« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
prospect that the peace of Europe will not ly to review those various measures be disturbed.
which will be found froin the comGentlemen of the House of Commons, mencement to the close of the session I thank you for the supplies which you carefully noticed in our abstract. We have granted me for the service of the cannot, however, conclude this subpresent year, and for the wisdom you have manifested in availing yourselves of the ject without hoping that some serious first opportunity to reduce the interest of a
attention will be on the next meeting part of the national debt, without the least of Parliament, bestowed upon the infringement of parliamentary faith.
state of Ireland. It is a subject It is most gratifying to me that you which calls loudly and deeply for the sliould have been enabled, in consequence interference of the legislature ; and of this, and of other measures, to relieve my undoubtedly the expedition with which people from some of their burdens. her constitution was suspended in
My Lords and Gentlemen,--The dis. January ill accords with the refusal tress which has for some months past per. in July to enter even into an investivaded a considerable portion of Ireland, gation of her grievances. arising principally from the failure of that
The termination of the session was crop on which the great body of the po- followed by an occurrence of no ordipulation depend for their subsistence, has deeply affected me.
nary interest; we allude to the death The measures which you have adopted of the Marquis of Londonderry, by for the relief of the sufferers meet with my his own hand! This appalling event warmest approbation, and seconded as they took place at his Lordship’s residence, have been by the spontaneous and generous
at Foot's Cray, on the morning of efforts of my people, they have most mate- the 12th of August, his Majesty's rially contributed to alleviate the pressure birth-day. The circumstances imof this severe calamity. I have the satisfaction of knowing that death were detailed by his physician
mediately attending his Lordship’s these exertions have been justly appreciated Doctor Bankhead, on the inquest, in Ireland, and I entertain a sincere belief, which, as it must necessarily he the that the benevolence and sympathy so con. spicuously manifested upon the present oc
most authentic account, we shall epicasion, will essentially promote the object that on the Friday
tomize for our readers. It appears which I have ever had at heart, that of cementing the connection between every part the catastrophe, the Doctor had, at of the Empire, and of uniting in brotherly Lady Londonderry's request, waited love and affection all classes and descrip on his Lordship at St. James'stions of my subjects.
square, where he found his head so
confused, and his pulse so irregular, After the delivery of the speech that he ordered him to be cupped, the Lord Chancellor declared Par- which operation accordingly took liament prorogued to the 8th day of place, seven ounces of blood having October next, by his Majesty's com- been taken from the nape of his Lordmand, and the Commons left the bar. ship's neck. After this they departThe King then departed, attended by ed for Foot's Cray, Doctor Bankhead the same state in which he had pro- having promised to follow them on ceeded to the House ; he was re- the next day and remain a day or ceived with every demonstration of two with his Lordship. At seven loyalty by the populace, and looked o'clock on the ensuing evening Docuncommonly well. Thus has termi- tor Bankhead arrived; and having nated a session protracted, we be- gone directly to Lord Londonderry's lieve, beyond all former example, room, who had remained in bed all marked by much labour, and certainly day, his Lordship immediately said it commenced under circumstances of was very odd that he should come to his uncommon difficulty. The financial room first without having gone to the and agricultural discussions were of dining room ; to which the doctor anconsiderable importance and perplex- swered, that having dined in town, ity; and the public burthens have been he did not wish to disturb the family either directly or indirectly relieved to at dinner. His Lordship then said the annual amount of nearly four that the Doctor, looked very grave, millions. It is not our intention, nor as if something unpleasant had hapdocs it fall indeed, we think, within pened, and begged to know what it either our liinits or our pla se,minute, was; the Doctor said that he had
nothing of the kind to tell, and was not, he clapped his hands together in very much surprised at the manner of such a way as to attract the notice putting the question ; upon which his of the passengers in the street. On Lordship apologized, adding that that day also he was observed to go “ the truth was, he had reason to be three several times to the gate of suspicious in some degree, but hoped Carlton House, in order to have an that the Doctor would be the last interview with the King, and he deperson to engage in any thing that parted again without entering. At the would be injurious to him." The interview, however, which he subseDoctor continued in the house all the quently had, in order to take his Manext day, and did not leave his Lord- jesty's pleasure on certain subjects ship till half-past twelve o'clock on connected with the approaching ConSunday night. He then retired to gress, he entered upon the political rest in a room very near his Lordo discussions which were likely to take ship. On Monday morning about place, in so luminous and able a seven o'clock, being summoned to manner, as to excite the admiration attend his Lordship in his dressing of the royal auditor. When howroom, he entered just in time to ever he was about to depart, the save him from falling; his Lord- King graciously hoped he would take ship said, “ Bankhead, let me fall care of his health, adding, that he upon your arm, - 'tis all over," did not think he looked so well as and instantly expired. The Jurors usual for some time past, and that having heard the evidence, unani- greater care was necessary; upon mously returned a verdict to the fol- which the Marquis turned quickly lowing effect:-" That on Monday, round, saying, « Does your Majesty August the 12th, and for some time see any thing the matter with me?" previously, the most noble, Robert, His look, manner, and tone, at once Marquis of