvaldson has nearly comlions, which, on particular days, will spout pleted his colossal figure of Christ, for the forth water. The whole structure is sur- new Fro-kirke (Notre Dame), at Copenmounted by a figure of Hesse Darmstadt, hagen. This statue possesses indescribable holding a sceptre in her right hand, and in majesty: nothing can be conceived more her left a scroll, on which is inscribed the affectingly sublime than the attitude, and word Constitution. Around this figure the dignified manner in which the Saviour stand three others, representing the Pro. of mankind stretches forth his arms towards vinces of the Duchy. The artist who de the whole human race. signed this splendid monurnent is the ar- Sculpture.-John Gibson, an English chitect Lerch. The other edifice, which will sculptor, now studying at Rome, is likely occupy one of the highest sites within the to rise to eminence in his profession, and city, will be a rotunda; and, if executed to become a conspicuous ornament of Bri. according to the original design, will be tish art. Sir G. Beaumont has just given one of the most noble and beautiful places him a commission to execute in marble his of public worship in all Germany. Its exquisite groupe of Psyche borne by Zearchitect is M. Moller, an artist of supe- phyrus, the model of which is now the adrior talent, and favourably known to the miration of all who pretend to virtú. Capublic by his excellent work the Archi. nova has been warm in his commendation tectural Antiquities of Germany. The of this performance, in consequence of public library at Darmstadt is one of great which, the artist's studio is become a value, and contains no fewer thun 140,000 lounge for all the fashionables at Rome. volumes.




The average price of wheat for the week mated at 5s. making together 37s. 6d., the ending August 3, was 428. 5d. The re- next averages will probably exhibit a price ports given by the corn letters on Monday, very little above the continental level. August 5, notified the arrival of large The vast influx of corn into Mark-lane, quantities of grain, (of wheat 10,113 at a period so immediately succeeding the quarters) and a reduction of the price of harvest, can indeed only be accounted for old wheat from 2s. to 38. a quarter. On by necessity, and we fear that necessity will Monday, August 12, the supply of the be increased by the pressure which the preceding week was stated to be no less landlords themselves feel, and by the nathan 19,624 quarters. So vast a quantity, tural desire which they must entertain to while it inundated the market, and com- have their arrears paid up, while the barns pletely exceeded the natural demand, pa- are full, and while the demands of the clerralysed at the same time the buyers, by gyman, the tax-gatherer, and of other crethe eagerness to gain possession of the ditors, not being yet enforced, leave to the market, which it evinced on the part of the farmer the means of satisfying his more sellers, for which necessity alone can ra- patient landlord. This is a terrible state tionally account. The effect was commen- of things, but we know positively that in surate to the cause; wheat fell from 8s. to many counties it is the true state. We are 10s. a quarter, and even at this reduction, acquainted with some of the largest land the buyers were indisposed to purchase, so owners in the kingdom, who have recovered that scarcely any sales could be effected. large arrears by the circumstance of their Yesterday displayed phænomena scarce- tenants becoming insolvent, and being ly less appalling to the suffering agricul. broken up at the

instance of less merciful turist. The supply was 10,475 quarters, connexions. These gentlemen had not the in the face of the glut and reduction of heart to bring affairs to a crisis ; but of last week; and new wheat again fell 6s. a course when it became merely a question quarter. It is, however, a curious fact, between one creditor and another, they that while this diminution of price took scrupled not to use the advantage which place, the general average on the 10th of the law assigns to the landlord ; nay, August has risen 6d. it being 42s. 11d. more, we have been lately assured by men This, however, is to be accounted for by of the first landed connexions, and of the the great proportion of superior quality sold first information in one of the counties rein Mark-lane, where 9,773 quarters were puted to be the most opulent in respect to delivered in the previous week, producing its agriculturists, that if the concerns of the an average of 47s. 5d. These are curious whole agricultural community in that counfacts, for which we are not quite prepared ty could be made up, and brought into ono to account.

balance sheet, they would exhibit an insol. In the mean time, the depression in the vency of at least three-fourths the whole price obliterates at once, in a single fort. the farmers not being able to pay more night, all the advantages the occupiers of than 58. in the pound. We have heard the soil are imagined to have derived during this statement from so many, and such rethe past year from abatements in rent, tithe, spectable quarters, that we can no longer and taxation. Here is a diminution of 14s., withhold our reluctant belief to the verity taking the aggregate of the two weeks, of the fact. Deplorable indeed must be upon an article which averaged about 428. the issue to the individuals, and all conas its entire price, or a reduction of some- nected with them. Yet since we can but thing more than 33 per cent. The ground regard cheap subsistence as the greatest we have taken in all our arguments upon blessing a nation can enjoy, the only useful this subject, since the first agitation of the inference we can draw, the only good we agricultural question in parliament, is thus can extract from the evil- is to instil and very nearly realized. We have always an- to corroborate the maxim which must now ticipated, our readers will recollect, that the be the only sure guide to prosperity; nameprice of corn would ultimately descend to ly, that the farmer must look for his remu. or near to the cost of the continental growth, neration to a reduction of his expense, inwith the expenses attending the importa- stead of an elevation of price. This doction to this country. If then wheat can be trine, we are happy to see, is confirmed by now purchased at Hamburgh for about so able an authority as Mr. Curwen, who 32s. 6d. and the cost of transit be estic in the late meeting of the Abbey Holm

Vol. VI.- Mon. Reg.


per cent.