Londonderry, laboured excited his Majesty's suspicions, and under a grievous disorder, and be- he is reported to have said to the came in consequence delirious and of Duke of Wellington after the interinsane mind ; and, whilst in that view: “ Have you seen Londonstate, he inflicted on himself, with a derry ? either he is mad or I am.” knife, a wound in the neck, of which The more the King reflected upon he instantly died.” After the verdict the circumstance, the more he was was delivered, the Coroner read a convinced, and he dispatched a mesletter addressed to Doctor Bankhead, senger to Coombe Wood to Lord Liby the Duke of Wellington, and said verpool, to whom on Saturday mornto be in his Grace's hand-writing, ing he stated his apprehensions. The requesting the Doctor to call on consequence was, that pistols, razors, Lord Londonderry on some excuse and, as it was supposed, every inor other, as he had observed his strument of self-destruction conduct to be so strange at the carefully removed out of the Marcouncil on that day, that he had no quis's way. It is rather singular cerdoubt he was under some temporary tainly, that with all these appearmental delusion, owing to the severe ances, and all these precautions, his pressure of business which he had Lordship should have been left at had of late. The Duke ended by such a crisis, with an unusual weight declaring the communication to be of public business to transact! He strictly confidential, and begged that had not only the duties of his own its subject might never be revealed office, but those also of the home to any one. Now that the fatal event department, to attend to, according has taken place, various occurrences to official etiquette, during Mr. Peel's immediately previous are recollected necessary absence in Scotlard. It is by friends of the deceased, indicating a very curious fact, but one for the the incoherence of his mind. On truth of which we pledge ourselves, the previous Friday, it is said, he that on the very week before his called at the British hotel in Cock- death, the noble Marquis's solicitor spur-street, and asked in a hurried had called by his desire three several manner whether the council was sit- times upon Messrs. Simpkin and ting, and whether Sir Edmund Nagle Marshall, the publishers of O'Meara's was there ; and on being told he was “ Voice from St. H. lena," to demana
that Mr. O'Meara should be deliver- so very wet, that he was obliged to ed up to him for prosecution ! Mr. defer his landing till the next day, O'Meara desired to be instantly sur- very much to the chagrin of his Scotrendered, and even retained counsel. tish subjects, who had assembled The passage at which his Lordship from all the hills and islands, and took offence is contained in the se
whose well-seasoned feudal cond volume, page 228, relative to seemed to defy the elements. Early, the fortune of Marie Louise. His however, on the important day, all Lordship had declared his intention Leith and Edinburgh poured forth of proceeding by information, a mode its population-Culloden and Charwhich deprives the accused of the lie' were forgotten, and the chief benefit of a grand jury. His Lord- tains all put on “ their tails," and ship was buried on Tuesday the the highland bagpipe strained its 20th, in Westminster Abbey, be- chanter in honour of “their Geordie, tween the graves of Mr. Pitt and their old chevalier.” The scene is reMr. Fox: although the funeral was presented as having been exceedingly considered a private one, still it was 5* imposing,” which we have no attended by a number of the car- doubt it was; but notwithstanding riages of the nobility, and by all his all the pomp with which he was surcolleagues in office who were in rounded, and the loyal welcome town. When the coffin was removed which he received, a deep gloom was out of the hearse for interment at visible upon his Majesty's countethe Abbey, the multitude who were nance;-he had received but the evenassembled on the occasion raised a ing before the melancholy account shout, which echoed loudly through of his minister's decease. It is a very every corner of the Abbey! We state remarkable thing, that the King has the fact ; the reader must make his never departed from his usual place own comment: but we cannot avoid of residence without some fatal event saying, that if, on the one hand, it occurring, either in his household, or argues a barbarous spirit in the peo- his administration. Thus he was in ple, it also proves how deeply unpo- Lancashire when Mr. Fox died-at pular he must have been, whose hore Sunbury, when the Princess Charrid suicidal death became a matter lotte died-in Ireland, when the not of grief but of exultation. Queen died - and now the death of
After the prorogation of parlia- Lord Londonderry has marked his ment, his Majesty departed on his arrival in Scotland! The day after long-projected visit to his Scottish his arrival, the King held a Levee in dominions. He embarked at Green, Holyrood House, at which it is said wich, where he was met by the Lord nearly 2000 were present. Before Mayor in his stage barge, attended the King landed, Sir Walter Scott, by all the pomp of civic parapher- whose muse has been in requisition nalia. The day was remarkably fine; on the occasion, went on board the and the Royal Sovereign, in which Royal Sovereign, and presented him the King embarked, was surrounded with a superb St. Andrew's cross, by boats and pleasure barges of every formed of Scottish pearls and predescription, filled with elegant com- cious stones, and sent as a present pany, and many of them containing from the ladies of Edinburgh. His bands of music. The King was Majesty received it very graciously, every where very warmly received and declared his intention of wearby the crowds who had assembled to ing it on all state occasions. We meet him, and made repeated ac
have neither time nor space at preknowledgments to his subjects as he sent to detail all the balls, banquets, passed along. After his Majesty's and festivals, in honour of the royal departure, the weather appeared very visitor. The King seems much boisterous and unfavourable, which pleased with his reception, and is reprevented his landing at Leith on his ported to have said, “ I always heard birth-day, as he had intended. The the Scotch were a proud people, and afternoon of the day on which he I do not wonder at it, for I find they did arrive in Leith harbour proved are a nation of gentlemen.”
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE, &c. Homer.-After an interval of about year. The editor is M. Kisufaldi, a dratwenty years, that magnificent classical matic writer of some celebrity. The conwork, Tischbein's Ilustrations of Homer, tents possess in many respects no ordinary from ancient monuments, has been re- merit, combined with varied interest. The sumed ; the Seventh Number, forming the work is got up with much taste, and the first of a new series, having lately appear- plates, by Häfel, Apmann, and Blaschke, ed. It contains six subjects, five of which are favourable specimens of the ability of have been till now uredited. The only Hungarian artists. one hitherto published is the celebrated Italian Literature.—The academy of Tabula Iliaca, which is here given of the Lucca has published the first volume of exact size of the original, a cast having its transactions, under the title of Atli been made expressly for this purpose, and della Reale Accademia Lucchese di Scienze, with the utmost exactness. On the interest Lettere, ed Arti, 8vo. Prefixed to the of such a work, and its value to philology, work is an historical account of the rise of it is needless to dwell ; it is enough to re- this society. It originated in 1584, when mark, that M. Schorn, the writer of it was called Accademia degli Oscuri, at the accompanying text, is in every re. which period it was held at the house of spect a worthy successor to the illustrious Gian Lorenzo Malpiglio, the person after Heyne. The archæological erudition and whom Tasso has named two of his admir. the superior taste uniformly displayed, able dialogues. During the course of two will render this work a most honourable centuries this institution maintained itself monument of that żeal for classical litera- without exciting any attention on the part ture hy which Germany has been long of the government, or receiving from it any distinguished.
support, until 1805, when it was put upon Constantinople.-M. Von Hammer's an improved footing, and received its prework, entitled, Constantinople and the Bos- sent appellation. The papers contained in phorus, may be considered as a most in- this volume consist of a variety of treatises teresting accession to the studies of geo- on historical, mathematical, and other subgraphy and statistics, since every thing re- jects.—The Abbate M. A. Marchi has lating to the metropolis of a country, to published the fourth volume of his Etymowhich recent circumstances have excited logical Dictionary of all Scientific and more than ordinary attention, are detailed Technical Terms derived from the Greek, with scrupulous exactness. No one could Dizionario Etimologico di tutti i Vocaboli
be more competent to the task than the usati nelle Scienze, Arti, e Mestieri, che 1 present author, who, independently of his traggono Origine del Greco: compilato dal
familiarity with Oriental language and lite- fu Aquilino Bonavilla coll'assistenza del rature, was farther qualified for it, by Professore di Lingua Greca, M.A. Marchi. having for some time filled a diplomatic This laborious undertaking is executed situation at the Porte; through which cir- with great diligence and ability, notwith, cumstance he has been enabled to collect a standing that, like every other work of a variety of information not accessible to tra- similar nature, both omissions and defects vellers in general.