Agricultural Society of Cumberland, de- 34 millions; and this, it might be said, clared himself to that effect. “ We are," would be difficult to distribute : but let the said the honourable gentleman,“ part of one government say they would compel the great family of Europe: no nation could ex- funded proprietor to contribute his share, ist of itself, therefore we cannot expect nor and he for one would say take it off in should we desire that agriculturists alone taxes ; this would save to the country 15 should flourish. At this time the manu

The real property was at a facturer is in full employment, and this is charge for taxes, &c. of 30 per cent. ; in occasioned by the low price of victuals: food some cases perhaps more ; now if the fundis not half of its former price, therefore the holders should restore 15 per cent. they would operative manufacturer can do with a great all be then bearing a fair proportion.” These deal less wages than he formerly had ; the remarks were followed by a recommenda, consequence of which is, that their employ

. tion to petition, and especially, that the ers keep them in full work; but, on the fundholder may be subjected to the poor'scontrary, should prices again rise, should rate, to which effect resolutions were adoptthe scale again preponderate in favour of ed. Mr. Curwen has this year, like Mr. the agriculturist, down goes the manufac- Coke, suspended the meeting at his own

No nation can exist long in this house. state of things ; and the only remedy which We may now speak of circumstances apI think will put a stop to it is steady prices.” pertaining to agriculture rather than to poliMr. Curwen then proceeded to argue from tical economy, of which our former observathe principle of the general depreciation ef. tions have principally partaken. The harvest fected by the change of the currency, and is every where complete, except in the exadopted by Ministers in their proposi- treme northern and eastern parts of the tion to lower the rate at which importation kingdom. Wheat is fine in quality, and is permitted from 80 to 70 shillings :

:~from certainly a full average crop, well got in this principle, we say, Mr. Curwen inferred generally. Barley will be under the avethat funded property should be subjected rage, and deficient in quality, owing to the to the same depreciation which land had curious second growth that succeeded the suffered, and he took his stand upon the rains. This has not only kept back the fact, that as the depreciation was the act of cutting, but occasioned two entirely separate the government, so it was their duty im- crops as it rises, the first being dead ripe partially to subject every species of property while the second was yet as perfectly green. to its operation. “Without being accused Hence the first was cut too late, and the seof spoliation,” he observed, " or of wish- cond too soon. Oats are a moderate saming to touch upon the property of indi- ple, few partaking of the same evil. Beans viduals, he thought they would be justified are a short crop, and the turnips early sown, in calling upon the legislature to remedy particularly the Swedes, have been taken off this crying evil. The 38 millions of divi- by the fly, so that the quantity will not be dends were equal to or even more than all near so abundant as last year. The wool the real property of the country, and the trade is very flat, owing to a large supply at latter had seven millions of poor rates, not York fair ; however, there was but a small to mention innumerable other reductions, to quantity brought back, yet the demand was pay, whilst the former escaped without the slack and duli. The Meat markets conleast reduction. The 38 millions ought tinue to fall. Beef in Smithfield, the very in his opinion to be subject to poor rates, best, fetched no more on Monday than but not to tithes, repairing of roads or 3s. 4d. the supply large, and the market bridges, as these spring out of the nature of very heavy ; Mutton remains much the property, but the poor rates do not. The same, but Lamb is cheaper. proceeds from the funded property would be

August, 1822.


(London, August 24.) THERE is nothing in the occurrences of prints that the accounts from that counthe last month, as far as commerce is con- try strongly confirm the opinions we had cerned, that calls for any particular obser- formed. vations. We are not aware that any con- The piracies committed in the West Insiderable change has taken place with re- dies afford subject for very serious consispect to the state of commerce, either for deration. That they might be greatly the better or the worse. We have more checked, if not wholly stopped, we take than once hinted our apprehensions with for granted; but as the government must respect to the risks of entering too largely be presumed sincerely to wish to protect into speculations for the South American commerce against such lawless agmarket, and we now see from the public gression, there must be some paramount