might be pointed out. When completed, Retsch.-Moritz Retsch, a German artist, for the author has not advanced beyond the whose name is familiar in England by his letter P, it will form an important addition popular illustrations to Goethe's Faust, has to Italian philology. Count Cicagnara, painted, for the collection of his Excellency the author of the excellent Storia della the Austrian Ambassador, a picture, of which Scultura, and president of the Academy the subject is taken from Undine, represent- of Fine Arts at Venice, has published an ing the heroine when rescued by Huldebrand extensive Catalogue Raisonné of his library, and carried to the fisherman's hut. Ger- one of the richest in the world in works of man critics speak in terms of the highest engravings and graphic literature. This admiration of the fascinating beauty and collection has been enriched with the rarest grace which characterise the principal articles of this description from some of the figure. Retsch is equally admirable as a most distinguished libraries in Europe, for portrait-painter ; and is distinguished by its possessor spared neither pains nor cost the peculiar skill with which he expresses in amassing whatever related to the fine the mental characteristics of his sitters. arts. The Catalogue is divided into forty
Hungarian Literature.-A literary al. sections or classes, and contains remarks manack, similar in plan to those which on each article, pointing out its rarity, the have so long been popular in Germany, value of the editions, the merit of its emand the first attempt of the kind in the bellishments, &c. &c. all of which render Hungarian language, has appeared this it truly valuable to those who study the
bibliography of the fine arts. Under the Russia.-Lithography is making rapid head of Ingressi, Trionf, Feste, &c., there progress in this country, where it bids fair are no fewer than 200 articles ; and relative to become popular. Prints from Ham. to the single subject of ancient and modern burgh are more highly esteemed than those Rome, about 300.
of either Munich or Vienna, to which the Bohemian Literature. The branch of pre-eminence is generally allowed. A col. literature most assiduously cultivated here lection of portraits of celebrated living pubat present is that of philology and lan- lic characters, chiefly residing at St. Petersguages. The bookseller Hewel proposes burgh, has been commenced by a young ar. to publish by subscription a German Dic tist named Hippius, under the title of Con. tionary, far superior to that of Adelung in temporaries. Each number of this work comprehensiveness and extent. The second contains five subjects : Count Strogonoff, volume of Zimmermann's interesting His- Grilloff, the poet, and Martos, a sculptor, tory of Bohemia, under Ferdinand I. has who has been honoured with the flattering appeared, and contains an introductory re- appellation of the Northern Canova, are view of the literature of that period. among those which have already appeared.
Darmstadt.--This city has so increased Danish Artists at Rome.-Freund, a within the last thirty years, that its popu. pupil of Thorvaldson, has modelled a figure lation has been more than doubled. It has of Mercury, full of energy and spirit, and received likewise considerable embellishment every way worthy of the noble school to by the erection of several important public which it belongs. This young artist is buildings. Some new ones have been late evidently inspired with the spirit of his ly begun, among which are, the new Ca- master, and strives to emulate the fine natholic church, and the Fountain, intended ture and simplicity of the antique.- Pon. to commemorate the New Charter of the toppidan, another artist, will doubtless inConstitution, (bestowed on the States by spire his countrymen with a purer taste in the Grand Duke, on December 17, 1820). architecture. Many of the designs which The latter of these will, when completed, be he exhibited when at Rome were coma most magnificent decoration to the city. mended for their elegant style, and for The basement is decorated with the figures their other excellencies. He is now in of Genü, taking hold of each other's hands, Sicily, studying the remains of ancient art and in the pannels, or intervals between in that island.-Hillerup and Jensen are them, are the names of the Deputies of assiduously employed in studying and copythe Second Chamber. On this basement ing the finest productions of the Italian rises a cube of eleven feet, having pilasters masters; the latter of these painters, who
a at its angles, and the four principal rivers has already given such decided proofs of of the Duchy in bas-relief, viz. the Lahn, superior talent, has lately produced a most the Maine, the Rhine, and the Neckar, exquisite copy of Raphael's celebrated Ju. one on each side. Above these are eight lius II.-Thorvaldson has nearly comlions, which, on particular days, will spout pleted his colossal figure of Christ, for the forth water. The whole structure is sur. new Fro-kirke (Notre Dame), at Copenmounted by a figure of Hesse Darmstadt, hagen. This statue possesses indescribable holding a sceptre in her right hand, and in majesty: nothing can be conceived more her left a scroll, on which is inscribed the affectingly sublime than the attitude, and word Constitution. Around this figure the dignified manner in which the Saviour stand three others, representing the Pro. of mankind stretches forth his arms towards vinces of the Duchy. The artist who de- the whole human race. signed this splendid monument is the ar- Sculpture.-- John Gibson, an English chitect Lerch. The other edifice, which will sculptor, now studying at Rome, is likely occupy one of the highest sites within the to rise to eminence in his profession, and city, will be a rotunda; and, if executed to become a conspicuous ornament of Briaccording to the original design, will be tish art. Sir G. Beaumont has just given one of the most noble and beautiful places him a commission to execute in marble his of public worship in all Germany. Its exquisite groupe of Psyche borne by Zearchitect is M. Moller, an artist of supe- phyrus, the model of which is now the ad. rior talent, and favourably known to the miration of all who pretend to virtú. Capublic by his excellent work the Archie nova has been warm in his commendation tectural Antiquities of Germany. The of this performance, in consequence of public library at Darmstadt is one of great which, the artist's studio is become a value, and contains no fewer than 140,000 lounge for all the fashionables at Rome. yolumes.