reason for not employing those means The demand for Muscovades has been which seem to be in its power. Whether, very steady this week, and though no geas some suspect, it is withheld by an over- neral advance in the prices can be stated, strained respect for the territorial rights of yet the market is more firm, and the sugars Spain, we do not pretend to guess ; but as from 52s. a 57s. have realized higher rates. part of the island of Cuba is said to be the In refined goods there is no alteration, grand resort of those freebooters, and as the quantity at market is quite inconsiderthis fact itself is a proof that the Spanish able, and the few buyers have difficulty in Government, if not unwilling, is unable to finding the small parcels which have been chastise them, we confess we should not be wanted during the week; there is however sorry if the British Government were to no improvement in prices.–Molasses have take the task upon itself, (as America did been steady 26s. 6d, a 278. with Amelia Island,) and we should be There have been considerable enquiries still more pleased if the matter ended with after Foreign sugar by private contract, the acquisition by the British crown of particularly yellow Havannah, but no sales the noble island of Cuba, towards which to any extent are yet reported. By public America is already stretching out her po- sale on Wednesday, 760 bags Bengal lypus arm.

sugars sold at full prices, ordinary white, Cotton.— The market has not expe- 30s. 6d. a 31s. 6d., middling 32s. 6d. a rienced any remarkable variation, either in 33s. the demand or price during this month. The statement reported in our last is The sales in four weeks, from July 23, to contradicted, and it is affirmed that no reAugust 20, were 1400, 1500, 1600, and duction is intended upon the duty in West 1900 bags. The particulars of the sales India Molasses. of this last week are, in bond-455 Per- Average prices of raw sugars from Ganams sold, ordinary 104d., good lld. ; 30 zette. Bahias, good 10d.; 10 Paras, middling July 27.

.30s. 4 d. 8 d.; 10 Boweds, good, 8 d.; 50 Surats,

Aug. 3.

.31s. 04d. very ordinary 5fd., good fair 6 d., good


.28s.104d. 641.; 1050 Bengals, ordinary and fair


..28s. 14d. 5 d. and 5fd.. good 5 d. a 60.; nearly the Coffee. The market has on the whole whole for export ;-and, duty paid, 60 tine been very animated and satisfactory during Demeraras 10 d. a Ild. Of the 380 the last month, with the exception of a teniTF Demeraras offered by public auction, porary depression, which we shall notice 200 only sold: the ordinary dingy 8td. below. In the week ending July 27, the and 8 d., middling with stain 8/d. and 9d. public sales consisted of 1663 casks, and and fair, clean and bright, 94d. and 9 d.; 2246 bags, the whole of which went off the remainder were withdrawn at 10 d. with briskness, at prices generally 28. per and 10$d. for which they are now held. cwt. higher ; good ordinary St. Domingo

The report of yesterday's markets states 105s. to 106s. ; coloury, 106s. 6d. to but little variation. The purchases from the 1078. 6d. ; good ordinary Brazil, 104s. 6d. 16th to the 22d instant, inclusive, exceed to 105s. On the 30th, there were three 1200 packages, viz. 730 Bengal, 5 d. a public sales, and the market seemed heavy ; 6d. in bond ; 70 Surat, 64d. a 6 d. ditto; but the coffee was chiefly ordinary and da22 Upland, 8 d. ditto; 350 Pernambucco, maged; but fine qualities supported the 10d. a 11d. ditto ; 63 Para, 8£d. a 8fd. previous prices. In the following week, ditto ; 60 Demerara, 10£d. a 1ld. duty the public sales were again considerable, paid.

and a reduction of 1s. to 28. took place, At Liverpool, in the four weeks ending but the market recovered at the close of the August 17th, the sales were 32,550 bags, week. On the 6th instant, two public and the arrivals 52,600 bags. The mar- sales again consisting chiefly of very ordiket was heavy, not having recovered the nary broken and damaged coffee, could pressure of the recent great importations. hardly be taken as a criterion, yet consiThe prices were generally fd. lower, and dering them as such, the prices were higher, the inferior descriptions of Bowed and Or- with a general and extensive demand. It leans d. lower.

must be observed, however, that very few Sugar.-At the end of the last, and com. parcels of good coffee had lately been mencement of the present month, the mar- brought forward, the great demand for exket was languid, and rather heavy ; toportation having nearly cleared the market wards the middle of the month the request of good and fine descriptions. The report for Muscovades rather revived, the holders of the following week was still more favoura evinced much more firmness, and though able, the public sales, though very extenno general advance on the prices could be sive, having gone off with great briskness, stated, yet purchases could not be made and all descriptions, except the very ordi. on such low terms as before. The demand nary, from 2s. to 4s. per cwt. higher. afterwards became less brisk, but the pre- On the 13th, there were four public vious prices were fully maintained. sales, 215 casks, 452 bags; the whole sold

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